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Go to rest!
That fadeth fast at sunset, fast he goeth to bis home, Sleep sit dove-light on thy breast !
Through waves that wreathe him as he falls, a shroud of If witbin that secret cell
snowy foam. One dark form of memory dwell, Be it mantled from thy sight!
A prayer for that lowly one ! a prayer and a sigh
Good Night! Are borne upon the meteor track,--away, she rushes by, Joy be thine!
That wizard wreck! that lonely ship! with her stately Kind looks o'er thy slumber shine !
banner spread Go, and in the spirit-land
Like to a pale and plumed hearse, unladen of its dead!
LITERARY CHIT-CHAT AND VARIETIES.
MR Dawson TURNER is about to publish the Literary Corre Dreams of Heaven on mourners fall !
spondence of John Pinkerton, F.R.S.
Mr John Timbs, editor of “ Laconics,” has in the press, “ Knor. Exile, o’er thy couch may gleams
ledge for the People; or, the Plain Why and Because." Pass from thine own mountain streams !
The Turf, a satirical novel, is announced. Bard, away to worlds more bright!
George Cruikshank is about to give us some more of his fun, in Good Night!
the shape of illustrations to a book, called “ The Gentleman in Black."
Dr A. J. Paris is preparing a Life of the late Sir Humphrey Dary. THE SAILOR'S FUNERAL.
The only tolerable memoir of that celebrated chemist we have yet
seen is in Silliman's Journal. By Thomas Tod Stoddart.
ANNUALS.--Ackermann's “ Forget-me-Not" for 1831 is a rery She rock'd upon the heavy sea,--a melancholy wreck !
pretty volume. Croly has a poem called “Esther"-Hogg has
supernatural legend-and L. E. L. is also a contributor. “ Daddy The winds amid her lonely sail—the waters on her deck ;
David, the Negro," and " The Painter of Pisa," are good in their Her lordly masts were broken down; the pine-trees tall
way. • The Haunted Hogshead, a Yankee Legend," is by some and fair,
blockhead, who chatters after Mathews as a parrot would do--that That grew in distant Norway, in their father-forests there. is, with less meaning. Martin contributes “Queen Esther." As
usual with this artist, the human figures are quite subordinate; She was a sad and lonely ship; and ever as she toss'd,
through a long vista of columns appears the city, with the gallows in
the distance. Edwin Landseer has a funny little trifle, “ The Cat's The sound was as the sullen tramp, and rushing of a
Paw.” W. Westall presents us with “ The Boa Ghaut, Deccan, host;
East Indies"-rather adventurous, as a large proportion of this And ever as the winds went by, beside her on the sea, year's impression has been shipped for India--somewhat like paint'Twas as the murmur of a man in his dying agony ! ing a gentleman one has never seen, and sending it to him and his
family to ask how they like it. Corbould and Prout have also lent By the Virgin ! 'tis a stream of blood that goeth to and fro ;
their aid to the embellishments.-Ackermann's " Juvenile Forget
me-Not.” T. Hood has got the length of punning for the nursery. Though the lashings of the guns, that sound by the
Hogg is writing about poachers for the same discriminating public. counted minute,--slow.
Mrs Howitt, Miss Jewsbury, W. Howitt, are among the contributors; There was battle on her board; her fag is streaming fair and, (awful reflection !) no less than three Miss Stricklands-jane, and far,
Susanna, and Agnes - What a family of bulfinches !
The most apo The lordly flag of victory, and the image of a star! propriate engravings are,-" The Juvenile Architect," by Hart
" The Breakfast," by Sir W. Beecher—" The Infant Samuel," by It is a cold and weary thing to wander night and day
Holmes—" Who will serve the King?" by Farrier-and “The JaOver the saine and sullen wave, away, away, away ;
venile Masquerade," by C. Landseer.
Mr Yaniewicz's MORNING Concerts.-We understand that To hear the trackless murmur of the solitary wind, this veteran musician, at the desire of several musical amateurs, inWith the pale and foamy waters following behind. tends to recommence, this season, these delightful entertainments.
All who have had the pleasure of hearing his classical performances, Along, along--that lonely ship is shadowing the sea, are aware to what a degree they combine instruction with delight, Like to a worn and wounded bird that saileth heavily : They are at once a valuable lesson to the musical scholar and a high
treat to the amateur. There is not, we speak confidently on the By the saints! below the broken mast, he lieth muffled
subject, a town in the empire, which contains, for the number of there,
its inhabitants, such a large proportion of highly-cultivated musi. A silent and a deathly man !-a lifeless mariner!
cal talent as Edinburgh,-a circumstance which renders the apathy
evinced of late years by the public, with regard to concerts, quite in There's nothing in that gaze-there was, but all the explicable. We trust that our citizens are about to awake from this light is tied;
lethargy. 'The brow is pale and bloomless, where the holy hues were
THE MAITLAND CLUB.-The Maitland Club bids fair to keep the shed
Bannatyne on the alert, by its active rivalry. The very curious old
Scottish poetical romance of Clariodus, from the Newhailes MS., is Of health-below the raven locks all lustreless it lies,
to be the Christmas present of Edward Piper, Esquire; and Mesars Like an altar where hath burnt away the sainted sacrifice. J. W. M‘Kenzie and Kinloch are nearly ready, the one with a valus
ble Scottish Chronicle of the Sixteenth Century, hitherto unpablishA prayer o'er the lowly dead! they lift him to his home, ed, and the other with a very spirited poem, by the celebrated Dr Ainid the wild sea-waters, through the solitary foam;
Archibald Pitcairn, (from the Keith MS.,) called Babel. Mr Smith
has already contributed a beautiful reprint (from the rare original) No sbroud, no blazon'd coffin, but the hammock where
of Beaugue's Tears in Scotland. But what gives us most pleasure, is
to learn that that public-spirited gentleman, James Ewing, Esquire, And dreamt his dreams of her he loved, in an island far of Dunoon Castle, is resolved to put down all coinpetition, by presentaway!
ing to the Club the CHARTULARY of PAISLEY (from the Faculty
MS.)—a princely gist, and a most iinportant service to the history of They lift him to bis grave, a group of melancholy men !
his country. The titled members of the Bannatyne, with the ex
ception of Lord Melville, and his Grace of Buccleuch, receive, with He will not join them in their shouts of victory again ;
out giving any thing in return. The head of the Scotts has pot, it 'They will miss him side by side, amid their battle and
is true, actually contributed, but he has given directions for printing their glee;
the Chartulary of Melrose. They will miss him like a star, that steer'd their vessel Chit-CHAT FROM LONDON.—A report has somehow got abroad through the sea.
that Jerdan intends to give us his own portrait in an early number
of the Gallery of Mustrious and Eminent Persons of the Nineteenth They lift him to his grave, and say their sorrowful adieu, Century: A few, however, of his most attached friends, still express
a hope that he will not carry his principle of universal admissibility As he drops amid the waters : like a pale and silver hue to that work quite so far.
A DESULTORY ARTICLE.
THE TON OF TO-DAY;
dresses as in the pit of the Italian Opera, when a lady
in one of the stalls, with a head like a large bush in blosOR, THE POWERS THAT BE, IN DRESS, PAINTING,
som, happened to be directly in a line with our vision MUSIC, AND POETRY.
to the outrage of our excited feelings, and the waste of
our half-guinea. If Pasta comes next season, this really EITHER all fashions are absurd, or else there is no real ought to be put a stop to. One moment to be fixed in absurdity in fashion. It is the mistiming of things that breathless awe with her powerfully expressive countemakes the ridiculous. He who is called mad for wear nance, wrought up with the demon or the divinity of ing an eccentric dress, is only so in not waiting till every human passion; and the next, to have it obscured by a body else is equally mad. An umbrella bonnet should bunch of greens, or something far more nonsensical, if not, therefore, despise one the size of a pinched farthing : not so vulgar—is a thing beyond endurance. Real re
they're all of them queens in their turn." Time was, finement in social life consists in having a courteous symwhen the beauty of the female figure was estimated by pathy with the feelings of others ; and to outrage them the smallness of the shoulders and the largeness of the for a freak of vanity, is moral vulgarity. Many a wohoop; but now, under the hideous regime of the gigot man, who sells cauliflowers, would act with far more sleeves, a fair lady's shoulders are wider than those of consideration and decency. Perhaps the lady may reply, any of Barclay and Perkins's draymen. The lord and -“ Pray, sir, cannot you hear through my head-dress?” master standing by her side, bears about the same pro- True, we go to the opera chiefly for the music; but, portion to her that a figure of one does to a cipher. She even without allusion to our second Siddons, the eye is is all nothing! Yet, the ambition of the sex is gratified curious to inform itself of the visible figure and features by the appearance of magnitude, even though they must of the object which is so powerfully exciting the feelings. know that the men are aware of its being mere wind It is the same in listening to an instrumental solo: unand backram. A male, of the finest dimensions, passes less we can see the person performing, we are by no means the Park entrances with ease, while the huge little crea satisfied or comfortable. This is to be attributed to the ture on his arm either has to go edgewise, or crumple insufficiency of the sense of hearing (with some few fine through, to the detriment of many yards of silk, in con- exceptions) to convey a definite impression to the under sequence of a monstrous fashion, so graceless and ugly in standing : the heart beats, and it is the brain wisbing to itself, that it could only have been invented in order that kriów why it is, and how it is, that creates anxiety to see the first who followed it might take advantage of the the performer. We wish to bring all our serises to bear convenience to smuggle lace. The “bishop sleeves” are upon the interpretation. much better; yet even these are unspeakably troublesome, Much as we admire a flowing costume for both sexes, being continually trailed across the ragouts at dinner, or like that of the Persians or Turks, in preference to the ad in the slop-basin at tea. It is well if they do not hateful angular-cut or poffed-up monstrosities of Paris tale are in snufling the second candle.
and England, we are, nevertheless, free to confess, that Alas! and has the poetry of the female figure fled for the only thing that puts us seriously out of temper with ever? Shall we think of the graceful undulating forms of " fashion," is the shameful influence it is suffered to have beauty, the sylphid symmetry of limbs, the buoyaney of over works of intellect and art. And herein lies the elastie loveliness, and nature's real elegance, pure, glow. source of many a grievous wound, which men of genius ing, and spontaneous in every motion, only as dreams will understand too well, without further probing. Yet, that are passed? Are these bright visions of our youth let us adduce an instance or two. no more to be realized ? Must a marrled man never ex The grandeur of the old masters in painting-their pect to see his wife grace his board in her own proper truth, and character, and power—is now only appreciated person, which, as far as he can judge, cannot fail to be and admired by a select few; and the artists of the preconsiderably different from the egregloas outline she now sent day, being compelled to adopt an opposite style, have presents ? Must a bachelor never more hope to see a come to an opinion that the modern school is the supesweet woman in her natural shape ? " There were angels rior. This is the natural consequence, when their pecuin those days," when, in the fragrance of the noontide niary interests come to be acted upon by human vanity groves, the heart might beat a joyous measure,
and habitual associations. Flat, high-coloured, smooth, To sport with Amaryllis in the shade,
surfuce-like painting, with no more depth or substantiality Or with the tangles of Neæra's hair."
than can be avoided-in fact, only a few removes from But now Amaryllis is cased in pastebonrd, and Neæra's Chinese is the reigning fashion ! Whatever approaches
The ladies and hair is played the fool with. All coiffures are abomi- / the genuine standard, is proscribed. nable. The giraffe head-dress made the fairent female a gentlemen of the present day are all determined to be “ figure o' fun!” and if the “ coiffure à la chinoise" is painted like sweet peas. There is, however, an engraving ever really adopted for we actually hear it is contem-now about town, far above all trilling; and we hope to plated—then farewell the tangles of luxarlant tresses, would bear it out even to the edge of doom,” to obtain
be believed, when we declare upon our honours that we and hail bare face!
the heart and hand of such a woman. The print is en“ Out upon thee, fie upon thee, bare face !"
titled " Une Tragedienne," and is not at all like the person We have never been so truly out of temper with bead said to be the original. It is the finest thing that has
been published these many years. It has not sold well, ters! The song sold very well. So much for taste ; but as may be imagined, nor is it likely; and we are selfish we would rather a thousand times listen to Hokey enough in our admiration, to wish it never may. pokey wonky pong, &c., King of the Cannibal Islands,"
We have heard more than one Royal Academician in which there is at least some character and grotesque afirm, that a real fine painting by a modern artist, in the oddity, without any anomalous pretence or puerile warstyle of the old masters, would scarcely be looked at, bling. How far his present Majesty feels flattered by much less sell. We are not quite sure of this. A painter the melodious effusion of “ King William the tar for me, has the advantage of coming before the public with far it is impossible to say ; but we would not have grudged less difficulty, trouble, and expense, than those who de- walking a mile to see the face George the Fourth would vote themselves to the sister arts. Suppose, for ins ace, have made at a similar appellation. We do not, however, a young man, of “ no name," composes a piece of music, object to a pleasant song, a droll song, or a young lady's which possesses every merit that genius and science can song; we only mean to declaim against the preferenee accomplish ;-who will publish it? What manager will given them, to the exclusion or cold neglect of fine comgive it a trial ? If he relinquishes the idea of fame, and positions, by which we are far from meaning mere scienmerely wishes to make it the respectable medium of his tific music. interest, and to take it as his diploma of capability to give Michael Boai has had a great run with his “chin-choplessons, it will cost nearly one hundred pounds to get a ping" this season. Now, ridiculous as it may seem to full orchestra for the trial; and he has not as many shil those who have not heard him, the thing is really so lings! Again, suppose an obscure man writes a powerful clever, that we cannot feel justified in saying a word epic poem or tragedy, what can he do with it? Why, if against the man. It is an extraordinary novelty, both he have not interest, money, or luck—things which no ingenious and effective ; and with the accompaniment of man of genius ever yet had he can do nothing with it. the violin and guitar, is very agreeable and amusing. The Whereas, an artist has only to contend with the circum- rapidity and precision of his execution is truly surprising. stance of his painting being hung in “ an infamous bad The full, rich, martial chords produced by Eulenstein, * place,” which may not always occur ; and even there it some time since, on the German Eolian, was also very . may be spied out some fine day. The painters, however, ingenious and delightful. It had precisely the effect at seem all of opinion, not only that historical painting is times of a chord formed by ten or twelve trumpets, heard ruinous, but that fine painting of any kind is secondary over distant fields at night. We prefer it by far to the newto the “humour" of the story. Oh, the grievous ne invented instrument, 'the Florandino;' the tone of which cessity for doing foolish things !
is between the Eolian and the flageolet, and is played like Without deteriorating from the great talent of Sir a miniature piano. We heard Signor du Flor upon this Thomas Lawrence, and allowing him every merit con- instrument at a private concert ; and with his right hand nected with grace, delicacy, high finish, correct drawing, playing a sustained air on the forandino, and making a
harmony of colour, and the art of making the most of thorough-bass accompaniment with his left on the piano,his sitter's beauty, it is still to be lamented that he made forte, he produced a very agreeable effect. Ofa very difítrso few attempts at higher things. It may be said, in ent caste, however, to all these curiosities, is Signor Huerta's answer to our objections to the aerial fashion he has set performance on the guitar. The rapidity and correcta -his portraits being all like flowers in the sun--that, ness of a boundless execution upon a limited instrument, had he done otherwise, he must have given up his origi- and the startling and varied effects of his orchestral iminality. This, of course, implies, that his chief originality tations, wonderful as they are, must yet be classed as lay in the above qualifications; and this we shall not his secondary merits. It is in the divine tone he produces, deny. What we principally regret is, that he did not joined to an expression and pathos so intelligible to the choose nobler subjects for bis pencil. We never hear of heart and its passions—to imagination—and to the mehis sceking for tine heads; and there is no appearance of mory of our deepest affections, that Huerta excels all many having sought him. If a man had a name, Sir other instrumental performers. It is our poetical ideas Thomas was happy to paint him ; but if he read a great of the lute realized, and must be heard in private, to be work by an obscure individual, he was one of the last believed. Unfortunately, the want of sufficient power persons to feel an impulse to go and have a look at him. in his instrument to fill a large place, prevents his getting However, Sir Thomas was a beautiful painter, and would into publicity, notwithstanding all his energy and genius; deserve no mean fame, even if we had no other proofs of and perhaps his eccentricity and independence of conduet his talent than his portraits of Walter Scott, and Kemble are not a little in the way of bis interest. Some few in the character of Hamlet.
years ago, Sor, President of the Academy of Musie in Pass we now to music. Shades of the dead kings of Paris, made the handsome offer to Huerta of paying his melody! how are your manes and memories outraged ! expenses there and back, and giving him the use of his how are your immortal lessons neglected! The prevail- own house while he remained, if he would come and ing taste in music is for nursery trash in the vocal, and play to him. Huerta is gone there recently, and, no tricksy execution in the instrumental. The great com- doubt, ere this they have been mutually delighted. We posers of former days bad none of these gymnastic exer- know a person who slaved in secret two years at the cises-these feats of slight of hand-in their pieces ; they guitar, for seven and eight bours a-day, upon Huerta's preferred a Doric simplicity-grand, original, and pure; method, expressly that he might play to the woman be and in their vocal composition they identified music with loved. Meantime he lost her; his frienils laughed at bin, the most sublime ideas. They felt the divinity within, but verily he had his own reward. and chose words according to their own comprehension It is said that Paganini is a fine guitarist ; indeed, we and sense of power. This is what makes the names of were informed by a German gentleman, that he was in Handel and Ilaydn sacred to fame. With them, it was company with the former abroad, who played in a rooin “ Music married to immortal verse."
so divinely, first on the violin and then on the guitar,
that it was iinpossible to say which was to be preferred. What have we now?-music seduced by trumpery; and There is some rumour in the musical world of Paganini the town peopled with a truly ephemeral and no less coming over during the ensuing season, and there is no spurious offspring, in the shape of butterflies, ripe cherries, question about his making a tremendous “ hit" if he gentle moons, and oysters! By the by, the last-mentioned does ; not only from his extraordinary talent, but from disgusting song is a garbled and polluted version of the romantic interest attached to his story. If any thing “ Aurora che sorgerai ;” and Miss Graddon, bearing that would make a man play the violin, it would be to im. in mind, used to introduce a long Italian cadence in con- prison him for seven years with the instrument; and if cluding, and descended to her lowest note upon 0-0-oy-oys- | any thing would give his fingers the grip of a vice, it
would be to let him have only the bass string during half neumon (herpestes) contains seven or eight species, all of that time. And this seems to have been the case with which, with the exception of two, are peculiar to Asia. Paganini. Our readers must not imagine that he was The exceptions are,-1st, Herpestes galera, which occurs imprisoned for the above purpose, though. We doubt, in Madagascar ; and 2d, Herpestes pharaonis, which is pehowever, the authenticity of his intended visit, because culiar to Egypt. Neither is the civet confined to Africa. we know from a private source, that he has a presenti. The greater proportion of the musk-bags used in comment the climate of England would be the death of him, merce, are taken from individuals of this species found in and he instances Weber, and several other foreign com- Asiatic localities. posers and musicians, who have died after a few months' “ There are few dogs, bears, and wolves ; but the residence.
jackal (canis aureus) is common.”—P. 207. There is We have only a few words to say about poetry. The some ingenuity shown here, in compressing three mistakes dynasty of maudlin rhyme and prettiness, and the sub- and a half into little more than a single line. Ist. There stitution of personal character for dramatic imagination, are a great many dogs in Africa. It is the only country has reached its utmost height, and is now upon the wane. in the world where they occasion damage to the flocks Several bold attempts have recently been made in blank and herds, by the unsubdued and voracious habits of their verse, wbich is the true standard style of solid English congregated troops. 2dly. Bears are not only few in poetry. It is now a long while since the age of Eliza- Africa, but no such thing as a bear was ever seen or beth, " and there were giants in those days !” So long heard of there; for this reason, among several others— an interval having elapsed, surely the genius of the world they have no existence on that continent. 3dly. The can now afford to bring forth a few powerful dramatic Senegal wolf, mentioned by some vague writers and inwriters again ; and even the critics must hail them with accurate observers, bas been known for half a century to pleasure, being heartily sick of decrying nonsense. Po-be a hyena. 4thly. It is true that the canis aureus is lish bas levelled nature, and refinement has arrived at common in Africa, but it is not true, that in a chapter the last state of effeminacy and consumption. Let us devoted to African Zoology, that particular species of a hope that the stirring period which approaches will not genus ought to be selected, which is equally common to fail to do what such periods bave always done hitherto, Asia. The African jackal is the canis anthus, not the and that the ephemeral productions of time-serving taste canis aureus. This is the demi-mistake above alluded to. will be swept off like chaff and tinsel from the stage of “ Elks of immense size inbabit the Cape, and anteintellectual life; when " the powers that be” will be found lopes, with long spiral horns." --Still p. 207. Elks are to wither away before the powers that last, even as those quite peculiar to northern countries; and none ever set of ages gone have outlasted the frail and perishable em- its hoof on Africa, from the days of Adam and Eve to pires of the world.
Z. Q. X. the present times. If any superannuated traveller bas London.
misnamed one of the larger antelopes, of which there are several of great size in Africa, it was the duty of our com
piler rather to correct the old gentleman's mistake, than LITERARY CRITICISM,
to misinform his juvenile readers.
“ Hyenas, striped and spotted, the manis, and the ant
eater, are also natives of Africa."-Still p. 207. An obThe History of Africa. By the Author of “ Conversa- servation, similar to that applied to the jackal, may be
tions on Chronology." (Juvenile Library, No. III.) also here stated. Of the three species of manis, two are London. Colburn and Bentley. 1830.
peculiar to Asia, and one to Africa. It is the manis
tetradactyla of Desmarest. Our copy of this innocent little work has this moment “ The giraffe is another of the animals peculiar to this been returned to us by a young friend, for whom we have continent; and its long neck, small head, and dispropora very particular regard, and to whom we had intrusted tioned legs, give it a most extraordinary appearance. It is the first perusal of its contents, chiefly because our own the tallest of land quadrupeds, often standing eighteen mother-of-pearl paper-cutter had slipped through a chink feet high, and is found only in the southern and central in the chimney-piece, and disappeared, with a long-con- districts. It lives principally upon the branches and tinued series of hops, steps, and jumps, into the bung- leaves of trees, having great difficulty, on account of the hole, as far as we could judge, of an empty pipe of Ma- length of its fore-legs, in making its mouth reach the deira, which has existed for some time, in a state of com- ground." --Still p. 207. The statement in the concluding plete vacuity, in a subterranean cellar. This misfortune, lines of the sentence just quoted, is so familiarly commontoo, has taken place, in spite of a most vivid recollection place, that we could scarcely expect our compiler to reof something in Ovid's Metamorphoses, or elsewhere, frain from it. But, though not new, neither is it true. about the instinctive discovery of chinks by all persons Although the fore-legs of the giraffe are very long, its in our present hopeless, yet not unpleasing, condition. neck is proportionally longer still. Its favourite food
But the urchin above alluded to (not the celestial consists of the leaves of the mimosa, in height a tolerable Cupid, but a little earthly boy, wingless, yet beautiful- tree; and as the giraffe happens to measure nearly three our well-beloved cousin) appears to have ferreted out the times the ordinary altitude of a member of the Six-Feet chapter upon beasts and birds, and left the others as he Club, (or about equal to three ordinary members of that found them, entirely uncut up. For want of our mo- Club,) it pokes its head among the topmost branches, and ther-of-pearl, we must do so too ; and satisfy ourselves cats its fill deliberately, and, no doubt, not only with ease for the present with a perusal of a few brief passages of and comfort to itself, but, as we sincerely hope, without the "Natural History of Africa," being the nine terminal the slightest inconvenience to any other body, whether pages of Chapter XIII.
tall or short. But whoever keeps a tame giraffe may beWe have accordingly read these nine pages, and, as we lieve us, when we assure him or her, which we now do like to be particular, we shall just jot down what occurs solemnly, that there is no necessity whatever for building to us, for the benefit of the juvenile readers, for whom its trough or manger any thing like six yards from the the work in question is professedly intended. Not being ground, (three times six is eighteen,) as its mouth finds egotistical, we shall give our author's opinions as well as its way to the surface of the earth in about two seconds
and a half from the time that any respectable portion of “ The ichneumon, and the civet cat, (viverra civetta,) its favourite food is thrown thereon. that secretes, in a bag under its tail, the perfume from We shall now refresh ourselves by turning to the sucwhich it takes its name, are known to Africa alone.”- ceeding page :-“ There is a species of rhinoceros, known P. 207. This is vague, and incorrect. The genus ich- only to Africa, having two horns, and a smooth skin not
as a raven.
disposed in folds. Campbell gives a picture of the head untrue in other instances. In the southern and central of one killed near the Cape, with a long sharp-pointed regions of Africa, and in all those localities in which the horn, and a much smaller one behind ; which (excepting beat of the sun is unusually powerful, the eggs of the in the latter particular) certainly agrees in a very re ostrich are alleged to be left to the sole care of that most markable manner with the idea generally entertained genial and vivifying orb or luminary; but in northern of the unicorn.”—P. 208. Mr John Campbell, mission- Africa, and in all such localities as are subjected during ary, an excellent and useful man, and probably by no either night or day to a considerable alternation of heat means devoid of intelligence in his own vocation, has had and cold, the parent bird, as in other cases, hastens the the fortune (no uncommon one) to write several small process of hatching by the heat of her own body. portions of egregious nonsense, one of which portions “ Peacocks are found in Africa."-P. 210. It is true certainly consisted of the attempt above alluded to, to that peacocks are now found in Africa, but it ought to ! prove that the rhinoceros, bicornis of the moderns, is, have been stated, that nevertheless they are not African or was, the unicorn of the ancients. There is a pleasing birds, but merely imported from Asia. simplicity in excepting “ the latter particular," that is to “ The cuckoo has a different note from that of Eusay, in proving that two and one are equal, if you only rope.”—P. 210. African cuckoos are of all possible deduct one-half from the former number. Is the author kinds, from a small golden green species, three or four of “ Conversations on Chronology" an Irishman ? inches long, to a tremendous brown fellow, almost as big “ These coasts are sometimes infested with a remark
These, jodeed, have a perfectly different cry able species of morse, and several varieties of seals (phoce), from the European species, and they are well entitled to which have doubtless given rise to the stories of mer. it; but the cuckoo, that is to say, the cuculus canorus, or maids told by African travellers."-P. 208. None of common gowk, is also an African species, and utters in the African coasts are ever in the slightest degree in that country a note, or a couple of notes, precisely the fested with any species of morse. There is in fact only same as those to which we are here accustomed. one species of that animal in the known world, and it is “Le Vaillant mentions several kinds of small eagles, and a polar species, inbabiting the crystalline cliffs of Spitz. some curious hawks; but as his authority cannot always bergen, vulgarly called icebergs. It is quite out of its be depended on, some further proof is necessary before a line to think of crossing the equator. The animal really circumstance so much at variance with our previous inindicated is the lamantin, (manatus Senegalensis,) a spe- formation can be considered as substantiated.”—P. 210. cies in no way allied to the morse.
Now, although we are by no means naturally, or, at least, “ The horses of Africa are very beautiful, particularly impertinently inquisitive, this passage greatly excites our the Barbary breed, which is celebrated in every part of curiosity. Can any reason be assigned for supposing that the known world for its elegance and swiftness; whilst Africa, the fourth part of the globe, should, among all the zebra, quagga, African ass, and zecora, or wild mule, the wonders of its natural productions, be destitute either are equally admired for their several excellences.”—P. of “small eagles” or “curious hawks," when every other 208. We agree to the first clause of the preceding sen continent and country of the earth possesses both sorts in tence ; the second clause contains four announcements, or abundance ? “ We pause for a reply ;" but being rather rather one announcement of four alleged facts, two of in a hurry at present, we may as well add, that any one, which are not facts at all. There is no such thing as an at all versed in ornithological lore, would name a few African ass, notwithstanding whatever evidence the aut dozens of these accipitrine birds native to Africa, in as thor of “ Conversations on Chropology” may offer to many seconds. We shall also take leave to add, in regard the contrary; neither does the zecora, or wild mule, to Vaillant himself, that although, in the delightful enexist elsewhere than in Asia. Etymologically speaking, thusiasm of his earlier days, he blended the facts of nathere is no such thing as a wild mule anywhere, although tural history with bis personal narrative in so charming a certain species of the genus equus has been frequently, a manner as to make the arid lucubrations of some sysbut erroneously, so called. Of this the chronologer ought tematic writers appear, in comparison with his lively to have informed his juvenile readers, in case they should volumes, as the dry stones by the side of a flowing and themselves, in after times, through his instrumentality, translucent stream; yet his own systematic work on the become mulish on this point of natural history,
birds of Africa, the labour of after years, is not only the Let us now turn to the ornithological portion of this most magnificent and costly, but also the most clear and work, which, consisting of not quite one page and a quar- accurate, of all the works on African ornithology. The ter, is judiciously entitled a “cursory sketch." Though “small eagles” and “curious hawks,” the existence of we hate swearing, the name is in this case well applied ; which is now doubted, may, notwithstanding, be seen by yet we fear our author is equally unsuccessful with the our juvenile readers in every museum in Europe, for a plumed creation. The following is his first ornithologi sum varying from nothing sterling to 2s. 6d. of the same cal sentence :-" The dodo, the guinea-fowl (numidica money. meleagris), the famingo, and the common ostrich (stru We shall now descend to the cellar in search of the thocamelus), are natives.”—P. 210. This is an unfor- paper-cutter, and if successful in that investigation, we
We have here four assertions, in shall probably favour our readers with our opinion of the about one-half the number of lines. Of these, one is historical and descriptive parts of this volume at a future misstated, and the subjects of other two are misnamed, opportunity. as follows:-Ist, The dodo is not an African bird. Indeed we can scarcely venture to assure our juvenile readers that it is a bird at all, as it is looked upon by many as a
The Arrow and the Rose ; with Other Poems. By Wilfabulous creation. If ever it did exist-a fact not yet
liam Kennedy. 8vo. Pp. 143. London. Smith, proved_it was native to the Isle of Bourbon, and other
Elder, and Co. 1830. islands to the east of Madagascar ;-2dly, The systematic There cannot be a doubt that the big-wigs of the name of the guinea-fowl is not numidica meleagris, but literary world are at present reposing under the luxurisimply numida meleagris ;-3dly, When the ostrich is ance of their well-powdered curls, and are doing little or named both generically and specifically, as our author nothing worthy of their former reputation. There can evidently intends to attempt to do, we call him not be as little doubt that in ten or fifteen years, the greater struthocamelus, but struthio camelus.
proportion of these same big-wigs will either be gathered In relation to ostriches, it is afterwards added : to their fathers, or will be in that ab agendo state, which
They lay their eggs in the sand, and leave them to be invariably accompanies the period of second childhood. hatched by the prolific sun." Now, this assertion states The question, therefore, comes to be-who are to suewhat is true in some instances, but it also states what is ceed the reigning dynasty of big-wigs?" who shall fill