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Nor the brighD7 Oing the

Is matchful eye!
Nor a thought on the bestow but defy,
« Beloved et my soulye last
The dage sounds in signal

Then wildly gazing on the burnish'di maiku 'sts iden fit pozitun ozkim "NoIV. l. quhesh o'sir
AgindeOf the false Trojan-fiedne voy 5d91'so gra 21501 :191 94 THE MAIDEN'S LANEX".

Within ymul si Some dying words she utter'dy and the sound 39,100** Of their last mournful accents rang brimat 401.31381

"Spanish of Montemayor.

Oli & YA MTAKT * Along the sculptured roofs, and Echaradaspada taw 191.1 YONDER, I see the stream, the Powery seatas var, rodong iting, weith sighs; the distral tonet prolongdómnes osjoc The yerdapt vale, the cool umbrageous wood, 10 tot lol 1'196'1o 50 sine's 118 'iw 'ns peids ta mis" Where aft I led my wandering fock to feed inisi

mob ned) birs 1919041 No. II. 'ole teiod of als - The noisy babbling fountain, where I stood, i hos he bad2 laying 1969'11-9911 913 few MA 3.1. With panting breast, to pass the noontide hests

309 2'151707&'I. ATBQUBADOUR SONG.991ds uit 19119 3. What time my gentle swain would hither speed, i 17 & 1918 lien Prom the Parbvençal, ts sdom gl vs Under this oak, his tender tale to plead ! inte fi EdT jeol Www Verglév, sott fuelhalálBespre a 1984 you, tj I see the lawny isle i dag

wil 'as 229 do 71192d 99 dt haig, laguneart 'n 114? i Where first he saw me smile, gozoa? 129 ALL Anders bower of the green wülow Jeayas,

191 UP') iul 911 And fondly knelti - sweet delightful hour !: 1983

Had not misfortune's

$ power Til the footpage says softly, dawa he perceives Those days serena A’ercast with deepest night barpal The dawn! 0, Heavens! Is it morning so soon?

tree, O fountain bright!

All, all, are here, but not the youth I moan,
blue loomine
ne'er unveil'd!

Ah! whither, Aowery vales, hath my Sireno flown ?
Nor afar from my arms my
lover withdrew,


If shu No, V. ;7,3 DAUDZAJI * Beloved of my soul! leti ua kiss, thou and I,

**!359 1.99 ori sono tanod auf

misory From the German of Herderasties stoglie All under the bower the little birds sing,

WHEREFORE doth mortal bliss but seema 1:!!ilthy

A feeting summer gleam? ( The dawn !.0Hlavonskstaat morningtso-soon?

Friendship's tendorfhoursii bu ***** 901 00 min

Die, like the-taper's tay, dildo 114,451 Votstq912 Whilst loudly

The drooping of brigbtidotworante toniq muxs 18 nightingale sings on the bough, Till the

Fading awayi trollot ads diu baly na obe som We hope,

urliollas bafirih ist 96791 ji bob

we long Life's transitory dreamo 14198 tra srit si tienes

scarce enjoy 91T » “ By veled 7 the the the rose

When a despairing sorrow From my own love so beadtitul, noble, and young,

D'ertakes our juvilee

Ten modi vilo,9q4321919 Our fleet and anxious hour, id soodsi 2,27andi gay

yungy llsta 32 96 101 a The dawn! Heavens. "Is it morning so soon?"

Becomes Eternity

16,99leni of mods 119 1tb gonosa. 19da han st.902030

new na 'o son oon 901 'oidityagy 21 91 90 kvali: 0, faks is that maid, as eer tongue told, and more,

susigny s oNe Ndos anos 911 And many the knights that her beauty adore,

u njim ne 9 HOFANYPENIordt op gw nilang Bat sealty to love in her own heart she swpro,– * The dawn ! o, Heavens. l, it mg luit morning so sgon 2%

50 l, 'nizin , Hom the German ** ! Dorise 61.7 139v NR

ritter app poliure199 983 primui limon

is 'n

Gon send him an unlucky gear,, dimet ft an to"

Who made of me a Nung hoarsitul si 201956 No. ITT!"1011011 :.


And gave to me the mantle black it in eitwa Seub billabus 291013 hr" aprillis wojov ani SELE. COMMUNINGSS 20

Instead of the snow-white gownyrom 701 ; 299

4928dot From the Italian of Michgel Angelo, in extreme old age.

P* * No happier joy have F'on earth,

AS Trik oni bila A#, wretched me when I reflect on all di T

In the cloister, sa poor Nud,

ther, og det My years long past, and musei on life mispent,

el Than to weep that e'er I took the datb, 's stoof 791) Alas! no day of all, I rsekon mineral


A worldly life to shun,-
Idle dealvespraits fearge fallacious hopes, ela 9T

38 37701 O Love, what haye i aone ** a ***** Wishesy and sighly and griet, and pride, and lovel part of your s'o doom 90t qste mind and b're Whataken the manly hetero hath felt_have been 718! At morning when to church il gos do 'niesol ,thyoni A part of mat they are all number'd now!

I chant the mass odore got iziell og murtum How far from Good, how far from Truth, am I; 20? And when I the Oloria Patri stigo: 5711_) dt', Yet I go step by step towards the grave,

The thought of my love sinks ine deeper in sin, And the shades deepen round me, and the sun î 4 3 0 Love what havo-Indoneuit isge at de: Becomes to ne sais pight ? soon siuk I powerless.

'l podt oh yn'i 900e bort ssd I sodir O my weak soul + since thus the forfeit years 10 Hkher my father and mother condew A POT2l347 31OClthyrftail body steal øn hour by hour;

But they pray for themselves alone; don? fuss! Sinbereven gow to earth thy weary load

So Fine garments have thay, and rings of the best, ditahids prompt to fall and then thou in another ; fo . But I stand withi black hood on.)

Thine ötyniçrue fatherland wilt find thyself ; 37 bus passo Love what have I dono? *: pI 2:13!!
Still cankt thout all thine aneient impulses, is

Ilit 299'lg

dy. Y6 146310 saa?r? tv » In agrand weakness, thus infirm of purpose,

- At evening when to sleep 1 godinu, propia

Then find my cell alonesg191.1" 43.3 ***
Scourge and resistjórebukes yet otth oboy??'
Alas! thou dostizas O God, lend me thy strength !

Methinks it might Heaven's wrath disarm ir in's
From therebtuvad bnonight: dejected, but

vi? Why feel nerer my true love's armas love hary the unthilate dando much before thee

Asesino sings O Love what have I done? w gnit1940
Tremide staly downicasti homil" Reach thou to me
Tloglouring rart, and shatch me sdori awayT $1619 LITERAAYOHIT CHAT AND VARIETIES. qavro
Unto thywely and make me what thou wilt.

9 mo Tod's TTIRUTT

githua silia 05

EGYPTIAN LITERATURE, Dr Browne is preparing for publication Nails doneo adi mogli bao

"An Elementary Exposition of the Graphic System and Literature See lihaghoftemang le choix des Polesies des Troubadours." of the Ancient Egyptianis ccompanied wiar Dissertations on Tome 2d. About the year 1950.avlossib


És untian Chrondlosy, and the mind dor of the Parkonie Modu.

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ments, on the Zodiacks of Denderah and Esneh, on the Expedition To hear thy good report, now borne along of Rameses the Great, called Sesostris by Herodotus, and on the Upon the honest breath of public praise : Affinity subsisting between the Mythological Systems of Egypt and We know that with the elder sons of song India. The work will extend to two thick octavo volumes; the first In honouring whom thou hast delighted still, of which will be devoted exclusively to an exposition of the tripar Thy name shall keep its course to after days. tite system of writing which obtained in ancient Egypt, viz. the The empty pertness, and the vulgar wrong, hieroglyphical or monumental, the hicratic or that used by the sa The flippant folly, the malicious will, cred scribes (called hierogrammatists), and the enchorial or demotic, Which have assail'd thee, now, or heretofore, being the form applied to the business of ordinary life; while the Find, soon or late, their proper meed of shame: second will be occupied solely with the dissertations above-men The more thy triumph, and our pride the more, tioned, the object of which is, to determine some of the most im When witling critics to the world proclaim, portant and interesting questions in ancient history, and particu In lead, their own dolt incapacity. larly to explain, upon a theory entirely new, the remarkable re Matter it is of mirthful memory semblance, so often noticed, and never as yet accounted for, be To think, when thou wert early in the field, tween the superstitions of Egypt, and those of India-an inves How doughtily small Jeffrey ran at thee tigation which will be found to lead to some important conclu A tilt, and broke a bulrush on thy shield. sions respecting the origin of the sacred language of the Hindoos, And now, a veteran in the lists of fame, and its well-known affinity to some of the principal languages I ween, old Friend ! thou art not worse bested, and dialects of the West. In the introductory chapter, an histori When, with a maudlin eye and drunken aim, cal account will be given of the various steps by which the long-lost Dulness hath thrown a jerdan at thy head. key to the graphic system of ancient Egypt was discovered ; the re- We should be well content to engage in any tournament where spective claims of Dr Young and M. Champollion will be discussed, "small Jeffrey" tilts on our side ; and, though allowed no other and the question of priority finally set to rest; an analysis will be weapons but a bulrush a-piece, we should not scruple to throw down given of the system of Spohn, as explained and illustrated by Seyf- the gauntlet to Dr Southey and Charles Lamb, and should hold oxır. farth; the theory of Acrological Hieroglyphies proposed by the Che- selves no true knights if we did not put them into as much bodily ! valier Goulianoff, and subsequently expounded by the very learned perturbation as ever these " old friends” were in their lives before. author of Asia Polyglotta, will also be examined; and, lastly, the EDUCATION IN AMERICA.-We have just received the Fifth ADnature and extent of the contributions to Egyptian Literature made nual Report of the Trustees of the High School Society of New by the Baron Silvestre de Lacy and M. Letronne, will be fully de York. Some years ago, a number of respectable citizens in the tailed. It may be proper to state further, that as none of the works town formed themselves into a joint-stock company for the organize on Egyptian Literature hitherto published have given an adequate tion of a High School. They first erected a building to be devotel account of the enchorial form of writing, and of the contents of such to the education of males. As some members, however, were enchorial papyri as have been discovered and deciphered, it is the doubtful of the possibility of managing such an institution by a ir intention of Dr Browne to devote a considerable portion of his Board of Trustees, an offer was accepted from two eminent teachers “ Elementary Exposition" to this branch of the subject; and also, to take a lease of the school for a term of years, on the understanding to exhibit accurate fac-similes of some of the most remarkable of that they were to manage the whole concern, receiving the emolu. these papyri, accompanied with interlinear translations, both in La- ments, and conforming to the terms of tuition prescribed by the tin and in English. Hieroglyphical, hieratical, and enchorial alpha- Board. On subsequently erecting a similar school for females, they bets, corrected and adjusted confor mably to the most recent dis- ventured to retain the management in their own hands, and sus coveries, will, moreover, be appended to volume first, for the be-ceeded so well, that upon the death of one of the associate teachers, nefit of such persons as may choose to prosecute independent re- they obtained from the survivor a surrender of the remainder at searches, or to verify the readings and translations hitherto execu- his lease. Both of the High Schools are at present entirely under ted by Young, Champollion, Peyron, De Lacy, Salt, and other their control. The High School for males is divided into an intreEgyptian scholars.

ductory, a junior, and a senior department. In the first, 160 boys, Mr Daniel Weir of Greenock is preparing a small volume of poetry, under the care of a master and three assistants, are engaged in spellwhich will consist of sacred and other pieces.

ing, reading, arithmetic, the elements of geography, declamation, Mr John Murray, F.L.S., is preparing the Natural History of and composition. Oral instruction is likewise given in grammar o Poisons, in which the author will treat of the Physiology of Life and the outlines of history. Twice a-week, short lectures on ne. Secret and Slow Poisons-Epidemic and Endemic Diseases-Conta- tural history and the useful arts are delivered in a style level to the gion-American and Arrow Poisons-Serpent Poisons-Pleasures and comprehension of the boys, by the Principal. A system of rewards Pains of Opium.

by tickets is established ; and a class of honour formed of the thirty. An edition of Bombastes Furioso is about to appear, illustrated who, during the month, acquire the greatest number of these tokens. by eight humorous designs, by George Cruickshank.

Books are also distributed as premiums at certain periods. In the Tales of the Cyclades, and other Poems, by H. J. Bradfield, au- junior department, there are likewise !160 boys under a master and thor of "The Athenaiad," is in the press.

three assistants. The branches taught are spelling, reading, writing. Charles Swain, of Manchester, has in the press, the Beauties of arithmetic, elocution, grammar, history, and geography, The the Mind, a Poem, with Lays, Historicnl and Romantic,

master gives popular lectures on natural history, and physical and Tue EDINBURGH Review, No. CI.-We have been favoured political geography. In the senior department, the studies of apeient with an early copy of this Number, but it reached us too late to ad- and modern languages, of mathematics and natural science, are mit of our giving any decided opinion on its contents till next week. pursued under the Principal and his assistant. A French teacher, - The papers on Monk’s Life of Bentley, and on Colonel Kennedy's educated at Paris, attends the school four days in the week. A naResearches into the Origin and Affinity of Languages, appear to be tive of Spain attends at stated times to teach Spanish to such as powerfully written. Sadler is attacked and settled in the first ar are destined for commercial pursuits. There is an extensive and ticle, and we hope will not be meddled with any more. The article excellent apparatus for illustrating the lectures on natural philosophy. on Jefferson is lengthy and instructive that on the Ministry, brief owing to some accidental circumstance, there are at present only s6 and piquant.

scholars in this part of the establishment. The introductory de CHARLES LAMB'S" ALBUM VERSES."-We expressed our opinion partment of the female school is under the charge of a female teacher, pretty freely of the namby-painbyism of many of these “ Verses,” | with three salaried assistants, and five young ladies who give their and it appears that the London Literary Gazette did the same,- assistance on receiving instruction in the higher branches of education fact we mention, not because it is any confirmation that we were after school hours. There are 107 pupils who are taught the alphabet, either right or wrong, but because it has elicited some lines from reading, writing, spelling, the elementary principles of arithmetie, Robert Southey, which are good in thetnselves, with the exception geography, and plain needle-work. In the junior department, 83 of the childish sneer they contain at Jeffrey. We give these lines a pupils are taught spelling, reading, writing, mental and mechanical place here as a literary curiosity, et the same time stating distinctly, arithmetic, geography, grammar, history, linear drawing, and that Dr Southey is not our magnus Apollo in matters of poetical needle-work. In the senior department, 86 pupils receive instructaste; and besides, in the present instance, he is evidently biassed lion from the Principal, two teachers, and a French lady, in the by motives of personal friendship :

higher branches of English education, French, drawing, and paint. TO CHARLES LAMB, ON THE REVISWAL OF HIS " ALBUM VERSES" ing. In both schools the monitorial system is adopted, and in ad. IN THE LITERARY GAZETTE.

verting to this circumstance, the report pays a high compliment to

Professor Pillans. Both are subjected to the superintendence of a By Robert Southey

visiting committee, more with a view to report the general state of Charles Lamb, to those who know thee justly dear

education in the school, than to ascertain the individual proficiency For rarest genius, and for sterling worth,

of the pupils. Schools on a similar plan have been established in Unchanging friendship, warmth of heart sincere,

Baltimore, Philadelphia, and Boston. Kentucky has lately sent two And wit that never gave an ill thought birth,

gentlemen to examine the schools in the Western territories, with a Nor ever in its sport infix'd a sting:

view to the establishment of similar institutions in Lexington and To us who have admired and loved thee long,

Louisville. The High Schools of New York have also become an It is a proud as well as pleasant thing

object of emulation with teachers in different parts of the State.

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creation, was in a state of fusion, and has been gradually cooling and acquiring a solid crust ; same have maintain

ed that the vestiges of great and terrible catastrophes are Principles of Geology ; being an attempt to explain the visible in every part of the globe, and that it is so cleft, former Changes of the Earth's Surface, by reference to

so marked out for destruction, that it will again, before Canses noro in operation. By Charles Lyell, Esq., many years have elapsed, be jhe subject of other dreadful F. R.S., For. Sec . to the Geol. Soc. &c. In two vols. origin, and

the earth, therefore, with all its forests, its

convulsions. Nay, man himself is said to be of recent Vol. I. London. Murray. 1830. 8vo.

mountains, and its valleys, was, a few centuries ago, only 'Geology may be pursued both as a practical and a a magnificent theatre, on which hyenas, hippopotami, and speculative study; and in either case possesses strong mammoths, wandered uncontrolled. Human ingenuity, claims on the attention of men of science. They who however, has been sadly puzzled to account for the creapursue it practically content themselves with examining tion of animate beings, and hence it has been argued, that

the stracture of the earth, and describing the relations in the first period of the world cryptogamie plants only • and nature of its various strata; they who study it as a existed, and animals were confined to zoophytes, testacea,

subject of speculation, not only accumulate geological and a few fish ; that in the next epoch plants of a more facts, bat' consider these as the data by which they are to complex structure appeared, and oviparous reptiles began explain the causes that produced them. The disposition to abound; and, finally, the terrestrial flora became more to theorize is natural to the human mind; but the secrets diversified and perfect, and then the bigbest orders of birds of nature are not so easily unveiled, and the theories and animals were ushered into existence. hazarded by philosophers to explain her operations, are Amidst this motley group of theories, it seemed to be

too frequently nothing more than ingenious fictions, which distinctly understood and admitted, that the laws which " are suggested by the imagination to supply the knowledge called into existence and governed the world were former

of those truths which lie beyond the reach of their re- ly very different from those which are now in operation. search. This anxiety to explore the areana of nature, It is, however, to subvert this proposition, that the author and to trace every effect to its proper cause, has indeed of the volume at present under review has brought forgiven rise to many wild and extravagant speculations, ward a strong phalanx of facts and arguments, which, we and has very seriously retarded the progress of Geology. apprehend, the majority of scientific men will, on mature It is much to be regretted that Geologists have so fre-consideration, deem sufficiently convincing. · His posiquently mistaken the legitimate object of their science. tion, in contradistinction to the one above laid down, is, They have at one time treated it as a subordinate de- that the changes of the organic and inorganic creation are partment of mineralogy; they have, at another, regarded referable to one uninterrupted succession of physical it merely as a branch of historical geography; and they events, governed by the laws now in operation. The have repeatedly confounded it with attempts to explain agencies to which he refers are water and volcanic fire, the origin of animate beings, and the creation of the which act as antagonising forces, the former labouring world. The latter was a fatal error, for, out of it a phy- incessantly to reduce the inequalities of the earth's sursico-theological controversy arose, in which theorist op- face, and the latter equally active in restoring its unevenposed theorist, each animated with a zeal to defend the ness. Mr Lyell is therefore, to a certain extent, an Hutfaith of his forefathers, and each influenced only by an tonian. He commences bis volume with an outline of mcharitable desire of obtaining victory, when they'should the history of Geological Science, in the course of which have united, in a spirit of true Christian philosophy, their he displays much research, and details, with remarkable mutual abilities to watch the phenomena of nature, and accuracy, the theories and opinions of the most celebrated should have discussed them with minds untainted by su- Geologists. He next proceeds to consider the causes perstition, and unfettered by prejudice.

that have retarded the progress of Geology. These are, The history of Geology presents as with a melancholy first, The delusions occasioned by erroneous prepossespicture of the arrogance of human pretensions on the sions concerning the age of the world, and the first one hand, and the blind stubbornness of human preju- creation of animate beings; second, The delusions from dices on the other. It is only recently that the science erroneous conceptions regarding the duration of past time; has begun to emancipate itself from those palpable incon- and, third, The disadvantages with which we have to sistencies which merited even the bitter sarcasms of Vol- contend, from not having it in our power to witness the taire. The geologist, or rather the cosmologist, (for the progress of subterranean changes. Mr Lyell then extwo persons can be recognised only under one identity,) ar- amines the change which the climate of the northern rogated to himself the privilege of making, or unmaking, hemisphere has undergone, and proves, from the remains Worlds at his own pleasure ; and varied, reversed, or sus both of the animal and vegetable kingdom found in pended the laws of nature, to suit the exigencies of the strata of different ages, that there has been a great dimiparticular hypothesis which he engaged to advocate. Ac- nution of heat in the latitudes now occupied by Europe, cordingly, some have argued that the plane of the ecliptic Asia, and America. This vieissitude in Jimate, be conwas at one time coincident with that of the equator, and tends, has been caused by variations in the respective that there was then a perpetual equinox or mity of the geographical positions of land and sra; and he demonreasons; others have contendeul that the earth, at its strates, that a remarkable coincidence, in point of time,



exists between the greatest alterations in the climate, mense rush of water, a boat can pass across the stream with and the changes that have taken place in the physical ease.

The pool, it is said, into which the cataract is precigeography of the northern hemisphere. Having illus- pitated, being one handred and seventy feet deep, the detrated the alterations which the surface of the earth has scending water sinks down, and forins a wide current,

while a superficial eddy carries the upper stratum back toundergone, by referring to the structure of the Apennines wards the main fall. This is not improbable; and we must and Alps, he proceeds to consider the theory above ad- also suppose that the confluence of two streains, which meet verted to, concerning the progressive developement of or- at a considerable angle, tends mutually to neutralize their ganic beings; and though he contends against this hypo- forces. The bed of the river below the falls is strewed over thesis, he does not maintain that a real departure from with huge fragments, wbich have been hurled down into the antecedent course of physical events did not take

the abyss. By the continued destruction of the rocks, the

falls have, within the last forty years, receded nearly fifty place in the introduction of man. But in reference to

yards, or, in other words, the ravine has been prolonged to the creation of every living thing, all human speculations ihat extent. Through this deep chasm the Niagara fows are utterly futile and preposterous. The origin of the for about seven miles; and then the table land, which is minutest insect, nay, of the most humble forest weed, is almost on a level with Lake Erie, suddenly sinks down at as much involved in obscurity as the creation of man. a town called Quenstown, and the river emerges from the The one is not a greater marvel than the other, nor is it ravine into a plain, which continues to the shores of Lake possible, by tracing any fancied chain or graduation in that the falls were once at Quenstown, and that they have

There seems a good foundation for the opinion the scale of animal beings, or by hazarding any theory gradually retrograded from that place to their present poof progressive developement, or by pretending to recog- sition, about seven miles distant. If the ratio of recession nise a certain unity in the type of all organized beings, had never exceeded fitty yards in forty years, it must have to cast a single ray of light on so profound and solemn a required nearly ten thousand years for the excavation of the mystery. Fortunately, it is not necessary for the Geo- whole ravine; but no probable conjecture can be offered as logist to enter on this perplexing enquiry; and our au

to the amount of time consumed in such an operation, bethor, therefore, proceeds to consider the changes that have cause the retrograde movement may have been much more taken place in the inorganic world, from the effects of rapid when the whole current was confined within a space rivers, torrents, springs, tides, and currents, and from not exceeding a fourth or fifth of that which the falls now

occupy. Should the erosive action not be accelerated in fa. the agencies of volcanoes and earthquakes. We shall sub- ture, it will require upwards of thirty thousand years for join some extracts, illustrating the changes that have the falls to reach Lake Erie, (twenty-five miles distant,) to taken place from the operation of these agents, and thus which they seem destined to arrive, unless some earthquake far elucidating and confirming the proposition embodied changes the relative levels of the district.” in the title-page of the volume before us :

RIVERS CHANGING THEIR COURSES. " The Po affords a grand example of the manner in which

a great river bears down to the sea the matter poured into it Many remarkable illustrations of the power of running of mountains. The changes gradually effected in the great

hy a multitude of tributaries descending from lofty chains water in moving stones and heavy materials were afforded by the late storm and tood, which occurred on the 3d and plain of Northern Italy, since the time of the Republic, 4ch of August, 1929, in Aberdeenshire and other counties been gradually filled up, as those near Placentia, Parina,

are very considerable. Extensive lakes and marshes have in Scotland. and in equal violence, over a space of about tive thousand and Cremona, and many have been drained naturally, square miles, being that part of the north-east of Scotland by the deepening of the beds of rivers. Deserted river. which would be cut off by two lines drawn from the head formerly fell into the Adda, in Lombardy; and the Po it.

courses are not unfrequent, as that of Serio Morto, which of Lochrannoch, one towards Inverness, and another to self has often deviated from its course. Subsequently to the Stonehaven. All the rivers within that space were flooded, year 1390, it deserted part of the territory of Cremona, and and the destruction of roads, lands, buildings, and crops, invaded that of Parma; its old channel being still recogalong the courses of the streams, was very great. The ele- nisable, and bearing the name of Po Morto. Bresello is ments during this storia assumed all the characters which mark the tropical hurricanes; the wind blowing in sudden but which is now on the right bank. There is also an old

one of the towns which was formerly on the left of the Po; gusts and whirlwinds, the lightning and thunder being such as is rarely witnessed in that climate, and beavy rain channel of the Po in the territory of Parma, called Po

Vecchio, which was abandoned in the twelfth century, falling without interinission. The bridge over the Dee at Ballater consisted of tive arches, having, upon the whole, a records of parish churches, as those of Vicobellignano, Ayo

when a great number of towns were destroyed. There are water-way of two hundred and sixty feet. The bed of the jolo, and Martignana, having been pulled down, and after. river on which the piers rested was composed of rolled pieces wards rebuilt at a greater distance from the devouring of granite and gneiss. The bridge was built of granite, stream. In the fifteenth century, the main track again re, and bad stood uninjured for twenty years; but the different sumed its deserted channel, and carried away a great island parts were swept away in succession by the flood, and the opposite Caselmaggiore. At the end of the same century, whole mass of inasoury disappeared in the bed of the river. it abandoned a second time the bed called · Po Vecchio, The river Don (observes Mr Farquharson) has upon my carrying away three streams of Caselmaggiore. The friars own preinises forced a mass of four or five hundred tons of in the Monastery de Serviti, took the alarm in 1471, destone, many of them two or three hundred pounds weight, molished their buildings, and reconstructed them at Fonup an inclined plane, rising six feet in eight or ten yards; tapa, whither they had transported the materials, In like and left them in a rectangular heap about three feet deep | manner the Church of S. Rocco was demolished in 1511. on a flat ground, and, singular enough, the heap ends In the seventeenth century also, the Po shifted its course abruptly at its lower extremity. A large stone of three or for a mile in the same district. To prevent these and simifour tons, which I have known for many years in a deep lar aberrations, a general system of embankment has been pool of the river, has been moved about one hundred yards adopted; and the Po and Adige, and almost all their tri; from its place. When we consider how insignificant are the volume and velocity of the rivers and streams in our butaries, have been confined between high artificial banks." island, when compared to those of the Alps, and other EARTHQUAKES REPAIR THE LAND DESTROYED BY AQUEOUS Lofty chains, and how, during the various changes which the levels of different districts have undergone, the various

“ Besides the undulating movements and the opening of contingencies which give rise to floods, must, in the lapse of fissures, it has been shown that certain parts of the earth's ages, be inultiplied, we may easily conceive that the quan- crust, often of considerable area both above and below the tity of loose superficial matter distributed over Europe, level of the sea, have been permanently elevated or depressed; must be very considerable.”

examples of elevation by single earthquakes have occurred to the amount of from one to about twenty-five feet, and

of subsidence, from a few inches to about fifty feet, exclu“ The waters which expand at the falls where they are sively of those limited tracts, as the forest of Aripao, where divided by the island, are contracted again, after their union, a sinking down to the amount of three hundred feet took into a stream not more than one hundred and sixty yards place. It is evident that the force of subterranean movebroad. In the narrow channel immediately below this im. ment does not operate at random, but the same continuous



tracts are agitated again and again; and however inconsi- host of newspapers would be seen strewed up and down vlerable may be the operations produced during a period suf- all over the country—“ sine nomine umbræ !" With ficient only for the production of ten or fifteen eruptions of the Times time would be no more ; all would be dark an active volcano, it is obvious, that in the time required for the formation of a lofty cone, composed of thousands of lava with the Sun; the Globe would have reached its last currents, shallow seas may be converted into lofty moun- day; the Spectator would bite the dust ; the Atlas would tains, and low lands into deep seas. The renovating as well not sustain its own weight; Bell's Life in London would as the destroying causes are unceasingly at work-the re meet its death at last; the Scotsman would look like a pair of land being as constant as its decay, and the deepen Dutchman; and the Mercury would for a certainty be ing of seas keeping pace with the formation of shoals. If, discovered “new lighted on a heaven-kissing hill.” Not in the course of a century, the Ganges, and other great

one would reach the goal; they would all distance each rivers, have carried down to the sea a mass of matter equal other; and the maimed and disfigured editors would crawl to many lofty mountains, we also find that a district in Chili, one hundred thousand square miles in area, bas been back to their respective places of abode, and shudder at uplifted to the average height of a foot or more, and the the name of a horse for all the rest of their lives. cubic contents of the granitic mass thus added, in a few Such being the present state of matters in the literary, hours, to the land, may have counterbalanced the loss effected commercial, and fashionable world, Captain Brown's by the aqueous action of many rivers in a century. On the book is well-timed, and may be instrumental in effecting other hand, if the water displaced by fluviatile sediment important improvements. It is both an amusing and incause the mean level of the ocean to rise in a slight degree, such subsidences of its bed as that of Cutch in 1819, or si structive volume—mainly a compilation no doubt, but a Domingo in 1751, or Jamaica in 1692, may have compen- judicious and sensible compilation. After presenting us sated, by increasing the capacity of the great oceanic basin. with a sketch of the early and modern history of the No river can push forward its delta without raising the horse, including an historical account of hunting, he prolevel of the whole ocean, although in au intimitesimal degree; ceeds to divide his work into tive sections. Section 1st and no lowering can take place in the bed of any part of the treats of Asiatic horses, including eight different species ; ocean without a general sinking of the water even to the section 20, of African horses,—the Barb, the Nubian, the antipodes."

Dongola, and the Egyptian ; section 3d, of European We bave thus given our readers an outline of the lead horses, and more particularly the race-horse, the hunter, ing object and nature of Mr Lyell's “ Principles of Geo-the hackney or roadster, the charger, the coach-horse, the logy;" but it is almost impossible to analyse completely, Galloway, the Highland pony, and the horses of the difwithin the limits of this Journal, the condensed mass of ferent European countries ; section 4th, of American information which the volume contains. There are cer- borses; and section 5th, of what our author, somewhat tain points in which we differ from him; but we forbear obscurely, calls the “ allied species,” comprehending the to enter into any discussion concerning these, because Dziggtai, the Ass, the Mule, the Zebra, and the Quagga. they are of minor consequence, when compared with the To all the matter contained in these different chapters are important and valuable researches which constitute the added, a table of the terms used in describing a horse, an more striking features of the work. We shall look with anatomical description of the skeleton of the horse, and anxiety for the second volume, in which we expect to see a copious index. A great number of anecdotes, illustrathe views of the author reduced to more practical applica- tive of the habits of the horse, are scattered through the tion; and, in the meantime, hesitate not to recommend book, and altogether the volume is not inferior in intevery cordially these “ Priociples of Geology” to the atten rest to the Captain's previous work, constructed in a simition of scientific men. The work is in many parts writ- lar style, on Dogs. ten with considerable eloquence, and is, in every respect, We should have been glad, had time or space allowed, creditable to the author, who holds the responsible office to have followed our author through many of the amu. of Foreign Secretary to the Geological Society.

sing details with which he presents us, and, by the acuteness of our occasional remarks, to have made him believe,

in spite of himself, that we alone, of all the editors enu. Bingraphical Sketches and Authentic Anecdotes of Horses, merated above, are fit to appear either on the road, the

and the Allied Species. Illustrated by Portraits, on hunting-field, or the race course. But as we cannot Steel, of celebrated and remarkable Horses. By Capt, have this pleasure at present, we must content ourselves Thomas Brown, F.L. S. &c. &c. Edinburgh. Daniel with one or two detached extracts, which we have catered Lizars. 1830. 12mo. Pp. 580.

with care for the entertainment of our readers. Our MULTITUDES talk about horses every day of their lives who sporting friends will have no objection that we begin are most profoundly ignorant of the subject. We are not with the following passage : aware that there are more than a dozen good riders in all Scotland. As for literary persons,-poets, writers in pe “ Horse-racing is much practised in India, but principally riodicals, and others—who frequently affect to delight in the with Arabian coursers; the other horses, as I have above quadrupedanie sonitu, and on paper “witch the world with noticed, being unable to compete with thein. Lately, hownoble horsemanship,” they are, without an exception, the ever, the celebrated race-horse Recruit, by Whalebone, formost miserable cadgers who ever put an in-kneed leg matched against Pyrainus, the best Arabian of the day on

merly Lord Exeter's; was taken out to Calcutta, and was across a saddle, and after an inexpressible jolting of three

the Bengal side of India. As this race settles, in some miles and a half, felt the most honourable portion of measure, a long-disputed point regarding the speed of the their whole corporation in a state more excruciating than English race-horse and the Arabian, I shall give an account if it had endured a blister of Spanish flies for a week. of it. We should like much to see a convocation of editors “The race took place in January 1829, over the Barrackthose universally wise men, who, according to their own

pore course. It was for a comparatively trifling suin-one story, are up to every thing-riding a steeple chase. Good pounds sterling. The distance was two miles, give-and

hundred gold inohars, equivalent to one hundred and sixty Lord! what a stramash there would be! What pulling, take weights, fourteen hands to carry nine stone, and the and kicking, and tumbling, and "legs and arms all wallop- Arabian to take off seven pounds. The weights were as ing, walloping !” The Westminster Review would be in follows: one ditch, and the Quarterly in another; the New Monthly " The Honourable Colonel Finch's E. b. h. Recruit, ten Magazine would be plunging desperately half way over stone, twelve pounds, four ounces. a three-barred gate, and Blackwood, like a second John

“ Mr Grant's A. gr. b. Pyramus, eight stone, three Gilpin, would be holding on for his very life by neck and

pounds, eight ounces.

“ The horses started well together, and ran the first mane; the Edinburgh Review would break down at the quarter of a mile neck and neck ; but, however doubtful the first brush, and Fraser would cut a more woeful figure issue might have been before starting, the lengthy stride of than Billy Buttoa going to Brentford. Then what a Recruit, and the evideat exertions of Pyrimus, as they


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