Page images

profligate African youth was thus transformed into the Him þefore we retire to rest ; this is the best security most illustrious saint of the Western Church, how he for keeping up our faith and trust in Him in whom we lived long as the light of his own generation, and how all profess to believe, whom we all expect to meet after his works have been cherished and read by good men, we leave this world. It is also the best security for our perhaps more extensively than those of any Christian leading a good and a happy life. It has been well said teacher since the Apostles. It is a story instructive in twice over by the most powerful delineator of human many ways. It is an example, like the conversion of character (with one exception) ever produced by our St Paul, of the fact that from time to time God calls country, that prayer to the Almighty searcher of hearts His servants not by gradual, but by sudden changes. is the best check to murmurs against Providence, or to

the inroad of worldly passions, because nothing else

brings before us so strongly their inconsistency and The Last Encampment.*

unreasonableness. We shall find it twice as difficult Our last Sunday in Syria has arrived, and it has been to fall into sin if we have prayed against it that enhanced to us this morning by the sight of those very morning, or if we thank God for having kept it venerable trees which seemed to the Psalmist and

the from us that very evening. It is the best means of Prophets of old one of the chief glories and wonders of denial for the day. It is the best means of gaining con

gaining strength and refreshment, and courage and selfthe creation. Two main ideas were conveyed to the minds of those who then saw them, which we may still tent, and tranquillity, and rest for the night; for it bear away with us.

brings us, as nothing else can bring us, into the presence One is that of their greatness, breadth, solidity, vast. of Him who is the source of all these things, and who ness . The righteous,' says the Psalmist,''

shall Hourish gives them freely to those who truly and sincerely ask

for them. like a palm tree. That is one part of our life ; to be upright, graceful, gentle, like that most beautiful of oriental trees. But there is another quality added— He

PROFESSOR MAURICE. shall spread abroad like a cedar in Libanus.' That is, his character shall be sturdy, solid, broad; he shall pro- efforts for the education of the working-classes


In metaphysics and theology, and in practical tect others, as well as himself; he shall support the branches of the weaker trees around him; he shall the Rev. JOHN FREDERICK DENISON MAURICE cover a vast surface of the earth with his shadow ; he (1805-1872) was strikingly conspicuous. He was shall grow, and spread, and endure ; he and his works the son of a Unitarian minister, and educated at shall make the place where he was planted memorable Trinity Hall, Cambridge. He declined a Fellowfor future times.

ship, not being able to declare himself a member The second feeling is the value of reverence. It was of the Church of England; but he afterwards reverence for these great trees which caused them to be entered the church, and became chaplain of employed for the sacred service of Solomon's Temple, Lincoln's Inn and Professor of Divinity in King's and which has insured their preservation for so long College, London. In consequence of what were It was reverence for Almighty God that caused these trees, and these only, to be brought down from this considered heterodox opinions, Mr Maurice had remote situation to be employed for the Temple of old. to vacate his professorial chair, but withReverence, we may be sure, whether to God or to the out forfeiting his popularity. His views on the great things which God has made in the world, is one question of the atonement and the duration of of the qualities most needful for every human being, if future punishments lost him the Professorship of he means to pass through life in a manner worthy of the Theology. Among the works of this author are place which God has given him in the world.

-Lectures delivered at Queen's College, London, But the sight of the Cedars, and our encampment published in 1849; The Religions of the World here, recall to us that this is the close of a manner of and their Relations to Christianity, being the life which in many respects calls to mind that of the Boyle Lecture Sermons, 1846-47; Moral and ancient Israelites, as we read it in the Lessons of this Metaphysical Philosophy, reprinted from the Exand of last Sunday, in the Book of Numbers and of Deuteronomy, 'How goodly are thy tents, O Jacob; and (characterised by Mr Thomas Hughes as a mine

cyclopædia Metropolitana, three volumes, 1850-56 suggestive of thoughts which can hardly come to us again. of learning made living and human, and of original It brings us back, even with all the luxuries which sur thought made useful for the humblest student, such round us, to something of the freshness, and rudeness, and as no other living man had produced'); Chrissimplicity of primitive life, which it is good for us all to tian Socialism, tracts and lectures by Maurice, feel at one time or other. It reminds us, though in a Kingsley, and others, 1851 ; The Prophets and figure, of the uncertainty and instability of human exist- Kings of the Old Testament, 1853 ; The Word ence, so often compared to the pitching and striking of Eternal and the Punishment of the Wicked, a tent. The spots on which, day after day for the last a pamphlet, 1853 ; Lectures on Ecclesiastical six weeks, we have been encamped have again become History, and The Doctrine of Sacrifice, 1854; a desolate open waste- 'the spirit of the desert stalks Learning and Working, six lectures, and The in,' and their place will be known no more. How like Religion of Rome, four lectures, 1855;, Adminthe way in which happy homes rise, and sink, and istrative Reform, a pamphlet, 1855; Plan of a vanish,

and are lost. Only the great. Rock or Tree of Female College, 1855; with Theological Essays, Life under which they have been pitched remains on and several volumes of Sermons. Maurice

, like from generation to generation. .

May I take this occasion of speaking of the import- his friend Kingsley, had a high standard of duty ance of this one solemn ordinance of religion, never to and patriotism : be forgotten, wherever we are-morning and evening "The action in the heathen world,' he said, prayer? It'is the best means of reminding ourselves which has always inspired most of admiration of the presence of God. To place ourselves in his in true minds, is the death of the three hundred hands before we go forth on our journey, on our Spartans who guarded the pass of Thermopyla pleasure, on our work—to commit ourselves again to against the army of Xerxes (480 B.C.); and it was From a sermon preached in the encampment at Ehden, that they died in obedience to the laws of their

recorded on the graves of these three hundred, beneath the Mountain of the Cedars, May 11, 1862, during Dean Stanley's tour in the East with H.R.H. the Prince of Wales. country. They felt that it was their business to

be there ; that was all. They did not choose the Rev. W. J. CONYBEARE, M.A., late Fellow of post for themselves ; they only did not desert Trinity College, Cambridge, and the Rev. J. S. the post which it behoved them to occupy. Our Howson, two volumes quarto, 1852. The purcountrymen heartily respond to the doctrine. The pose of this work is described to be to give .a notion of dying for glory is an altogether feeble living picture of St Paul himself, and of the cirone for them. They had rather stay by their cumstances by which he was surrounded.' The comfortable and uncomfortable firesides, than biography of the apostle must be compiled from suffer for what seems to them a fiction. But the two sources his own letters and the narrative in words, “England expects every man to do his the Acts. Mr Conybeare translates the epistles duty," are felt to be true and not fictitious words. and speeches of the apostle ; and his coadjutor, There is power in them. The soldier or sailor Mr Howson, contributes the narrative, archæwho hears them ringing through his heart will ological, and geographical portions. The diffimeet a charge, or go down in his ship, without culties of the task are thus stated by Mr Conydreaming that he shall ever be spoken of or re- beare : membered, except by a mother, or a child, or an old friend.' So it is in private experience. Women

The Varied Life of St Paul. are found sacrificing their lives, not under a sudden impulse of feeling, but through a long course of

To comprehend the influences under which he grew years, to their children and their husbands, who family in Tarsus, the chief city in Cilicia ;' we must

to manhood, we must realise the position of a Jewish often requite them very ill ; whose words are understand the kind of education which the son of such surly, who spend what affection they have on a family would receive as a boy in his Hebrew home, or other objects. The silent devotion goes on; only in the schools of his native city, and in his riper youth one here and there knows anything of it; it is 'at the feet of Gamaliel'in Jerusalem ; we must be quite as likely that the world in general spends acquainted with the profession for which he was to be its compassion upon those to whom they are prepared by this training, and appreciate the station ministering ; none count their ministries so en- and duties of an expounder of the law. And that we tirely matters of course as themselves.'

may be fully qualified to do all this, we should have a clear view of the state of the Roman empire at the time,

and especially of its system in the provinces ; we should BISHOP BLOMFIELD-REV. C. HARDWICK, ETC.

also understand the political position of the Jews of the

'dispersion;' we should be, so to speak, hearers in their The scholarship of Cambridge was well sup. theology. And in like manner, as we follow the apostle

synagogues-we should be students of their rabbinical ported by the late Bishop of London, DR CHARLES in the different stages of his varied and adventurous JAMES BLOMFIELD (1786-1857), a native of Bury St career, we must strive continually to bring out in their Edmunds, in Suffolk, where his father was a school true brightness the half-effaced forms and colouring of master. Having distinguished himself at Trinity the scene in which he acts; and while he becomes all College, Cambridge (of which he was elected things to all men, that he might by all means save Fellow), Dr Blomfield evinced his philological and some, we must form to ourselves a living likeness of critical attainments by his editions of Æschylus the things and of the men among whom he moved, if and Callimachus (1810-1824), and by his editing we would rightly estimate his work. Thus we must the Adversaria Porsoni. In 1828 he compiled study Christianity rising in the midst of Judaism ; we a Greek Grammar for schools. He was author must realise the position of its early churches with their also of Lectures on the Acts of the Apostles and of mixed society, to which Jews, proselytes, and heathens numerous sermons and charges. His efforts to had each contributed a characteristic element ; we must increase the number of churches were most meri- qualify ourselves to be umpires, if we may so speak, in torious and highly successful. He began this strifes of their schismatic parties, when one said, 'I am

their violent internal divisions; we must listen to the pious labour when Bishop of Chester, and con- of Paul-and another, I am of Apollos ;' we must study tinued it in London with such energy, that during the true character of those early heresies which even the time he held the see more churches were denied the resurrection, and advocated impurity and erected than had been built by any other bishop lawlessness, claiming the right to sin 'that grace might since the Reformation. In 1856 Dr Blomfield abound,' .defiling the mind and conscience of their resigned his bishopric, but was allowed to retain followers, and making them abominable and disobefor life his palace at Fulham, with a pension of dient, and to every good work reprobate ;' we must £6000 a year. A Memoir of the prelate was trace the extent to which Greek philosophy, Judaising published by his son in 1863.

formalism, and Eastern superstition, blended their taintrine's Hall, has written a History of the Thirty- civilised society. The REV. CHARLES HARDWICK, of St Catha-ing influence with the pure fermentation of the new

leaven which was at last to leaven the whole mass of nine Articles, 1851 ; a valuable History of the Christian Church, 1853; and Sermons, 1853.The Rev. WILLIAM GOODE, Rector of Allhallows, added some knowledge of the various countries and

To this formidable list of requirements must be London, has been a vigorous opponent of the Oxford Tractarians, and author of other theolog- places visited by Paul; and as relating

to the wide ical works-The Gifts of the Spirit, 1834; The range of illustration, Mr Howson mentions a cirEstablished Church, 1834; The Divine Rule of In the account of the apostle's voyage to Italy,

cumstance connected with our naval hero Nelson. Faith and Practice, 1842; &c.

when overtaken by the storm (Acts xxvii.), it is

mentioned that the ship was anchored by the REV. W. J. CONYBEARE-DEAN HOWSON.

stern ; Mr Howson cites some cases in which this

has been done in modern times, adding: “There A complete guide to the knowledge of St Paul's is still greater interest in quoting the instance of life and writings has been furnished by the large Copenhagen, not only from the accounts we have work, The Life and Epistles of St Paul, by the l of the precision with which each ship let go her 95


anchors astern as she arrived nearly opposite her Period, 1839; with a series of Theological Lecappointed station, but because it is said that tures, 1834. Nelson stated after the battle, that he had that DEAN Howson, associated with the Rev. W. J. morning been reading the twenty-seventh chapter Conybeare in the valuable work on St Paul, was of the Acts of the Apostles.'

born in 1816, educated at Trinity College, Cam

bridge, became Principal of the Collegiate InstituThe Martyrdom of Paul.

tion, Liverpool, in 1849, and Dean of Chester in

1867 As the martyr and his executioners passed on, their way was crowded with a motley multitude of goers and

DEAN ALFORD. comers between the metropolis and its harbour-merchants hastening to superintend the unloading of their

The REV. DR HENRY ALFORD, of Trinity, Vicar cargoes-sailors eager to squander the profits of their of Wimeswould, Leicestershire, like Dr Írench, last voyage in the dissipations of the capital-officials commenced author as a poet-Poems and Poetical of the government, charged with the administration Fragments, 1831 ; The School of the Heart, 1835; of the provinces, or the command of the legions on &c.—but his Hulsean Lectures, 1841, his various the Euphrates or the Rhine-Chaldean astrologers-- collections of Sermons, Greek Testament with Phrygian eunuchs—dancing-girls from Syria, with their notes, &c., gave him a reputation as a divine and painted turbans-mendicant priests from Egypt howling a scholar. Dr Alford was a contributor to various for Osiris-Greek adventurers, eager to coin their periodicals, and was cut off suddenly in the midst national cunning into Roman gold—representatives of of a busy and useful life. This excellent divine the avarice and ambition, the fraud and lust, the super, was a native of London, born in 1810, and edustition and intelligence, of the imperial world. Through the dust and tumult of that busy throng, the small cated at Trinity College, Cambridge ; from 1841 troop of soldiers threaded their way silently, under the to 1857 he acted as Examiner in Logic and Moral bright sky of an Italian midsummer.' They were march- Philosophy in the university of London; and in ing, though they knew it not, in a procession more truly 1857 was appointed by Lord Palmerston to the triumphal than any they had ever followed, in the train deanery of Canterbury. He died January 12, 1871. of general or emperor, along the Sacred Way. Their Dean Alford is believed to have had conprisoner, now at last and for ever delivered from his siderable effect, though indirectly, on the textual captivity, rejoiced to follow his Lord without the gate.' criticism of the country. According to Bishop The place of execution was not far distant; and there Ellicott, his present and future fame both is and the sword of the headsman ended his long course of will be connected with his notes and exegesis. sufferings, and released that heroic soul from that feeble Here the fine qualities of his mind, his quickbody. Weeping friends took up his corpse, and carried it for burial to those subterranean labyrinths, where, ness, keenness of perception, interpretative inthrough many ages of oppression, the persecuted church stinct, lucidity, and singular fairness, exhibit themfound refuge for the living and sepulchres for the dead.

selves to the greatest possible advantage. Rarely, Thus died the apostle, the prophet, and the martyr; if ever, does he fail to place before the reader the bequeathing to the church, in her government and her exact difficulties of the case, and the true worth discipline, the legacy of his apostolic labours ; leaving of the different principles of interpretation.' his prophetic words to be her living oracles ; pouring forth his blood to be the seed of a thousand martyrdoms.

The Prince Consort's Public Life. Thenceforth, among the glorious company of the apostles, among the goodly fellowship of the prophets, among the

He came to us in 1840 fresh from a liberal education; noble army of martyrs

, his name has stood pre-eminent. and in becoming one of us, and that in an undefined And wheresoever the holy church throughout all the and exceedingly difficult position, he determined to bend world doth acknowledge God, there Paul of Tarsus is the great powers of his mind, and to use the influence of revered, as the great teacher of a universal redemption his exalted station to do us good. The early days of and a catholic religion--the herald of glad tidings to all his residence among us were cast upon troubled timesmankind.

the gloomy years between 1840-1848. First, before we

speak directly of his great national work, deserves menMr Conybeare, in 1855, published a volume of tion the high example of that royal household, whose Essays Ecclesiastical and Social, reprinted with unstained purity, and ever cautious and punctual proadditions from the Edinburgh Review. In these priety in all civil and Christian duties, has been to this he treats of the Mormons, the Welsh Clergy, people a greater source of blessing than we can appre, Church Parties Temperance, &c. His views on ciate. At last the hour of trial came, and the eventful church parties and on the different phases of in- year 1848, which overturned so many thrones, passed fidelity are further displayed in a novel-Perver- powerless over our favoured land. Our royal house sion, three volumes, 1856-a very interesting and hearts and prayers of the people. And now a period of

was beyond danger, for its foundations rested in the clever tale of the times.' The ingenious author calm succeeded, during which our Prince's designs for died prematurely in 1857. The father of Mr the good of our people found scope and time to unfold Conybeare, WILLIAM DANIEL CONYBEARE, themselves. Dean of Llandaff (1787–1857), was one of the The Great Exhibition of 1851, the effects of which earliest promoters of the Geological Society, and for good have been so many and so universally aca frequent and distinguished contributor to its knowledged, is believed to have been his own conceppublished Transactions. His papers on the Coal- tion; and the plan of it, though filled in by many able fields were highly valuable ; and he was the dis- hands, was sketched out by himself, and constantly coverer of the Plesiosaurus, that strange ante- presided over and brought to maturity by his unwearied diluvian animal, the most singular and the most regard to the intercourse and interdependence of foreign

care. The event of that year opened to us views with anomalous in its structure, according to Cuvier, nations and ourselves, unknown to English minds that had been discovered amid the ruins of before, and suggested to us improvements which have former worlds. To the Bampton Lectures the shewn new paths of industry and advancement to Dean was also a contributor, having written a thousands of families among us. To him we owe, as a work On the Fathers during the Ante-Nicene direct consequence of this his plan, our schools of design,

which have called out so many a dormant mind, and penetrate their secrets, figure forth spiritual truths; and brought blessing and competence to so many a house her highest and noblest arrangements are but the reprehold in the lower ranks of life. Of one great society, sentations of the most glorious of those truths. That the 'Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manu- very state out of which the household springs, is one, factures, and Commerce,' he was to the last the active as Scripture and the Church declare to us, not to be and indefatigable president.

taken in hand unadvisedly, lightly, or wantonly, seeing Only a week before his death, he determined an that it sets forth and represents to us the relation important point connected with the building designed between Christ and his Church. The household is a for the Exhibition. Besides these efforts, you will all representation, on a small scale, as regards numbers, remember the interest which he took in our agricultural but not as regards the interests concerned, of the great progress, and in a matter of more vital import to our family in heaven and earth. Its whole relations and national wellbeing—the better construction, for decency mutual duties are but reflections of those which subsist and comfort, of the cottages of the labouring classes. between the Redeemer and the people for whom He He has left us his views to be carried out, his schemes hath given Himself. The household, then, is not an to be completed, his example to be followed. Each institution whose duties spring from beneath-from the citizen, each head of a family, ought long to remember, necessities of circumstances merely ; but it is an apand will long remember, the lessons of his life ; we pointment of God, whose laws are His laws, and whose shall not go back again from the higher level to which members owe direct account to Him. The father of a he has raised us, but shall, I am persuaded, go on household stands most immediately in God's place. His in the same course, with more earnest endeavour, with is the post of greatest responsibility, of greatest influence more scrupulous anxiety, because to all other motives for good or for evil. His it is, in the last resort, to fix is added that of not doing dishonour to his memory, nor and determine the character which his household shall violence to what were his own wishes.

bear. According as he is good or bad, godly or unToll out thy towers, toll on, thou old Cathedral,

godly, selfish or self-denying, so will for the most part Filling the ambient air with softest pulses of sorrow;

the complexion of the household be also. As he values Toll out a nation's grief, dole for the wail of the people. that which is good, not in his professions, for which no Bursting hearts have played with words in the wildness of one cares, but in his practice, which all observe, so will

anguish, Gathered the bitter herbs that grow in the valley of mourning,

it most likely be valued also by his family as they grow Turned the darksome flowers in wreaths for the wept, the lost one. up and are planted out in the world. Of all the influToll for the tale that is told, but for the tale left untold ; ences which can be brought to bear on man, paternal Toll for the unreturning, but toll tenfold for the mourning; Toll for the Prince that is gone, but more for the house that is influence may be made the strongest and most salutary ; widowed.

and whether so made or not, is ever of immense weight

one way or the other. For remember, that paternal Recognition after Death.

influence is not that which the father strives to exert With respect to the subject which furnished us matter That superior life, ever moving in advance of the young

merely, but that which in matter of fact he does exert. for two or three conversations—the probability, of and observing and imitative life of all of us, that source meeting and recognising friends in heaven-I thought a from which all our first ideas came, that voice which good deal, and searched Scripture yesterday. The sounded deeper into our hearts than all other voices, passage, 1 Thess. iv. 13-18, appears to me almost day by day, year by year, through all our tender and decisive. Tennyson says :

plastic childhood, will all through life, almost in spite To search the secret is beyond our lore,

of ourselves, still keep in advance of us, still continue And man must rest till God doth furnish more.

to sound : no other example will ever take so firm hold, Certainly if there has been one hope which has borne no other superiority be ever so vividly and constantly the hearts of Christians up more than another in trials felt. And again remember, this example goes for what and separations, it is this. It has in all ages been one it is really worth. Words do not set it-religious of the loveliest in the checkered prospect of the future, phrases do not give it its life and power-it is not a nor has it been confined to Christians; I mean the idea thing of display and effort, but of inner realities, and You will excuse me, nay, you will thank me, I know, recurring acts and habits. It is not the raving of the for transcribing an exquisite passage from Cicero's wind round the precipice—not the sunrise and sunset, treatise on Old Age. It is as follows: O glorious day, clothing it with golden glory--which moulded it and when I shall go to that divine assembly and company gave it its worn and rounded form : but the unmarked of spirits, and when I shall depart out of this bustle, dropping of the silent waters, the melting of the yearly this sink of corruption ; for I shall go not only to those snows, the gushing of the inner springs. And so it will great men of whom I have before spoken, but also to be, not that which the outward eye sees in him, not my dear Cato [his son], than whom there never was a that which men repute him, not public praise, nor better man, or one more excellent in filial affection, public blame, that will enhance or undo a father's influwhose funeral rites were performed by me, when the ence in his household ; but that which he really is in contrary was natural -namely, that mine should be the hearts of his family : that which they know of him performed by him. His soul not desiring me, but in private : the worth to which they can testify, but looking back on me, has departed into those regions which the outer world never saw; the affections which where he saw that I myself must come; and I seem to flow in secret, of which they know the depth, but others bear firmly my affliction, not because I did not grieve only the surface. And so it will be likewise with a for it, but í comforted myself, thinking that the separa- father's religion. None so keen to see into a man's tion and parting between us would not be for long religion as his own household. He may deceive others duration.' The passage from Cicero is considered one without; he may deceive himself: he can hardly long of the finest, if not the finest passage in all the heathen succeed in deceiving them. If religion with him be authors. It certainly is very fine ; but now, when you merely a thing put on; an elaborate series of outward have admired it enough, turn to 2 Tim. iv. 6-8, and duties, attended to for expediency's sake-something compare the two. Blessed be He indeed who has fitting his children, but not equally fitting him: oh, none given us such a certainty of hope !

will so soon and so thoroughly learn to appreciate this,

as those children themselves : there is not any fact The Household of a Christian.

which, when discovered, will have so baneful an effect From Quebec Chapel Sermons.

on their young lives, as such an appreciation. No

amount of external devotion will ever counterbalance The household is not an accident of nature, but an it: no use of religious phraseology, nor converse with ordinance of God. Even nature's processes, could we religious people without. But if, on the other hand,


his religion is really a thing in his heart : if he moves in other words, what the world seems to me to about day by day as seeing One invisible : if the love want, is a perception that the religion with which of Christ is really warming the springs of his inner life, the Bible, as a whole, impresses us, is a true then, however inadequately this is shewn in matter or religion ; but that in its associations, accidents, in manner, it will be sure to be known and thoroughly and personal shortcomings, it has had no superappreciated by those who are ever living their lives natural exemption from those incidents of human around him.

nature which we find in the transmission of our

moral sentiments in general, strengthened as these DR ROWLAND WILLIAMS.

are by historical examples, but having a fresh

germ in ourselves, and yet needing a constant This eminent Welsh scholar and divine was a glance heavenward, a tone of mind compounded native of Flintshire, Wales, born in 1817.,, He of prayer and of resolve, in order to keep them was educated at Eton and at King's College, sound, and free from all warping influences. Cambridge, in which he was distinguished as a Again, to vary the expression, the great object to classical scholar. He was elected to a Fellowship be set always before our consciences is, " the of his college, and was classical tutor in it for Father of our spirits," the Eternal Being; and it eight years—from 1842 to 1850. He then removed is an infinite aid to have the records of words and to St David's College, Lampeter, in which he deeds of men who have lived in a like spiritual became Vice-principal and Professor of Hebrew, faith, and who can kindle us afresh.' was appointed chaplain to the Bishop of Llandaff in 1850, and select preacher to the university of Cambridge in 1855. In the latter year he pub

REV. FREDERICK WILLIAM ROBERTSON. lished a volume of his sermons under the title of The Rev. F. W. ROBERTSON of Brighton (1816Rational Godliness after the Mind of Christ and 1853) was a clergyman of the Church of England the written Voices of his Church. His views on whose life was devoted to the intellectual and the subject of inspiration were considered un spiritual improvement of the working-classes, orthodox, and led him into controversy, ultimately and whose writings have enjoyed a degree of causing his withdrawal from Lampeter, where he popularity rarely extended to sermons and theohad lived twelve years, greatly benefiting the logical treatises. He was a native of London, college there, and discharging his duties as parish son of an officer, Captain Robertson, R.A. He minister with exemplary diligence and popular was educated at Edinburgh and Oxford, taking acceptance. In 1860 appeared the volume entitled his degree of M.A. at Brasenose College in 1844. Essays and Reviews ; Dr Williams was one of Having entered the Church, he was successively the writers, contributing an article on Bunsen's curate at Winchester and Cheltenham, and inBiblical Researches, for which he was prosecuted cumbent of Trinity Chapel, Brighton. At the in the Court of Arches, and sentenced to a year's latter he continued six years till his death. In suspension. The Privy Council, however, reversed 1848 he assisted in establishing a working-man's the decision, and Dr Williams continued his pas- Institute, and his address on this occasion, which toral labours and studies until his death in 1870. was afterwards published, attracted, as he said, He died at a vicarage he held near Salisbury, but more notice than it deserved or he had exhis friends in Wales sent flowers from the land pected : it was read by Her Majesty, distributed of his birth to be laid on his coffin. The works by nobles and Quakers, sneered at by Conservaof Dr Williams are numerous. The best is his tives, praised by Tories, slanged by Radicals, Hinduism and Christianity Compared, 1856; a and swallowed, with wry faces, by Chartists: learned and able treatise. He was engaged in his within six months, it was said Mr Robertson had latter years on a more elaborate work, part of put himself at variance with the whole accredited which was published in 1866 under the title of theological world of Brighton on the questions The Prophets of Israel and Judah during the of the Sabbath, the Atonement, Inspiration, and Assyrian Empire. A second volume was pub- Baptism! His talents, sincerity, and saint-like lished after his death, entitled The Hebrew Pro- character were, however, acknowledged by all phets, translated afresh from the Original, 1872. parties, and his death was mourned as a public He also wrote various essays on the Welsh calamity. His funeral was attended by more Church, Welsh Bards, and Anglo-Saxon Antiqui- than two thousand persons. Four volumes of Mr ties. He was a various as well as a profound Robertson's Sermons have been published; also scholar, but chiefly excelled in Hebrew and in his his Life and Letters, two volumes, by the Rev. ancient native tongue, the Cymric or Welsh. The Stopford A. Brooke.' Robertson's Sermons have Life and Letters of Dr Williams were published by gone through numerous large editions both in his widow, two volumes, 1874; and Mrs Williams England and America. claims for her husband having done good service by advocating an open Bible and free reverential

Christian Energy. criticism, and by maintaining these to be consistent with the standards of the English Church. 'Let us be going. There were two ways open to He helped much to vindicate for the Anglican Christ in which to submit to his doom. He might have Establishment the wide boundary which he, Dean waited for it : instead of which He went to meet the Stanley, and others considered to be her lawful soldiers, He took up the cross, the cup of anguish was inheritance.

not forced between His lips. He took it with his own *Dean Milman,' he says, 'once wrote to me, years the disciples understood the lesson, and acted on

hands, and drained it quickly to the last drop. In afterthat what the world wants is a keener perception it. They did not wait till persecution overtook them; of the poetical character of parts, especially the they braved the Sanhedrim, they fronted the world, earlier parts of the Bible. “This work,” he added, they proclaimed aloud the unpopular and unpalatable “will

be done slowly, but, in my opinion, surely.' doctrines of the Resurrection and the Cross. Now in.

« PreviousContinue »