Jainism: An Introduction
Jainism evokes images of monks wearing face-masks to protect insects and mico-organisms from being inhaled. Or of Jains sweeping the ground in front of them to ensure that living creatures are not inadvertently crushed: a practice of non-violence so radical as to defy easy comprehension. Yet for all its apparent exoticism, Jainism is still little understood in the West. What is this mysterious philosophy which originated in the 6th century BCE, whose absolute requirement is vegetarianism, and which now commands a following of four million adherents both in its native India and diaspora communities across the globe? In his welcome new treatment of the Jain religion, Long makes an ancient tradition fully intelligible to the modern reader. Plunging back more than two and a half millennia, to the plains of northern India and the life of a prince who - much like the Buddha - gave up a life of luxury to pursue enlightenment, Long traces the history of the Jain community from founding sage Mahavira to the present day. He explores asceticism, worship, the life of the Jain layperson, relations between Jainism and other Indic traditions, the Jain philosophy of relativity, and the implications of Jain ideals for the contemporary world. The book presents Jainism in a way that is authentic and engaging to specialists and non-specialists alike.
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1 What is Jainism?
2 Mahāvīra and the Origins of Jainism
3 Jain History
4 The Jain Path
An Intellectual History
A Philosophical Analysis
7 The Jain Vision and the Future of Humanity
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Ācārya according affirm ahimsā aJain ancient anekāntavāda aparigraha āratī ascetic ascetic practice asceticism Bhagavad Gītā bhattārakas Brahmins Buddha Buddhist caste century claims Common Era contemporary culture darśana deity Digambara distinction doctrines of relativity Dundas entity existence Gandhi Hindu Hinduism historical Ibid idea India Indic traditions Jain and Buddhist Jain ascetics Jain community Jain doctrines Jain layperson Jain monks Jain philosophy Jain scriptures Jain texts Jain tradition Jainism Jina jīva karma karmic karmic matter Kundakunda liberation living Magadha Mahāvīra modern moksa monastic monks and nuns mūrti nayas nayavāda nirvāna non-Jain nonviolence northern Digambara ofJain ofthe omniscient one’s Pāli Pārśvanātha perspective philosophy of relativity premodern reality rebirth regard religion religious renunciation ritual Samantabhadra Sāmkhya samsāra Sanskrit scholars schools of thought sense soul spiritual Sthānakavāsīs Svāmī Panth Śvetāmbara syādvāda syāt Tattvārthasūtra teachings temples Terāpanthīs Tīrtha$kara truth ultimate Umāsvāti Veda Vedānta Vedic Western worldview worship