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THE RACER ECLIPSE.
passed the winning-post for the first time, 'sufficiently indi. his agility was great, and his speed extraordinary, but we cated to all observers of judgment what would be the result. cannot estimate it justly, as no horse of his day could be At the Craven post, (one mile and a quarter from bome,) compared to him. "The only contemporary which was sup Recruit took the lead by about half a length, and ran at posed at all equal to him was Mr Shaftoe's famous horse such a pace, that the Arabian was unable to make a struggle Goldfinder. He was never beaten, and was to have been at the run in, being beaten easily by several lengths. Time-matched against Eclipse for the King's plate on the followthree minutes and fitty-seven seconds. Recruit only landed ing year, but he broke down at Newmarket in the October in India in May 1828, and, it is supposed, his constitution meeting. was not, at the time of the race, sufficiently adapted to the “ Eclipse won eleven King's plates, in ten of which he climate. The race, in the opinion of some, is decisive in carried twelve stone, and in the other ten. It was calcufavour of the speed of the English thorough-bred horse over lated, that within the course of twenty-three years, three all others."
hundred and forty-four winters, the progeny of this avimal, We shall next quote Captain Brown's account of one
produced to their owners the enormous sum of L. 158,071,
12s. sterling, exclusive of various prizes. The prevailing of the finest horses which this country has produced :
excellence of all this horse's progeny was great speed, and
they took up their feet in the gallop with wonderful acti“ 1764. Eclipse was allowed to be the fleetest horse that almost all of them were horses of fine temper, seldom or
vity; they were not generally famed for stoutness, but ever ran in England since the time of Childers. After
never betraying restiveness. winning King's plates and other prizes to a great amount, he was kept as a stallion, and gained to his owner, for forty direct the attention of the breeder and sportsman are, the
“ The points of Eclipse to which I would particularly mares, the great sum of thirty guineas each.
curve or setting on of his head, the shortness of his fore“ Eclipse was got by Marsk, a grandson, through Squirt, of Bartlet's Childers, out of Spiletta, by Regulus, son of quarter, the slant, extent, and substance of his shoulders
, the Godolphin Barb, out of Mother Western, by a son of the length of his waist, and breadth of his loins; the extent Snake, full brother to William's Squirrel ; her dame by, and fore-arms. Although he was a powerful horse, he
of his quarters, and the length and substance of his thighs old Montague, grandson by Hautboy, out of a daughter of
was, nevertheless, thick in the wind; and in a sweat, or Brimmer, whose pedigree was not preserved. Eclipse was bred by the Duke of Cumberland, and foaled during the
hard exercise, he was heard to blow at a considerable dis great eclipse of 1764, whence the name given him by the tance. This famous horse died on the 27th February, 1789, royal Duke; at the sale of whose stud he was purchased, a
at Canons, aged 26 years. His heart was taken out, and it colt, for seventy-five guineas, by Mr Wildman, the sporting
weighed 14 lbs." sheep salesman at Smithfield, who had a good stud, and
One of the most remarkable matches ever run in Engtrained race-horses at Mickleham, near Epsom. This per- land was the following: son bad a friend in the service of the Duke, who gave him
MRS THORNTON'S MATCH. a hint of the superior points in the form of this horse, and “ 1804. The lady of the late distinguished Colonel Thornhe hastened to attend the sale; but, before his arrival, he ton appears to bave been equally attached to the sports of had been knocked down at seventy guineas. He, however, the field with her husband ; and the extraordinary contest instantly appealed to his watch, which he knew to be an which took place between Mrs Thornton and Mr Flint, exceedingly correct time-piece, and found that the appointed in 1804, not only stands recorded on the annals of the tort, hour of sale had not yet arrived by a few minutes, accord as one of the most remarkable occurrences which ever took ing to advertisement. He then persisted that the sale had place in the sporting world, but also a lasting monument not been a lawful one, and that the lots knocked down of female intrepiditý. It arose out of the following cir. should be again put up, which was accordingly done, and cumstances, Eclipse was purchased by him for the sum of seventy-five “A great intimacy subsisted between the families of guineas.
Colonel Thornton and Mr Flint, arising from their being “ For what reason, we have never been able to learn, this brothers-in-law, as the ladies were sisters, so that Mr Flint celebrated horse was never raced till he was tive years of was a frequent visitor at Thornville Royal. age, at which time he was entered at Epsom for the maiden “ In the course of one of their equestrian excursions in plate of fifty pounds. At first trial, sach were the expecta- | Thornville Park, Mrs Thornton and Mr Flint were contions of the knowing ones, that tour to one were betted in versing on the qualities of their respective horses. With his favour. At the second and winning heat of this race, the spirit and keenness which generally exists on such ocall the five borses were close together at the three-mile-post, casions, they differed widely in their opinions, and an ocwhen some of the jockeys used their whips. At this time casional spurt took place to try the mettle of their steeds ; Eclipse was going at an easy gallop, when he took alarm at when Old Vingarillo, under the skilful management of his the crack of the
whip, bounded off at full speed, and al- fair rider, distanced his adversary at every attempt; which though Oakley, his rider, was a man of powerful arm, he so nettled Mr Flint, that he challenged the fair equestrian was not to be restrained, and, in consequence, distanced the to ride against him on a future day. This challenge was whole of his competitors.
immediately accepted by Colonel Thornton, on the part of “ In the year 1770, Eclipse ran over the course of York, his lady; and it was fixed, by the respective parties, that for the subscription purse, against two aged horses then in the race should be run on the last day of the York August high repute, Tortoise and Bellario. He took the lead, and Meeting, 1804. This singular match was announced by the jockey being unable to hold him in, he was fully a dis the following notice:- A match for five hundred guineas, tance before the other two horses at the end of the first two and one thousand guineas bye-four miles between Colomiles, and won the race with the greatest ease. At starting, nel Thornton's Vingarillo, and Mr Flint's br. h. Tborntwenty, and in running, one hundred guineas to one, were ville, by Volunteer. Mrs Thornton to ride her weight offered on him.
against Mr Flint.' “ Before Eclipse ran for the King's plate at Winchester, « On Saturday, the 25th of August, this race was de in 1769, Mr O'Kelly purchased the half share of him for cided, and the following account of it appeared in the York six hundred and fifty guineas. He afterwards became his Herald. sole proprietor for an additional sum of one thousand gui. " • Never did we witness such an assemblage of people as
It is said that some of the Bedford family asked were drawn together on the above occasion, one hundred O'Kelly, in 1779, how much he would take for Eclipse, thousand at least. Nearly ten times the number anpearel when he replied, “By the mass, my lord, it is not all Bed on Kuavesmire than did on the day when Bay Malton ran, ford Level that would purchase him!' It is said, that about or when Eclipse went over the course, leaving the two best this period be asked from another person the modest sum horses of the day a mile and a half behind. Indeed, exof L.25,000 down, and an annuity of L.500 a-year on his pectation was raised to the highest pitch, from the novelty own life; and the privilege of sending to him annually six of the match. Thousands from every part of the country mares. Mr O'Kelly said he had cleared by this horse thronged the ground. In order to keep the course as clear L.25,000, and his statement is supposed to be correct. as possible, several additional people were employed, and
“ Eclipse seemed to combine all the qualities which con much to the credit of the 6th Light Dragoons, a party of stitute an excellent racer ; his stoutness, form, and action, them were also on horseback, for the like purpose, and were excellent; he had a vast stride, and certainly never which unquestionably was the means of many lives being horse threw his haunches below him with more vigour or saved. effect ; and bis hind legs were so spread in his gallop, that “ * About four o'clock, Mrs Thornton appeared on the a wheel-barrow might have been driven between them ;' | ground, full of spirit, her horse led by Colonel Therntori,
aod followed by Mr Baker and Mr H. Bonyton; after that time. The horse's foot had struck one of the parapet [ wards appeared Mr Flint. They started a little past four stones of the bridge with such violence, as to throw it four * o'clock. The lady took the lead for upwards of three miles inches out of its situation.”
in a most capital style. Her horse, however, had much the i shorter stroke of the two. When within a mile of being
SIR WILLIAM WYNDHAM AND THE WHITE HORSE. home, Mr Flint pushed forward, and got tbe lead, which he
“ Sir William Wyndham, when a very young man, had kept.' Mrs Thornton used every exertion ; but 'tinding it been out one day at a stag.hunt. In returning from the impossible to win the race, she drew up,'in a sportsman-sport, he found several of the servants at his father's gate, like style, when within about two distances.
standing round a fortune-teller, who pretended, at least, to *** At the commencement of the running, bets were five
be deaf and dumb; and, for a small gratitication, wrote on and six to four on the lady; in running the three tirst the bottom of a trencher with a bit of chalk, answers to miles, seven to four and two to one in ber favour. Indeed, such questions as the men and maids put to him by the the oldest sportsmen on the stand thought she must have
same method. won. In running the last mile, the odds were in favour of he was inclined to tell bis fortune as well as the rest, and,
“ As Sir William rode by, the conjurer made signs that Mr Flint. * * Never, surely, did a woman ride in better style!
It finding a question to ask, the conjurer took the trencher,
in good humour, he would have complied, but not readily was difficult to say whether her horsemanship, her dress, and writing upon it, gave it back, with these words very or her beauty, were most adınired-the tout ensemble was unique.
legible, Beware of a white horse. Sir William smiled * Mrs Thornton's dress was a leopard-coloured body, at the absurdity of the man, and thought no more of it for with blue sleeves, the vest buff, and blue cap. Mr Flint several years. But in 1690, being on bis travels in Italy, rode in white. The race was run in nine minutes and
and accidentally, as he was passing through St Mark's fifty-nine seconds.
Place, at Venice, in his calash, he observed a more than «« Thus ended the most interesting race ever run upon
ordinary crowd at one corner of it. He desired his driver Knavesmire. No words can express the disappointment
to stop, and they found it was occasioned by a mountebank, felt at the defeat of Mrs Thornton. The spirit she dis
who also pretended to tell fortunes, conveying his several played, and the good humour with which she bore her loss, predictions to the people, by means of a long varrow tube greutly diminished the joy of many of the winners. From of tin, which he lengthened or curtailed at pleasure, as octhe very superior style in which she performed her exer. held up a piece of money, upon which the soothsayer im
casion required. Among others, Sir William Wyndham cising gallop of four miles on Wednesday, betting was greatly in her favour ; for the accident which happened, in mediately directed the tube to his carriage, and said to him, consequence of her saddlegirths having slackened, and the
very distinctly, in Italian, " Signor Inglese, cavetell blanco accident to her person, nor did it in the least damp her been before told hiin, and concluded, that the British forsaddle wirning round, was not attended with the slightest cavello;' which is, ' Mr Englishnan, beware of a white
horse ! Sir William immediately recollected what had courage; while her horsemanship, and her close seated riding, astonished the beholders, and inspired a general con- tune-teller had made his way to the Continent. However, fidence in her success.
upon enquiry, he was assured that the present fellow had ** Not less than two hundred thousand pounds were
never been out of Italy, nor did he understand any language pending upon Mrs Thornton's match; perhaps more, if we
but his mother tongue. Sir William was surprised, and include the bets in every part of the country; and there But in a short time this also went out of his head, like
mentioned so whimsical a circumstance to several people, was no part, we believe, in which there were not some.
“ . It is but justice to observe, that if the lady had been the former prediction of the same kind. Our readers will better mounted, she could not possibly have failed of success.
remember the share which Sir William Wyndham took in Indeed, she laboured under every possible disadvantage;
the transactions of government, during the last four years of notwithstanding which, and the ungallant conduct of Mr the reign of Queen Anne; in which a design to restore the Flint, she flew along the course with an astonishing swift- his father had so justly forfeited, was undoubtedly con
son of James the Second to the throne of England, which ness, conscious of her own superior skill, and would ulti-certed, and, on the arrival of King George, punished, by mately have outstripped her adversary, but for the accident forcing into banishment or putting into prison all the which took place.""
persons suspected to have entered into the combination. To these passages we subjoin three miscellaneous anec Among these was Sir William, who, in the year 1715,
was committed prisoner to the Tower of London. Over EXTRAORDINARY PRESENCE OF MIND.
the inner gate were the arms of Great Britain, in which * On the 21st November, 1793, a young gentleman, an
there was some alteration to be made, in consequence of inhabitant of Lancashire, riding in the afternoon, on the
the succession of the House of Brunswick; and just as Sir road between Ravenglass and Whitehaven, on a very high-William's chariot was passing through to carry him to prispirited blood horse, not far distant from Egremont, passed son, the painter was at work, adding the White Horse, the by a single-horse chaise, which occasioned the animal to be arms of the Elector of Ilanover. very unruly; thinking to pacify him by passing the chaise; mediately recollected the two singular predictions, and men
“ This circumstance struck Sir William forcibly; he imstrained, bolted off at a full gallop, and, coming upon Egre- tioned them to the Lieutenant of the Tower, then in the munt bridge-the middle of the battlements of which pre chariot with him, and to almost every one who carne to see serits nearly a right angle to the entrance upon it was him in his confinement; and though not superstitious, he going at such tury, that, unable to retrieve himself, he leaped always spoke of it as a prophecy fully accomplished. But sicrlong upon the battleinents, which are upwards of four here he was mistaken, (if there were any thing prophetic fert high. The rider, finding it impossible to recover the in it;) för, many years after being out hunting, he had the hors, and seeing the improbability of saving either of their misfortune of being thrown from his saddle, in leaping a lives, had he foundered over head-foremost, just as the ditch, by which accident he broke his neck. He rode upon borse was falling headlong down, had instantaneous presence
a white horse.” of mind to strike bim on both sides with his spurs, and force him to take a clear leap. Owing to this precaution he “ Between the years 1750 and 1760, a Scottish lawyer of alighted on his feet, and the rider firmly keeping his seat, held eminence made a journey to London. At that period such up the horse, till, reaching the bottom, he leaped off. When journeys were usually performed on horseback, and the trawe consider the height of the bridge, which bas been accu veller might either ride post, or, it willing to travel econoratel: ascertained to be upwards of twenty feet and a half mically, he bought a horse, and sold him at the end of his of pe pendicular height from the top of the battlements, and journey. The gentleman above alluded to, who was a good that there was not one foot depth of water in the bed of the judge of horses, as well as an excellent horseman, bad chosen river where they alighted, it is really miraculous that they the latter mode of travelling, and had sold the horse on were not both struch dead on the spot.
which he rode from Scotland as soon as he arrived in Lon" The gentleman travelled with his accustomed vigour don. With a view to his return, he went to Smithfield to from Egremont to Whitehaven, a distance of tive miles. purchase a borse. About dusk, a handsome horse was ofThe only injury he received, was a slight sprain in one fovt, fered to hiin at so cheap a rate, that he was led to suspect which contined him three days at the King's Arms Inn, at the animal was unsound, but as he could discover no bieinish, Wbitejaven. He remained there three days longer, wait he becaine the purchaser. Next morning he set out on his ing the recovery of his horse, who had a slight wound on journey; his horse had excellent paces, and the few first to stile joint. Both, however, were perfectly well after miles, while the road was well frequented, our traveller
spent in congratulating himself on his good fortune, in ha- this is the manner in which it reviewed "Goethe. Any ving made so good a bargain. On Finchley Common, and at thing in the common course of events it judges shrewdly a place where the road ran down a slight ascent and up and well; but novelties and innovations in literature another, the traveller met a clergyman driving a one-horse
startle and confound it. Ten years hence, it will have chaise. There was nobody within sight, and the horse, hy his maneuvre, plainly intimated what had been the pro- formed an opinion of Niebuhr's book, and will try to cram fession of his former owner. Instead of passing the chaise, down our throats that it has held that opinion from the he laid his counter close up to it, and stopt it, having no
first. doubt but his rider would embrace so fair an opportunity The article on the “ Rise, Progress, and Decline of of exercising his vocation. The clergyman, never doubting Cominerce in Holland,” is, if there be any faith in titles, the identity of the equestrian, produced his purse, unasked, from the pen of M'Culloch. Other men would content and assured the astonished lawyer, that it was quite unuecessary to draw his pistol, as he did not intend to offer any land," but he must use a circumlocution, descriptive of
themselves with saying, “ History of Coinmerce in Holl'esistance. The traveller rallied his horse, and, with apologies to the gentleman he had so innocently and unwill. what constitutes history. The subject of this paper is ingly affrighted, pursued his journey. The horse next one regarding which too little is known in this country. made the same suspicious approach to a coach, from the Mr M'Culloch has narrated the leading facts in a manwindows of which a blunderbuss was levelled, with denun ner interesting and attractive to all classes of readers, and, ciations of death and destruction to the rider, though sack
at the same time, indicative of patient and clear-beaded less, as he used to express it, of all offence in word or deed.
research. In short, after his life had been once or twice endangered by the suspicions to wbich the conduct of his horse gave
“ Women as they Are," a new novel by Mrs Gore, to rise, and his liberty as often threatened by peace officers, who which considerable space is allotted, is an elegant, although were disposed to apprehend him as a notorious highwayman somewhat verbose, piece of persiflage. The critic thanks his who had formerly ridden the horse, he found himself obliged stars, in the outset, that he has met with “ a respectable to part with the inauspicious animal for a mere trifle, and to specimen of that class of works called novels of fashionable purchase, at a dear rate, a horse less showy, and of inferior life.” From his detailed criticism, however, of Mrs Gore's action, but of better moral habits."
work, we are somewhat at a loss to guess why he has We must not omit to mention, in conclasion, that the elevated it in preference to any one of its numerous comsteel engravings, illustrative of the subject matter of the peers. The truth is, the writer is a man at once gallant volume, are spiritedly executed, and enhance the value of and conscientious. He could not bring himself to say the work.
any thing unpolite to a lady, but as little could he bring
himself to say any thing that was not strictly true. The The Edinburgh Review. No. CII. London: Longman preliminary flourish is merely the usual soothing of a and Co. Edinburgh : Adam Black. 1830.
child before you administer physic; the criticism wbich
follows after is the real expression of what the writer THERE is much valuable matter in this Number. I thinks. But why single out Mrs Gore for this treatOf the twelve papers which it contains, six-viz. the ment? The critic wanted to spin a yarn about female papers on Sadler's Law of Population, Monk's Life of novelists, and her work was the first new one that came Bentley, the Life and Services of Sir Stamford Raffles, to hand. His little theory is drawn out with all his usual Sotheby's Specimens of a new Version of Homer, Law sparkling elegance, but with less than his usual happi. Reform, and Jefferson's Memoirs and Correspondence- ness. He starts with the assertion, that women write will be found at once interesting and instructive. The novels better than men; and mentions Miss Edgeworth, short puff of the Farmer's Series of the Library of Useful Mrs Opie, Miss Austin, Madame D'Arblay, and Mrs Knowledge is undeserving of notice. The remaining | Gore. He prudently leaves unnamed the male monsters articles we propose to examine a little more in detail, both who might be opposed to this fair bevy; for Fielding, because of the talents displayed in them, and because of Smollett, and Scott, might have given a rude shock to his some little peculiarities, which show that the Edinburgh preliminary assumption. In reviewing the peculiar esReview is still in tone and temper essentially the same cellencies of the fair authors, he places Miss Edgeworth as it was from the beginning.
first, but protests against the opinion that her chief The History of Rome, by Niebuhr, is reviewed by a merit lies in the delineation of Irish character, allowwriter of superior cleverness and great experience in com- ing, at the same time, that Castle Rackrent is by far position, but is characterised by a want of liberality and her best work. Miss Austin comes next, and unless solid information. He criticises Niebuhr's History in we have sorely misunderstood hiin, purely because she the same manner that the Edinburgh Review has criti- has drawn none but commonplace characters, and that cised every truly original work since the era of its com- always in a commonplace style. After these comes mencement. He does not know what to think of it. He Mrs Opie—then the Misses Burneys, senior and junior has mind enough to acknowledge, in its powerful lan. —then Mrs Hannah More—then Miss Hawkins (!!!)guage and daringly original views, the presence of a and then, after a list, some of whom are already forgotten, mighty spirit; but he has not mind enough to compre- and others are praised, on account of their amiable perhend it. He begins, therefore, with involuntary expres- sonal character, by those who cannot read their works, sions of vague respect; then runs chatteringly through he names the authoress of " Marriage” and “ The In- i the index of the book, dipping occasionally into the text, heritance.” Such an arrangement is quite in keeping picking out here and there a sentence, which, taken apart with the shallow canon which he laid down in the com. from the context, looks absurd enough, and sneering at mencement of his article. “ Gratiano talks an infinite it; and concludes with renewed professions of admira- deal of nothing-more than any man in Venice.” We tion. Were we to read only the beginning and end of this regret to add, that we have reason to believe this precious criticisin, we should believe its author an admirer of article to be the composition of the ex-Editor ; but it is Niebuhr; were we to read only the middle part, we should certainly one of his worst. think he despised him; and bad we not already been ac The article on the Origin and Affinities of Larguage quainted with the work, we should have obtained no is full of information on a subject which has for some knowledge of its nature or character from perusing the en time back been entirely neglected in this country. The tire article. The time has been when such shilly-shallying author (Dr Browne) has of late been dedicating almost the would have enraged us. In the calmer temper, however, exclusive attention of his vigorous and indefatigable mind which age has brought along with it, we are able to see to it. We have had from his pen (besides the present article) that the Edinburgh acts in this manner because its in a learned dissertation on Hieroglyphics, which we know tellect is not of a standard to take a more decided course. excited a considerable sensation in Paris; another article This is the fashion in which it treated the Lake poets -- on the same subject in the Foreign Quarterly Review,
and one on Egyptian Notation, in the last number of the be discharged when convenient. I suppose Madame haul Westminster. We have announced also, that he is pre
not found a favourable opportunity of accomplishing her paring a large elementary work on the graphic system
wish in this respect, when the Revolution broke out. Yon and literature of the ancient Egyptians. In the paper should now intrude upon your engagements; but my situa
will think it singular, General, that for so small an affair I at present under our consideration, the reader will find
tion is so unfortunate, that this little sum is an object. Exa great quantity of information respecting the present patriated, exiled from my country, forced to seek refuge in state of philology on the Continent; a just and unsparing, this island, where my abode is odious to me, and so expenbut not captious, summary of the achievements of our sive, that it will prove a reliet' if you can let me have the laborious tritlers of late years; together with some inge- sum, sınall as it is, and which would formerly have been in pions views of the writer regarding language.
matter of indifference. This you may believe, General, The last article is political, and is preluded by a rather
when you think of one at the age of eighty, who, after sixty
years spent in the service of his country, has been obligeil startling assertion on the part of the Edinburgh Review :
to thee, subsisting on the slender provision granteil by go“ We rarely and unwillingly devote our pages to the dis vernment to French emigrants;-I say emigrants, for I cussion of party matters, and what are usually termed the was obliged to become one; I had not the least idea of such politics of the day.” This paper is expressed in a strain a step, but I had, it seems, committed a great crime-I was of fervid eloquence, in a style which varies as the subject the oldest general of the canton, and a Grand Cross of St requires, from the most elevated to the most homely dic-Louis. My house at Caen was attacked by a band of ruftion. It contains an expose of the present state of par: nothing save what was on my person. In this state I came
tians, and I had just time to escape by a back door, with ties in the country, which places the author's views (be to Paris. I was told there remained no other resource than they true or false) almost palpably before us. It throws to leave the country; yet I never had dispute or discussion down the gauntlet of defiance to the present ministry. It with a human being, but lived in retirement. Thus, Gegives a rapid and vigorous sketch of relative positions neral, my property and movables were abandoned to the of the leading parties of the House of Commons, and, mercy of what was called the nation. The nation has pruunder the pretext of conjecturing their probable opera
fited to the full, for it has left me without wherein to lay tions during next Session, throws out advice how to con
my head. I do not ask, therefore, to return, for I have noduct them. Devoted to the nobler and calmer pursuits of than myself, who, though in bad health, and in second il
where to go; besides, I have here a brother still more ayeed literature, we pay little attention to politics, except when fancy, was banished also, and whom I would not leave for their storm rages so loud that no man can close his ears any consideration. I am resigned to my unbappy lot; my against it. We have not scrutinized very narrowly the only and great grief is, that not only have I myself been ill characteristics of our leading statesmen; but if we may
treated, but, contrary to law, this has influenced the situahazard an opinion in a field of intellectual exertion so
tion of relations whom I love and respect. I have a stepforeign to us, we think that there is but one man in Eng. claim upon my property, which indeed I enjoyed only in
mother eighty years of age, who has been refused her legal laod, likely to contribute to the Edinburgh Review, whose
reversion. All this, if things do not change, will cause me commanding and energetic mind is capable of projecting to die a bankrupt: that will break my heart.-I confess, a political campaign like that which is here sketched out, General, I am little acquainted with the new style, bui, —and that man is Henry Brougham. We regard it as according to the old, am your humble servant, his manifesto. This explains his refusal of office under
· DuroseL BEAUMANOIR.' the Duke; and announces to us a recurrence of the “ I make no remarks upon the irregularity of style or struggles of party, which believers in a political millen- grammatical slips in this letter: when Ì had read it to the pium looked upon as past away for ever.
First Consul, · Bourrienne,' said he with solemnity, that is sacred; lose not a minute. The good old man! Send ten times the sum. Write to General Durosel that I will take care of
him. I will that he be immediately erased from the list of Memoirs of Napoleon Bonaparte ; from the French of M. emigrants. What evils have been wrought by these ruftans
Fauvelet de Bourrienne. By John S. Memes, LL.D. of the Convention! I see plainly I never can repair all.' &c. In three volumes. Vol. II. Being Constable's In speaking thus, Bonaparte betrayed an emotion rarely Miscellany, Vol. LVIII. 1830. (Unpublished.)
discernible in him. In the course of the same evening, he
asked if his orders were executed: they had been expedited We have been favoured with an early copy in sheets of instantly." the second volume of Dr Memes' translation of Bour
Bourrienne gives a very picturesque account of the cirrienne. It is no less interesting than the first; but it
cumstances which led to his temporary separation from treats of too great a variety of important matters, to
Bonaparte. Before this separation actually took place, make it possible to give any general view of the contents.
several misunderstandings, pretty briskly supported on We prefer laying before our readers a fesy passages, which
both sides, occurred. Among these, the following strikes cannot fail to attract their attention. Our first extract
us as peculiarly characteristic: centains
BOURRIENNE'S FIRST QUARREL WITII BONAPARTE, A FAVOURABLE ANECDOTE OF BONAPARTE. * Among the immeuse number of letters received at this “ Nine months before this time, I had offered my resigtine, I have preserved some, and among these, one from an nation; for the labour had become too severe, and the coneinigrant then resident in Jersey, General Beaumanoir. It finement too unreinitting, for my health. The physician contains details connected with the Bonapartean family, and had, doubtless, spoken to the same ettect with the First appears to me very interesting. Jersey. 12th July, 1800. Consul; for the latter said to ine, one day, in a tone little -I consider, General, that on your return I may, without soothing, · Why, Buurrienne, Corvisart tells me you have impropriety, interrupt your daily occupations, to recall to not a year to live.' The compliment was not over kind on you remembrance one whom I flatter myself you have not the part of an early friend; especially as the doctor's preentirely forgotten, after a residence of more than eighteen diction seemed not unlikely to be tullilled. I had forined years at Ajaccio. But perhaps you will feel surprised that the resolution of retiring, ivbich was airged also by my taso insigniticant a matter should be the subject of the letter mily; but various considerations retained me in a state of which I have the honour to address to you. You will re unie tainty; of these', affection for the First Consulmil collet, General, that when your late father was obliged to friend from seven years of age, and this friendship only ingo to Autun, in order to remove your brothers froin the terrupted once by Joseph's machinations—was not the least. college there, and whence he went to see you at Brienne, An unforeseen occurren e teruvinated iny indecision. OIL he found himself at a loss for ready money; he asked me the 27th of February, 1802, at ten in the evening, Bonufor tventy-tive louis, (L. 16,) wnich I lent him with plea- parte dictated to me a diplomatic dispatch of great importa sure. After his return, he had not found it convenient to ance, and very urgent, för M. de Talleyrand, who was, at repaythe sum, and when I lett Ajaccio, your mother of the same time, directed to repair to the Tuileries, at an hour fered o sell some plate in order to pay me. This I would mentioned. According to established usage, I remitted this not permit, requesting her to take her own time, and left letter to the officer on luty, to be sent to the minister. This the acknowledgment of your father with M. Souirez, to was on a Saturday. On the morrow, Swiday, M. de Tai
leyrand arrived, as if for audience, about mid-day. The and finally hinted at the Tribunate • That does not suit First Consul having immediately addressed him on the you,' said he: “they are declaimers and speechifiers, whom subject of the dispatch, was extremely surprised to find the I will send about their business. All the disturbances in anivister had received it only that morning. He rang in- other quarters proceed from the harangues of the Tribunate: stantly for the attendant to call me. As he was in very bad I'll have no more of them.' He went on in such a tone as humour, he pulled the bell-rope with so much precipitation, left no doubt on the uneasiness caused him by this assembly; that he struck his knuckles violently against the corner of in whose ranks were to be found men of great talents and the chimney-piece. I entered in all haste. • Why,' cried noble characters. In fact, during the same year, 1802, it he, addressing me abruptly, 'why was my letter not de was reduced to fifty members, and, somewhat later, entirely livered last night ?'_know not; I gave it instantly to suppressed.
person whose duty it was to cause the letters be deliver “On the morrow, (Tuesday,) the First Consul asked me ed.'— Go, enquire about the delay, and return quickly.' to breakfast with him. After breakfast, while he was conHaving rapidly informed myself how matters stood, I re- versing with some one, Madaine Bonaparte and Hortense turned to the cabinet : Well?' said the First Consul, pressed me to make some advances ; pointing out, with all wbose ill temper bad rather increased than otherwise. the gentleness and kindly feeling they had ever shown me,
Well, General, no one is in fault; M. de Talleyrand was that I ought to do so, seeing I had also been wrong, and to be found neither at the office, nor at home, nor in any of had forgotten myself. I replied, that the evil seemed past the circles he usually frequents. Not knowing on whom remedy, and that, besides, I really required repose. At to vent himself, restrained by the impassibility of Talley- that moment, the First Consul called me; conversed a long rand, but choking with rage, Bonaparte rose, left the ca- time with me; and renewed his promises of kindness binet, and went to interrogate the officer in waiting, which “ At five o'clock, I was about to quit the Tuileries for be did in an abrupt manner, putting the latter quite out, good, when I was informed the First Consul wished to see who stammered, and replied incoherently; tbus exciting me. Duroc, who was in the antechamber leading into the more and more the irritation of the enquirer. Seeing the cabinet, said, as I passed through,— My good fellow, he Consul tbus beside himself, I had followed; and, on his re wants you to remain. I beseech thee not to refuse : do me turning towards the cabinet, endeavoured to pacify him, this favour. I have declared to him that I cannot manage entreating him not to make so much noise about an affair, these affairs: I am not accustomed to them; and, bet ween which, after all, was not of such moment. I know not if us, they annoy me too much.' I entered the cabinet withhis violence arose from seeing the blood streaming from his out replying. The First Consul approached with a smile, tingers, and which he looked at every instant, taking, as the and taking me by the ear, as in his gracious moments, said, reader knows, great pride in his hands; but a most outra- - What! still in the sulks ?' and conducted me, in this geous fury, such as I had never before witnessed, seized upon manner, to my usual place. •Come, seat yourself there.' his; and as I was about to enter the cabinet at the same To judge of my situation, the reader must have known him. time, he flung the door from him with such violence, that He had, when he pleased, a most winning manner. I had most infallibly, had I been two or three inches nearer, I not the power to resist: I could not even reply; and reshould have had my face broken. This almost convulsive suined my usual tasks. A few minutes after, dinner was action he accompanied by an address quite unbearable, call- announced. * You will dine with me to-day?' said he. ing out to me, in presence of M. de Talleyrand, Leave me I cannot ; I am expected where I was going when you alone! you are a beast'. At these unheard-of words, sent to call me: I cannot break my engagement.'--* In that I confess the rage which filled the First Consul, on a sud-case I have nothing more to say ; but give me your word den tired me also, and that, transported by a resolution that you will be here at eight.'—- I give it you. Thus, I quick as lightning, I opened, not less rudely than he had found myself reinstated as confidential secretary of the First shut, the door, and cried, being really no longer in my Consul, and believed our reconciliation sincere." senses, “ You are a hundred times a greater beast than I !! This said, I shut the door, and ascended to my own apart- place, notwithstanding this reconciliation, in Bourrienne's
It was during the interregnum which afterwards tnok ments in the floor above.
“ Such a separation was as far from my wishes as from secretaryship, that the unfortunate Duke D'Enghien met my expectation ; but what was done could not be undone. his fate. The ex-secretary does not scruple to speak in I seized the occasion, however, without leaving time for the most unmitigated terms of the First Consul's conduct retlection ; and, still trembling with resentment, traced, in in reference to this affair, and expressly states, perhaps these terms, the offer of my resignation :- General - The over-confidently, that he is of opinion D'Eoghien's death state of my health permits me no longer to continue my service near your person. I beg you to accept my resignation. time. The following is the account he gives of this dis
would not have taken place had he been secretary at the BOURRIENNE.
graceful transaction : “ Some minutes after, I saw from my windows, saddlehorses brought upon the terrace. This was coutrary to
THE EXECUTION OF THE DUKE D'ENGHIEN. custom, Bonaparte seldom riding out on borseback on Sun “ General Ordener, commandant of the horse grenadiers day. Duroc accompanied him. I descended soon after- of the guard, received instructions from the Minister of wards to the cabinet, and laid my letter on his table. Re- War to repair to the Rhine, where the chiefs of the gen. turning at four o'clock, and seeing it, he said to Duroc, d'arınes of New Brissac were placed under his command. before breaking the seal, — Ah! ha! a letter from Bour- General Ordener dispatched a squadron of these to Ettenrienne;' adding almost immediately-for to read the billet heim, where, on the 15th March, they seized the Prince. requirel brief space-He is in a pet--- Accepted! I had He was immediately conveyed to the citadel of Strasbourg, quitted the Tuileries at the moment of his return. Duroc and there detained 'till the arrival of orders from Paris. sent the following note, while at dinner: – The First Con- These were speedy, and as promptly executed; for the carsul, my dear Bourrienne, commands ine to say, that he riaye which brought the unfortunate Prince arrived at the accepts thy resignation; and requests thee to inform me barrier on the 20th, at one o'clock in the morning. There about his papers. I embrace thee.-P.S. I will call pre- the cavalcade halted for the space of five bours, and aftersently.'
wards took the road to Vincennes, by the outer ramparts “ About eight o'clock he came for me. The First Con- of Paris, reaching its destination at nigbtfall. Every thing sul was in the cabinet when we entered. I immediately in this horrible transaction passed during the night ; the sun began to explain to Duroc the necessary arrangements. was not to enlighten even its tragic close. The escort rePiqued to tind I did not speak to him, and at the coolness ceived orders to enter Vincennes at night ; at night the fatal with which I talked to Duroc, Bonaparte said to me, in gates closed upon the captive; during the night assembled the harshest tone, • Have done, you : there is quite the Council which tried, or rather which condemned, withenough of that: leave me!'. I leaped from the steps, upon out having tried, the accused; while the clock was yet which I had mounted for the purpose of showing Duroc striking six, the command to fire was given, and at six the situation of some papers, and retired instantly. I, too, o'clock, before the sun had yet risen, the Prince had crased had quite enough of that!
to live. Here I may be perinitted a single reflection. Even “ In looking out for a convenient domicile, two days more should it be admitted, that the Council, held on the loth were passed at the Tuileries. On the Monday, I descended March, had an influence on the arrest of the Duke, there to the apartments of the First Consul, to otter my adieus. was no Council held between his arrival at the barrier and We conversed long and amicably together : he expressed the moment of execution ; it could then bave been no one regret that I was leaving him, and said he would do every save Bonaparte who gave the tinal orders—too punctually thing for me in his power. I mentioned several places; followed.