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LITERARY CRITICISM.

ter.

Then, for six years, Bourrienne was domesticated

in the establishment of Napoleon, necessarily the confiMemoirs of Napoleon, from the French of M. Fauvelet dant of all his plans, obliged to converse with him at all

de Bourrienne. By John S. Memes, LÉ.D. Vol. III. hours, and in all situations. Lastly, subsequent to his (Constable's Miscellany, Vol. LIX.) London · Hurst, of the time, procured for him the most authentic accounts

disgrace, his connexions with most of the leading spirits Chance, mud Com Edinburgh : Constable and Co. 1930. (C'mpablished.)

of the emperor's proceedings. The form he bas given to

his work, is calculated to enable him to use his knowledge The completion of this interesting work enables us, in the most effective manner. He does not pretend to instead of presenting our readers with a mere précis of the write the history of Napoleon-he only contributes his contents, and a few extracts, which was the plan we were share of materials for that great work." It is not the obliged to adopt with the preceding volumes, to offer entire life of Napoleon I write. I shall speak bat seldom some remarks on Bourrienne's character as a historian, of those events which I have not witnessed, or of any and the value of his contributions to our knowledge of fact unsupported by oficial documents. Let every one Napoleon.

do as much." Bourrienne was born in July 1769. He entered the Having thus established Bourrienne's access to the best military school of Brienne in the beginning of 1779. sources of information, and his cautious and unostentatious He quitted the establishment in 1787, being prevented, use of his knowledge, the next point to be considered, is by an ordonnance, published some years before, from ob- his capacity rightly to apprehend what he saw angl taining a commission, on account of his father's patent of heard. There are men who could live in habits of daily nobility not having been timeously registered. The fol- intercourse even with a Napoleon, and yet not see his lowing year, he repaired to Vienna, in the hope of being actions. It requires no small share of talent to underattached to the French embassy; but after a stay of two stand a great man. The present question, then, resolves months in that city, he received from his minister only a itself into two branches :-Did Bourrienne possess a few general instructions in diplomacy, and the advice to judgment sufficiently clear and comprehensive to approstudy international law and foreign languages in some ciate Napoleon ? Was he sufficiently free from prejudice, of the German universities. In obedience to this recom either of a friendly or a hostile nature, to biş old master, mendation, he repaired to Leipsic. Having finished his to judge him dispassionately? diplomatic studies, and acquired the German and Eng It affords a strong presumption in favour of Boyrlish languages, he returned to Paris in 1792. In the rienne's talents, that Napoleon should have shown such same year, he was appointed secretary of legation at anxiety, as he evidently did, to obtain him for a secreStuttgardt; and when the decree of 28th March, 1793, tary. His reiterated letters, urging his old school-fellow was promulgated, directing all French agents abroad to to join him, his exertions to save him from the Directory, return home within three months, under pain of being who were jealous of the emigrant, and still more of the treated as emigrants, he was among the number who dis- friend of Napoleon, demonstrate a rooted conviction that obeyed. He ventured, notwithstanding, to return to the object of so much solicitude was possessed of no ordiParis in 1795; but his name remained upon the list of nary talents. Nay, the testimony is still stronger ; for emigrants till November 1797. In April 1796 he joined after Bourrienne had offended the Italian soldier, at the Bonaparte, then in Italy, as his private secretary; and in moment when all France lay at his feet, and that, by his this capacity he remained attached to him, the compa own account, (vol. ii. p. 126) in a manner not easily to nion of all his journeys, the witness of all his actions, till be pardoned by any one, he was selected by the same in1802. In consequence of a quarrel with the First Condividual to serve him in an office of the utmost difficulty sal, our author was, in that year, dismissed from his secre- and delicacy. But eren without this evidence in his tariat, to which he never was reappointed. Such, how- favour, Bourrienne's own work would have established ever, was Napoleon's confidence in his talents and pro- his reputation as a calm and clear-siglated searcher of bity, that he was sonn afterwards nominated resident at men's characters. The train of thought which runs Hamburg, This office he retained till 1809, when he throughout, and the glances he occasionally allows us to received his dismissal, and returned to Paris.

take of his personal adventures, show him to be a man of • From this outline of the leading events in our author's a cool and reflecting disposition. He is a man of princilife, the reader will see that he possessed peculiar facili- ple, but not such a slave to conscience as to become its ties for obtaining a knowledge of such facts as were re- martyr.

When he does suffer for its sake, it is less qaired by the personal historian of Napoleon. For five from any romantic attachment to it, than from his years of their boyhood they were inseparable companions self-possession, which reminds him, in the most trying at bed and board. During the interval which elapsed moments, of the necessity of preserving a reputable between their separation on Bonaparte's leaving school, character. The same coolness of disposition prevents they met frequently; and as they were both young men, him from being dazzled by external show. He was waiting to the tide of life's business should Hoat them perhaps the only man in France who retained his senses off from the bank on which they lay fretting at inaction, sufficiently to view Napoleon's system of policy in its mutual confidence and reciprocal assistance heightened natural colours, undazzled by those prismatic splendours the intimacy of their knowledge of each other's charac. reflected from its author's genius. We may even go

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farther, and say that he is to this day the only French- towards the Emperor, at that moment standing between man whose eyes are quite free from the darkness which Berthier and myself. The Prince of Neufchatel (Berthier) ensues from gazing too intently upon the sun. 'In addi. supposing he had a petition to present, went up to him, tion to this natural discernment, he has high feeling suf- directing bim to apply to me, as I happened to be the aide

de-camp on service for the day. The youth returned for ficient to teach him the honour to be eventually attained answer, that it was with Napoleon himself he wished to by speaking freely and openly. The consequence is, that, speak, and Berthier again told him to address himself to making allowance for a very natural inclination always me. He then removed to a short distance, still repeating to set his own actions in the most favourable point of that he wanted to speak to Napoleon. A second time he view, and a little tendency to exult over the discovery of advanced, and approached very close to the Emperor. I Napoleon's 'blunders, as if, because he is able to see, he desired him to fall back, speaking in German, and stating, could have amended, or even himself perpetrated them, heard. I marked him with aitention, for his insisting be

that after parade, if he had any thing to ask, he would be his book is trustworthy, as far as the power of discerning gan to render me suspicious. I observed that he had his truth, and the inclination to speak it, go.

right hand thrust into the left breast pocket of bis surtout, But there yet remains the question, was this man, so wbence he allowed a paper to appear. I know not by what well fitted in the abstract to judge of men, not disquali-chance, but my eye at this moment met his; I was struck fied, in the particular instance of Napoleon, by enmity or with his expression, and with certain air of determinafriendship? It ought to be always kept in mind, that tion, which appeared to me constrained. Seeing an otticer Bourrienne was the school friend of Bonaparte, and that of the gendarmerie standing near, I desired him to secure he afterwards left his service in anger. Nor are we in

the young man, without violence, and to detain him quiet

ly in the chateau, till after parade. All this passed in less clined to deny, that we do, in several instances, find him time than my relation has occupied, and as every body's giving way to his spite, and putting the most unfavour attention was at that moment taken up with the review, no able interpretation upon Napoleon's conduct; while, on one remarked the occurrence. Soon afterwards I received the contrary, we just as often find the old boyish predi. information that a large carving knife had been found upon lection kindling up, and expressing itself with all the

the prisoner, who had given his name Staps. I went inexaggeration of young and generous affection. It is also stantly for Duroc, and we proceeded together to the room

where Staps had been confined. We found him seated on worthy of notice, that M. Fauvelet de Bourrienne has a

a bed, thoughtful, but not intimidated. Near him lay a wife ; that Madame entertains a pique against the de- portrait of a young female, his pocket-houk, and a purse COBceased monarch, which to us is altogether unaccountable, taining only two pieces of gold.'-(Rapp, I think, told me but the cause of which might perhaps have been guessed these were two old louis d'or. ) First, continued Rapp, at by Farquhar or Congreve ; and that she not only encou · I asked him his name? he replied, “ I will confess only to rages her husband in his less amiable moods, but lends Napoleon.' Agaio, I asked what use he meant to make of him occasionally her own sharp-pointed pen, dipped in

the knite? always the same answer, I will confess to ne that most inveterate of all acids, woman's spite, to express attempt against his life ?'— Yes, sir, '-- Why?" I shall

one but Napoleon:'-Did you,' added I, intend it for an them. Lastly, Bourrienne seems at times to bear Napo- make no answer, save to Napoleon.' leon a grudge; that, starting from the same goal, he ** This, altogether, appeared to me so strange, that I conshould have got so much the start of him in life. In ceived it my duty to inform the Emperor. On relating these moods, however, he does not indulge very frequently, what had passed, he betrayed a slight degree of anxiety, for and, in by far the greater part of his work, we can trace you know,' added Rapp, how strongly he is haunted with his own sagacious spirit, uninfluenced by any private

ideas of' assassination. After a pause, be desired me to order feelings.

the young man to be brought in; but gave me this direction A narrative of Bonaparte, by such an author, was a

in a tone such as neither you nor I ever knew him to as.

He continued to pass his right hand across his desideratum till the appearance of Bourrienne's work. forehead, and regarded with scrutinizing glance all present. We had plenty of compilations, from Sir Walter Scott's Berthier, Bernadotte, Savary, Duroc, besides myself, were downwards; but who could repose confidence in them, there ; and I remarked, that the Emperor fixed his eyes almore than in the newspaper authorities from which they ternately upon several of us, although he might have known had been gathered? We had histories of Napoleon's well, that amongst us there was not one who would have campaigns, by friend and foe; and these were valuable hesitated to sacrifice life to do him service. Two gens

d'armes brought Staps into his presence. The poor youth, as far as they went. We had his own confessions from spite of his intended crime, exhibited in his personal an St Helena; but these were the quibbling attempts of a pearance something prepossessing, by which it was impos prisoner, to represent himself as immaculate, and his sible not to feel interested. I would willingly have heard gaolers as monsters. We had French biographies; but hiin give the denial of criminal intentions ; but how the they were either the works of devoted partisans, or of devil save a young fellow who was bent on bis own destrucpedantic theorists. We had German and English bio

tion ? Do you speak French?' dananded the Emperor. graphies ; but these were libels. Bourrienne's Memoirs Staps replied, that he spoke the language very imperfectly. are, with all their faults, and not the least is a perpetual self, I am the best German scholar in the imperial court,

As you know, (continued Rapp to me,) that, next to your affectation of antithetie brilliancy, the only real history | the duty of interrogatiog in that language devolved upon of Napoleon, and they are all but a perfect history. A But in this examination I was merely interpreter. few anecdotes may be added, the daily ocearrences of some Such was Napoleon's eagerness to know the replies, that, years of his life may be more accurately and minutely in the following dialogue, the Emperor and Soaps are the detailed, but this will be the nucleus of all succeeding speakers, I was only the instrument of communication, works. Some features of the picture may be modified rendering the Emperor's questions into German, and the or softened, but this bold and vigorous outline will ever

responses into French,

"Emperor, · Whence came you 2 Staps, From Na. remain the most genial likeness.

remberg. '-— What is your father's profession?– He is The little library published by the editors of Consta- Protestant minister there.'— How old are you?'— Eighble's Miscellany, contains many valuable works, but none teen.'- What were you to do with your knife?'— Kill of more value than the translation of Bourrienne's Me- you.'– You are mad, young man ; you are one of the inoirs. The dnty of translator has been, upon the whole, of illumivati. --- You are ill, then ??-- I am not ill; I am

illuminati._ I am not mad; I do not know the meaning respectably discharged by Dr Memes. As a specimen of in perfect health. - Why would you kill me?— Because the style in which he has performed his task, we subjoin you are the cause of the misfortunes of my country.' the account of Staps' attempt to assassinate Napoleon : * Have I done any ill to you?'— To me as to every Ger

man.'- By whom were you sent—who instigated you to « « We were at Schoenbrunn,'-I give Rapp's own narra this crime?'-_ No one; it is the intimate conviction that tive, as entered in my notes at the time where the Em-in slaying you, I render the greatest service to my country peror was holding a review. I had for some time remark- and to Europe, which armed my band.' Is this the first ed a young man, at the extremity of a column, whom, just time you have seen me?'- I saw you at Erfurth, at the as the troops were about to defile, I observed to advance time of your interview with the Emperor of Russia.'

sume.

me.

* Had you not then the intention of killing me?'— No; I - That unfortunate Staps, I cannot get him out of my believed you would not again make war upon Germany, I mind. When I think of him, my thoughts are lost in perwas one of your greatest admirers.'— How long have you plexity. No-I cannot conceive that a young man of his been in Vienna ?- Ten days.'- Why did you wait so age-a German, one who had received a good education ; long before attempting your design ?'—- Eight days ago I | above all, a Protestant, could have imagined and designed arrived in Schoenbrunn, intending to kill you ; but the to execute such a crime. Consider for a moment; the parade had just ended. I postponed the execution of my Italians are regarded as a nation of assassins-well! not attempt till to-day,'You are mad, I tell you, or you one Italian ever attempted my life. It is beyond my comare ill.

prehension. Inform yourself of the manner in which Staps " • Here the Emperor desired Corvisart to be sent for. died, and let me know.' I made the necessary enquiries at Stars inquired who was Corvisart? “A physician,' I re General Lauer; it appeared that Staps, whose attempt was plied. It needs not,' said the youth ; after which we kept made on the 23d of October, was executed on the 27th, at silence till the doctor arrived. During this interval, Staps seven in the morning, and had not tasted food from the 24th. exhibited the most astonishing composure. The moment When provisions were brought him, he refused to eat, saying, Corvisart entered, Napoleon gave him orders to feel the I have strength sufficient to carry me to death.' When young man's pulse, which he did immediately, when Staps informed that peace was concluded, he expressed great sorsaid, Is it not so, sir ? am I not quite well? - The young row, and a trembling passed over his whole frame. Hagentleman,' said Corvisart, addressing the Emperor, is in ving reached the place of execution, he cried out with a good health.'— Did I not speak truly?' resumed Staps, loud voice, Hail, liberty! Germany for ever! Death to pronouncing these words with a sort of satisfaction. I the tyrant !'-and fell."" really was astonished at the coolness and impassibility of Staps ; and the Emperor himself seemed as if in momentary amazement at the youth's firmness. After some brief pause, he thus resumed the interrogation :-* Your brain is France in 1829-30. By Lady Morgan. In two vodisordered. You will cause the ruin of your family. I

lumes, 8vo. Pp. 527, 559. London. Saunders and will grant your life, if you will ask my pardon for the crime Ottley. 1830. which you designed to commit, and for which you ought to be sorry.'- 1 want no pardon; I feel the liveliest regret

LADY Morgan has certainly been an ill-used woman. for not having succeeded.' – The devil! it appears crime is We never read a page of her traducers' philippics but we nothing to you.'— To kill you is no crime-it is a duty.'-burn with chivalrous zeal to enter the lists in her defence. • Whose portrait was that found upon you ?'— It is that of Unfortunately, however, we never take up one of her a young person whom I love.'- She will doubtless be much

own works, but our zeal in her cause materially cools. afflicted by your adventure.'— She will be afflicted only at my failure ; "she abhors you as much as I do.'_ But after .We feel convinced that, but for her own petulance, vanity, all this, if I pardon you, will you not be thankful to me?' indelicacy, and absurdity, she never would have been sa - I will kill you not the less'

be-mauled. We feel that in very truth her ladyship is ** Napoleon, continued Rapp, was in a state of stupor rather flattered than otherwise, by the attention paid to such as I had never beheld him in. The replies of Staps, her, unceremonious as it is. We remember, when in and his unshaken resolution, had reduced him to a condition Germany, at the time the battle of Jena was lost in such that I cannot describe. He ordered the prisoner to be removed. When the latter had been led away, Behold, masterly style by the Prussian commander, encountering said Napoleon to us, the results of the illuminism which

a troop of Saxon dragoons on their retreat. The fellows infests Germany. These are fine principles, on my word, boasted of the drubbing they had received, and of the and charming lights, which transform youth into assassins magnitude of their defeat, with more exaggeration and But there is no remedy against doctrines ; a sect cannot be self-complacency, than ever Bobadil did of his feats of destroyed at the cannon's mouth.' After some further de- valour. Lady Morgan is a Saxon dragoon. Other auclamation against the illuminati, Napoleon, with Berthier, thors take care to repeat the compliments paid them by withdrew to his cabinet, and the event, which it was en

the critics,--her ladyship placards the abuse these gentledeavoured to conceal, became the subject of conversation to

men have heaped upon her. The most merciless cuttingthe inhabitants of the castle of Schoenbrunn. In the evening, the Emperor sent for me; · Rapp," said he, truly up seems to have the same effect upon her that the best the occurrence of the morning is most extraordinary. I turned eulogium might be expected to produce upon an cannot believe that this young man alone could conceive the ordinary author. There is no doubt a great deal of design of assassinating me. There is something more at affectation in all this; and, .pn examining more closely the bottom. I shall not easily be convinced that the courts her eternal simper, it is evidently sardonic; but this is of Berlin and Wismar are strangers to the affair.'— Sire, only in character, for Lady Morgan's whole life is a mere permit me,' said I, to tell your Majesty, that these suspi piece of acting. cions appear to me groundless. Staps is an isolated individaal; bis calm countenance, and even his fanaticism, are

The truth is, that her enemies--and we are very far from proofs of this. '- Bat I tell you,' interrupted the Emperor, belonging to the number-have uniformly mistaken the that there are women in this plot--furies thirsting for proper mode of attack. The Quarterly and Blackwood, vengeance; could I obtain evidence, I would have them even the Westminster, have composed long and logical seized in the midst of their court !' Ah ! Sire, it is im essays to demonstrate the noxious character of her prinpossible that man or woman in these courts could have harciples, and the emptiness and flippancy of her works, boured so atrocious a design.'—- I am by no means sure of Sundry and divers continental monarchs are said-we that was it not they who'stirred on Schill against us while we were at peace with Prussia? But patience-we will not vouch for the truth of the report, and should not shall see one day.'

- But, Sire, Sehill's affair had nothing be surprised to learn that it had been traced backward in common with this attempt of Staps.' _“You know,' pur- to her ladyship's own inventive genius--to have prohisued Rapp, “how desirous the Emperor always is that all bited her entrance within their states. - Now all this should go in with his opinion. I had a proof of it here; fracas, on the part of literati and politicians, was exfor all at once dropping his familiarity of address, he con- tremely ill-judged; for it raised Lady Morgan's reputa.. tinued, in the same tone of voice, however, “You speak in tion to a height which it could never otherwise have vain, Monsieur le General; they like us not, neither at Berlin nor Wismar. I know the furious enmity of these attained. Her Novels would have been favourites in their women-but patience. You will write to General Lauer; day, have passed and been forgotten, like many better it is his duty to examine Staps ; charge him especially works of their kind ; her Travels--if ever published that I desire him to extract some confession.'

might have lumbered the shelves of her publishers; but * • I wrote in terms of these instructions, but in vain; her name, had it not been made a bone of contention, and Staps adhered to the declaration given to the Emperor ; his her literary merits, had they not been confounded—most placidity and resignation never for a moment forsook him, and be persisted in saying, that he alone was the contriver unaccountably—with the great political interests now and sole confidant of his design. Still the Emperor was so convulsing Europe, would by this time have been comstruck by the enterprise of Staps, that he spoke again to me pletely forgotten. on the subject, a few days after, when we were to leave It is not by any means our intention to deny that Schoenbruop. We were alone, when he remarked to me, | Lady Morgan is possessed of considerable talents. She

has naturally much sensibility, liveliness, and humour. given her, and resigned myself to my fate, and to a gros But in these days, when the power of expressing one's Naples. thoughts is possessed by every person in comfortable cir- in France, the infuence of this spirit of routine is more or

Through every department of social and domestic life cumstances, these qualifications are not of theinselves less perceptible-a spirit to be met with in every country sufficient to ensure a lasting reputation amid the jostling which has passed a century, without laws and liberty. of so many competitors. In every work that she publishes there are passages that we read with pleasure, but,

The cause which she assigns for the saperiority of the at the same time, as we read a clever paragraph in a news modern French drama to the English, 'is worthy of at. paper, certainly without any very anxious wish to remem

tention : ber it, or any intention of re-perusing it at some future “ It is a common and just complaint, that the British períod.

theatre has fallen into the sear' and yellow leaf;' that it is Her present publication is decidedly a catch-penny, cessful pieces. The causes are self-evident;

the désagrémens

sterile, and dependent on the French for nearly all its sue. and, indeed, she admits as much in her preface. Her of theatrical authorship, and the relatively small reward of ladyship visited France in 1829, for the express purpose this branch of literature. In France, authors are paid a of manufacturing a new work upon France. Just as the per centage on the gross receipts of every Parisian theatre, work was printed off, the news arrived of the late Revo- on every night that their piece is represented at it. This lution in that country; a postscript of some twenty-eight per centage is calculated upon the pumber of acts of the sparsely-printed octavo pages relating to that event, was piece played, and their proportion to the whole representa added on the spur of the moment; the title of the book tion of the night. The same law subsists in the case of changed from France in 1829 to France in 1829-30; and of the ballet-master. The provincial theatres have the right

musical composers, and (at the Academie Royale) is, that certain puffs-preliminary industriously circulated, by of performing all pieces brought out in the capital, and they which the public were led to believe that Lady Morgan pay the author for each representation, according to a turid, had been in Paris either during, or immediately after, the which varies with the population of each city. The author Revolution.

of a popular play will thus be receiving emoluments from The staple topics of the book are, of course, (it is Lady ten or twenty different places an the saine night. The comic Morgan who writes,) abuse of England, and every thing operas and vaudevilles. (being frequently played in the prebelonging to it, and praise of France. It would really that succeeds eminently, will, in the course of three of futur be making her ladysbip of too much consequence to point years, produce for its author, from the Français alone from out her numerous contradictions, but one of them is too ten to fifteen thousand francs, (L4400 to 1.600,) a Jorge amusing to be passed over in silence. At the commence sum for France; and yet inferior to the return of many of ment of the first volume we are told that France present- Scribe's popular pieces. Copyright remains with authors ed, in the spring of 1829, “ the happiest epoch of time of this description for life, and ten years after their deces. and weather, when the season and the people (alike fresh credness of literary property, that efforts are making to it

Yet so inadequate is this law to Frencla notions of the st from the touch of regeneration) give the best aspect of crease the term from ten to forty years. The copyright of the moral and the natural world.” At the end of the dramatic works is distinct from the right of representasecond volume, the same identical Lady Morgan treats us, tion." in the postscript we have already noticed, to a voluntary

nity in honour of the late Revolution, because it has changed

A circumstance which' struck her ladyship very forthe moral aspect of France."]

cibly, was the very prevalent imitation of English faIt would, however, be loss of time to remonstrate with

shions. We were rather amused to find that this spirit her lively and incorrigible ladyship; and, as we know had penetrated even to the confectioners : that every body will be desirous to hear what she, in the "Expecting a very early pursery visit from a new httle great heap of her wisdom,

has been pleased to say on the relation, who has conferred on me a brevet rank, by no subject of France, we subjoin a few specimens of her temps," (as the Journal des "Debats onre pleasantly suit of

means flattering even' to a lady, qui a été jeune et long small-talk.

me, before we came into the same category of offietal pro The following passage, we much fear, will subject her scription,) I was led into the vulgar nursery ambition of to the lash of the political economists, as she seems to paying my court to my intant visitor, through her gastrono impugn the justice of their favourite “ division of la. mic propensities, by the toadyism of comtits and sugarplums; bour :"

so I walked out in search of a confectioner." My intention

was to proceed to my old mart for bon-bons, the Fidele “ One morning, I ordered an English muslin dress to be Berger," in the Rue Vivienne. But ns topography is not sent home by a certain hour on the next day, for an occa- my forte, I stopped short at the tirst shop that fell in my sion, when an English musliu dress was. la robe obligée.' way. With my head full of the poetical pastry of De Bair, My servant brought me word that it could not be got up some of whose bright conceptions ! once gave to s country in so short a time; and a very smart, well-dressed, but iu- lady in Ireland, who ornamented her dress with them for ferior member of the establishment, came to explain why an assize ball, I asked boldly for some Diablotins er gaan it was so. I asked her what was her department, and she pillote, Pastilles de Nantes, and other sugаred pretuinesses; replied, ' une cuvreuse en gros, or savoneuse,' (a plain but a demoiselle behind the counter, as neat as English washer) at forty-two sous per diem. The next grade above muslin and French tournure could make her, replied, conher in the hierarchy of the wash-tub, she informed me, is ceitedly, in broken English, We sell no such a ting. A the empeseusė, or starcher, whose business is always super- little surprised, I asked what she would recommend that intended by the bourgeoise herself; that is, by the chief of would melt in the mouth, and not soil the fingers-somethe house. Then comes the raffineuse, or clear-starcher; thing fit for a marmatte ; , . Dere is erery ting that you and last, the repasseuse, or froner, (the two last, by the may have want,' she replied, pointing to shelves

pited with by, earning three trancs per diem). But why cannot biscuits,- de cracker, de bun, de plom-cake, de spice ginyou do all this yourself?' I asked. ** Comment, madame! gerbread, de mutton and de mince-pye, de crompet and de I wash, starch, clear, and iron? impossible. Every one to muffin, de gelée of de calves foot, and de apple-dumplin'as her own department;' and then, with an easy curtsey, and bespoke.' a J'ai l'honneur de vous saluer,' she left me to the horrors

« I was struck dumb ! One of the things worth a visit of a silk dress, when a muslin one was the law of the season. to Paris, if you had no other motive for the journey, is its

“ Presently afterwards came la bourgeoise, the head of exquisite confectionery; so light and so perfumed, that it the firm. She was a fine woman, and elegantly dressed in resembles congealed odours, or a crystallization of the the extreme of the fashion. I attempted to utter a few essence of sweet flowers. Plum-cake and apple-dumplings! words of remonstrance, on the possibility of any body being - Sugar-of-lead and leaden bullets ! I thought of the Fiable to wash a gown in twenty-four hours; but, confounded dèle Berger,' its fanciful idealities, its • trifles light as air, by her air and manner, if not convinced by her declaration, Que c'etait une science,' and that one must have been brought up . dans les principes,' to understand any thing the Français, and several of the smaller theatres, remains in the ed

• Scribe, having written for the Opera Comique, the Academie, about the matter, I begged her pardon for the trouble I bad joyment of 60,000 francs per annum.

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and • infinite deal' of (swveet) nothings ;' its candied epics “ The disciple of so many masters had scarcely received and eclogues in fine-spun sugar. Then, too, its garçons like his diploma, and taken the professor's chair, when his repu.

feathered Mercuries new lighted on' a sponge-cake, or a tation became European. The Admirable Crichton of the carmel, giving to toe magazin the air of a store-room of the kitchen was sought by all the sovereigns of the Continent; muses. What a contrast ! a chubby young man and a and, like Titian, he refused some regal, and some imperial phlegmatic old woman were busily at work. Butter wus invitations, to preside in foreign lands, over the art in which beating with wooden spoons ; force-meat was chopping with he excelled in his own. He declined, among other offers, Birmingham hatchets ; carrants were

drying, and suet those of the Emperor of Russia : and though repeated sowas mehting in the sun ; beet-steak gravy steamed from the licitations induced bim to undertake the administration of hot hearth, and the oren was redolent of apple-pie: in a the table of George the Fourth of England, (then Regent,) word, the pandemonium of an English country kitchen on he remained but eight months in his service. The motives . Christmas eve was exhibited on an April tnorning, with of his return to France were purely patriotic and national. in view of the violet beds and Hyacinth banks of the Ely- Mon ame tout Français,' he says, ne peut vivre qu'en sium of tbe Tuileries. I rubbed my eyes, and scarcely be France.' hieved their evidence. I looked up, and perceived a large " It was his peculiar good fortune to find in France a black board, intimating in gilt letters, that Here is to be service which reconciled his interests with his patriotism, had all sorts of English pastry,' by Tom or Jack somebody, and which retained him in the only spot dear to his affec

pastry cook from London." Placards, too, were in every tions, and worthy of his genius. "He became the chef of pane of the windows, with Hot mutton pies, Oyster Monsieur le Baron de Rothschild, at a salary beyond what patties, * Devonshire tider, *Spruce beer, and London any sovereign in Europe might be able to pay, even though

porter. Odds; nausen and indigestion! I thought I should assisted by Monsieur Rothschild; without whose aid so never get out of the atmosphere of Corohill or St Paul's many sovereigns would scarcely have been able to keep Churchyard. So, paying for a bundle of crackers, hard cooks at all. enough to crack the teeth of an elephant, I consigned them “We happened to have with us two noted Amphitryons, to my servant, and was hurrying away from the shop, when (English and French,) then a dinner invitation from * was shot on the left cheek, and covered with a shower of Monsieur and Madame de Rothschild was brought in by froth, by the explosion of a bottle of Whitbread's entire,' the servant. · Quel bonheur !' exclaimed my French friend, the pride of the counter, and the boast of its owner. as I read aloud.. You are going to dine at the first table in 24 Annoyed beyand measure, I was hastening home, to France ;-in Europe ! You are going to judge, from your cleanse myself of the stain and the odour of this essence of own personal experience, of the genius of Carème.'- In alores, liquorice, and coveulus indicus, when passing along England,' said my British Apicius, 'I remember immense the arcade, a perfumer's shop caught the most acute of all prices being given for his second-hand patés, after they had my senses. I never in my life was more in want of some made their appearance at the Regent's table.' thing to sweeten my imagination withal, so I hurried in. " It was on a lovely. July evening that we set forth, by One has always a long list of wants on a first arrival at the Champs Elysées, on our dinner visit to the Chateau de Paris that renders any and every shop a station, where a Boulogne, the beautiful villa of M. de Rothschild. A frane may be dropped, or a petit écu offered with advantage. large society of distinguished persons, of all nations, intro

I theretúte prepared to aiv my vocabulary' in my best duced a very desultory and amusing conversation during Patis aevent, with all the classic names of eaux, essences, that mauvais quarte l'heure which precedes the dinner. and extraits; but before I could make known a single want, Still, while talking to Gerard, and expecting Rossini, the the master of the shop pushed forward divers pint bottles of immortal Carème wns not the less uppermost in my mind. evident English manufacture, interrupting me with,. Oui, Gerard was my old friend, Rossini my old acquaintance : out, madame, j'entends! voila tout ce qu'il vous faut, de but I was already acquainted with their works. Of the larender-vatre de Monsieur Gattie, dle honey-vatre première works of Carème I had yet no experience. I had yet to qualité, de essence of burgamot, de lief his vinaigre, and de judge-in his own words of those ameliorations in his Vindsor soap;'-and, addressing a young woman, who was art, produced by the intellectual faculties of a renowned tassing over a box of English fans and silk handkerchiefs, practitioner. I did not hear the announce of • Madame est with O'Connell's handsome Irish face glowing in the cen- servie' without emotion." ".

tre, Ecouter, chere amie,' he said, show inadame the “ To do justice to the science and research of a dinner so i Regent's vask-hall, de Hunt's blacking, de fish-sauce, and served, would require a knowledge of the art equal to that the pill anti-ilieur.'

which produced it. Its character, however, was, that it til I beard no more, but gathering up my purse and reti was in season, that it was up to its time, that it was in the cules quitted she shop in a fever of disappointment, which spirit of the age, that there was no perruque in its compoall the patent pills it contained could not cure. On reach.sition, no trace of the wisdom of our ancestors in a single ing bore, I found a little basket lying on the table of the dish ; no high-spiced sauces, no dark-brown gravies, no anteroom, labelled with a card, and an English livery-ser- flavour of cayenne and allspice, no tincture of catsup and yayz waiting for a receipt. The card ran thus : •Mr -'s waluut pickle, no visible agency of those vulgar elements of best compliinents to Sir C. M., with a fask of genuine cookery of tbe good old times-fire and water. Distillations potleer | This was too much !"

of the most delicate viands, extracted in 'silver dews,' with 3. The great Carèine is dashed off with a lively and feli- chemical precision, diteurs pen." His character is individually, but not gene

«On tepid clouds of rising steam, Tically, nery:

formed the fond of all. The mayonese was fried in iceNothing of the works, 'nothing of the story of Curème, (like Ninon's description of Sevigne's heart)--and the temwas unknown to me. I was aware that he was the descend pered chill of the plombiere-(which held the place of the anit of that famous French chef of the infallible kitchen of eternal fondes and soufflets ot our English tables)-anticithe Vatican, who, under Leo the Tenth, received his brevet pated the stronger shock, and broke it, of the exquisite of immortality (it is as well it was not his canonization) avalanche, wbich, with the hue and odour of fresh-gathered for a soupe maigre, which he invented for his holiness, nectarines, satistied every sense, and dissipated every coarser during a black Lent, and from which he derived his name favour. With less genius than went to the composition of of Jean de Careme, or Jack of Lent. I knew also, that, this dinner, men have written epic poems. born to a splendid inheritance of the family organization, “ As I was seated next to M. Rothschild, I took occaCarême bad, at an early age, exhibited the genius of his sion to insinuate, after the soup, (for who could utter a great ancestor, which broke forth in a sauce piquante, still word before?) that I was not wholly unworthy of a place bearing his name, and peculiarly applicable to fast dinners. at a table served. by Carème; that I was already acquaintAfter he had made his probation under one of the most ed with the merits of the man who had first declared lebrated rotisseurs of his time, he became the élève of the against • la cuisine épiceé et aromatisée ;' and that although renowned Monsieur Richant, •fameur saucier de la maison 1 had been accused of a tendency towards the bonnet rouge, de Condé,' with whom, to use his own words, he studied my true vocation was the bonnet blanc. I had, I said, long ke travail des sauces. When perfected in this high branch gouté les ouvrages de Monsieur Carème theoretically; and of his art, be passed into the classes of Monsieur Asne, that now a practical acquaintance with them tilled me with where he mastered les belles parties des froids, and the a still higher admiration for his unrivalled talents. Eh ! least known perhaps, and the most exquisite, of the results bien,' said Monsieur Rothschild, laughing, 'he, on his side, of scientific gastronomy. He is said, likewise, to have has also relished your works; and here is a proof of it.' finished with l'elegance moderne in the office of the Bourbon “ I really blush, like Sterne's accusing spirit, as I give Elysée, under Robert L'ainé.

in the fact; but he pointed to a column of the most inge

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