« PreviousContinue »
massacre of Glencoe. We subjoin part of the Scotland from Agricola's Invasion to the Revoluhistorian's notice of the Scottish language and tion of 1688 (1867–1870). These latter volumes literature.
fully sustained the author's reputation for research,
discrimination, and literary ability. A second The Scottish Language after the Period of the Revolution. edition, carefully revised, has been published. The development of pure literature in Scotland had; knowledge of Scottish literature and society by his
Mr Burton has made further additions to our peculiar difficulty arising out of the tenor of the national valuable Life and Correspondence of David Hume, history. The languages of England and of Lowland 1846, his Lives of Lord Lovat and Duncan Forbes Scotland, speaking of both in a general sense, were as of Culloden, 1847—both works written from family entirely taken from a northern Teutonic stock common papers and other original sources of information to both, as the languages of Essex and Yorkshire. Like —and his Narratives from Criminal Trials in other national characteristics, the language of Scotland Scotland. In 1862 he produced a very amusing took a direction severing itself from that of England and interesting volume, The Book-Hunter, conafter the War of Independence. Centuries elapsed, taining sketches of the ways of book-collectors, however, ere the distinctive peculiarities of each had scholars, literary investigators, desultory readers, gone far in its own direction, and away from the other. and other persons whose pursuits revolve round The earliest material change was in the language of Eng: books and literature. In 1864 appeared The Scot closer to the Old Saxon stock. Thus it is that Scottish Abroad, two volumes—a work, like the former, writers of the age of Gower and Chaucer—such as Bar- consisting of sketches and anecdotes, and
referring bour, the archdeacon of Aberdeen, and Wyntoun, the to the relations of Scotland and Scotsmen with monk of Lochleven-wrote a language more intelligible foreign countries. As a member of the Scottish to the present age than that of their English contempo- bar, Mr Burton has also been a hard legal student, raries, because it is not so sensibly tinged with Galli- having written a work on the Scottish Bankrupt. cisms. France had subsequently, as we have seen, a Law, a Manual of the Law of Scotland, &c. great social and constitutional influence in Scotland, In another not very, promising mine he has which brought a few foreign terms into use, but it been a successful labourer : his Political and scarcely touched the structure of the language. This Social Economy, 1849, is a little volume giving a gradually assumed a purely national, or, as it came to be clear and popular summary of this science, and deemed when Scotland was becoming absorbed into the he has extracted from the mass of Jeremy BenBritish community, a provincial tongue. The Scottish tham's works a very readable collection of Benpoets of the sixteenth century wrote in a language as thamiana. To the Westminster Review, Blackdifferent from the English as we might suppose of the same age to be from the Vanish. John Knox, wood's Magazine, and other literary journals, Mr who lived much in England, was charged with
the Burton has been an occasional contributor. affected employment of English novelties, because he This able and indefatigable littérateur is a attempted so to modify the Scottish peculiarities as native of Aberdeen, the son of a military officer, to make his works readable to his friends beyond the and born August 22, 1809. He was admitted to Border. It was felt, indeed, in his day, that the Scottish the Scottish bar in 1831. In 1854 he was aptongue was becoming provincial, and those who desired pointed secretary to the Prison Board of Scotto speak beyond a mere home audience wrote in Latin. land. Mr Burton has received from Edinburgh Hence arose that class of scholars headed by Buchanan, University the degree of LL.D. who almost made the language of Rome vernacular to
Among other notable contributions to histhemselves. Those who are acquainted with the epistolary correspondence of learned Scotsmen in the seven- tory may be cited the following: Scotland in teenth century, will observe how easily they take to the Middle Ages, 1860, and Sketches of Early Latin--how uneasy and diffident they feel in the use of Scotch History, 1861, by COSMO INNES (1798English. Sometimes, indeed, the ancient language is 1874). Mr Innes was Professor of History in the evidently sought as a relief, when the writer is address-University of Edinburgh, and the two volumes ing one to whom he cannot use a Scottish expression, we have named contain the substance of his , while he is unable to handle the corresponding English lectures. They are interesting works as illustratidiom. But Latin was dying away as the common lan- ing the social progress, the church organisation, guage of literature and science. Each great nation was the university and home life of the people, and forming her own literary tongue. The revolution was are written in a pleasing, graphic style. Less completed within the time embraced in this history popular, but more exact, is Scotland under Her But Scotland had not kept an independent literary lan: Early Kings, 1862, by E. WILLIAM ROBERTSON, guage of her own, nor was she sufficiently expert in the which contains a history of the kingdom to the use of that which had been created in England. Hence, in a great measure, we can distinctly account for the close of the thirteenth century. literary barrenness of the country. The men may have existed, but they had not the tools. An acquaintance
MISS STRICKLAND. with the correspondence of Scotsmen, for the first half century after the Revolution, shews the extreme difficulty MISS AGNES STRICKLAND (1801-1874), authorwhich even those who were high in rank and well edu- ess of historical memoirs of the Queens of England cated felt in conveying their thoughts through a dialect and Scotland, was a native of Suffolk, daughter imperfectly resembling the language of The Spectator; of Thomas Strickland, Esq., of Reydon Hall
. Any attempt to keep up a Scottish literary language had Her first publication was a poetical narrative, been abandoned in prose before the Revolution. In verse, Worcester Field, or the Cavalier; she also wrote incidental causes made it seem as if the struggle were still continued. The old Scottish melodies, so mysterious a tale,
Demetrius; but she soon struck into that in their origin, never ceased to have the charm of musi- path for which she seemed best fitted-historical cal association for the people.
composition. She wrote historic scenes and stories
for children, and in 1835 produced The Pilgrims Mr Burton subsequently completed his Scottish of Walsingham, constructed on the plan of history with seven more 'volumes, The History of Chaucer's Canterbury Pilgrims. She then, aided
by a sister, Miss Elizabeth Strickland, entered and observing that nothing that was done under her upon her elaborate work, Lives of the Queens of present circumstances could be of any force when she England from the Norman Conquest, twelve regained her freedom.' Mary, however, resolutely revolumes, 1840-49. Of this work, a second edition fused to sign the deeds ; declaring, with truly royal was published in 1851, in eight volumes. The courage, that she would not make herself a party to the English history was followed by Lives of the treason of her own subjects, by acceding to their lawless Queens of Scotland and English Princesses con- of the ambition of a few, and was far from the desire of
requisition, which, as she truly alleged, proceeded only nected with the Regal Succession of Great Britain, her people. eight volumes, 1850-59. The life of Mary, Queen
The "fair-spoken Melville having reported his ill of Scots, in this work is written with great fullness success to his coadjutor Lord Lindsay, Moray's brotherof detail and illustration, many new facts having in-law, the bully of the party, who had been selected been added by study of the papers in the Register for the honourable office of extorting by force from the House, Edinburgh, and documents in the posses- royal captive the concession she denied, that brutal sion of the Earl of Moray and the representatives ruffian burst rudely into her presence, and, flinging the of other ancient families. The collection of Mary's deeds violently on the table before her, told her to sign letters by Prince Labanoff also afforded new them without delay, or worse would befall her. "What!' materials, not available to previous historians of exclaimed Mary, shall I set my hand to a deliberate the unfortunate queen. In 1866 Miss Strickland falsehood, and, to gratify the ambition of my nobles, published Lives of the Seven Bishops.
relinquish the office God hath given to me, to my son,
an infant little more than a year old, incapable of she received a pension of £100 a year.
governing the realm, that my brother Moray may reign
in his name?' She was proceeding to demonstrate the Queen Mary and the Lords of Council at Lochleven unreasonableness of what was required of her, but Castle.
Lindsay contemptuously interrupted her with scornful
laughter ; then, scowling ferociously upon her, he swore The conspirators, calling themselves the Lords of with a deep oath, that if she would not sign those Secret Council
, having completed their arrangements instruments, he would do it with her heart's blood, and for the long-meditated project of depriving her of cast her into the lake to feed the fishes.' Full well her crown, summoned Lord Lindsay to Edinburgh, did the defenceless woman know how capable he was and on the 23d of July delivered to him and Sir Robert of performing his threat, having seen his rapier reeking Melville three deeds, to which they were instructed to with human blood shed in her presence, when he obtain her signature, either by flattering words or absolute assisted at the butchery of her unfortunate secretary. force. The first contained a declaration, as if from her- The ink was scarcely dry of her royal signature to the self
, that, being in infirm health, and worn out with remission she had granted to him for that outrage; but, the cares of government, she had taken purpose volun- reckless of the fact that he owed his life, his forfeit tarily to resign her crown and office to her dearest son, lands, yea, the very power of injuring her, to her James, Prince of Scotland.' In the second, 'her trusty generous clemency, he thus requited the grace she had, brother James, Earl of Moray, was constituted regent in evil hour for herself
, accorded to him. Her heart for the prince her son, during the minority of the royal was too full to continue the unequal contest. 'I am infant.'' The third appointed a provisional council of not yet five-and-twenty,' she pathetically observed ; regency, consisting of Morton and the other Lords somewhat more she would have said, but her utterance of Secret Council, to carry on the government till failed her, and she began to weep with hysterical Moray's return; or, in case of his refusing to accept it, emotion. Sir Robert Melville, affecting an air of the till the prince arrived at the legal age for exercising it deepest concern, whispered in her ear an earnest himself. Aware that Mary would not easily be induced entreaty for her to save her life by signing the papers, to execute such instruments, Sir Robert Melville was reiterating that whatever she did would be invali especially employed to cajole her into this political because extorted by force. suicide. That ungrateful courtier, who had been em Mary's tears continued to flow, but sign she would ployed and trusted by his unfortunate sovereign ever not, till Lindsay, infuriated by her resolute resistance, since her return from France, and had received nothing swore 'that, having begun the matter, he would also but benefits from her, undertook this office. Having finish it then and there,' forced the pen into her reluctobtained a private interview with her, he deceitfully ant hand, and, according to the popular version of entreated her to sign certain deeds that would be this scene of lawless violence, grasped her arm in the presented to her by Lindsay, as the only means of pre- struggle so rudely, as to leave the prints of his mailserving her life, which, he assured her, was in the clad fingers visibly impressed. In an access of pain and most imminent danger.' Then he gave her a turquoise terror, with streaming eyes and averted head, she ring, telling her ' it was sent to her from the Earls of affixed her regal signature to the three deeds, without Argyle, Huntly, and Athole, Secretary Lethington, and once looking upon them. Sir Walter Scott alludes to the Laird of Grange, who loved her majesty, and had Lindsay's barbarous treatment of his hapless queen in by that token accredited him to exhort her to avert these nervous lines : the peril to which she would be exposed, if she ventured to refuse the requisition of the Lords of Secret Council,
And haggard Lindsay's iron eye, whose designs, they well knew, were to take her life,
That saw fair Mary weep in vain. either secretly or by a mock-trial among themselves.' Finding the queen impatient of this insidious advice, George Douglas, the youngest son of the evil lady he produced a letter from the English ambassador of Lochleven, being present, indignantly remonstrated Throckmorton, out of the scabbard of his sword, telling with his savage brother-in-law, Lindsay, for his misher "he had concealed it there at peril of his own life, conduct ; and though hitherto employed as one of the in order to convey it to her’-a paltry piece of acting, persons whose office it was to keep guard over her, he worthy of the parties by whom it had been devised, for became from that hour the most devoted of her friends the letter had been written for the express purpose of and champions, and the contriver of her escape. His inducing Mary to accede to the demission of her regal elder brother, Sir William Douglas, the castellan, absodignity, telling her, as if in confidence, that it was lutely refused to be present ; entered a protest against the queen of England's sisterly advice that she should the wrong that had been perpetrated under his roof; not irritate those who had her in their power, by and besought the queen to give him a letter of exonrefusing the only concession that could save her life ; eration, certifying that he had nothing to do with it,
and that it was against his consent—which letter she The Criminal Trials in Scotland, from 1428 to
1624, by ROBERT PITCAIRN, W.S.-who died in
1855-form also a valuable contribution to the This oft-repeated story of Moray's deceit and history of domestic life and manners. Of a differLindsay's ferocity cannot be accepted as historical ent character, but delightfully minute and descriptruth. Private journals and correspondence have tive, is a volume by MR ROBERT WHITE, Newthrown much light on modern English history, castle (1802-1874), a History of the Battle of Family pride or cupidity has in some instances led Otterburn, fought in 1388, with memoirs of the to undue disclosures of this description, breaking chiefs engaged in the conflict. The same author down the barrier between public and private life; has written a copious History of the Battle of and already most of the secrets of the courts of Bannockburn, 1871. The Archæology and PreGeorge III. and IV., with domestic details and historic Annals of Scotland, by MR DANIEL scandal, have been published. We have had Wilson, Professor of English Literature in the Diaries and Correspondence of the Earl of Toronto College, Canada, published in 1851; and Malmesbury, four volumes, 1843-44; the Gren- Caledonia Romana, a descriptive account of the ville Papers, four volumes, 1852-53; the Memo- Roman antiquities of Scotland, published in 1845, rials and Correspondence of Charles James Fox, embody the results of long and careful study, edited by LORD JOHN RUSSELL, three volumes, MR J: J. A. WORSAAE, a Danish archæologist, 1853-54 ; the Correspondence of the Marquis of has given an Account of the Danes and NorCornwallis, three volumes, 1859; and Memoirs wegians in England, Scotland, and Ireland, 1852. of the Court of George IV., 1820-30, by the Duke Mr Worsaae was commissioned by the king of of Buckingham, two volumes, 1859 ; &c. The Denmark to investigate the memorials of the late eminent statesman, SIR ROBERT PEEL (1788- ancient Scandinavians which might still be ex1850), solicitous concerning his reputation for tant in this country. DEAN STANLEY has brought political integrity, left behind him Memoirs, ex- local knowledge and antiquarian studies to bear planatory of his views and conduct on the Roman upon general history in his Memorials of CanterCatholic question, 1828–29; the government of bury, 1855 ; in which we have details of the land1834-35; and the repeal of the corn-laws, 1845-46. ing of Augustine, the murder of Thomas-à-Becket, The work was published, in two volumes, 1856–57, the Black Prince, and Becket's shrine. but is only a meagre collection of public papers Family histories are good helps to the general and stale arguments.
historian. Sir Walter Scott hung with delight The History of the Captivity of Napoleon at St over the quaint pages of old Pitscottie,' or the Helena, from the Letters and Journals of the late History of the Houses of Douglas and Angus, by Sir Hudson Lowe, by MR WILLIAM FORSYTH, David Hume of Godscroft, 1644. The great barrister, three volumes, 1853, is a painful and novelist edited another work of the same kind, humiliating record. The conduct of the exiled the Memorie of the Somerviles, written by a Lord military chief was marked by disingenuous artifice Somerville of the times of Charles II. One of and petty misrepresentation-by weakness and the most interesting and complete works of meanness almost incredible. But Sir Hudson domestic annals is one published in 1840, Lives Lowe was not the fit person to act as governor : of the Lindsays, or a Memoir of the Houses of he was sensitive, quick-tempered, and of a blunt, Crawford and Balcarres, by Lord Lindsay, four unpleasing address.
volumes. The Lindsays were of the race of Among other works well deserving of study are the Normans that settled in England under the the Lectures on Modern History, from the Irrup- Conqueror, and two brothers of the family estabtion of the Northern Nations to the Close of the lished themselves in Scotland in the twelfth American Revolution, two volumes, 1848, by century. WILLIAM SMYTH (1764-1849), some time Pro A History of Roman Literature has been written fessor of Modern History in Cambridge. The by JOHN DUNLOP, Esq. From the earliest period successor of Mr Smyth as historical lecturer in to the Augustan age is comprised in two volumes, the university of Cambridge, SIR JAMES STEPHEN, and a third volume is devoted to the Augustan published Lectures on the History of France, two age. Mr Dunlop is author also of a History of volumes, 1851. Sir James was well known from Fiction, three volumes, 1814.
His latest prohis long connection with the Colonial Office as duction was Memoirs of Spain during the Reigns under-secretary—which office he resigned in 1848 of Philip IV. and Charles II., 1621 to 1700, two --and for his eloquent critical and historical volumes, 1834. Mr Dunlop was a Scottish advocontributions to the Edinburgh Review. Some cate, sheriff of Renfrewshire ; he died in 1842. of these he collected and published under the Some Historical Memoirs by MR MARK title of Essays on Ecclesiastical Biography, two NAPIER, advocate, possess interest if not value. volumes, 1853. Sir James died in 1859, aged 70. The first is Memoirs of John Napier of Merchis
The writings of MR THOMAS WRIGHT, a dis- ton (born 1550, died 1617). It is remarkable that tinguished archæologist, in illustration of early so eminent a man as the inventor of logarithms English history, are valuable. These are Bio- should have been without a special biographer graphia Britannica Literaria, or biography of until the year 1834, the date of Mr Mark Napier's literary characters of Great Britain and Ireland, book. The strange combination it presents of during the Anglo-Norman and Anglo-Saxon abstruse theological studies, a belief in the art of periods, two volumes, 1842-46 ; and The Celt, divination and other superstitions, and great the Roman, and the Saxon, 1852. Other short scientific acquirements, all meeting in the charcontributions connected with the middle ages acter of the old Scottish laird, a solitary student have been produced by Mr Wright, and he has in fierce tumultuous times, gives a picturesqueedited the Canterbury Tales of Chaucer, and the ness and attraction to the story of his life. Mr Visions of Piers Ploughman.
Napier's next work, Memoirs of the Marquis of
Montrose, two volumes, 1856, contains original blending here with the beautiful, and there conletters of the military hero, and other documents trasted with the grotesque-half perhaps seen in from charter-rooms, essential to the history of the clear daylight, and half by rays tinged with Montrose. Mr Napier in 1859 produced the Life the blazoned forms of the past-that one may be and Times of John Graham of Claverhouse, Vis apt to get bewildered among the variety of particcount Dundee, three volumes. Mr Napier writes ular impressions, and not feel either the unity of in the spirit of a keen partisan, 'with no attempt, the grand design, or the height and solidness of he says, 'to dress by the purists in composition. the structure, until the door has been closed on the Indeed' his writing is such as we should expect labyrinth of aisles and shrines, and you survey it the Baron of Bradwardine to indite if he took up from a distance, but still within its shadow. the historic pen, though the Baron would have In 1843 Mr Lockhart published an abridgment had more courtesy towards opponents. Mr Napier, of his Life of Scott, embracing only what may be however, is eager in pursuit of information, and called more strictly narrative, to which he made gives his discoveries unmutilated. This veteran some slight additions. One of these we subjoin : defender of the Jacobite chiefs was in 1820 admitted a member of the Scottish bar, and is sheriff of Dumfriesshire.
The Sons of Great Men.
The children of illustrious men begin the world with MR LOCKHART-DEAN STANLEY.
great advantages, if they know how to use them ; but
this is hard and rare. There is risk that in the flush of Several important biographical works have youth, favourable to all illusions, the filial pride may be already been noticed in connection with the twisted to personal vanity. When experience checks authors whose lives were related. The number this misgrowth, it is apt to do so with a severity that of new works in this department of our literature shall reach the best sources of moral and intellectual decontinues daily to increase, but it is only necessary few. It is usual to see their progeny smiled at through
velopment. The great sons of great fathers have been to notice such as have an original character, or life for stilted pretension, or despised, at best pitied, for derive special interest from the name and talents an inactive, inglorious humility. The shadow of the oak of the biographer.
is broad, but noble plants seldom rise within that circle. Memoirs of the Life of Sir Walter Scott, Bart., It was fortunate for the sons of Scott that his day darkby J. G. LOCKHART, Esq., his Literary Executor, ened in the morning of theirs. The sudden calamity seven volumes, 1837, makes the nearest approach, anticipated the natural effect of observation and the in fullness of detail, literary importance, and collisions of society and business. All weak, unmanly general interest, to Boswell's Life of Johnson. folly was nipped in the bud, and soon withered to the root. The near relationship of the author to his subject They were both remarkably modest men, but in neither might have blinded his judgment, yet the Life is had the better stimulus of the blood been arrested. written in a fair and manly spirit
, without either suppressions or misstatements that could alter its
Much light is thrown on the Scott and Ballanessential features. Into the controversial points of tyne dispute, and on the Scotch literature of the the memoir we shall not enter : the author has period, by Archibald Constable, and his Litercertainly paid too little deference and regard to ary Correspondence: a Memorial by his Son, the feelings of individuals; and in most of his Thomas Constable, three volumes, 1873. conclusions with regard to the Messrs Ballantyne,
Mr Lockhart's Life of Burns, originally pubwe believe him to have been wrong ; yet far more lished in 1828, made a valuable addition to the than enough remains to enable us to overlook biographical facts in Dr Currie's memoir of the these blemishes. The fearless confidence with poet. It is finely written, in a candid and generwhich all that he knew and believed is laid before ous spirit, and contains passages—that describing the public, and Scott presented to the world Burns's appearance among the savans of Edinexactly as he was in life-in his schemes of burgh, his life at Ellisland, &c -—which mark the worldly ambition as in his vast literary under
hand of the master. takings--is greatly to be admired, and well deserves its meed of praise. The book, in the main,
Burns on his Farm at Ellisland. exhibits a sound and healthy spirit, calculated to exercise a great influence on contemporary litera
It is difficult to imagine anything more beautiful, more ture. As an example and guide in real life, in noble, than what such a person as Mrs Dunlop might at doing and in suffering, it is equally valuable. tenor of his [Burns's] life. What fame can bring of
this period be supposed to contemplate as the probable *The more,' says Mr Lockhart, the details of happiness he had already tasted; he had overleaped, Scott's personal history are revealed and studied, by the force of his genius, all the painful barriers of the more powerfully will that be found to inculcate society; and there was probably not a man in Scotland the same great lessons with his works. Where who would not have thought himself honoured by seeing else shall we be better taught how prosperity may Burns under his roof. He had it in his own power to be extended by beneficence, and adversity con- place his poetical reputation on a level with the very fronted by exertion? Where can we see the highest names, by proceeding in the same course of study "follies of the wise” more strikingly rebuked, and and exertion which had originally raised him into public a character more beautifully purified and exalted notice and admiration, Surrounded by an affectionate than in the passage through affliction to death? family, occupied but not engrossed by the agricultural His character seems to belong to some elder and labours in which his youth and early manhood had destronger period than ours; and, indeed, I cannot districts of his native land, and, from time to time, pro
lighted, communing with nature in one of the loveliest help likening
it to the architectural fabrics of other ducing to the world some immortal addition to his verse ages which he most delighted in, where there is thus advancing in years and in fame, with what respect such a congregation of imagery and tracery, such would not Burns have been thought of; how
venerable endless indulgence of whim and fancy, the sublime in the eyes of his contemporaries—how hallowed in those
of after-generations, would have been the roof of Ellis- friends, to whom one can open one's heart fully from land, the field on which he bound every day after his time to time, the world's society has rather a bracing reapers, the solemn river by which he delighted to influence to make one shake off mere dreams of delight wander! The plain of Bannockburn would hardly have been holier ground.
London and Mont Blanc. As a reviewer, Mr Lockhart's critiques were
August 1, 1837.–We passed through London, with principally biographical; and his notices of which I was once so familiar ; and which now I almost Campbell, Southey, Theodore Hook, Jeffrey, and gaze at with the wonder of a stranger. That enormous others will be recollected by most readers of the with the sublimity of the sea or of mountains, is yet a
city, grand beyond all other earthly grandeur, sublime Quarterly Review. The sharp, clear, incisive place that I should be most sorry to call my home. In style, and the mixture of scholastic taste with the fact, its greatness repels the notion of home; it may be a tact of the man of the world, distinguish them palace, but it cannot be a home. How different from all. The biography of Burns afterwards received the mingled greatness and sweetness of our mountain minute examination and additional facts from valleys ! and yet he who were strong in body and mind Dr Robert Chambers and Dr P. Hately Waddell. ought to desire rather, if he must do one, to spend all
The Life and Correspondence of Dr Arnold, by his life in London, than all his life in Westmoreland. ARTHUR P. STANLEY (now dean of Westminster), For not yet can energy and rest be united in one, and two volumes, 1844, is valuable as affording an ex- this is not our time and place for rest, but for energy. ample of a man of noble, independent nature, and
August 2, 1839.-I am come out alone, my dearest to also as furnishing a great amount of most interest - this spot, to see the morning sun on Mont Blanc and on ing information relative to the public schools of eyes on 'this glorious scene. It is overpowering, like all
the lake, and to look with more, I trust, than outward England, and the various social and political ques- other intense beauty, if you dwell upon it ; but I contrast tions which agitated the country from 1820 to 1840. it immediately with our Rugby horizon, and our life of Whether agreeing with, or dissenting from, the duty there, and our cloudy sky of England-clouded views of Dr Arnold, it is impossible not to admire socially, alas! far more darkly than physically. But, his love of truth and perfect integrity of character. beautiful as this is, and peaceful, may I never breathe a In intellectual energy, decision, and uprightness wish to retire hither, even with you and our darlings, if it he resembled Johnson, but happily his constitu- were possible ; but may I be strengthened to labour,
and to tional temperament was as elastic and cheerful as do and to suffer in our own beloved country and church, that of Johnson was desponding and melancholy. and to give my life, if so called upon, for Christ's
cause We add a few scraps from Arnold's letters and and for them. And if—as I trust it will—this rambling diary, which form so interesting a portion of Dean strengthened me for my work at home, then we may both
and this beauty of nature in foreign lands, shall have Stanley's memoir.
rejoice that we have had this little parting. Few Men take Life in Earnest.
SIR WILLIAM STIRLING-MAXWELL. I meet with a great many persons in the course of the year, and with many whom I admire and like; but what The Cloister Life of the Emperor Charles V., Í feel daily more and more to need, as life every year 1852, by WILLIAM STIRLING, of Keir (now Sir rises more and more before me in its true reality, is to William Stirling-Maxwell, Bart.), supplies deficienhave intercourse with those who take life in earnest It cies and corrects errors in the popular account is very painful to me to be always on the surface of of the emperor in Robertson's History. He had things; and I feel that literature, science, politics, many access to documents unknown to Robertson, and topics of far greater interest than mere gossip or talking was, besides, more familiar with Spanish literature. about the weather, are yet, as they are generally talked This work, it must be confessed, destroys part of depths of life. It is not that I want much of what is the romance of the life of Charles, while it adds called religious conversation--that, I believe, is often on materially to our knowledge of it.
For example, the surface, like other conversation—but I want a sign Robertson states that the table of the emperor which one catches as by a sort of masonry, that a man was “neat and plain, but Sir William draws a very knows what he is about in life, whither tending, in what different picture of the cuisine : cause engaged ; and when I find this, it seems to open my heart as thoroughly, and with as fresh a sympathy, Epicurean Habits of the Emperor Charles V. as when I was twenty years younger.
In this matter of eating, as in many other habits, the Home and Old Friends.
emperor was himself a true Fleming. His early tend
ency to gout was increased by his indulgences at table, These are times when I am least of all inclined to which generally far exceeded his feeble powers of digesloosen the links which bind me to my oldest and dearest tion. Roger Ascham, standing hard by the imperial friends; for I imagine we shall all want the union of all table at the feast of golden fleece,' watched with wonder the good men we can get together ; and the want of the emperor's progress through 'sod beef, roast mutton, sympathy which I cannot but feel towards many of those baked hare,' after which he fed well off a capon, whom I meet with, makes me think how delightful it drinking also, says the Fellow of St John's, “the best would be to have daily intercourse with those with whom that ever I saw; he had his head in the glass five times I ever feel it thoroughly. What people do in middle as long as any of them, and never drank less than a life, without a wife and children to turn to, I cannot good quart at once of Rhenish wine. Eating was now imagine ; for I think the affections must be sadly checked the only physical gratification which he could still enjoy, and chilled, even in the best men, by their intercourse or was unable to resist. He continued, therefore, to with people such as one usually finds them in the world. dine to the last upon the rich dishes, against which his I do not mean that one does not meet with good and ancient and trusty confessor, Cardinal Loaysa, had prosensible people ; but then their minds are set, and our tested a quarter of a century before. The supply of minds are set, and they will not, in mature age, grow his table was a main subject of the correspondence into each other ; but with a home filled with those whom between the mayordomo and the secretary of state. we entirely love and sympathise with, and with some old The weekly courier from Valladolid to Lisbon was