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• That is no water-course,' replied the baron, listening sat, merry as grigs, and hungry as hawks. Grace was attentively. Before he had finished speaking, a pistol-shot snuffled over with due decorum, and then old Hurlowas heard at a short distance in front; another and another thrumbo, looking round with what was meant to be a followed in quick succession—then a clash of swords, a rashing sound as of many horses, startled, snorting, and most engaging smile, and a cock of his china eye, would dashing in wild confusion through the woods. In an in- say, Come, my boys, who eats most dumpling, gets most stant, the head of the column was borne down, and thrown beef.” By the goddesses! We have heard Blumenbach into great disorder, by an inundation of horses running descant on the muscular powers of the stomach, and narmasterless, dismounted dragoons, and others still mounted rate the effects produced by his favourite duck's upon his

-but all in the last stage of confusion, dismay, and panic, solitary ducat, which the greedy monster gobbled down and all pressing wildly to the rear, riding down every thing when he was a student, and yet we are at a loss to imabefore them. This was instantly succeeded by a sharp fire of musketry in front, and then a loud shout, as if from gine how we managed to digest such cart-loads of that many hundred voices, rose high above the sound of the villainous compound. The old sinner, however, attained skirmish, announcing to the startled Americans that Corn- his end ; for we swallowed such quantities of the dumpwallis was upon them.

ling, that it was entirely out of our power to do justice to “ Baron,' said Gates, with startling quickness, display the plump juicy roast of beef, which we, after fairly your columu iinmediately. Wilkinson, off with the speed | earning it, were obliged relactantly to relinquish to the of light, and direct Carwell and Stevens to bring up their watering mouths of the master and mistress. inilitia--they understand the order of battle. Point your guns, Harrison; stand firm, my lads, and let them know called the memory of these halcyon days. We attempted

The present Number of the Quarterly Review has rethat they have men in front of them.'

" While Gates was hastily making arrangements for bat- the first article_it was dumpling; nibbled at the second tle, which was expected every instant, the firing had ceased -it was dumpling ; gnawed at the third-it was dumpin front, and presently a detachment of infantry appeared, ling also. One after another we tried to masticate them, bringing in several prisoners. “? Where is Porterfield, Porson ?' cried Gates, riding to the conviction that the whole was one huge mass of

till, with a gentle sigh, we were obliged to desist, with meet the detachment. “ • He is badly wounded, sir, and was taken into the

dumpling, nearest house."

Article I. On the Decline of Science in England. « « Do the enemy follow you?'

“ Et tu, Brute !" the Quarterly grumbling? “ If he be *: They have fallen back on the main body, sir. Corn. angry, then there's matter in it.” But our respectable wallis is out in person, and the whole British army is with friend only complains that one or two literary sinecures in cannon shot. He had scarcely spoken, when a loud and have been curtailed, and that too few literary men have martial flourish of trumpets was heard, apparently within been knighted. So it is no great matter after all.- Ara mile in advance, announcing to all that Tarleton was with ticle 11. On the Bank of England ; by one of those senthe enemy. The militia were brought up by their commanders in great haste, and formed upon the left of the timental economists who seek to establish their positions Marylanders, agreeably to the order of battle.

by poetical quotations. --Article III. The Life of Bishop « The trumpets had scarcely ceased, when a most beau- Heber. This essay is composed apparently by one of tiful air was played by the band of music: the drum, the those conscientious sons of the Church of England, whose fife, the flageolet, the clarionet, all uniting to give life, spirit, only quarrel with the Pope is, that, by maintaining cer. and effect, to the national air of God save the King.' It tain doctrines for which they have a sneaking kindness, appeared that the whole army joined in the chorus.

* The American army listened in deep silence while he lays them under the disagreeable necessity of opposing God save the King' was wafted upon their ears, swelled them.-- Article IV. On Lyell's Geology-a most edityby a thousand enthusiastic voices, and blended with the ing sermon.--Article V. On Southey's Life of John wild melody of the full band.

Bunyan, contains the startling intelligence, that that "The air ceased, was followed by a loud shout, and all work is one of the Doctor's birthday odes. It is the berame still as death.

only one we have been able to read through.---Article ""Now, that was not badly played,' said Buckly; "and, VI. On the Greek Question, is extremely instructive; in my judgment, our music should strike up too.' «« Silence in the ranks,' cried Carson.

and Article VII. On the New Testament in the Negro “ Gates rode down the line, and encouraged the militia, Language, is extremely amusing, after the fashion of a who appeared deeply affected by the suddenness of the ren

serious matron of threescore and ten.- Article VIII. On contre, the panic of the cavalry, who were still flying, and the Political History of France since the Restoration, above all, by the bold and martial flourish of music which shows that the Quarterly feels its late speculations on announced the numbers of the enemy, and their readiness that topic to have been a bit of a bull. Like a young for battle. They listened in silence to the cheerful exhorta- fellow, who is aware he has committed a blunder in society, tions of the general-in-chief, who encouraged them by as

he talks, and talks away, and says nothing. surances of their superiority of numbers, and entreated them not to be afraid of a few blasts of a trumpet and

* The Quarterly Review has displayed talent enough since flourishes of music; reminding them that they had bayonets the commencement of its career to entitle it to palm off a as well as the enemy, and were supported by regular in- dull Number occasionally; and, by the powers ! it has fantry and artillery."

made a swingeing use of its privilege on the present occasion,

110

The Quarterly Review. No. LXXXVI. October. 1830. London. John Murray,

History of the Covenanters in Scotland. By the Author

of the Histories of the Reformation, Christian Church, In the happy days of boyhood (as sentimental versifiers insist upon calling them—for our part, we never

&c. Two volumes, 12mo. Pp. 364, 361. Edinburgh. could discover wherein their happiness consisted) we

Waugh and Innes. were doomed to expiate our transgressions in some pre We cannot say that these volumes coritain either new existent state, by spending several years at a private aca- views or facts relative to the period of history which demy in the North of England. Our master (venerable | their narrative professes to embrace. As little can we rascal! we think we see him yet) had a keen eye to the say that they convey what was already known, in a clear mháin chance, and how to feed us at the least possible ex or comprehensive manner. The style is diffuse, the arpense seemed to be the study of his life. Under some rangement confused, and the author is by no means pretext or another, he introduced a huge suet dumpling happy in his selection of those points which must be instead of soup, as the first dish at dinner, taking care brought prominently forward, in order to render a histhat we should have a play-hour immediately before the tory intelligible. All this we could have pardoned, but commencement of that important operation. Down we for the tierce spirit of partisanship which stains the

&

work. We have ere now borne testimony against that down to the time when Wordsworth and his philosophic absurd spirit which seeks to defend, or at least to gloss Pedlar paced the dales of Westmoreland, over, the atrocities of the persecutors; and to represent the Presbyterians of Scotland as a small, rude, and fac

“ With no appendage but a staff, tious minority. But we are anxious, in like manner, to

The prized inemorial of relinquish'd toils," protest against that kindred spirit which would set up the company of a friend has been held to impart a defor exclusive worship a small body of well-meaning, but lightful zest to all rural wanderings, reveries, and advebilliterate, and half-crazed men, whose excesses hurt the tures. Man is essentially a social animal, as is well national cause, and all but justified the cruelties of their known to Mr Owen and other philanthropists; and in oppressors. We propose embracing an early opportunity travelling he does not surely change his nature. To stop of speaking more at length upon this subject.

and chat at every brook and stile ; to compare notes on the varying phases of men and things ; to moralize ia

concert by the side of some time-worn tower or rushiøg The Scottish Jurist. Conducted by J. W. Dickson and water, contrasting them with scenes on which we have

W. H. Dunbar, Esquires, Advocates; and John haply gazed before, and dwelling on by-gone friends and Rbymer, Esquire, W.S. Containing Reports of Cases days—the golden spoils of memory,--to travel thus, in Decideil in the House of Lords, Courts of Session, social joy and union, and with reflected pleasure, is well Teinds, and Exchequer, and in the Jury and Justiciary worth, even for one day's journey, all the secret lotty Courts, from 12th November, 1829, to 26th July, 1830. imaginations which the heart of man poetical, bound on Volu ne Second. 4to. Pp. 594. Edinburgh: Print- solitary inquest, can conceive. But are these awakenings ed by Michael Anderson. 1830.

of the inner man—the overflowings of the divinus afflatus This is an invaluable publication to the legal practi- -necessarily excluded by such companionship? Certioner. It is published in weekly numbers, by the gen

tainly not. No two friends travelling together, are altlemen whose names stand upon the title-page, assisted by ways cheek by jowl, or talking incessantly, Gibbon several members of the Bar. It reports every case, in- studied Horace wbile marching with the Hampshire volving questions of law or form, decided in our Supreme militia. Byron and Hobhouse, we are told, were someCourts in Scotland, or in the Court of Appeal. The Par- times a mile asunder when in Greece ; and even De liamentary Statutes relating to Scotland, and the Acts of Johnson and his bride sought devious and different tracks Sederant of the Court of Session, likewise find a place in while journeying to the altar. Each wanderer has leiits columns. The volume now before us forms a record sure to pursue unmolested the current of his own thoughts; of every important transaction in the Courts we have pauses and intervals of expressive silence intervene, while named during the last two Sessions. We find in it re

either is “i'the vein;" and these self-communings overports of no less than 600 cases: of which 40 have been the spirit of romance being exorcised—both resume their decided in the House of Lords ; about 60 in the Jury wont, and, as Mr Galt would say, kithe into friendly conCourt; 13 in the Court of Justiciary; 43 in the Outer verse. House. It contains also six acts of Sederunt; and two “ Each with the other pleased, they gladl pursue most important Statutes—the one regarding the Judica

Their journey beneath favourable skies." ture of Scotland the other the administration of our Criminal Law, We are inclined to give the Jurist the

But I must not moralize too largely. The architect preference over all the other collections of Scotch cases

who would erect a buge portico to a small structure, would because of its earliness, completeness, and cheapness. justly be proscribed by the Dilettanti Society, and I am Being published weekly, it has the start of Shaw's Re- reminded of the similitude. To the question, then. On ports, and those attached to the Law Chronicle, which the tine sunny morning of Thursday, September 30, I left are only published once a-month. The Faculty Reports the Highland capital of Inverness-a poor old town, but are only published once in every three months. It would superbly situated in the midst of a glorious galaxy of be waste of time to expatiate of the importance to a pro- rocks and mountains, and washed by a noble stream-in fessional man of a work which keeps him fairly abreast the company of a friend from Modern Athens-ergo, a of the current business of the Court. In what regards Scotch Cockney—to ruminate on the field of Culloden. cheapness, the present volume of the Jurist costs only The day, as I have said, was finema brilliant gem set in £1, 19s., while Shaw's Reports, for the same period, a dull watery waste--and the road, if not highly picturamount to about £2, 1 s., for cases decided in the Courts esque, is pleasant. It winds along the eastern shore of of Session and Teinds alone. For completeness, the the Murray Frith, whose waters lay before us calm and Jurist is the only publication which gives us regular re- glassy as a soft sheltered inland lake. On the opposite ports of the business transacted in all our Supreme Courts. side are the hills of Ross-shire, with their numerous We have examined the work, and find it executed with creeks and bays, and the lofty mountain of Ben Wyvis, care, accuracy, and neatness. We hope that this plain a huge pile of rock like a lion couchant, with a mantle statement of its merits may draw the attention both of of light fleecy clouds about his shoulders. Down the town and country practitioners to the Jurist.

Frith, about a dozen miles from the town, the bastious of give it but a fair trial, we know they will be of our

Fort George, built on a low projecting promontory, break opinion.

tinely on the eye, relieving the dark, monotonous mass of

We bad gone about two or three miles, when

we were directed to turn off the road by a small bridge, MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE.

at a place known by the startling name of Screadar

Granda, or Ugly Screeching—a palpable bit at demonA VISIT TO CULLODEN.

ology-and in half an hour we stood by Culloden House. By a Cockney Tourist.

The mansion of the laird is a handsome modern stracture, “One of the pleasautest things in the world,” says befitting the residence of a country gentleman, with a Ilazlitt-poor Hazlitt !—“is going a journey ; but I large garden behind, and a spacious lawn in front. It is like to go by myself.” To the first declaration, I sub- sweetly situated in a hollow, embosomed amidst trees, and scribe simpliciter ; to the second, I beg leave to enter my

looks out on the sea. * In the heart of a small pond, at protest, or at least to propound some exceptions. In all one side of the house, there is a four-feet statue of a Highpedestrian excursions, from the time that our first sire land piper, the “ very moral," as Winifred Jenkins says, and his consort

* Prince Charles breakfasted fiere on the morning of the battle, “ Through Eden took their solitary way,"

and left his walking stick-a fine hazel shoot, with a curiously-carved head. It is, of course, carefully preserved..

If they

water's.

of those genial figures occasionally met with at wealthy ral good Italian prints, including one of Vandyke's Belitobaccouists' doors, and coloured after nature in the same sarius. There is also here, a painting of Patrick Murfashion. The proprietor should remove this tawdry gim- doch, the friend of Thomson; and any man may, from crack. It is as bad as the little Mercury which, perched the first glance, see the fidelity of the other painting of on a pillar, and gilt and glittering like a Maypole, spreads him in the Castle of Indolence, in the s'jaza beginningits tiny wings, and blows its trumpet-a penny whistle “ And oft by holy feet our hall was trod.” over the crags at Clachnaharry, near Inverness. The next improvement will be a Jumping Jack on the Green Murdoch was a good-natured, jolly Church-of- England

parson. He was some time tutor to President Forbes's Point at the Fall of Foyers. But, seriously, the Lord Advocate should bring in a bill prohibiting Dutch toys and loden House, as well, perhaps, as the intimacy which

son, and hence the introduction of his portrait into Culpaltry images from being stuck up in Highland scenes. It would be as patriotic a measure as his Anti-Burk subsisted betwixt his friend the poet, and the family rot

Forbes.
Bill, for preventing death by suffocation in Scotland.
In Culloden House there are a number of pictures,

The moor of Culloden-the battle-field-lies eastward

After an hour's clinking good, bad, and indifferent. A portrait of Duncan Forbes about a mile from the house. -of him whose memory lends a never-dying lustre to

up the heathy brae, through a scattered plantation of this spot—is of course in the collection. The best young trees; clambering over stone-dykes, and jumping painting is that of a Magdalen, an exceedingly fine origi- turf, and streaking its sombre surface with striy-3 0.

over moorland rills and springs, oozing from the black nal production of the Italian school, in which there is a great predominance of the silvery tint so much admired green, we found ourselves on the table-land of the woor by Sir Joshua Reynolds. The gracefulness of the position and patches of scanty oats, won by patient industi som

-a broad, bare level, garnished with a few blac! buts, -the arms meekly folded across the bosom—the long

the waste. dishevelled hair--the streaming upturned eye, and gentle

I should premise, however, that ^?ure are bloodless brunette features—all these, finely and tenderly

some fine glimpses of rude mountain scenery in the poartrayed, render this a beautiful, impressive picture, den House is well wooded ; the Frith spreads finely in

course of the ascent. The immediate vicinage Cullowell worth travelling a score of miles to see. The painter's name has not been preserved. James Hogg, the Ettrick front; the Ross-shire bills assume a more varied and Shepherd, says of some of the sweet lyrics of his native commanding aspect; and Ben Wyvis towers proudly land,

over his compeers, with a bold pronounced character. “ The is saved the bard is lost ;"

Ships were passing and re-passing before us in the Frith, song

the birds were singing blithely overhead, and the sky and a similar fate too oft befalls the painter.

was without a cloud. Under the cheering influence of In the drawing-room, there is a very old production of the sun, stretched on the warm, blooming, and fragrant the early German school--a scriptural piece-the Flight heather, we gazed with no common interest and pleasure into Egypt. Joseph is drawn a good deal like a German on this scene, which seemed to unite some of the grandest peasant, and a number of angels-a primitive and plea- characteristics of the Swiss and Highland landscape. sing fancy-fly before the group, and lead the way. Some On the moor, all is bleak and dreary_long, flat, wide, English nobleman, it is said, offered the late Laird of unvarying. The folly and madness of Charles in risking Culloden two thousand guineas for this picture. If such a battle on such ground, with jaded, unequal forces, halfan offer was ever made, it must have been to fill a niche starved, and deprived of rest the preceding night, has or blank in some chronological gallery of art, and not often been remarked, and is at one glance perceived by from a desire to possess a tine finished painting. But the spectator. The royalist artillery and cavalry had the fact is doubtful--two thousand guineas are a weighty full room to play, for not a knoll or bush was there to consideration, even to our Russells, Gowers, or Caven mar their murderous aim. Mountains and fastnesses dishes, and what Highland laird could refuse such a sum? were on the right, within a couple of hours' journey; but

In one of the bed-rooms there is another good painting, a fatality had struck the infatuated bands of Charles ; a large picture of a cat stealing salmon-a luscious, tempt-dissension and discord were in his councils, and a power ing bonne bouche-watched and intercepted by a grinning, greater than that of Cumberland had marked them for imp-like monkey, the very personification of mischief, destruction. But a truce to politics : the grave' has with " en vious leer malign." Puss is sorely beset, and, closed over victors and vanquished : as the old housekeeper remarked, “ fairly between the

“ Culloden's dread echoes are hush'd on the moors," deil and the deep sea. In the upper bed-rooms are seve

and who would waken them with the voice of reproach, Duncan Forbes was one of Scotland's best and truest patriots. uttered over the dust of the slain ? As President of the Court of Session, he reformed numerous abuses A guide to conduct us—to point out the scene of coniin the administration of the law, and gave an impetus to all the arts | Alict, and to retail the traditionary memorabilia of the, and manufactures of the nation. government, during the period of the Rebellion, impaired his for- peasantry—seemed desirable ; and we were fortunate tune, and embiclered with cares his declining years—but were barely enough to get an excellent cicerone in a small crofter, acknowledged by 'he king and ministry of the day. He had not applauded or sanctioned the excesses of the Royal troops, after the

who lives on the very spot where the battle was hottest, He was graciously received at thanked, and the slaughter most ruthless. No man need de The President, in his early days, had a dash of the

better chronicler of Culloden tban honest James Macmens divinior. There is a copy of verses extant, which he composed on the lady whom he afterwards married, and whom he used to meet donald. This trusty Higblavder knows every inch of by a grey rock in the wood of Kilravock, suill pointed out: Mr Moore the ground. He points out where the different clans himself would have difficulty in matching the following lines:

were marshalled, where the Duke and Prince respectively “ Ah, Chloris! could I now but sit

stood ; describes the onset, how the clansmen scrugged As unconcern'd as when Your infant beauty could beget

their bonnets (videlicet Chambers) wben they rushed into Nor happiness, nor pain !

the melée, and how they shrieked, and stamped, and When I this dawning did admire, And praised the coming day,

charged in vain. It is true, James was not present bimI little thought that rising fire

self, being still a stout, brawny, broad-shouldered wight, Would take my rest away.

not passing more than fifty, or five-and-fifty years. But “ Your charms in harmless childhood lay

the battle has been the talk of his whole life. His father As metals in the mine ;

and all his kin of that generation were there; the Prince Age from no face takes more away, Than youth conceal'd in thine:

slept in the very barn which he now occupies ; and But as your charms insensibly

James, being a man of some scholarship, though he makes
To their perfection press'd,
So love as unperceived did fly,

sad work with the moods and tenses, bas mastered the And centred in my brcast.”

substance of “ Mr Home's book," as he politely desig

a

battle of Culloden. and discarded.

nates the ponderous tome of the Scottish dramatist, fact depend ? A coincidence so uniform and so universal, (which was lent him by the Laird,) as well as the lighter must derive its explanation from some principle in thought, pages of Mr Chambers's narrative in Constable's Miscel (of which language is the articulated expression,) which lany. We took some pains to convince James that the is common to all languages whatever. latter work was not written by Mr Constable, though it In order, therefore, to come at this principle, we must goes under his name ; but in vain. The worthy crofter consider, in the first place, whether there be any thing comgives the decided preference to Mr Home's book, because mon to the vocative “in case," and the second person imit has a big plan, showing how all the clans stood in the perative" in tense.” And the only circumstance which battle.

appears to be common to both, is this, that in both cases a The most interesting memorials of the contest are the person present, or supposed to be present, is addressed. mpaka rassy mounds which mark the graves of the slain Thoma and sta, are in pari casu in this respect,—the

Janders, and which are at once distinguished from second person, or party addressed, is supposed to be pre4. black heath around, by the freshness and richness of sent in both. the verdure. One large pit received the Frasers, and Now, if the person addressed be present in the case of another was dug for the Mackintoshes. The zeal of cer- the noun, in the first instance, it is evident, that any affix tain relic-hunters has sent the pick-axe and shovel deep expressive of sex may either be dispensed with altogeinto these receptacles of mortality to extract bones, and a ther, or, if expressed at all, being unemphatic, it may be diseriet road has been carried right through the head of pronounced in so subdued a tone, as to become ultimately scele sf the largest heaps. The rich, dark loam thrown partially, or even altogether inaudible. Dominus, is just up on each side, shows how well the soil has been ma- domin-us—Lord he; but if the domin be present, as when nured by the carnage; but James Macdonald says the addressed he is supposed to be, what advantage arises from bones were all re-interred. We repeated Collins's beauti- the affix of gender? The person addressed, and the perful Ode:

son addressing, must be intuitively conscious of the sex How sleep the brave, who sunk to rest,” &c.,

which belongs to the addressed party ; it therefore be

comes superfluous to express the sex ; it may either be and internally cursed the heartlessnesss of those who expressed or not;

and hence the softening in dominus into could so desecrate the peace and sanctity of the grave. domine, which is just dominu softly pronounced, the curThe victors interred their own slain in a cultivated enclosure hard by, which now forms part of the farm of tailing of Zsus into Z«v, &c. &c.

Now, in respect of the second person imperative, the James Macdonald. Near it is a small spring, known by

same principle holds. What are the terminations of the the name of the Well of the Dead; and here a tall and verbs, but affixes expressive of particular modifications powerful Highland leader, M‘Gillivray of Dunmaglass, and conditions of the verbal act. Thus, am-a-o is lovefell at the head of his troop. He was a remarkably hand- do-1; amaes, contracted amas, is love-do-thou, &c.; some, athletic man, with a skin white as drifted snow, and, and, on the same principle

that dominus is softened into according to our guide, was beloved by a lady of the land, domine, and Zeus into Zev, is himaes shortened into ama, equally gifted by nature. After the close of the battle, and dicis ultimately into dic. The person addressed when Dunmaglass lay among the slain, the lady, with her being supposed to be present, the simple statement of the father, came to mourn over the body, and see it borne off act suggested — for it is only suggested-is sufficient, witbthe field. This tale sanctifies the little well.

It is a

out adding “do thou,” by way of affix, at least witbout genuine fragment of romance in real life a copy of the accenting it, or dwelling upon it

, so as to draw the atten* fierce wars and faithful loves” of Tasso and Spenser.

tion of the party addressed to the circumstance added. In And now, gentle reader, we have done. “ Here, on English, we say—go, come, bring, leave, &c., merely staSoracte's ridge, we part.” There is not a change-house ting the act to which we wish to draw the attention of or bothy near the battle-field, wherein we may drink to the party addressed ; and why may we not say, duc, dica the metnory of the departed Gael; bat journeying town- 0is, on the same principle ?' In such instances, howwards through the moor, we come to a curious white ever, as go, come, bring, we do not make use of any abbuilding, a sort of fort, something like the “ round towers breviated form of the verb, for this simple reason, that, of other days," engulfed in Lough Neagh, in front of with a very trifing exception, the English verb is cowhich is a notification that Alexander M.Pherson retails jugated by means of auxiliaries prefixed (or affixed) with: in that garrison, whisky, ale, and porter. Alexander's out being joined to, or sunk in, the original word. “Go” wife is an English woman, neat, clean, and garrulous ; may be " go thou ;” and “love” may be " Jove do thou ;" and an hour may be well spent in the fort, meditating, but every one feels that such additions only“ make sure“ over brown stout or Fairintosh, on things past, present, of the idea—they are not essentially necessary. or to come.

These observations seem to require some additional

explanation of the nature of the imperative mood, in order THEORY OF THE VOCATIVE CASE IN NOUNS,

to show that the second person imperative, in particular, AND THE IMPERATIVE MOOD IN VERBS.

is only an abbreviated form of the second person indicaIt has often been observed, that the vocative case of tive. How is the notion of imperative, or command, eunouns, and the second person singular of the imperative treaty, &c., acquired ?--for though the mood is denomiof verbs, approach the nearest to, if they do not actually nated imperative, it might, with equal propriety, have been express, the simple noun and simple verb, without ter- called imprecative or suppositive, as it is used in the exmipation or affix. Thus, in the nouns, we have domine, pression of all these modifications : thus we say, “ Da nobis, for dominus, varia for varias, Zsu for Z:us, Expop for domine, panem," in the sense, not of command, but petiΕκτωρ και and in the imperative of verbs, ama for amas, doce tion, or entreaty; whilst the robber says, in the same for doces ; dic, duc, for dicis, ducis ; Tufte for TUTTES, &c. words, “ Da mihi panem,” in the sense of command and Now, the fact being admitted—a fact which might be intimidation ; whilst “ Pone me pigris ubi nulla campis," exemplified from all languages it becomes a subject of &c. expresses a mere supposition—“ Put the case that you curious enquiry, on what“ ratiopale” does this general place me.”

To explain these seeming inconsistencies, we have only This communication contains a distinct statement of the theory of these parts of speech, as taught by the venerable Dr John Hunter of to attend to the means by which command, or entreaty, St Andrews for nearly half a century., All who have enjoyed the are effected in expression. advantage of studying under Professor Hunter, must have frequently

“ Have you a knife ?” “ have not you a knife ?" are just, regretted that so few of his acute and masterly speculations should have been committed to writing. We shall be happy to afford our “ you have a knife," " you have not a knife;" an assertion valued correspondent, who has literally been brought up at the feet is risked by the speaker, and it belongs to the party adof Gamaliel, an opportunity of occasionally giving publicity, to the dressed to confirm it by a yes,or negative it by a no. “ You leading philological principles of our revered master. -Ed. L. J.

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G.

go to bed," or, "go you to bed ?"are precisely the same ; and After giving Mr Alexander Lee, the new manager, the when the Deity is addressed by a dependent supplicant most unreserved praise for the liberality of his expendifor bread, or a wretch, in the presence of a robber, is ture in the alterations, we cannot conscientiously and enaddressed in the same language, all that is expressed is tirely praise any thing else. The prevailing colours of a simple assertion from the dependent being on the one the house now are, a very light fawn, white, and pale hand, and the commanding being on the other hand, that blue, heightened and relieved with silver, the general a transference is to be made of the bread. We say to effect of which is much too chilling for a winter theatre, God, “ You give me bread ;" and, from our attitude and even though counteracted by the deep crimson of the backs expression, entreaty is inferred. A robber says to a man of the boxes, and in some of the panels on the fronts. to whom he presents a pistol, “Sir, you give me that loaf !” | The new ceiling is both light and elegant, though we canThe command is an inference from the position of the not greatly eulogise the execution of the figures which parties; assertion is all that is actually expressed, or ex- surround it; and the ornaments on the several box tiers, pressible in language.

always excepting those of the second circle, which are Now, if this theory be just, it will be borne out by the exceedingly puerile, are equally tasteful and splendid. facts of language. Which it undeniably is; for who can Since the first evening, the base of the proscenium has doubt that sta is stas, da is das, &c., in the same way as been altered from a most gloomy-looking porphyry to a domine is dominus, and Zsu is Zeus, and on the grounds delicate scagliola marble, which is a very judicious imalready explained ? That abbreviation does not always provement; and as the trifling defects we have pointed take place, is just what was to be expected, on an “I out are far less noticeable when the house is full, we very make sure" principle common to all languages; but that sincerely hope never to see it otherwise. So far as we it does take place so frequently, is only explainable, in my can yet judge of the company, from the list in the official humble opinion, on the grounds stated.

placard, which, by the by, included every body down to the Coryphées of choristers, it seems to be very generally

improved, both by the dismissals and the new enagements; THE LONDON DRAMA.

and, as all are stated to be engaged “ to the end of the Regent's Park, London, season," one of the grossest evils of the star system is thus

Monday, Oct. 11th, 1830. at once put an end to. As it is, however, much too early INVIGORATED by a course of yacht-sailing and sea- for us to commit ourselves on so very momentous a subbathing at the Isle of Wight, and our mental and bodily ject, we can at present promise only to criticise them all courage both “screwed to the sticking place" to encounter most impartially at the earliest opportunity. the arduous duty now before us, here do we commence Covent Garden re-opened on Monday the 4th instant, our dramatic criticisms for the winter season of 1830-31, with “ Romeo and Juliet," cast precisely as last year, with with the avowed determination to speak of authors, actors, the exception of Mrs Gibbs, a very inadequate substitute and theatres all as they really are, and whilst we “ no- for Mrs Davenport, as the Nurse, and the annonce that thing extenuate," to " set down nought in malice.” Pre- Miss Lacy, the Lady Capulet, had now become Mrs Loviously to noticing the Leviathans, however, we must vell. The house was crowded, and Miss Fanny Kemble's very briefly revert to the smaller fry; or, as Phelim O'- Juliet greeted as enthusiastically as ever. To us, in perConnor, in the “ Fudge Family," poetically phrases it, son, manner, and performance, she appeared decidedly “ Before we sketch the present, let us cast

improved ; which improvement was still more manifest A few short rapid glances to the past."

in her next appearance, as Belvidera ; though we are well

aware that, to sustain ber last season's excited popularity, The English Opera House season at the Adelphi has new plays and superior actors will be indispensable ; for been a very costly failure; and though Mr Arnold's ma

if there be not a better lover than Abbot to be obtained, nagerial exertions, under such disadvantageous circum

we very much fear the case is hopeless. A worse it would stances, were never exceeded, and though the new dramas indeed trouble any manager to discover, possessing the were all successful, yet the result has merely added a considerable sam to the immense loss already sustained from the minors, as well as the provincials, have certainly many

slightest pretensions to appear at a Theatre Royal; and the conflagration of his own theatre. As he expects, how- infinitely preferable. A Mr Keppell is, however, to essay ever, to be enabled to commence the new building imine. Romeo for a first time in London to-night, and we very diately after the meeting of Parliament, and, consequently, fervently hope successfully. Much novelty is promised to open it at the usual time in July next, we must now

at both houses, of which the four dramatic P's, Peake, look to the future to recompense the past, and hope that Poole, Payne, and Planche, are likely to be amongst the the patronage of next year will supply all the deficiencies earliest perpetrators ; though we too well know the risk of this. At the Haymarket they have deserved much less, and Wade's tragedy, on the faith of the success of which he

of prophesying on such subjects, to say more than that Mr succeeded much better ; since the company, with three or last season received L. 200, will be produced immediately. foar solitary exceptions, has been, throughout the season, Mr Kemble must, however, forget both himself and bis very inferior, and the custom of giving quantity for qua- daughter, in the acceptance and production of new pieces, lity any thing but laudable.

On more than one evening, and think of the real interests of the theatre only, if he there have been a five-act comedy, and three two-act farces, wish either to merit or to achieve another prosperous though we have not yet met with any rash individual so

SOMERSET. self-devoted as to have sat them all out; and it has been, on most evenings, a very customary circumstance for the

ORIGINAL POETRY. last piece to commence at, or after, midnight! Of the new dramas we cannot speak highly. The Parisian “ Marie

GOOD NIGHT. Mignot" was by far the best, and Miss Caroline Boaden's * First of April” decidedly the worst. The engagement of Miss Paton has turned out well for the treasury : but as the season has yet to linger on four days longer, to

By Mrs Hemans. the 15th, we must reserve till then all farther observations.

Day is past! After a private inspection of the new decorations on Stars bave set their watch at last; the preceding Wednesday, the doors of Drury Lane theatre Founts, that through the deep woods flow, were opened for the season on the 1st instant, with the Make street sound, unheard till now; “ Hypocrite," " Deaf as a Post," and “ Massaniello," when Flowers have shut with fading lightthe house was as crowded as ever within our recollection.

Good Night !

season.

WRITTEN FOR ONE OF THE GERMAN MELODIES

SUNG BY THE HERMANNS.

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