« PreviousContinue »
guished for his upright and honourable feelings, than for The Actof Sederunt, relative to the Formof Process in Civil the most amiable and affectionate disposition. “ Douglas Charles Clavering, the eldest son of Brigadier
Causes before the Sheriff Courts of Scotland, 12th NoGeneral Henry Clavering, and Lady Augusta Campbell,
vember, 1825. With the Relative Acts of Sederunt, daughter of John, fifth Duke of Argyll, was born at Holy
and Decided Cases ; to which are added, Extracts from rood-House, 8th September, 1794. He entered the navy at Act 9th Geo. IV. Cap. 29, and 1st William IV. Cap. an early age, and served as midshipman under Sir Philip 37 and 69. Arranged by Hugh Barclay, Esq. SheriffBroke, in the Shannon frigate, on the American station. Substitute of the Western District of Perthshire. In the brilliant action of that ship with the Chesapeake, he Edinburgh. Thomas Clark. 1830. Small 8vo. distinguished himself for his coolness and gallantry, and his
Pp. 84. name was honourably mentioned in the Gazette. He af. terwards served as lieutenant in the Mediterranean, in the This useful compend was originally put together for Spey sloop-of-war, and in 1821 was appointed commander the private use of the compiler. It is evidently the work of the Pheasant, then on the coast of Africa. On his pass- of a man who, to a practical knowledge of business, adds age to join his ship, he met with Captain Sabine of the the habit of consulting, on all occasions, the decisions of Royal Artillery, who was proceeding out to commence that court and other legal authorities. remarkable series of observations on the length of the se- Mr Barclay's book as a safe and sure guide to all young
e can recommend conds pendulum, which extended from the equator to the most northerly accessible station on the surface of the earth.
practitioners in the Sheriff-courts, and to such tough “ He formed a friendship with that distinguished officer seniors as find themselves puzzled by the new forms inand man of science, which continued without interruption troduced of late years. till bis death ; and, at his request, the Pheasant was appointed to the service of conveying him to the different stations. And such was the able and zealous manner in which MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE. Captain Clavering co-operated with him, that he was not only enabled to make the observations at every station in the most satisfactory manner, but without the slightest
JUDGMENT CLIFF. accident ever having taken place in moving the numerous and delicate instruments to and from the ship. The obser
A REMINISCENCE OF JAMAICA. vations were made on this voyage at Sierra Leone, the Island of St Thomas, Ascension, Bahia, Maranham, Tri The most delightful, and, to newly-imported Euronidad, Jamaica, and New York. In the course of the voy- peans, indeed almost the only tolerable, time of the day for age, Captain Clavering, in conjunction with Captain Sabine, stirring out of doors in Jamaica, is at day-dawn, before executed a valuable and extensive series of observations on the direction and force of the equatorial current, which,
the sun has yet begun to pour his effulgence over the he. following the course of the trade-winds, is deflected by the misphere of the Caribbees, and before the land-breeze, coast of America to the north ward, into the Gulf of Mexico, which only yields its delicious coolness during the night, from which, passing between Cuba and Florida, it returns has ceased to stir the graceful, though, as seen through again into the Atlantic, under the name of the Gulf the twilight, spectral, branches of the cocoa-nut-tree, and Stream.
shake the profuse and refreshing dews from the glittering “ The results of these experiments, illustrated by a chart, leaves of the coffee-plants, studded with their wholesome have been published by Captain Sabine in bis Account of and valuable berries. I know not if it has ever been exthe Pendulum Observations. Much of the value of such observations must depend on the accuracy with which the plained, but, whether it has or not, it must still appear ship's reckoning is kept. Captain Clavering, by his judi- to observers of the organization of the elements, a curious cious arrangements and personal superintendence, introdu- and interesting fact, that the land-breeze in the tropies ced such a degree of precision into the reckoning, that it blows invariably from the centre of the island, let the berame little inferior as an element in the deduction of cur- island be ever so small; and many of them, such as Nevis rents, to the observed difference of latitude and the chrono- and Montserrat, are mere knobs on the face of the ocean. metrical difference of longitude. Massey's self-registering the sea-breeze, or “ Doctor,” as it is gratefully designaloy was used as a check upon the estimated reckoning, and ted by the residenters in Jamaica, which blows from the proved the value and efficacy of the attention paid to the latter, by its being a rare circumstance to find a difference south-east, generally sets in about 9 a.m. ; at first only between them amounting to a mile in twenty-four hours. gently rippling the surface of the water, which previously
“ Upon the return of the Pheasant to Great Britain, the lay glowing beneath the 'ardent sun like a mighty body Board of Longitude determined that Captain Sabine’s Ob- of molten silver, and increasing gradually, until it often servations on the Pendulum should be continued to the assuines the strength of a temporary hurricane. Its most northerly latitude to which it was possible to reach. coming is hailed by the panting and literally melting inFor this purpose, the Griper, which was one of the vessels habitants with a degree of thankfulness and a sensation that had been engaged in Captain Parry's first expedition in 1819-20, was selected, and Captain Clavering appointed of relief, which can only be kuown by those whose lot it to the command.
has been to inhale the oppressive and suffocating atmo" It will be seen that he availed himself of every oppor- sphere of those climes. Were it not, indeed, for this retunity that presented itself for prosecuting discoveries, and gular alternation of trade-winds and inland-breezes, I am enlarging the boundaries of geographical science. siderable part of the east coast of Greenland explored by seas would be perfectly uninhabitable. Let such of my
A con- convinced that, by Europeans at least, the islands of those him, was seen in the preceding year by Captain Scoresby; readers, therefore, whose destiny has never led them bebut, from his distance from the land, that able navigator had not the same means of laying it down correctly to the yond the cool shores of Britain, conceive, if they can, north of Cape Parry, which he had to the south of that what must be the sufferings of their brethren in the headland, when he was close in with the land. In the tropics, when it happens, as I myself have known it to chart, the discoveries of both navigators are laid down, and do, that “the Doctor” absents bimself for a whole fortform an actual survey of the coast, from lat. 69 deg. to lat. night together! To assist their conjectures, I may men76 deg. ; for, although Captain Clavering did not reach tion shortly, that on going on board the vessels lying farther north than Shannon Island, yet the positions of the bluff headlands to the north of Roseneath Inlet, and the in the harbour of Kingston, as I was almost daily led to islands named, from their appearance, Haystack and Ailsa, do, the pitch between the planks was to be seen oozing were determined by astronomical bearings from two hills, out and running athwart the decks, as if under the immeone on the outermost, and the other on the innermost, of diate influence of a smelting furnace. the Pendulum Islands; and the distance between the two In the afternoon, the sea-breeze dies away, as it comes, stations was ascertained by a trigonometrical operation.” gradually; after which, for a few hours, earth and sea
are again locked in a stillness of repose—a syncope of motion—which, to a new comer, has something almost ominous ; and as his imagination is generally saturated, before his arrival, with descriptions of those fearful visita
hospitality I will own, and for whose kindness and which gained me but little credit' among the fearless 14+ - THE EDINBURGH LITERARY JOURNAL; OR, tions the earthquakes which odeurs, frequently, Far down in the precipitous gullies, along the dizzy, edo (though seldom peçasioning much damage) be instinctive- of which our path lay, and where the shades of night still ly listens, in those bours of stilluess, for the first rum rested, the, yet unextinguished lamps of the fire-tlies were bling growl wbich precedes the volwanic explosion, which still to be seen : ! is to set the house a-racking about his ears, the beamiss70! ** Cirering in whirls their airy flight and planks creaking and swaying like those of a ship in
Gems on the sable robe of night;" 4 gale--the negroes a-screaming and praying, and the days a-howling through the dust-choked streets, as it while, in the more open parts of the pathway, the aware that the solid world beneath them was breaking speckled lizards were frisking about in thousands As up, and about to be blown into a mass of ruins., These daylight became stronger, " showers of beautiful hamuncomfortable anticipations, however, gradually depart, ming birds, like apple,blossoms strewed on the wind," as when, about nightfall, the first whisperings of the land-Galt has well described them, decked in their mainbox breeze are heard coming down the sides of the “heaven- hues of gold and green, and poising themselves upan ward” mountains, and creeping slowly and in fitful breath- their tiny wings, were busy sucking their food from the ings over the surface of the island, unuil that circumscribed yellow blossom of the, tall, maypoles, and the portion of the vegetable world, like the human form re flowers of the ipecacuanha 1 Dit wonen suscitating from a swool, seems again awakened into life It was indeed a delightful morning, and the only drarand motion.
back upon my enjoyment of it. Arose from the frightful For more than a fortnight after my arrival in Jamaica, nature of the roads during, ogr journey, in regard to my energies, mental and corporeal, were so completely which the denizens of Great Britain generally appear to subdued by the relaxing effect of the climate, that it was be in a lamentable state of ignorance, supposingas they absolutely a toil to me to attire myself in iny light gar seem to do, that Jamaica is one level expanse of sands ments of gingham and linen; after accomplishing which plains; while the truth is, that from one end to the other, task, the remainder of the day was consumed between the island is little else than a succession of
of precipitoas lolling on a sofa, and dragging, my “ lazy length,” at in mountains and glens of inmense, depth, fully equalling tervals, across the slippery, polished, wooden floor of the in many places, if not surpassing, the most rugged and apartment, (there are no carpets there,) to where the sublime scenery which characterises our own Highlands
, water-jar stood in the draught of the open veranda, in It thus happens that the place of destination, which order to deluge my stomach with its contents. Let no were it possible to take a straightforward or bird's-flight one suppose that I indulged in unjustifiable laziness. My path to it, would not exceed three or four miles' distanes, system was completely overpowered. I could neither eat, is, by the process of winding down and re-ascending th read, sleup, or keep awake Day and night passed alike, gorges of the mountains, often protracted to above twenty. in a kind of dreamy torpor af all my faculties, from which The roads themselves, cut out of the sides of the hills
, even the stings of those incessant torinentors, the mos are »seldom broad enough to admit of more than one borse quitoes and I was blistered from head to foot with them getting forward at a time, so that when two travellers, --were unable to roase me; and, accustomed as I had all coming in different directions, happen to meet, one is ph. ulong been to a life of activity, in every sense of the word, liged to retire into one of the niches cut here and there my feelings, while in this state, were truly miserable in the road for that purpose, while the other passes on almost intolerable. I would have bartered all the wealth the general consequence of any quarrel as to the point of that ever was extracted from the mines of Peru, had I precedence on such occasions (and these frequently bap. possessed it, for one half-hour's enjoyment of the bracing pen between the Negroes) being, that the horse or mule air of my native hills. Scotlanıl, well as I have loved of one or other of the parties, and often the owners them. her from my birth, never was so dear to me as then; and selves, are pitched into the fearful gulf below. These she will ever be the dearer to me, from the recollection narrow tracks, too, are frequently, in many places, almost of what I then and afterwards suffered from sickness and entirely washed away by the violent rains that rush dosi disease in that human oven ;-But I am wandering from from the hills above, so that travelling is sometimes at. mny purpose.
tended with no small degree of danger. This happeneli It was not, as I have stated, until a few weeks nfter to be the case on the morning I now allude to ; and, conlanding, that I began to recover from the above lethar- stitutionally nervous as I was and ani-a disease much gic state, and was enabled to look about me. The place heightened by the relaxed state of my system at the time of my residence was high up in the interior, not far I must confess, that, during my various excursions, I was from the range of the Blue Mountains. My host, a repeatedly betrayed into a timorousness of character,
ever cherish the deepest gratitude, was planters in Jamaica, whom custom had rendered insets proprietor of a thriving coffee plantation, and a stoat sible to all such qualms of alarm. On approaching any healthy gang of Negrocs (to suit my expressions to the of these precipitous passes, my practice was a dangerplace.) After I'had gathered strength enough, my host, ous one certainly, but which I felt to be absolutely nein order to inure me the sooner to the climate, was wont cessary_instead of checking my horse," like others, te almost daily to lead me short excursions on foot to the his most cautious and slowest pace, to get before my neighbouring plantátions and estates, (by which names companions, if possible, and urge him on as fast as the the coffee and sugar farms are distinguished,) with the nature of the road would permit, until, by 'arriviuig at proprietors or oversver's of which we generally remained the next patch of level ground, I experienced some relief until the coof of the 'evening; and afterwards we made from my giddy sensations. It was after aceomprisling visits at a greater distance upon horseback. On ode oc a feat of this kind, and when I had come to a tine ver casion, in pursuance of an arrangement which we had dant bank that sloped gradually down tờ a' stream" ot matte over night, we started at the very first glimpse of some magnitude, (the name of which I forget) that with light, for the purpose of riding about fiftren wilcs across an ejaculation of thankfulness I laid the reins upon my the conntry, to the property of a gentlemani with whom horse's neck, and lifting my panama from my head, was we intended to remain for a few days." We were on wiping the perspiration from my neck and face. The horseback, and attended by an active young Negro, my weary animal stopped of his own accord, and begin fetele friend's body servant, sented on a mule, with our port-ing upon the long Guinea-grass that was growing wild manteau before him. It was the coolest morning I had and rank about the road, and as my friend was some yet felt. The land breeze was rustling through the tall distance behind me, I had leisare for observation. The embowering clumps of bamboos, and shaking the golden natural features of the place, indeed, were suficient to fruit of she prickly-lime fences among which we rode. excite interest and attention. High up the bank on my
left hand, the projecting hill, round which I had just " When he began to get old and infirm,” continued my passed, came to an abrupt termination, presenting a per- frierid," he took a young Portuguese lad into his employpendicular surface of solid rock. At a considerable dis- ment, to act as book-keeper* upon the plantation, who, tance below it, and nearer to where I was, lay an im- it appears, contrived to insiuuate himself into the affecmense block of the same kind of stone, which, but for its tions of the old man's daughter, and finally to seduce her. great size, and the distance at which it lay, I would have The grief and rage of the father, on discovering this, was supposed to have been at one time part of the mountain of course excessive, and he turned the Portuguese out of itself. Before and around it were all the appearances of doors. He, however, lingered about the place, and at there having been a babitation of some consequence near last succeeded in bribing one of the negroes to give his
the spot.' Between the isolated rock and the termination master a doze of poison, which carried him out of the to of the precipice appeared the remains of an orchard of world. The daughter, knowing nothing of the cause of * tamarind-trees and mangoes--the latter of that superior her father's death, and still retaining her affection for * description entitled by the natives No. 11. On each side the villain, afterwards married him, and he took pos.
a regular row of cocoa-nut-trees was planted, whose session of the property. His wife subsequently disco*i size betokened them old tenants of the soil; while down vered what had taken place, incautiously charged him
towards the road on which I was standing, thousands of with it, and threatened to give information of the deed, shaddocks and oranges were hanging ripe and untouched if he did not instantly leave the country and her for ever.
upon the loaded branches. From the contour of the The consequence was, that, without hesitation, he took * whole place, indeed, the idea that at once suggested itself the same means of getting rid of the daughter as of the # was, that, where the enormous piece of rock lay, a human father, and thus became sole proprietor of the cash and
abode ought to have been, with the vines and pomegra- proper By his marriage he had a son and daughter; nates clustering round its green painted jealousies. While and after the murder of his wife, he took a woman of his
engaged in this speculative rumination, my companion, own nation as his housekeeper-you know what that * with his servant Polidore behind him, rode up, and in- means, I suppose, by this time-by whom he bad a family * stead of his usual hearty laugh at my cowardice, as he of five or six children. As they grew up, each seemed
termed it, and his customary jocular salutation of, “ Well to strive to excel the other in all kinds of vice and vilyou are a great fool, A-!” he requested me, with an lainy; but as the father still kept the precedence in ycars, unusual degree of seriousness in his face, to “ride on.". he likewise kept precedence in crime. The deeds wbich
* For Heaven's sake,” I replied, “let us take it easy I have heard narrated as having been transacted in that while we are on something like a road, and before we take house, are beyond every thing horrible and revolting. o another mid-air flight !"
Among other acts, it is said that, either from motives of " Move on, however, a little way you will oblige me." fear or revenge, he lashed the negro whom he had for
The tone in which he uttered this made me turn round merly bribed to poison his old master, until he literally and enquire anxiously-
tore the flesh from his bones, and in that state tied him " Are you well ?”
up to a tree behind his house, until the ants eat him Perfectly-perfectly; but"--[here he lowered his piecemeal!" voice)—"I can never pass this place without shuddering “ Aigh!" here interposed Polidore, with strong emRide on, I will tell you my reasons."
pbasis, " Portegee bushert one big villain, massa--he I rode forward accordingly as he desired me, until, after go to helt sure nuff!" turning round an angle of the hill, where the road be Mr Polidore, in other circumstances, would perhaps came much broader, he came up abreast of me and said — have got the whip athwart his shoulders for his imperti
" I saw you were looking up at that great piece of rock nent intrusion ; but the poor negro's feelings and sentiwhich is lying by itself on the slope of the hill-did you ments were too congenial with our own to allow his inasremark any signs of a human habitation about it?" ter to reprove him further than by ordering him to keep
" None,” I replied, "excepting its suitablesituation, and behind, and hold his tougue. the conyenient arrangement of the trees and fences about “ Yes, massa—me hold my tongue quite fast, massa." it; and I was just thinking, that if the place belonged to “ Besides what I have just told you,” pursued my ine, I would soon set about blowing the rock to pieces, friend, “ all sorts of unnatural intercourse between the and constructing a dwelling.”,
members of the family took place. In consequence of his , " I believe you would do no such thing, if you knew disgusting conduct, the son was compelled to fly from all about that place. Do you know, that where that rock the house to escape his father's vengeance. He went over now is, a fine house once stood, and that it, with all its to Carthagena, whence he contrived to open a correspondinmates, about nine in number, were in one moment bu-ence with his stepmother, who was in the meantime ried under the mass !"
experiencing all manner of brutal treatment from her "Good God! is it possible? When, or how, did this lord and master, and it was at length concerted between happen?"
them to accomplish the old man's death. “ I can tell you little abont it,” answered Mr G., “but tions of the latter against the convenient and usual mode what I have gathered from the disjointed rumours con- of poisoning, precluded the possibility of the deed being cerning the catastrophe ; people seem unwilling to talk done in that manner; and, as they were afraid, in case of about it even yet, though it happened so many years back. discovery, to seek the assistance of any of the negroes to But if all I have been told be true, it is sufficient, I think, execute it in a more violent manner, it was agreed that to convince even the most sceptical of the existence of a the son should murder the father with his own hand. special Providence.”
He accordingly returned to Jamaica, and having procured “ The particulars, if you please ?"
horses at Montego Bay, where he had landed, he rode "Why, the house and property around it, it seems, be- across the country until he came within three or four longed originally to a countryman of our own, possessed miles of his father's house. He then waited until it was of great wealtb, which, it is said, he kept stored up in a dark, and ordering the negro who attended him to remain safe in his house. · His family consisted of only one upon the road, with the horses in readiness, until he redaughter, who was born and educated at home.” turned, he proceeded upon his diabolical purpose. Whe
(I may here mention that the term Home,” when tised by the Whites in the West Indies, and in the East * The duty of a book-keeper is to wait upon the negroes all day also , I believe, means the country in Europe from which been employed, &c." it is a trying employment to new comers, few
in the field, and keep a journal, recording in what manner they had they originally
derived their descent, although Creoles being able to stand it. themselves, and having never been, perhaps, out of the and planters, even when addressing them. I know not its deriva
The name which the negroes universally give to the overseers tione
latitude of the tropics.]
ther the murder was actually accomplished or not, could | execution more nearly approachiog ber own creations, not be ascertained, though it is certain that he must have than any thing achieved by the hands of man in ancient gained admission into the house, from the circumstance or modern times. The Acropolis still stands, for he who that he was never more heard of. About midnight the made, can alone unmake it; it stands, however, shorn of inhabitants on the neighbouring properties were alarmed its chief beauties, and crowded with Christian and Moby a frightful shock, not at all resembling that of an hammedan deformities. That happy and quick pereepearthquake, and the howling and screaming of the negroes tion of the beautiful, which guided the Greek in the choice soon told that some dreadful calamity had happened. On of situation and effect, seems to have been succeeded, in proceeding to the spot we had just passed, you may con- the minds of the Frank, the Turk, and the Swede, with ceive their feelings of awe and horror on finding the place as ready an eye for deformity and spoliation. The Rowhere that den of vice and infamy formerly stood, occu man was merciful in his plunders ; even Alaric tbe Goth pied only by an immense limb of the mountain, which withheld his hands from wanton desecration. It was had crushed beneath it every vestige of the house, or those left to the Christian to prove the extent of his bigotry by who dwelt in it! As the character of that family of the grossness of bis barbarity; and well and strongly bas crime had been long notorious, it appeared evident to all he pushed the argument home. The buildings which that the Almighty bad thus been provoked to extinguish crowned the Acropolis,--those perfectly anequalled, unthem at once from the face of creation, and the rock by approachable specimens of proportion those models from which he executed his vengeance has since that time gone which men of future ages have taken their standard of under the name of the “ Judgment Cliff.' **
beauty,--which, like the law of gravity, bave united all " It was certainly an awful visitation,” I observed, contending speculations in one common centre chose when my friend concluded his narrative; " but it seems perfect works of man, are either swept away altogether, astonishing to me how such crimes were allowed to pass or serve as the tombs of their own beautiful ruins, Yet unpunished by the arm of the law.”
still the Aeropolis stands, possessing many of its distin. “ Why,” said he, “ our criminal laws were certainly guishing features. The skeleton of the Parthenon still neither so well modified nor so strictly enforced then, as remains, the Erectheron is there, the Propyleia are still they are now; besides, the stories told of these wretches visible. could only have been proved by the testimony of the ne Edinburgh has a rock similar to the Acropolis of groes, whose evidence were we to admit, no white man's Athens in situation and effect. Like it, it rises boldiy life would be safe."
from the centre of the city, its form irregular and pic“ Might not education," I rejoined, "render them in turesque, affording an admirable situation for building time worthy of"
of Grecian proportion and outline. The similarity, I am " For any sake, don't broach that interminable ques. afraid, extends no farther. Instead of being crowned, tion now-ride on I see the thunder-clouds settling like its Grecian prototype, with jewels of exceeding price, down on Portland-gap; we will get a ducking if we don't the Castle rock has been encumbered with staring modern make haste ;” and so terminated our conversation. barracks, where, whatever attention may have been paid
The narrator is glad to be able to state, in conclusion, to the convenience of the soldiers, none has been shewn that the evidence of negroes in courts of justice has since to the laws of taste. No situation that I am acquainted that time, with certain indispensable provisions and re- with afforded a more admirable field for the proper disstrictions, been rendered valid by an act of legislation. play of Grecian buildings, and no situation has been more
LALAN. thoroughly sacrificed. The present buildings must, u Esk-side, 28th July, 1830.
“ There is no armour against fate;" A FEW REMARKS ON THE ANCIENT AND THE but there is one consolation,--that they were the works MODERN ATHENS.
of our forefathers, of which we wash our hands. Ibe By an Architect.
same apology, however, will not hold with regard to the
Calton-hill, which, though not bearing so close a resemI'rom whom Edinburgh first obtained its classic cog- blance to the Acropolis, either in form or position, yet nomen of the Modern Athens, it is needless to enquire. possesses many qualities which eminently suit it for the The term may possibly have been applied at first in ridi-display of architectural beauties; and how have they been cule of national vanity; but, according to the ancient adage, misemployed! Nelson's Monument alone were enough “ Many a true word is spoken in jest.” It might be even to ruin any position ; it jars with every feeling which shown that there is a resemblance between the ancient the surrounding scenery inspires ; it thrusts forward its and modern citizens, as well as cities, but at present I unmeaning line of vulgar deformity, in whatever direcmean to confine myself to a comparatio urbium.
tion you view the hill; it mars any classic association The seal, or mark, which distinguished Athens from which might otherwise arise. Unless we, the present inall the other towns of Greece, and which, as it were, na- habitants, take some speedy step for its removal ---in turally pointed it out as the crowned mistress and queen which truly patriotic work I would willingly lend my of ancient cities, was the Acropolis--a rock of an irre- bodily assistancewe unavoidably eprol ourselves amongst gular and picturesque form, which shot its rugged out- the number of those who have assisted in the encourageline, with amazing boldness, out of the very heart of the ment of bad taste, and the nurture of ancient prejudice. city, and cast the shadow of its protection far over the The two Observatories, and that nameless monument to neighbouring plain. This plain, in which stood the Playfair, are all in wretched taste, considering their pogreater portion of the town, is now a dreary and unpro- sitions; and are quite out of keeping with the scene. titable vision, thinly scattered with miserable Arab huts, Much has been written and spoken in relation to the treeless, wild, barren, and melancholy; affording a wither- twelve columns of the National Monument, and the ing contrast to its ancient luxuriance and beauty, when, vanity and poverty which their unfinished solitude destretching as far as the Mediterranean, it received the notes; yet they are, without doubt, at this moment by einbrace of that tideless sea, with smiles of complacency far the most interesting architectural object in Edinburgh. and delight. Nature herself seems to have been a suf- Their execution is faultless ; of their proportion and beauty, ferer in that barbarous humiliation of art, which has it is enongh to say, that they are exactly taken from either swept away, or laid in ruins, works in design and the columns of the Parthenon of Athens; and their po
sition, viewed in connexion with Salisbury Crags, Ar. It may not be uuinteresting here to mention, that the scene of thur Seat, the partially wooded country stretching down the above awful occurrence is not many miles distant from the spot where the famous Three-tipgered Jack was discovered and plain, to the sea, and the sea itself, is in perfect accordance with
the true spirit of Grectan arehitecture. Indeed, I ques. * tion much, that if a man, who had paid the slightest E: attention to-tlte subject, were placed in a spot to com
mand such a view, entirely ignorant what portion of the i globe he stood on, with a fine, clear, blue atmosphere j around him, strongly relieving the whiteness of the co
lumns, and dying into faint, long lines of cloud, with glimpses of the hill between the inter-columniations, and
the quiet expanse of sea' on the distant left, - question u much whether such a man would not entertain the con+viction that he was gazing upon some portion of Greece. · But'a prophet hath no honour' in his own country.
The inhabitants of Edinburgh walk round the Caltonhill; they güze upon the Glass Works at Leith, or, stretching their visual organs, they try to make out the straggling outline of Petticur, or the still more interesting longitude of Kirkałdy, or, if they turn to the east, Prestonpanis, Musselburgh, and Portobello, create in their
minids' a thousand pleasing ideas of oysters, fish women, - and scandal. Look where they will, they dwell upon as
sociations connected with the objects before them, which, however beautiful in themselves, lose by too close an acquaintance. This, however, is the common error of mankind; they are ever prone to lower and degrade ; it is much easier, by a process of selfish and despicable reasoning, to depreciate, than to elevate ; yet the pleasure derived from the latter is generous and glowing ; from the former, malignant and mean. Nature remains immutable through whatever glasses we may look upon her ; misconstrue her as we will, she is ever the same ; and I certainly pity the understanding and the heart which allows its feelings of satisfaction, at the perusal of any lovely object, to be wounded or destroyed by the intervention of homely associations. Were the Calton-hilt rid of that nightmare, Nelson's Monument, were the Observatories gone with thieit monumental bantling, and were the National Momoment completed, and allowed to remain in undisturbed possession of its summit, looking down in quiet and simple grandeur upon town, and plain, and sea, then, and not till then, we shall be able to point to an Acropolis worthy of both the ancient and modern Athenians.
J. A. B.
Which seem for gentle hands to sigh,
wy, And, oh! when sunk in sorrow's thrall, And days of darkness round us fall, As on we toil from stage to stage Of this, our mortal pilgrimage ; When the warm pictures Faney drew Of life's delights, have proved untrue ;.. When some most hollow, worthless toy, Hath mock'd us with the shade of joy, And fever'd feelings shed a blight Upon the dark and dreadful pight, Ayd scathe the heart with fiery gleams, And prompt pale suicidal dreams; Then leave we the abodes of men A while, for Roslin's fairy glen, Where troubled bosoms, lull'd to calm, In nature's breath shall find a balm, And feel, that it were worth to live, Though life had nothing more to give Than light and air, and wood and stream, 'Mid which to wander and to dream.
A DAY AT ROSLIN.
By John Malcolm. There is a pleasure in the pathless woods, BYRON
1. A day among the woods--a day,
Far from the city's troubled air, And toiling labyrinths away,
Seems half redeem'd from sin and care. For here the fever'd cheek is fann'd By breezes from the wild woodlandAnd soothed the ear, with sounds and sighs Of nature's choral harmonies; The low, sweet music which she Alings From her wild harp's unnumber'd strings
THE VOICE OF STREAMS,
By W. M. Hetherington. Awake, awake! ye voices that dwell
In streams, as they race on their own bright way! Ye are awake! for I feel the spell
Around my heart of your mystic lay! The shrill and the gleeful laugh of youth,
The timid sigh of the maiden fair, The lover's lute, and his vows of truth,
And the moans of breaking hearts, are there There is innocent bliss in that playful song,
Rolling its rippling voice on mine ear ;
In spring-tide joyousness, fresh'and clear ;
Of the brooklet, that lulld pure childhood's rest; Recalling oft, as it Mutters around,
Sweet Eden dreams to the time-chilld breast.
And yet, e'en here, dark thoughts have sway
For, soaring in sepulchral gloom,
A blight on nature's bloom,
Yon Castle gleams upon the gaze, .
0, voice of the stream! thou art sweet and dear
In the dewy eve of the flowery May, When thy Fairyland music, hovering near,
Fills each soft pause in the lover's lay : But the young and the beautiful Death spares not
The trysting-place that is it now?