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" She sat her on a grassy mound,

characterise it as at once just and elegant, a work that And drew her satin cloak around,

deserves to be, and will be, popular.
Pull'd down the hood o'er curl and braid,
While, in murmuring voice, she said,".

The History of the Hindoos, previous to the irruption

of the Mahomedans into India, is necessarily told with what the reader will find in the book if he pleases to con- great brevity. Indeed, the investigation of Hindoo gosult it. Equally picturesque, although in a brighter tone vernment, social arrangements, and general civilization, of colouring, is the idea of Donoghue leaping into the has not yet reached that stage when its results may safely hand of his mistress. It is, however, scarcely so original, be transferred from the dissertations of the antiquary to having been evidently suggested by Shakspeare's Mus- the pages of the historian. We take a deep interest in tardseed standing in the hand of Bottom:

the researches of Indian antiquarians, because we think - “ Thus said she proffer'd him her hand,

the monuments of early civilization in that country, when As her light boat touched the strand;

diligently and critically examined, will go far to solve Gallant and gentle it” (the hand) “ he wrung

some interesting problems in the history of civil instituThen from the beach into it" (the hand again)“ sprung." tions; and we rejoice to see that they begin to be chaThe following seems to us a magnificent hyperbolical de confusion has been introduced into this department of

racterised by a more scientific spirit.

A great deal of seription of the powers of music. Shakspeare says somewhere, “ the rude seas grew civil at her song ;” the lake Jones and others attempted to establish comprehensive

literature by the absurd haste with which Sir William of Killarney does more :

systems of the mythology and philology of Hindostan, “ Scarce ceased to vibrate on his ear

before they had attained more than a smattering of one Her mellow voice, so sweet and clear,

of its multifarious dialects; and began to run parallels When the calın lake, yawning wide," &c.

between the deities of Greece and India, before they knew We do not remember, in the whole course of our poetical any thing of the latter. The overweening rashness of reading, to have met with any thing so calmly heroic as their conjectures can only be equalled by the utter want the interchange of defiance between Hengist and Ormon: of knowledge of the rules by which the value of evidence “ We meet again, Sir Knight, he cried;

is estimated, evinced in their jumbling together, as of Perhaps we may, the knight replied."

equal importance, the testimony of old Mahomedan and

modern Pundit, of Greek, Sanscrit, and Persian authors; We could go on thus for ever, stringing one orient pearl and it is only the confusion and contradictions in which after another on the thread of our desultory remarks; but they have thus been involved, that can yield even the shawe tear ourself, however reluctantly, from this fascinating dow of apology for the shallow dogmatism with which book, only adding the sublime description of Hengist's two Edinburgh literati—one of them a name of no small combat with O'Donoghue :

note-have lately manufactured theories of the Sanscrit

language.
“ He said, and seized the poniard's hilt;
But Hengist, desperate, still retain'd

The sources from which, by careful and judicious re-
His hold, and every sinew strain'd-

search, a history of the Hindoos, previous to their subExerting such great muscle power,

jection by the Mahomedans, may be elicited, may easily That, like the rain-tree's drooping shower,

be enumerated :---the works in the Sanscrit and Pracrit His body oozed from every pore

dialects preserved in the Brahminical colleges ; the anA stream, upon that island's shore."

cient monuments of Hindoo art scattered throughout

India, particularly those which have inscriptions in the We have only to add, that equal, if not indeed superior, sacred language ; the few incidental notices of India with to any passage we have quoted, is that in which O'Do- which we meet in some Greek authors ; the accounts of noghue, having got tipsy, attempts to be rude, but is the literature and civil institutions of the Hindoos conawed into sobriety by Rinda's quiet dignity; and that in tained in the Ayeen Akberry, and perhaps in other works which, his attendants having been lured away by the of early Mahomedan authors; and the remnants of ancient sound of the passing chase, he is left to finish his break

customs which, to this day, mark out the Hindoos as a fast alone, and tie his shoes himself.

peculiar people. The value of these different sources, and the use to be made of them, differ widely, and deserve to

be dwelt upon a little more at large. The History of the British Empire in India By the

We certainly do not look upon either the Greek or MaRev. G. R. Gleig. Vol. I. (The Family Library, homedan authors as likely to contribute much accurate No. XV.) London. John Murray. 1830.

information respecting Hindoo society and intellectual

achievements. But the former are of importance, in so Tuis first volume of Mr Gleig's work contains the far as they establish the fact of nations having, in their history of the Indian Peninsula, from the earliest period time, inhabited the Indian Peninsula, who had made of which any records have been preserved, to the extinc- considerable progress in the arts of civilised society, and tion of the Mogul Empire. The three chapters at the end the leading features of whose political institutions, are of the volume are dedicated to a sketch of the commerce almost identical with those which may be traced among between India and Europe during the middle ages, of the the Hindoos even in our day. The Mahomedan auformation of our East India Company, and its progress, thors are important on this account, that they bear tesdown to the middle of the eighteenth century. The style timony to the existence of philosophical and religious of the work is chaste, its narrative picturesque and inte systems, and of lighter literary works, in the sacred lanresting, its statements in general accurate. Seeing that guage of the Hindoos, which were even in their time reMr Gleig has treated so cursorily a period of history garded as ancient, as handed down from independent anextending, at the very least, through two thousand years, cestors. The absurd scepticism of some writers, resting while he has reserved two volumes, equal in magnitude upon the exclusive preservation of the sacred registers with the present, for the narrative of little more than among the Brahmins, and a real or impated disregard to half a century—and knowing that he has of late bad his historical truth which they attributed to that caste, has attention peculiarly directed to the affairs of India—we rendered such testimony necessary to establish the au. expect to find, in the continuation of his work, much thenticity of a literature, which, while laying claim to new and interesting information regarding that important an indefinite antiquity, has been known to Europeans for part of our dominions. We look upon his first volume little more than half a century. as merely a long introductory chapter to his history; and, It is, however, in the literature and monuments of inviewing it in this light, we feel ourselves entitled to dependent Hindostan which have come down to us, that

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we are to look for any thing like accurate accounts of and endless involutions which we find in the music of its domestic polity. The Sanscrit literature is found to most early nations. Their poetry evinces a quick (we contain moral and religious systems, works on jurispru- had almost said morbid) sensitiveness to the beauties of 11 dence, narrative and dramatic poems, and treatises on the colour, form, and sound. It is full of intense and delimathematical sciences. From these, from the character cate passion. We know of nothing more beautiful and of their language and reasoning, from their tone of moral truly felt in the whole range of poetry, than the courtfeeling, we may derive a pretty accurate notion of the ship scenes between Dushmanta and Sacontala. A vein stage of civilization which the nation had attained. As of broad humour, too, occasionally laughs out upon us. no histories (in our European sense of the word) have There is, however, a want of that manly sense, which yet been discovered in the Sanscrit, it may be impossible can flourish only in those countries where the whole po to learn the actual statistical arrangements of any indi-pulation take an interest and share in public businessvidual Hindoo kingdom; but the general system of po- there is a tendency to indulge in weak and womanish relity adopted by the different tribes belonging to the race, veries of mysticism. The virtue of the Hindoo is conmay be inferred pretty correctly from the works of their tented with the attainment of self-control; it is almost lawgivers. The wrecks of Hindoo institutions, which unacquainted with the duty of exertion. He seeks heaven are still to be traced in the villages, will throw light upon by the abnegation of pleasure, by the endurance of posimuch that is obscure in these works. Nay, we are not tive pain,— by dreamy contemplation, not by active virtue. without hopes that, from the number of monuments with It is impossible to say to which of the aboriginal tribes inscriptions relative to public events in India, and from of India we owe our decimal notation, but local use is the number of grants of land by the native princes, en- in favour of Hindoo claims. The mathematics, algebra, graven on metallic plates, which are occasionally disco- and the astronomy of this people in their present form, it vered, materials may, in course of time, be collected for is all but established they learned from their western neigha history of the different Hindoo states which occupied bours. Such seems to have been the state of civilization the valleys of the Ganges and Indus.

among the Hindoos at the time they ceased to exist as an Respecting the origin of the Hindoos, nothing can be independent nation. The imperfect organization of their affirmed with certainty. They seem to have spread from government, and the enervating influence of moral quietthe foot of the Himalaya mountains, where the Ganges ism, account for their ineffectual resistance to the hardy enters the plain, downwards to the Bay of Bengal, across warriors of the north. the mountains of Ajmere, to the valley of the Indus, and from the mouths of that river eastward to the Nerbudda. How far they penetrated into the southern mountains of The Edinburgh New Dispensatory ; containing, !. The India, is uncertain. Their language has a strong affinity

Elements of Pharmacy; II. The Materia Medica ; to the Zend and Pehlwi dialects, preserved in the sacred

III. The Pharmaceutical Preparations and Composibooks of the Parsees, who fled from Persia on account of

tions ;--including Translations of the Dublin Pharma. Mahomedan persecution. A late traveller professes to

copæia of 1826; London Pharmacopæia of 1825 ; and have found inscriptions, in the Zend character, on the

of the Edinburgh Pharmacopæia of 1817. With illusrocks near Persepolis. There is also this striking analogy

trative Commentaries and Tables. Twelfth Edition, between the books of the Parsees and the Brahmins, that

much enlarged and improved. By Andrew Duncan, both inculcate reverence for the fire, and both subdivide

M.D. Professor of Materia Medica in the University mankind into four great classes,—the priest, the warrior,

of Edinburgh, and Fellow of the Royal College of the tiller of the land, and the menial. This seems to have

Physicians, and Royal Society of Edinburgh. Edinbeen the classification of the Hindoo nation at the time

burgh : Bell and Bradfute. London: Longman, Rees, when, in virtue of its superior knowledge and military

and Co. 1830. skill, it began to extend the limits of its sway. The other castes seem to have originated at later periods, from the Dr Duncan has long enjoyed a very high reputation occasional intermixture of the original ones; probably as Professor of Materia Medica in the University of also, at times, from the incorporation of stranger tribes Edinburgh. His attainments as a scholar, and his babits into the family union. In the monuments of ancient of indefatigable industry, not only render him eminently Hindostan, we cannot trace any thing like one great do- qualified to discharge bis duties in that capacity, but enminant monarchy; and as little can we trace, among the title him to our respect as an author. He has already many petty tribes which composed it, any organized per- done much to advance the progress of medical science; manent form of government. Some powerful chief of and we are happy to find him still at his post, not only the warrior caste executed the internal police, or gave assiduously watching the successful labours of his condirection to the external enterprises of his tribe. His will temporaries, but endeavouring himself to extend our was law, except in so far as he was himself influenced by knowledge on subjects interesting and important to his a superstitious veneration of the priestly caste. The laws profession. relating to property were simple as the state of society, The first edition of the Edinburgh New Dispensatory, and did not appear to ambitious leaders susceptible of published by Dr Lewis in 1754, was republished several change, or deserving of attention. The extent of a chief's times during his life, with such additions as the advanceterritory was fluctuating, according as the power of his ment of the sciences connected with pharmacy rendered arms, or confidence in his justice, brought different tribes necessary. After his death, it was successively edited by to incorporate with his own. In this state of society, Dr Webster, Dr Duncan, senior, and Dr Rotheram. At 1 agriculture, and even manufactures and the arts, had length, in 1800, when the Edinburgh College was preinade considerable progress. The art of weaving, the paring to publish another edition of the Pharmacopeia, smelting of metals, and a rude method of polishing gems, it was proposed by Dr Duncan that it should be accomhad been invented. Allusions occur in poems, as well panied with a new edition of the Dispensatory. Owing as law-books, to foreign merchants who visited India to the discoveries of Black, Priestley, Cavendish, and with a view to commerce. The architectural monu- Lavoisier, and the progress made in the department of ments of the Hindoos indicate no great progress in the vegetable chemistry, this addition to the work was beart of rearing buildings, but the magnitude, and, in some come indispensable. No sooner was Dr Duncan's proplaces, the delicate workmanship, of their excavations, do posal carried into execution, than a host of competitors all but supply the deficiency. "They had invented the entered the field; and we need only cite the names of art of painting ; in their sculpture the allegorical prin- Murray, Thompson, Paris, Phillips, and Brande, to reeiple had developed itself to the destruction of the plastic; mind our readers, that while the science of Pharmacotheir music was characterised by those wild, inartificial, logy was studied with success in France and Germany,

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it was not less zealously cultivated in our own country. new theory is characterised by great beauty and originality. The Edinburgh New Dispensatory, nevertheless, main- | The introduction of motion, however, to which he has tained its popularity, and continued to receive the al. recourse, does not appear to us indispensable to the promost undivideil patronage of the profession. Such was cedure, which, after an enquiry of tifteen years, he has the opinion entertained of its value, that it was reprinted, adopted. Instead of supposing the straight line of variwithout permission, in the London Medical Dictionary, able position, which acts such an important part in his and in the Family Herbal of Dr Thornton. With the subsidiary propositions, to move along the axis, he might addition of an account of the iudigenous plants of the have simply assumed its position to be indefinite, thus United States, it also constituted the American Dispen- avoiding the pollution which geometry has been exposed satory of Dr Coxe, and the New American Dispensatory to from its unnatural alliance with motion. Colonel of Dr Thatcher. In the meantime, several editions of Thompson, we are aware, will subscribe, on reflection, to the original were published by Dr Duncan, and, in the superiority of a principle, whether of developement in 1826, it re-appeared in an enlarged and improved form. series, or of limiting ratios, or even of infinitesimals, that The progress of pharmacy, which, in Germany, advanced dispenses with any extraneous and unnecessary reference under the auspices of Gren, Goettling, Frommsdorff, to velocity. With this exception, however, we admire Sertuerner, Buchner, Brandes, and Vogel; and in France, the subtlety of the process by which he attains to demonunder those of Fourcroy, Vauquelin, Seguin, Pelletier, strate the fact—that the angles of a triangle amount to Caventon, Henri, Braconnot, and Chevreuil, imperatively right angles. But we appeal, at the same time, to bimcalled for an entire re-casting of the work. A suppleinent self, whether such a formidable array of demonstration to this edition was published in 1829, which embraced be congenial to the spirit of elementary geometry, or to the notes subjoined by MM. Chereau and Robiqnet the simple nature of the truth evolved. For our own to the tenth edition of the Dispensatory, published by M. part, rejecting certainly Euclid's own axiom, we would Pelouse at Paris. As might have been anticipated from infinitely rather adopt Playfair's elegant, though disputhe celebrity of these pharmaceutists, the notes contained table, substitute, or yield, in willing delusion, to the funca variety of useful and valuable information on subjects tional process of Legendre, than be encumbered with more cultivated in France than in this country, and Colonel Thompson's circumlocutory mode of investigation. which, therefore, it was necessary to add to the former Having expressed ourselves thus briefly on this part edition of the Dispensatory, for the sake of rendering it of the work, we proceed to give our opinion of its merits more complete. Among other important additions, a as a new edition of Euclid. The definition which the list of officinal plants, arranged according to the natural writer gives of straight lines, as “ those, between two of orders of Decandolle, and a physiological classification of which it is impossible to enclose a space,” is objectionthe materia medica by Dr Duncan, formed a part of this able on two grounds : first, that it is merely negative ; sesupplement. After this brief sketch of the history of the condly, that it involves the consideration of space, the very New Dispensatory, it only remains for us to state the cir- notion of which presupposes the idea of extension, which cumstances that have called forth the present edition, and is, in the subsequent books of Euclid, destined to be defined to bear testimony to the additions and improvements as generated by the notion of lines. Moreover, this new wbich recommend it to the notice of the profession. definition introduces much perplexity into the proposition,

The first circumstance which rendered a complete re that “two straight lines cannot have a common segment;" vision of the former edition necessary, was the publica- which reduces itself to the mere corollary of a definition, on tion of a new edition of the Dublin Pharmacopeia, the adopting Mr Playfair's account of a straight line. Another value of which was considerably enhanced by the incor- of our author's improvements, is his concentration of Euporation of the first part of Dr Barker's “ Chemical and clid's axioms into one. And, in reference to this subject, Practical Observations ;" the second was the necessity of we deny at once the necessity of enumerating axioms at all. embodying in the work the notes of MM. Chereau and They do not proceed from induction; for a very infant Robiquet, by which the editor has been enabled, as he would, on their first annunciation, display his instinctive bimself states, to correct and supply all that seemed er- perception of them. As to the pretended (we must use roneous and defective to judges of the highest reputation the term) “ reduction of the axioms into one,” it is perin a country where pharmacy is estimated by a very dif- fectly nominal; for, supposing that any one of the axioms ferent standard to what it is in this empire.” The new was not equally clear with the first, our writer's process edition, called for by these additions to the science, is not, would only be a series of propositions disguised under as too frequently happens with new editions, a mere re- the name of corollaries—a term that implies the non-neprint with a new title-page, or at most, a new preface. cessity of demonstration. Again, the very scholium atWe have carefully collated it with the preceding edition, tached by our author to the postulates, ought to have and have found it throughout carefully revised and much convinced him of the absurdity of such conceptions beenlarged.

coming beggars of their own existence, since whatever can be conceived, has a mathematical reality. We must

object, in like manner, to the sanction given by the The First Book of Euclid's Elements. With Alterations author to the second and third propositions of Euclid,

and Familiar Notes. Being an Attempt to Improve the That geometer, after assuming the possibility of a circle Arrangement and the Argument, by reducing the Axioms being described—in other words, of a straight line reto one; and to establish the Theory of Parallel Lines, maining constant while revolving round one extremitywithout recourse to an Axiom on that subject, or the had no right to discard the equal possibility—though not introduction of any principle not common to other parts of perhaps physical, at least mathematical—of a straight line, the Elements. By a Member of the University of instead of one extremity, having both extremities displaced, Cambridge. London. Robert Howard. 1830. and applied to another straight line. We may remark

here, that the author's first note shows that he himself has 5 The main object of this publication being, as expressed not overcome the difference between physical delineation in the title-page, “ to establish the theory of parallel lines, and geometrical conception ; a confusion that is apparent without recourse to an axiom on that subject, or the in- in the formula with which all his demonstrations controduction of any principle not common to other parts of clude_" the same may be proved of any other straight the elements," our attention is naturally directed, in the line, triangle,” &c., where he forgets that the diagram is first place, to this attempt on the part of the author. As a mere relief to the mind, and not truly the subject under any lengthened discussion on such a topic would be in consideration, that a general diagram may exist in the consistent with the scope of a literary Journal, we are mind without any external representative. The prolixity restricted to this general verdict, that Colonel Thompson's of the author's enunciations and demonstrations is another

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Pp. 317.

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fault; many of them might be easily comprised in one use of it begin to pride themselves in their own shame, fifth of the room they occupy. For example, we appeal and to make a boast of their misdeeds. It is on this to himself, whether a line be not introduced in his Pro-account that we find ourselves under the necessity of position xxiii., A, which is entirely unnecessary, and even putting “ Frascatis”-although infinitely less noxious hurtful, from inducing a comparison between two sub-than - The Roué,” &c.—upon our list of interdicted sidiary triangles that are quite irrelevant to the demon- books. stration. The writer inust see that, his demonstration being shaped so as to introduce the case of the obtuse angle, he ought to have enunciated both cases together. Memoir, written by General Sir Hew Dalrymple, Bart., Lastly, in proposing to alter the text of Euclid, he ought

of his Proceedings, as connected with the Affairs of to have taken bolder ground. A more philosophical view

Spain, and the Commencement of the Peninsular War. of angular magnitude than that of Euclid would at once London. Thomas and William Boone. 1830. 8vo. dispense with Propositions X., xiii., and xiv., and reduce, as Leslie has done, Proposition xi. to Proposition ix. We are happy to see that the author coincides with our own

This is the narrative of a soldier, and told in a straightlong-cherished opinion regarding Proposition xxx.

forward, unpretending manner, worthy of his character. In conclusion, we are happy to express our warm admi- The work was originally composed with a view to its ration of the devotion which the writer evinces to our being deposited in the archives of the author's family; own favourite study, and our conviction that success and but certaiu misrepresentations contained in the Marquess eminence must attend his perseverance in the same of Londonderry's Peninsular War, induced him to pre"nullius addictus” spirit.

pare it for publication. His death prevented the accomplishment of bis purpose, and the work is now given to the world by his son, exactly as he left it. Those who

take an interest in the history of the Peninsular War, Frascatis ;or, Scenes in Paris. In 3 vols. London. will find in this brief narrative a great deal of additional Colburn and Bentley. 1830.

light thrown upon the movements in the South of Spain No one has ever entertained a doubt (in this country) and in Portugal, during the year 1808. Sir Hew comthat we are the most moral people in the world. It is, pletely vindicates his own conduct, in the share he took therefore, rather a curious circumstance, that all our in these transactions. It is clear from his statement, it morality deserts us, if we may believe the testimony of indeed Colonel Napier had not already settled the ques. travellers, the moment we cross the Channel. It is pass-tion, that the delays and contre-tems which had their ing strange, that men who in England, and in the eye issue in the Convention of Cintra, were attributable solely of their families, affect even a puritanical strictness of to the inexplicable vacillation of the British Ministry, character, should reconcile themselves so rapidly to that which made them send out general after general in such organized system of debauchery which the reigns of the hot haste, that two of them were virtually superseded on Louises, and the reckless ambition of Philippe Egalité, the field of battle. As it is our anxious desire to keep have left as a legacy to Paris. Yet precisely these men ourselves free from party politics, we have no ir tention are your most regular attendants at the gaming-table and of discussing the merits of the late Marquess of Londonelsewhere—they drink deep with a feverish and furtive derry; but it is only doing him justice to say, that from delight of all the licentiousness of the place; and return first to last, he gave his voice for the appointment of the home, after spending a few months in this manner, to

Duke of Wellington to the command in Portugal, and wipe their mouths and look demure, and wonder at the experience has demonstrated the correctness of his judgwickedness of our neighbours. It is a melancholy truth, ment. We are happy to find Sir Hew bearing testimony that while the inhabitants of other countries carry back to the merits of Colonel Napier's “ incomparable work." with them to their respective homes, a knowledge of what bas been done in France for arts, sciences, and manufactures, or a remembrance of their social intercourse Bombastes Furioso : a Burlesque Tragic Opera. By with the talented and respectable portion of the commu

William Barnes Rhodes. With Eight Designs by nity, the great mass of Englishmen have no other tale

George Cruikshank. London. Thomas Rodd. 1830. to tell, than that they have made the round of sights in Paris, and frequented the Palais Royal. To judge This is the first of a series of comic dramas, to which by the work which bas suggested these reflections, and George Cruikshank is to contribute the illustrations. by other late tours and novels professing to describe the Tom Thumb, the Mayor of Garrat, the Beggar's Opera, capital of France, one would be inclined to believe the High Life below Stairs, Midas, and a number of others, hordes of English at present resident there, little better are to follow immediately. Cruikshank has appreciated than the sharpers, their favourite associates. Yet we the character of Bombastes, or rather of Liston, with great should wrong them, for they are really honest and ho- delicacy. It is not a comic character ;-the passion is nourable men, when at home. The truth is, that the deep and tragic,—the gestures (look at the actor or the high tone of morality diffused through British society, engravings) are elegant and true to nature; but then renders it more difficult for a man to deflect from inte that face, with which nature, for some inscrutable purgrity, than to withstand temptation. The strictness of pose, has sought to veil the workings of a fine and feelpublic judgment on this point forms a kind of go-cart for ing soul ! There lies the comic in Liston's acting-in the support of those whose naturally weak and rickety his shoulder-of-mutton face. His brow is expressive of moral constitution might otherwise break down. It intelligence, his feelings prompted him to come out as a seems to be such men who compose the bulk of the tragic actor, he felt and understood his part, but then the pilgrims sent by this country to Paris. They sneak lower compartment of his face—no mortal can look at it away from the severe observances of home to take a little without laughing. He wooed the tragic muse as the sip of naughtiness in a country which affords more oppor- Beast wooed Beauty; his mistress loved his princely soul, tunities, and where they are less checked by domestic but could not reconcile herself to his uncouth exterior. ties, as school-boys evade the eye of their master when He lingered in a kind of “limbo of vanity” between trabent upon tricks which would ensure punishment if gedy and comedy-un fitted for the one by his figure, for they came to his knowledge. It is perhaps well for us the other by his feelings-until he stumbled upon Bomthat we have such a receptacle in the neighbourhood to bastes Furioso and Billy Lackaday ; in these peculiar draw off our peccant humours; but all its advantages walks of tragedy and comedie larmoyante he has ever will be more than counterbalanced, if those who make since reigned without a rival.

Prospectus of a Plan of Philosophy, contrary to all Mo- melody I did not lend most willing ears. But there was dern Systems, and founded on the Word of God. By

one amusement, which, in my morning pilgrimage to Florent Galli, ex-aid-de-camp to General Mina; Mem- school, afforded me more delight than all the rest put to ber of the Arcadia of Rome ; Founder, and perpetual gether ; this was the examination and internal criticism Honorary President, of the Academy of the Regenera- of half-a-dozen paintings, which, ignorant of change or dos ; Editor of the Europeo in Spain, and of the Iris

even of locomotion, occupied, without alteration, for at in Mexico; Author of the Memoirs on the last War least two years, the window of what to me appeared a of Catalonia. London. Fowlett and Brimmer. 1830. magnificent print-shop. This window, in my commonly

uninteresting walk through several long streets, was the Here is a goodly-sized, neatly-printed quarto pam- very cynosure of attraction, the fountain of the wilderphlet, which has been published as the herald of a new ness, the oasis of the desert. Morning after morning I philosophy, which is to regenerate the world! The great gazed upon the enchanting pictures; and not a day elapsystem which is to accomplish this consummation so sed in which I did not discover in them new beauties devoutly to be wished,” is “ far advanced, and a large unremarked before. Had any of them been taken away, plate, presenting a type of it, is ready for publication." I should have felt as if I had lost an humble but faithful This plate the author describes in the following words :' friend. “ It represents a section of the universe cutting the globe There was one among them, however, that rose in my of the earth from one pole to the other, and the vault of opinion far above all the rest. I entertained for it a sort heaven is on the horizon ; the middle is occupied by a of romantic attachment; and this attachment was foundhieroglyphic relating to the nature of God ;—the whole ed, I believe, upon good grounds. There is something is surmounted by the Genesis of human speech, with the in the work of a master that comes home to the heart radiations of all known languages in the five parts of the even of a child ; and though unable, perhaps, to tell what world, to the amount of two thousand five hundred, in- it is that pleases him, he nevertheless feels that he is lookcluding languages and dialects.” Francis Maximus M‘Nab ing upon the production of no common genius. I rememwas nothing to this.

ber, perfectly, that I did not prefer it because it was set in a more splendid frame, or painted in more gaudy co

lours ; but because the expression of the scenery and MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE.

figures it contained had something heavenly. It represented a simple burying-ground, where a group of vil

lage girls were scattering flowers upon a new-made grave. THE TWO SIDES OF THE PICTURE.

Among them was one whose face I shall never forget. By Henry G. Bell.

The sun had set behind some distant hills, but the purple

clouds, still in the sky, threw upon her figure a rich and At that happy period in which a difficult line in Vir- mellowed light, that accorded finely with the settled megil, a long sentence in Livy, or an elliptical expression in lancholy stamped upon her features ;-but it was not Tacitus, constitute the only miseries of life, we attach a melancholy alone ; there was a holy resignation and an very different meaning to the words “joy” and “grief,” | innocent purity in her looks perfectly irresistible. She from that which an intercourse with the world is soon had lost, perhaps, her mother, the dear guardian of her destined to give us. In those days of rarely-obscured childhood, or a sister whom she had loved as the friend sunshine, we know of only one spot where any thing like of her youth, or him on whom her dark eye delighted to sorrow is to be found,—where the thoughtless but de- gaze—the worshipped star of her heart. She was a belightful gaiety of childbood is frowned, or scolded, or ing on whom I could have looked for ever. I was only whipt out of us,—where some little foretaste of the mise a child, but the light of that celestial countenance kinries of mortality is forced upon our reluctant palates, - dled in my bosom somewhat of the feelings of maturer and where we are taught, that, even in this fair world, years. Many an indistinct and dream-like vision of futhere may be such things as weeping, and wailing, and ture days floated across my fancy; and, in them all, my gnashing of teeth.” Where is the boy, who, as he look- fate, my happiness, were intertwined with a creature of ed on his unintelligible grammar, or greasy Ovid, has similar loveliness. But there are none such in existence. not, with all the sincerity of his nature, wished a thou- She was the fairy creation of some fond enthusiast. I sand and a thousand times, that every one of those ancient have looked in vain for her prototype among the inha philosophers, cramped historians, and most unprofitable bitants of a world of dissimulation and sorrow. poets, had been in the very bottom of the Red Sea, when I had an uncle who resided at some distance in the they sat down to write, with so much nonchalance, books country, and was seldom in my father's house, but who, which were to cost all the future generations of children it was confidently expected, was to make me his heir. $0 many tears and groans ? What does he know, and, if he He dined with us regularly every Christmas. There was did, what would his opinion be, of that most melancholy always a family-party assembled on the occasion ; but Johnsonian maxim,“ of allowing the future to predomi- my uncle commonly made his appearance an hour or two nate over the present ?" Does he not look up into the earlier than the rest, and employed himself, till dinnerblue sky, and hear the invisible birds singing in multi- time, in distributing sweetmeats among my younger brotudes above him ? Does he not look round upon the thers and sisters, of whom there was a pretty numerous green fields, and the dark woods, and the majestic moun- and annually increasing tribe. His present, however, to tains, and the glittering streams,—and does he not almost the eldest girl, Sarah, and myself, was more substantial ; instinctively become a juvenile epicurean, anxious to -it was a bright golden guinea, clear and unsullied as seize the passing hour, and spend it merrily, content to when it issued from the mint; to us it seemed as valulet the next provide for itself?

able as the talisman of Oromanes, or the philosopher's There is nothing I recollect better, than the loitering, stone; there was nothing which science had ever discoreluctant pace, in which I used to move to school. How vered, or art adorned, or luxury improved, which it did gladly did I avail myself of every excuse for lengthening not seem to place within our reach ; the lamp of Aladdin the way, and delaying the inevitable hour of confinement ! was a spell of insignificant power, compared with that There was not a dog-black, white, or brown-smooth, little piece of burnished metal. rough, or shaggy-cowardly, tame, or fierce—to whom I On the occasion to which I now allude, I had fixed, did not speak; there was not a sign above a butcher's, at least a couple of months before, how part of my baker's, grocer's, or haberdasher’s door, that I did not Christmas gift was to be expended. I had resolved upon stop to read ; there was not a blind ballad-singer, or purchasing my favourite picture, I had driven a nail wooden-legged fiddler, or one-armed flute-player, to whose into the wall of my bedroom, immediately opposite my

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