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it be performed again. The praises of this new drama A Catechism of Phrenology, illustrative of the principles of that had been sung and said in so many quarters, and on such

science, by a Member of the Phrenological Society of Edinburgh, is

announced. Is phrenology still alive? apparently unquestionable authority, that we looked on

The Daughter of Herodias, a tragedy, by Henry Rich, Esq., is in its success as certain, and had we written its Prologue, the press. should have committed the same blunder that a literary Mr Keightley, the author of the “ Fairy Mythology," and also of friend of ours did some years since at Drury-Lane, when the " History of the War of Independence in Greece," now publishhe predicted long life and popularity to a comedy, which ing in “ Constable's Miscellany,” is engaged on a work on the was most deservedly sent to the right-about the same

Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy. It is designed for the use

of schools and universities, and will supply, it is hoped, the want of evening. But our reliance on Green-room reports is

a proper work of this kind in our literature. now shaken for ever; and the managers most richly de An historical romance, entitled, “The Tuileries," and connected serve to lose the L. 200 paid on account nine months with the epoch of the French Revolution, &c., is announced by the ago, for accepting a piece which had no principle of vital-authoress of " Hungarian Tales." ity about it, and, as an acting drama, was certainly one

Mr R. Shelton Mackenzie, late editor of the Carlisle Patriot, at of the most weary, stale, flat, and unprofitable,” that present residing in Birmingham, is preparing for the press a volume,

to be entitled, “ Lays of Palestine, Lays of the Heart, and other ever was enacted. It had all the errors of Mr Wade's Poems." Mr Mackenzie has been a contributor to the London former play of “ Woman's Love,” without the slightest Weekly Review, the London Literary Gazette, the Edinburgh Liteimprovement gained from what proverbs tell us teaches rary Journal, and many other periodicals. We believe his volume most persons, experience; and nothing but the popula- will be dedicated, by permission, to Thomas Moore. rity of the Kembles kept it on the stage for one-third of by R. Whately, D. D., Principal in St Alban's Hall, Oxford, is an

The Errors of Romanism traced to their origin in human nature, the long three hours and a half which it lasted. Miss Kemble's character of Rachel had, technically speaking, The Rev. Adam Blair, of Ferry-Port-on-Craig, is about to publish not a single good point throughout, and, excepting her a “ History of the Waldenses, with an Introduction, containing a three new dresses, was as unattractive as could be ima- sketch of their predecessors in Italy and France." The work will be gined. All the remainder, with the exception of her completed in two vols. 8vo, and is expected to contain much valuable father's Xavier, were still worse. But as, in spite of

information, as he has spent about seven years in its preparation.

UNIVERSITY COMMISSION.-A meeting of this body, which, it was puffs preliminary, collusive, and at last, direct, a crowd- said some time ago, had concluded its labours, was held here on the ed audience very properly sent “the Jew” to his fate, 15th current, convened, by the Earl of Rosebery, the chairman, in there we leave him, perfectly satisfied that, after two consequence, it is said, of the recent proceedings at the installation such failures, Mr Wade will never write a successful of the Marquis of Lansdowne to be Lord Reelor of Glasgow College. play; and we now praise, honestly and heartily, what so

The circumstance of the Marquis having been admitted to his office amply merits it, the very great accuracy and costly threat of the Rev. Dr M Gill at the election, to enforce subscription

without subscribing the Confession of Faith, notwithstanding of the splendour of all the new scenery, dresses, and decora- when the installation took place, has, it is said, induced the Comtions, and the promptitude and good taste with which missioners to recommend the substitution of a simpler and shorter the management withdrew the hissed tragedy, and un formula of belief than the exclusive Calvinistic Creed at present rederlined the following morning's bills with “ a new quired by law from the professors and office-bearers of our national

universities. play, interspersed with music, will be produced next

Chit-CHAT FROM LONDON.-It is understood that Messrs Colburn week.”

and Bentley will pot continue the Juvenile Library, which has, on of Covent-Garden's other novelty, Mr Pocock's nau the whole, been rather an unfortunate speculation.-Only 222 stutical melo-drama of the “ Blue Anchor,” we are equally dents, and these almost entirely medical, have as yet entered theinunable to say any thing very laudatory, since it is un

selves for the ensuing season at the London University.-Sir Wilquestionably one of the worst of its species ; and so nar

liain Beechy is at present engaged in a portrait of the Queen.-The rowly escaped complete condemnation, as to excite our following amusing little bit of satire on the English appears in the

Examiner:-" THE CHARACTERISTIC TERMINATION.-A Chinese ivonder, how, after undergoing the usual processes of read- observer remarks that the lie is to be found in composition with all the iug, copying, and rehearsing, it was not discovered to be descriptions of periodical writings in England, as expressive of the a very silly production. Much beautiful scenery has also prevailing practice. There are, he says, the day-lie papers, the weekbeen wasted on this unfortunate afterpiece.

lie papers; the month-lie publications, and the quarter lie reviews. Drury-Lane has yet produced nothing new beyond a

He asserts that incessantly, instantly, curiously, magnificently, stuvery stupid dance, dignified with the name of a ballet, word, as he always traces the lie in their use, and finds them resol

pendously, certainly, surely, &c., are all compounds of the same under the astounding title of “ Le Romantique Amour- | vable into incessant lie ; instant lie; curious lie; magnificent lie ; stueux,” and executed by a very second-rate corps de ballet. pendous lie; certain lie ; sure lie. To these he adds, as striking exMacready has appeared as Virginius and Hamlet, with all amples, kingly and ministerially, or, as he writes them, the king-lie his former talent,' alloyed by all his former eccentricity; and ministerial-lie. He remarks that the lie is the grand terminaand the Jewish songstress, Miss S. Phillips, like her rival from the common practice of men, an error showing at least his

tion of English discourse: and conjectures that mendacity is derived vocalist, Miss Emma Romer, at the other house, is cer- ignorance of Latin and the origin of words, bowever right he may tainly an acquisition. Madame Vestris, baving scorn- be in his estimate of the import of our language.” fully refused the terms offered her by both the large es CHIT-CHAT FROM Glasgow. If half of the railways to Edinburgh tablishments, goes to the Tottenham-street Theatre in a -the suspension one of our friend Mr Dick included--that are at fortnight; and Buckstone's new drama of “ The Wreck present projected be carried into execution, you will speedily have Ashore, or a Bridegroom from the Sea,” was completely with a joint stock mania of as rail a kind, as an Irishman would say,

all Glasgow in Edinburgh at an hour's notice. We are threatened and deservedly successful at the Adelphi, on Thursday as ever 1825 witnessed. A rail-road is projected to the summit of last, when Alice, the principal female character, written Ben-Nevis, that snow and ice may be sent down to us from thence for Miss Kelly, was admirably sustained by Mrs Yates, during the dog days. The new play—" A Legend of Carrick"–to who was most efficiently supported by all the other per whose rehearsal I before alluded, was completely, and indeed deformers. Mr Mathews has not yet appeared this season, servedly, successful. It showed considerable talent, and indicated but will not be absent much longer.

still more.--Seymour is going to profane his house with an exhibition SOMERSET.

of sparrers; but one cannot severely blame a man who requires to work so hard to make all ends meet. He has accepted a very excel

lent adaptation of the thrilling tale “ Expiation,” which was the LITERARY CHIT-CHAT AND VARIETIES.

gem of a late Number of Blackwood-prepared by Mr John Mackay

Wilson, who has also sent him a piece, that, if well got up, should MR D. Grant of Aberdeen is about to publish a volume, entitled, have a run. It is called “ The Poet's Progress," and has a wonder. " The Beauties of Modern British Poetry.” It is arranged upon ful reality about its incidents and characters.-William Kennedy's the plan of bringing into juxtaposition the particular writings of volume has come among us, and, unpoetical as we are, we cannot different authors upon the same subject, and thus enabling the get enough of copies to supply the demand for them among his nuIeader to judge of the respective merits of each. Thomas Moore, merous admirers and friends here. We still reckon him as one of who saw thç manuscript, characterises it, iu his " Life of Lord us, and are as proud of his success as if he were so.—Mr Bennet has Byron," as “ a work of great utility.”

a volume of poems in the press not the Free Press, and Mr D.

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Moore, as we before noticed, is about to appear again in a still ad in the Aberdeen Observer of the 22d instant, entitled “ Farewell to vancing stage of improvement.

The season for parties, and espe Aberdeen."-Mr Ducrow's royal amphitheatre is the mighty souree cially musical ones, is already commenced. Miss Thomson, Miss of attraction to crowds of his Majesty's subjects.—The Suspension Hindmarsh, and Mr Webster, are in full operation, teaching our Bridge over the river Dee at the Craiglug is to be opened for foot young ladies their own beautiful art of song. A Mr Scott also, from passengers on the 1st of next month ; the city of “Bon Accord" wib Armagh Cathedral, is going to make us all gond glee-singers ; and now most probably extend in that direction. Mr M.Fadyen is to bring out more new songs.-A public subscription Chit-CHAT FROM FORRBS.—The Forresians, with much publie has been set on foot to remove all embarrassments from our valuable spirit, have determined that the new bridge over the Findhorn, ca Mechanics’ Institution, and promises to succeed in this desirable the turnpike road leading to Nairn, shall be rebuilt near Dalsy, on result.-Our George IV. Rowing Club have had the honour of being the site of the former one which was carried away by the riser appointed his Majesty's bargemen on the river Clyde.

during the memorable flood which devastated the county of Moray CHIT-CHAT FROM Paisley, Oct. 26th. A great deal of literary and adjoining districts in August 1829.—A beautiful luminous arch news cannot be expeeted from this Manchester of Scotland, as Joseph of pure white, apparently connected with the Aurora Borealis, was Hume called it--the emporium of cottons, shawls, carpets, trim seen on the evening of the 17th, over the town of Forres, the Cluny mings, &c. Our principal litterateur, Mr Motherwell, has emigra- Hills, Nelson's Monument, and the surrounding vicinity.–The first ted to Glasgow, where he has set himself up as a perfect Edward Forres Subscription Ball of the present season took place last week, Irving in politics-the stern elampion of absolutism-the decrier of in St Lawrence Lodge, when a numerous and respectable company popular privileges and the determined upholder of negro slavery. were present.-The subscription set a-going by the Central ConSome of his friends here, who think they know him well, consider mittee in Elgin, for managing the Moray Flood Fund, to procure the there is more of Quixotry than sober judgment in this, mingled honorary reward of silver medals to the Spey and Findhorn boalwith that "dour" spirit which makes him no trimmer-no comer men, on account of their gallant exertions during the great flood, is and goer-but a thorough out and outer in the principles he has nearly filled up. The medals will no doubt be sported with honest espoused. Since the demise of the Paisley Magazine, which was so pride on gala days, and handed down by sire to son. ably edited by him and by his friend Mr Kennedy, the Paisley press CHIT-CHAT FROM ELGIN.-The Misses Isabella and Eliza Paton has given nothing to the world save, perhaps, a sermon or two by our gave two Vocal Concerts lately in our Assembly Rooms, which were talented and industrious townsman the Rev. Dr Burns. His last numerously and respectably attended.-Lossie Green, the public sermon on the Church Establishment of Scotland, lately preached at bleaching ground and promenade of our citizens, is about to be enIrvine, before the Synod of Glasgow and Ayr, and printed at the banked, and repaired from the damage sustained by the major and request of the Synod, is highly esteemed for the soundness of its ar. minor floods which we have experienced since the summer of 182. guments, and the eloquence with which they are maintained. So -A Reading Room has been established in long as our establishment possesses ministers so worthy, and defend

on the ers so talented and zealous, as Dr Burns, she has not much to fear Samuels, a Jew, of eighty-three years of age, and a native of Pader. from the rivalry of Dissenters.-Your notice of the “ Arrow and born, who has for nearly half a century been known as an itinerant the Rose,” in last Journal, has given much pleasure to Mr Kennedy's dealer in hardware, spectacles, &c. between Elgin and Inverness, acquaintances in Paisley, who cherish him in warm remembrance, was on Sunday last baptized by the Christian name of William, in and who consider that his genius and talents are but struggling into the Vestry of the Church of Elgin, by the Rer. Mr Walker - The that fuller blaze which will yet surround them. It is rumoured that Subscription for the Elgin Pauper Lunatic Asylum conticues to inthe editorship of our Advertiser newspaper either has, or is to be, crease ;-in no part of the world, indeed, is the genuine " Amor devolved on Mr Hay, of the firm of Neilson and Hay, printers here Patriæ" more truly evinced, than in the good town of Elgin, and -a gentleman who is well known as the author of several excellent county of Moray, articles the Paisley Magasine, and particularly of the nautical CHIT-CHAT FROM CAITHNESS—Wick, Oct. 22. The Caithness story of “ Sam Spritsail.” He will be no unworthy successor of Hunt met last week,-the cup for greyhounds was gained by Nr Goldie, Kerinedy, and Motherwell. Let not the young man of literary Guthrie of Scotscalder, and the prize for pups by Mr Reid of Suthergenius, however humble in birth-however unknown and obscure land.- The Wick election dinner passed over without the usual ko however great the difficulties he is surrounded with, despair. Mr companiment of broken heads, a signal proof that the schoolmaster Hay's history affords an encouraging example of what the force of is abroad. ---Jamie Mullender, with his corps dramatique, has comnative upassisted talent can do.-Sir William Jardine was here a menced the winter campaign in the Theatre-Royal, an old barrel week or two ago, for the purpose of getting information relative to loft,) and takes from four to five pounds sterling A-night! Playour Illustrious townsman, Wilson, the Ornithologist, a new edition going is not fashionable this season, it has been denounced er-catheof whose work he is now engaged with, and to which a Memoir of the dra, and we obey.-The perpetual motion is at last discovered by Author, by Sir William, is to be prefixed. He waited on several of Mr Henry Horne, house-carpenter, who receired the revelation do Wilson's old acquaintances, among the rest, on Mr Robert Lang, well zing on his bench after dinner. He proceeds to London forttivith, known as one of his early friends and most enthusiastic admirers. to return, as he says, Sir Henry Horne Horne is a poet, and sings * We understand that Mr P. A. Ramsay, writer, has undertaken to a good song of his own composition. Our newsroom does well, we gather all the information which can possibly be gained relative to have three London daily papers, the Examiner, and most of the the life of the poet before he went to America, a task for which Mr good provincials,--the two great reviews, (which are seldom cut up) * Ramsay is naturally well qualified, and which he will go about with Blackwood and the New Monthly. Blackwood was objected to at the zeal and spirit. We trust the work will be executed in a style that last annual meeting on the score of immorality, and, after a struggle will do credit not only to Sir William, but to Scotland, among on the part of his friends, got a year to repent,-itis thought thac no whose most illustrious sons Wilson well deserves to be ranked.-The symptoms as yet have appeared. Of late we have got the Literary twenty-third Session of our Philosophical Institution is to be com Journal, which is read because it is short, clever, and amusings menced on Monday the 1st of November. The business of the In but we have begun to suspect its veracity, since an account of a stitution has been conducted by honorary lecturers for several win voyage to the moon, which our scientific folks agree in declaring to ters back, on account of the discouraging state of the funds, which be impossible in aerostation, and our theologians, to be most heterocould not afford the expense of a professional lecturer. The sub dox in sentiment. jects of the lectures have necessarily been of a miscellaneous de Theatrical Gossip.-Westmacott has raised an action of damages scription. This Session is expected to be well attended; and I am against Charles Kemble, for his late assault. As far as we can judge, happy to say, that by the end of it there is every reason to expect it certainly appears that Kemble has acted precipitately and unadthe Society will be free of debt, and possessors of an elegant tall, an visedly. We have nothing to communicate concerning the London excellent library, and most valuable chemical and philosophical ap Drama, that will not be found in a previous page.–Catalan) has paratus. Among the lecturers this winter, is Mr Atkinson of Glas finally fixed her residence in Florence, with the declared intention gow, who has chosen the subject of the Crusades. Percy has, per se, of remainining there during her life.--Among other performers done much in the cause of knowledge, for not only is the Paisley whom we are to have at the Theatre Royal here during the season, Institution indebted to his labours, but also the Johnston, Barhead, is Young, who will visit us to take his final leave of the Edinburgh Nielston, and Kirkintulloch, Mechanics' Soeieties, among whom audience previous to his retiring from the stage altogether. The every winter he goes, like a peripatetic philosopher, and illuminates prices of admission for this season are not yet finally determined on, on some subject or other.-Our Theatre is shut just now; and I but it is likely they will be considerably reduced, which will be, at must postpone saying any thing regarding it, as well as our ensuing all events, a popular measure.-Mr Bass, of the Caledonian Theatre, winter assemblies, and our reform societies, till some other oppor. took his farewell benefit a few evenings ago; he has not found the tunity, as I am afraid I have encroached too much on your time and speculation a very profitable one.-Miss Jarman, Mackay, and Barpatience.

ton, terminated, on Wednesday last, a very successful engagemebt CHIT-CHAT FROM ABERDEEN.-Mr Rattray of the Aberdeen at Dumfries, where the two first, in particular, are especial favourAcademy is to commence here a popular course of Lectures upon ites.-Kean is at present residing at Rothesay, for the benefit of his Chemistry, on the 22d November.—The depot companies of the gal. health, and we hear no more of his intended visit to America, nellant 78th Highlanders, for some time past stationed in our barracks, withstanding his ceremonious leave-taking of the English publicat received, a few days ago, unexpected orders to march to Perth at the Italian Opera-house, a few months ago. If he proposes retun. twenty-four hours' notice; one of the officers-Mr Browne-composed ing to the stage in this country, we trust our manager will seeuse on the occasion a very pretty little poetical piece, which appeared

him for a fortnight.

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LITERARY CRITICISM.

who would play a part in life, it is indispensable that an

active share should be taken in its business, as well with The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte. By William Hazlitt. ing of his mind. The solitary thinker, who stands on

a view to the formation of his character, as to the enrichIn four vols. 8vo. London. Effingham Wilson. 1830.

the verge of the whirling stream, peering at its vortices Ina late Number, we gave a hasty and imperfect sketch through the spectacles of books, may, if he be gifted with of Hazlitt's life and literary labours. Incomplete though natural ingenuity, guess at, but only he who has whirled ‘it was, it alluded to certain events which had a strong along it, can know, its character. Hazlitt was not only 'influence in the formation of his peculiar character, and weakened by the want of experience, but his susceptible which must always be kept in view, if we would form a temperament was embittered by neglect. jast and dispassionate opinion of the value of his writings. Thus talents of the very first order were rendered That he was a man of warm and strong passions, but of comparatively ineffective. There is no writer of the constitutional indolence confirmed by habit, is shown by day who has evinced a more subtle intellect, combined the whole tenor of his existence; and upon a mind so con with an apprehension that received external impressions stracted, external circumstances leave peculiarly vivid and with a rarer truth and exactness. Hazlitt's consistency, lasting impressions.

his prompt and fearless avowal of bis opinions upon every He was born a short time before the close of the Ame- occasion, attest his honesty and high spirit. But an rican war, and his intellect began to develope itself at intractable and irritable temper ran athwart his finest

the time that the French revolution engrossed all men's speculations, and hurried him into incessant paradoxes, minds and conversations. His father was a dissenting if it did not transport him into indignant denunciations clergyman-one of a body who have always been attached, of persons and things which were foreign to the purpose. with the warmth and honesty of scholars, unversed in His writings are a perfect mine of just and beautiful the real business of life, to the popular part of our con- observation ; his incidental discussions are striking and stitution—one of those, moreover, who bad embraced instructive, but his general conclusions are rarely to be doctrines which, with all respect for the honesty and trusted. He himself felt this. The whole of his works moral worth of many who maintain them, we cannot are one vast expression of regret at something which he otherwise describe than as a compromise between super- had failed to do or to become, but of which he felt himstitious terrors and deistical convictions. The natural self capable ;-a long confession that he had missed his bent of Hazlitt's mind, fostered by his education, was opportunity, and was too indolent to attempt to redeem neither to strict scientific pursuits, nor to imaginative his loss. This feeling is the secret of his admiration of creations, but to that which lies between both,—critical Northcote. The old man might want all that ethereal investigation of character, and of the principles of art; temper, that fine fire of genius, which Hazlitt so emiperhaps the most seductive of mental employments, nently possessed, but then the latter perceived that to his because, without being so fatiguing an exercise as abstract friend belonged an unequalled portion of that ingredient reasoning, or requiring the fertility and originality of in human character, sober judgment, the want of which poetical invention, it tasks both of these faculties only to had sent him adrift upon the waves, a stately but a helma pleasurable extent, and is to the intellect what a morning less vessel. walk is to the body. So circumstanced, and with such It is our object “ nothing to extenuate, nor set down a disposition, he unavoidably plunged into the metaphy- aught in malice.” We do not blame those who vilified sico-poetical speculations in politics which were then in bim in his lifetime, for he was no measurer of his own vogue, and he warmly embraced political opinions, which, words in controversy. We have not hesitated to point out as they cannot be taken up by a corrupted mind, so what we think his defects. But we are still of opinion they cannot be retained by any man who is practically that his essays contain as much sterling original thinking acquainted with the materials and mechanism of society. as any similar compositions, of equal extent, in the English

Thus prepared, he entered the world. His unsuccess or in any language. We could point out more than one ful efforts to make himself a painter, we have noticed author, who cuts a respectable figure in the literature of upon a former occasion. In order to support himself, he the day, upon the strength of having translated a few was obliged to have recourse to his pen. At the time of Hazlitt's thoughts into his own more commonplace when be commenced author, political controversy was language. For our own part, if we have, with any suc'waged with a high and angry spirit: he attached him- cess, attempted to read the riddle of his character, we are self uphesitatingly and keenly to that party which youth in no small degree indebted to the lights which he bimful impressions had made his own. This step had a self held out, with the intention, it is true, of illuminating fatal effect upon bis future prospects and character. other objects. We may surely be allowed to say thus There is nothing more tedious and disheartening than the much of the dead ; and, though we knew him not perslow degrees by which a young man, without connexions sonally, may be permitted to act up to the poet's senti and without fortune, works his way into society, even ment, when there is no Hostile feeling to bar his progress. But

“ When cold in the earth lies the friend we have loved, when he has begun life, by attaching himself to a small

Be his faults and his follies forgot by us then; and saspected sect, be may look upon himself as having And if for a moinent the veil be removed, sigued the warrant of his own exclusion. Yet, by him Drop a tear o'er his weakness, and close it again."

To come to the history now before us : Hazlitt tells out an attempt at palliation; but he never once admits us somewhere, it was a standing joke against him with that his enemies were in the right. Nay, so far does his some of his friends, that he more coveted the reputation engrossing love carry him, that he (than whom no man of being a good racket-player than a good writer. He could better detect tbe falsehood of meretricious ornaexplains this anomaly with his usual felicity, upon the ment) calls the famous bulletins " models of military eloprinciple, that when a man really does any thing well, quence ;"—if this be true, the substantive is here “craftily he rests satisfied with the consciousness; while, on the qualified” by the adjective. contrary, in matters where he is not quite a master, he Another fertile source of error is the implicit confidence feels haunted by a teazing doubt of his own success, and Hazlitt has reposed in the St Helena documents. No eagerly seeks to bolster up his uncertainty by the favour- man ever died with so much attention to appearances able testimony of others. We suspect that, had he sur as Bonaparte. Cæsar only arranged his garments decovived, he would have consulted the reviews of his Life rously. The French emperor smoothed down every of Napoleon with an unwonted eagerness. In other ruflied action of his life—the dress of his soul. What he words, we are by no means inclined, with the friendly says in his imprisonment, of his motives of action, and author of the preface, to peril his reputation upon this plans of policy, can only be regarded as so much special work.

pleading. He occupied, during life, a position which imSo much has been published respecting Napoleon, as to posed upon him the task of defending every step he took; leave little room to hope for any thing new. At all events, and the reasons with which he sought to gloss over even Hazlitt was not so situated as to render it likely that much his mistakes, gained hold, by dint of constant repetition, fresh information would fall in his way. Moreover, it even of bis own belief. It is not in the records of what would appear either that Bourrienne's instructive Me he had brought himself, as well as others, to believe, that moirs had not come into his hands, or that he had not we are to seek the history of bis mind, but in the indicaseen fit to make use of them. All that our author could tions noted at the time, by an observer so cautious, wary, propose was, to take the materials already before the and attentive as Bourrienne. This scepticism does not public, and when he had, by the exercise of a judicious cri. extend itself to Napoleon's descriptions of military moreticism, ascertained their real value, endeavour to arrangements. With regard to them, Hazlitt remarks, not less them into a narrative, so clear as to render it next to im- ingeniously than truly, that Bonaparte could not hare possible that the reader should not make a just inference spoken false. The whole was too vividly present to his regarding Napoleon's character. This is a task for which imagination to leave room for error, or the hope of gainthe peculiar structure of Hazlitt's mind totally disquali- ing by falsehood. fied him. His intellect was essentially discursive, not On the whole, this history, although it contains no narrative. He was nothing, if not critical ; he could not new facts, and abounds in statements, upon the correcttell a plain tale consecutively, without deviating into ar ness of which it might be dangerous to rely, will richly guments and reflections, which, however eloquent, and reward a perusal. Almost every page teems with inciingenious, were entirely irrelevant. The work before us dental remarks, characterised by all the author's boldness abounds (as was to be expected) in such pieces of writing; and originality. To many the uncompromising violence nay, they constitute by far its most valuable and attrac. of the politician may at first be repulsive. But there is tive part, only they would have been more in place, and nothing so wholesome to the mind, as to be roased oceawould have told better, as a collection of essays.

sionally from its lethargy by a good rattling contradicBut, independent of this, the principle upon which tion; and Hazlitt was no flincher in this respect. Hazlitt sets out, seems to us destructive of all prospect of 'a fair and impartial narrative :

“ Of my object in writing the Life here offered to the The Literary Souvenir. Edited by Alaric A. Watts. · public, and of the general tone that pervades it, it may be proper that I should render some account. It is true I

London. Longman, Rees, Orme, &c. 1831. admired the man; but what chiefly attached me to him,

Are there not moments wben the spirit feeleth unwas his being, what he had been long ago designated, the usually sad ?-moments which are most apt to succeed child and champion of the Revolution. he could not divest himself, even though he wished it. He those of high and buoyant gaiety? A sudden melanwas nothing, he could be nothing, but what he owed to choly seems to have fallen upon life, and the heart loses himself, and to his triumphs over those who claimed man. its confidence in those ties to which it clung so closely kind as their inheritance by a divine right; and as long as but a few hours before. The heartless apathy of seeming he was a thorn in the side of kings, and kept them at bay, friends the frivolousness of common pursuits and enhis cause rose out of the ruins and defeat of their pride and joyments—the strange and unaccountable alteration that hopes of revenge. He stood (and he alone stood) between them and their natural prey."

has taken place in the feelings of many with whom we

were once most intimate---the failure of most of our bestThis is, in the first place, more eloquent than sound. laid schemes—the emptiness of hope, and the worthless. Napoleon might be the child, but certainly he was not ness of fruition--on all these things have we not brooded the champion, of the Revolution, inasmuch as his con with a deep despondency, and, in the bitterness of our stant aim, from first to last, was to put down not only souls, turned away from the voice of merriment, as if it the forms, but the principles, of government which it had mocked at us? When under the influence of such sensasought to establish. If by being the champion of the tions, the sage physician might probably pronounce us to Revolution, the author means no more than that his hero be in a state of hypochondria; yet it is difficult to say was a living demonstration how a man, not born a king, which is the more healthy and rational constitution of might put down one who was, the fact only proves bis mind—that which produces a depression, or an elevation, power ; and certainly it is not necessary, at this time of of spirits. day, to demonstrate the difference between power and But wbichever is the most philosophical, there can right. The former may be established by success, the be little doubt that cheerfulness-a subdued and steady latter cannot. At all events, the mere fact that our author cheerfulness--is the most enviable mental constituþas been induced to write the Life of Napoleon, with the tion. When this departs, every means in our power view of representing him as the martyr of a cause he bad should be taken to secure its return. Before all other at heart, is enough to induce suspicions of his impartiality, aids, is the soothing power of music, which, whilst it These are justified by the manner in which he defends all seems to accommodate itself to the sombre tone of our Napoleon's actions, and still more by his indiscriminating thoughts, gradually raises them out of the gloom in which vituperation of all his opponents. He sometimes admits they are wrapped, and carries them away to more smiling that the Emperor was in the wrong, though nerer with associations. Next to music, a pleasant book is a true

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THE LOVERS OF VIRE.

friend in our hour of need,-a book wherein there lieth , and music in the bosom of that valley, and by the side of many a gentle thought, glittering with unobtrusive light, that stream.

“ It was, then, in that beautiful vale of Vire, some twenty - where there is much to amuse the fancy and refine the heart, but nothing to misinform the judgment or corrupt May walk with Mariette Duval, ere the relentless conscrip

years agone, that Francis Lormier went out to take his last the understanding. Such a book we find in the Literary tion called him from his happy home, and his early love. Souvenir. It aims not at being profound, or erudite, or It was a sad walk, as may well be imagined ; for, though the scientific; but we cannot always “ trim the midnight morning was bright, and nature, to her shame be it spoken, lamp,"— we cannot always pore over the deeper mysteries bad put on her gayest smiles, as if to mock their sorrow, of knowledge; and often, when the wind blows, and the yet the sunshine of the scene could not find its way to their rain beats, and the mind is half in unison with the un. They talked a great deal, and they talked a long time; but

hearts, and all seemed darkened and clouded around them. settled state of the elements, we seek with a high relish far be it from me to betray their private conversation. I for the lighter species of intellectual food, and by the side would not for all the world—especially as I know not one of our blazing tire, give ourselves up to the dreamy ab- word about it-except, indeed, that Francis Lormier vowed straction which the hour brings along with it.

the image of Mariette should remain with him for ever ; If the Literary Souvenir does not stand at the head of should inspire him in the battle, and cheer him in the all the Annuals, it at all events occupies one of the first bivouac; and that Mariette protested she never would marry places. Its pictorial embellishments we have already Latoussefort, the great Foulan, were to lay himself and

anybody except Francis Lormier, even if rich old Monsieur introduced to our readers, and they are certainly not sur- fortune at her feet; and in short, that when bis seven passed, if equalled, in any of the similar works for 1831. long years were out, Francis would find her still a spinster, The same remark applies to the letter-press. Good taste and very much at his service. • Mais si je perdois une has presided at its selection, and nothing trashy or maud- jambe?''said Francis Lormier, • Qu'est ce que c'a fait!' lin has been admitted. On the contrary, several of the replied Mariette. popular writers of the day have contributed 'articles

They parted,—and first to follow the lady. Mariette which we rank among the most successful of their minor wept a great deal, but soon after got calm again, went about pieces. Among the writers, we may particularly mention talked with the talkers, laughed with the laughers, and won

her ordinary work, sang her song, danced at the village fête, Miss Landon, Mary Howitt, T. K. Hervey, the Author the hearts of all the youths in the place, by her unadorned of “ Richelieu" (Mr James), and the Author of “ Lillian” beauty and her native grace. But still she did not forget (Mr Praed). It is needless to enter into any minute Francis Lormier ; and when any one came to ask her in examination of the contents of the volume. They, of marriage, the good dame, her mother, referred them to course, consist of a pleasing variety of pieces in prose and Mariette, who had always her answer ready, and, with a verse, and that man or woman is little to be envied who kind word and a gentle look, sent them away refused, but can find nothing among the whole to touch the peculiar presented hlmself, with all his money bags, declaring that

not offended. At length, good old Monsieur Latoussefort chord of their own feelings. We select for quotation the his only wish was to enrich bis gentle Mariette ; but following prose tale, both because we like the manner in Mariette was steady, and so touchingly

did she talk to him which it is told, and because its dimensions best suit our about poor Francis Lormier, that the old man went away purpose :

with the tears in his eye. Six months afterwards he died, when, to the wonder of the whole place, he left his large

fortune to Mariette Duval ! By the Author of Richelieu.

“In the mean while, Francis joined the army, and, from

a light handsome conscript, he soon became a brave, steady “The sun was shining as fair as the sun could shine on soldier. Attached to the great Northern army, he undera beautiful May morning ; bright, yet gentle; warm, but went all the hardships of the campaigns in Poland and fresh; midway between the watering-pot of April, and the Russia ; but still he never lost his cheerfulness, for the warming-pan of June,-wben, in the beautiful valley of thought of Mariette kept his heart warm, and even a Vire-every body knows Vire-but, lest there should be Russian winter could not freeze bim. All through that any body in the wide world who does not, dearly beloved miserable retreat he made the best of every thing. As long reader, I will tell you all about it.

as he had a good tender piece of saddle, he did not want à “ Get into the stage coach which journeyeth diurnally dinner; and when he met with a comfortable dead horse bet ween London and Southainpton ; enjoy the smoothness to creep into, he found board and lodging combined. His of the road, bless Mr M'Adam, put up at the Dolphin, and courage and his powers of endurance called upon bim, from yield yourself to the full delights of an English four-post the first, the eyes of one whose best quality was the imparbed, for no such sweets shall you know from the moment tiality of his recompense. Francis was rewarded as well you set your foot on board the steam-boat for Havre, till as he could be rewarded; but at length, in one of those the same steam-boat, or another, it matters not which, unfortunate battles by which Napoleon strove in vain to lands you once more on the English strand.

retrieve his fortune, the young soldier, in the midst of his “ Supposing you then arrived at Havre-get out of it gallant daring, was desperately wounded in the arm. again as fast as you can,-rush across the river to Honfleurs; “ Pass we over the rest. Mutilated, sick, weary, and from Honfleurs dart back to Caen ; and after you have ragged, Francis approached his native valley, and, doubtful paused five minutes to think about William the Conqueror, of bis reception for misery makes sad misanthropes—he put yourself into the diligence for St Malo, and when you sought the cottage of Madame Duval. The cottage was have travelled just twelve leagues and a half, you will come gone; and, on enquiring for Madame Duval, he was dito a long steep hill, crowned by a pretty airy looking town, rected to a tine farm-house by the banks of the stream. He whose buildings, in some parts gathered on the very thought there must be some mistake, but yet he dragged his pinnacle, in others running far down the slope, seem as if heavy limbs thither, and knocked timidly against the door. coquetting with the rich valleys that woo them from below. "Entrez!' cried the good-humoured voice of the old

* Go to bed ; and if you' bathe your feet beforehand, dame, Francis entered ; and, unbidden, tottered to a which if you are of my faction you will do, walk over the chair. Madame Duval gazed on him for a moment, and tiled floor of the inner bed-room, that you may have a fit then rushing to the stairs, called loudly, • Come down, opportunity of cursing tiled floors, and of relieving your- Mariette; come down; here is Francis returned!. Like selt of all the spleen in your nature before next morning. lightning, Mariette darted down the stairs, saw the solThen, it both your liver and the day be tavourably disposed, dier's old greatcoat, and flew towards it-stopped-gazed sally forth to the east corner of the town, and you will have on his baggard face and empty sleeve, and, gasping, tixed a fait view over one of the loveliest valleys that nature's her eyes upon his countenance. 'Twas for a moment she profuse hand ever gifted with beauty—the soft clear stream gazed on him thus in silence; but there was no forgetfulof the Vire, winding sweetly along between the green slo- ness, nor coldness, nor pride about her heart-there was ping hills, and the rich woods, and the fields, and châteaux, sorrow, and joy, and love, and memory in her very glance. od baulets, and the sunshine catching upon all its mean « Oh, Francis, Francis !' cried she at length, casting derings, and the birds singing it their song of love, as its her arms round his neck, how thou hast suffered ! As calm waters roll bountifully by them. Look upon it, and she did so, the old greatcoat fell back, and on his breast you will not find it difficult to imagine how the soul, even appeared the golden cross of the legion of honour. « N'imof ati obscure artisan, in a remote age, warmed into poetry | porte ! cried she, as she saw it, ' viola la recompense.' He

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