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THE NIGHT AND MORNING BEFORE THE BATTLE OF TALAVERA.

LITERARY CRITICISM,

able to judge of the book by extracts than by general

description. A Narrative of the Peninsular Campaigns. By Major vera, and the first encounter in the morning, is a success

The account of the night preceding the battle of TalaLeith Hay, F.R.S.E. In two volumes. Post 8vo.

ful picture : Pp. 314 and 298.

(Unpublished.) AxotueR Narrative of our wars in Spain, and twenty rently obstinate nature of the dispute for the possession of

“ The heavy fire of musketry, the darkness, the appamore will be welcome when they come. We have had the hill, the uncertainty of the result, all occasioned great the Sabaltern--picturesque and sentimental; Lord Lon- anxiety at head-quarters. Sir Arthur Wellesley himself donderry--ambitious ; Captain Kincaid --- clever and rode to the spot, to which he immediately ordered up artilpleasant; Sergeant A and Corporal B-affording each lery; and the early part of the night was employed in drawtheir modicum of information respecting the composi. ing cannon to the height. After they had been placed in fion of our ranks; we have had Colonel Napier-di-battery, a stillness for some time prevailed. About midnight dactic and scientific; Captain Jones—accurate and judi- not the straggling, desultory, yet distinct reports of light

this was suddenly interrupted by firing towards Talavera ; cious; and M: Moore-apologetical. Still we are not troops, but a roll of musketry that illuminated the whole satiated. We could listen to the thrice-told tale of the extent of the Spanish line. It was one discharge; but of dallest veteran humming over the sixtieth edition of any such a nature that I have never heard it equalled.' It apa. of Wellington's battles. The reader may conceive, there- peared not to be returned, nor was it repeated. All again fore, the delight with which we perused this Narrative became silent. A false alarm had occasioned this tremenof a gentleman and scholar, as it came to us piecemeal produced the violent irruption, or how many of our allies

dous volley; but we were too distant to ascertain what had and damp from the press.

had thrown away their arms, and fled, after having leliThe gallant anthor was attached to the staff of General vered a fire sufficiently formidable to have shaken the best Leith, who was dispatched by government, in 1808, to and bravest troops. collect information, and to aid in organising the patriots “ For hours nothing seemed to interfere with the stillin the north of Spain. In that service, he was actively ness of the night, until the rattling of gun carriages in our employed antil the advačice of Sir John Moore, when he front bespoke preparation for renewed liostility at daybreak. joined' his regiment, and shared in all the hardships of It was evident from the sound that cannon tveré placing in that unfortunate army, whose sufferings terminated at the height we occupied. Whether occasioned by the noise

position, at no great distance, and immediately opposite to Corunna. He afterwards served under Lord Welling of this operation, from officers reconnoitring, or cavalry ton during the greater part of the Peninsular war, some patroles advancing near to our posts, is uncertain, some times as aid-de-camp to General Leith, sometimes in a stragyling shots were tired, occasioning a momentary alert; similar relation to the Commander-in-Chief himself. but wo enemy appearing, the cause of alarm was speedily Thas his book, from his peculiar situation, is interesting explained, and forgotten.,

'“ Just before day break was an anxious moment; and at once as a personal narrative, and as the production of bne who enjoyed opportunities, afforded to few, of ob- when the first gliminering light appeared, the attention of

all was naturally riveted upon the enemy's position, to asserving the actions and designs of the leaders of tbe war. certain what troops were opposed, where his cannon were And, in addition to this recommendation, the service placed, and to what extent we were to be assailed. Twentyupon which Major Hay was employed—first along with two pieces of artillery had their inouths directed towards General Leith in the North, and afterwards when disus. "They were posted upon elevated ground, but by no patebed by: Wellington to feel for the French army- means of equal beight to that on which we stood, having,

however, the whole face and suinmit of the bill well within afforded him excellent opportunities of becoming acquainted with the real character and temper of the Spaniards. He columos of intantry. A renewed battle for the bill became

range.

To the right of the French cannon were perceived vas, besides, for a short time prisoner of war, which certaio. enabled him to judge from actual observation of the cha “ The 29th regiment, having carried it on the previous racter of the French army.

night, were not removed from its summit during the whole Bat what is of infinitely more importance than all these course of the subsequent operations, except in pursuit of the advantages, Major Hay is a man of superior talents, and enemy. The forination of the brigade became consequently of a fair, candid disposition. His descriptions of battles altered, that regiment being on the extreme lett of the whole

line of British infantry, while the battalion of detachments, are the only ones which we have met with in modern and the

45th, were formed on the slope extending to the times waiting the merits of being at once capable of right, and gradually losing itself in the olive groves that instructing the military, and conveying accurate images covered two-thirds of the position. to the general reader. It is no easy matter to describe “ When it became perfectly light, a signal gun put the the battles of modern times, seeing that they are nearly enemy's columns in motion, the whole of his artillery equivalent to a whole campaign in the days of old. His opening almost immediately after. The incessant and vio appreciation of character, national and personal, is gene- from interrupting the progress of the French columns; nor

Jent description of cannonade prevented the British infantry Taly just and acute, and always candid. We think, for did they sustain any loss whatever in the early part of their example, he has estimated the relative merits of the advance, coming on with a resolute and rapid pace. The French, Spanish, and English, more correctly than any 29th were ordered to lie down a short distance behind the sabor we have yet perused. But the reader will be better brow of the hill, which the soldiers did, with arms in their

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hands, ready to start up at a moment's warning: By this formidable, and appears paralysed by the immediate pre judicious arrangement, the regiment suffered little from the sence of his opponents ;-a strange and inexplicable result cannonade, although the enemy's practiceappeared excellent, of so much gallantry, such gaiety, so much recklessness of every shot either striking the ground immediately in front, danger, only to be accounter for by the supposition, that tbe or passing close over our heads.

physical composition of the people does not permit the “There is at all times something grand, imposing, and effervescence to subsist beyond a certain exertion, that, if terrific in the sound of a cannonade. Here we had the unchecked, might have continued btroyant, but being resc astounding noise, with time to contemplate what was pass-lutely met, becomes depressed and vanquished.”. ing over us, without the attention being abstracted by great

We are also well pleased with the author's reflections personal danger, or immediate effort at extrication. The effect was consequently very impressive. An old Scotch on the discipline of the French army, although tinged sergeant, crouching close to me, permitted his head to attain (tant soit peu) with the aristocratical prejudices of a Bria very slight elevation, and, with a groan, said, -Good tish officer initi God, sir, this is dreadfu'!' Without discussing the merits

DISCIPLINE OF THE FRENCH ARMY. of our situation, I merely advised him to keep down his "The discipline of the troops seemed not of the strictest head—a hint instantly adopted, without any apparent te description, nor did the regimental officers apparently preluctance on his part, and, at the close of the affair, I was happy to find it wus still upon his shoulders. At this line of distinction between men and officers, was Dots

serve that control so necessary for its support. The same period we had the battle entirely to ourselves, no other part sedulously observed as in the British army, arising in great of the army being engaged.

measure from the opposite modes of composition, the con“When the French columns had mounted the ascent, scription conveying to the ranks persons of family, and and were so near as to become endangered from the fire of occasionally the private or non-commissioned officer being their own artillery, a scene of great animation was exhi- from a superior grade of French society to the officer placed bited. The summit, which had appeared deserted, HOW over him.As a proof of this species of unmilitary equality supported a regular line of infantry. Near the colours of existing in the imperial armies, I have witnessed a sergeant the 29th stood Sir Arthur Wellesley, directing and anima- of intantry walking in familiar conversation with, and his ting the troops.

arm locked in that of, his officer. But with all this appa« General Ruffin bad nearly surmounted all the difficul- rent laxity, it was impossible to see the French armies ties of the ground, when a fire burst forth that checked bis without being impressed with the perfectly on fait manuer advance. His troops wavered. Sir Arthur ordered a in which the duties were performed ; ever in readiness, the charge. With one tremendous shout, the right wing of soldier was instantaneously put in motion, when ecension the 29th, and entire battalion of the 48th, rushed like a demanded celerity of movement. Under the most unentorrent down, bayoneting and sweeping back the enemy viable circumstances, custom had inured him to the practice to the brink of an insignificant muddy stream, nearly equi- of endeavouring, as far as possible, to provide for diminish distant in the ravine which separated the two armies. "In ing the want of comfort that prevailed; and, instead of the pursuit, all order was speedily lost. The men advanced staring about to discover all the miseries of his birouac, be in small parties, destroying those of the enemy who had not had probably already half unroofed the nearest habitation ensured their safety by flight. At this moment, when the for the purpose of composing his tire. When the blaze was. whole valley was filled with troops, in all the confusion kindled, and his knees and schakos in close contnet with the attending the eagerness of pursuit, a column of French crackling wood, a shrug of the shoulder denoted the cominfantry appeared close upon our right flank, facing towards mencement of a long tirade of complaint, which, until the the irregular mass. It became necessary to collect the pur- tire was lighted, and the soup in a state of preparation, be suers, form a front, and charge these fresh assailants. This had neither time nor inclination either to think of or to was, by great exertion, accomplished. Broken as we were, compose. an irresistible impetus bad been given, and the enemy's “In marching, the French in fantry appeared indefatia column followed the example of those who had mounted gable. Their

progress was equallyremarkable for the rapidity the hill at the pas de charge. So completely were these with which they passed over the ground, or the distances attacks repelled, that the British infantry were quietly performed, encumbered by long and heavy greatcouts, which collected in the ravine, and marched back to the height, | ivere constantly worn; the soldiers, pot satisfied with the without being seriously assailed. The enemy now thres burdens they were necessitated to carry, were occasionally out light troops in front of his defeated first corps. Artil- seen conveying articles of a superfinous description, sone lery contipued to fire at intervals ; but for a time nothing times not of the lightest kind. "In the line of march, Tau like serious fighting succeeded the Duke of Belluno's failure lette tables were not unfrequently to be observed borne on in the morning."

the shoulders of the soldiery. The remarks on the peculiar nature of French cou- them strapped close to the short sword of the grenadier

“To render the carriage of foils less irksome, I have seen rage, elicited by the affair of Coa, strike us as just :

while several circular Spanish loaves of bread, perforated « On the 23d, the head-quarters of Lord Wellington were belts, hung dangling at his back.”

with a cord through their centres, and slung over the eross. at Alverca; the following day the enemy crossed the frontier. It was on the morning of the 24th July that the

Authentic information respecting the Guerilla bands invasion of Portugal in 1810 really commenced.” On that has not yet ceased to be peculiarly interesting; day, an affair of a serious description took place between the light division, the only British troops now on the Spanish ** The foundation of the Spanish Guerilla force is to be territory, and the 6th corps of the French army, accompa- ascribed to the nearly universal spirit of hostility to the nied by three thousand cavalry. On this occasion, the light French aggression. That feeling, strongly implanted as it division becaine engaged under most critical circumstances, was in the minds of a turbulent, natarally warlike, babala Very inferior in every arm, with the rapid and unfordable though wisgoverned people, induced a very general desire mountain stream of the Coa in his rear, having one only to participate in the struggle carrying on throughout the line of retreat over a narrow bridge, General Crawford was whole extent of the monarchy. This unsettled and busin attacked by a force sufficient to have occasioned his total tile inclination became strengthened by the circumstances destruction. Never was there a more favourable opportu- under which the civilians suffered, during the devastating nity presented for proceeding tête baissée, as the French terin system of subjection to the constant visits of different are it, than occurred on this occasion; but it happened not to mies or bodies of troops, all burdensome, and unfortunately be the description of service on which, against British troops, at times presenting not a very distinct difference of conduc they showed the greatest enterprise. The arena for a really in the acknowledged enemy, the soldier of the country, or vigorous French attack, is one that few other troops would his more disciplined, but not more easily accommodated enter-at all events, with equal alacrity, equal spirit,or with friend and ally. It requires no additional testimony Les es the same apparent determination. In mounting steeps, tablish the fact, that not only the armies, but the popula defended by troops--in making attacks in large bodies, where tion of Spain, were in active hostility to the French, The a great crisis is at issue in forcing on under fire, until all city, the agricultural village, the ruined convent, alike seni difficulties, but the personal, the close conflict with his op- forth persons to swell the Guerilla force. At the can. ponent, has been overcome-the French soldier appears to mencement of the war in 1808 no such bands existed. Han be unequalled; but when perseverance has placed him on was it until the provincial jurisdictions bad. shake the equal ground-when he apparently has obtained a chance basis of regular government, and subsequent to the disors of successfully terminating his attack, he becomes no longer sion of the Spanish armies, that these partisaus made their

FRENCH COURAGE.

THE GUERILLAS AND THEIR LEADERS.

es

sppearande. The dispersed and lawless Spanish soldiery zealous assistance of the population of an almost inaccessible

found their safety dependent on forming parties sufficiently district. = numerous to resist the authority of the corregidors and al. “In the Province of Leon, Don Julian Sanchez com

caldés, and to eaforce demands made in parts of the country manded an enterprising band, with which he frequently where no power, either civil or military, existed sufficiently surprised the enemy's posts. Moving rapidly,-ever on the formidable to curb their exactions, or restrain the self-, alert, -not subjecting himself to condict on equal terms,created importance they did not hesitate to assume. possessed of the most accurate information, at the head of

“ This system, successfully adopted in a country wbose a numerous and well-mounted party, he established a regovernment had become a chaos, was speedily etilarged upon. nowni, conveying to the French soldiery an exaggerated The marauders chose a chief and these men, no longer impression of his power, that proved highly beneficial to contemplating a return to their regiments, became the nu- the cause. Don Julian evinced great zeal. He seemed to cleus of many a Guerilla party; their military knowledge bestow his undivided attention on the discomfiture of the and habits, their uniform and equipment, serving as a de enemy, and was probably with less justice accused of merfective model to others hitherto uninitiated. These par- cenary exaction than any other Guerilla chief.” ties soon became numerous, but a spirit of enterprise and successful command only distinguished a few of the lead

Major Leith Hay's book is one which will be read ens; consequently, the generality of the bands gained little extensively, and always with pleasure. in numerical strength, or were destined to arrive at great notoriety; but the most insignificant were objects of terror to the French troops, in as much as their vicinity rendered The Comic Offering; or, Ladies' Melange of Literary the slightest removal from quarters a matter of captivity or death.

Mirth, for 1831, Edited by Louisa Henrietta SheriOf the most distinguished Guerilla leaders may be dan. London. Smith, Elder, and Co. '1831." itse cited, the Minah, the Empecinado, Don Julian Sanchez, the Medico, Porlier, the Cura, and Chaleco; these all com- intended for the boudoir; drawing-room,' and 'ladies'

This is a new Annual of a lively nature, exclusively manded numerous and formidable bands, and were of sential service to the allied cause.

library.” Miss Louisa Henrietta Sheridan must be of a * Nothing could be more møtley than the usual array of very “ lively nature” herself; for she has not only writthe Gaerilla bands. Provided a certain degree of indivi- ten the whole of the letter-press, but has also designed dual military appearance prevailed, 110 effort at uniformity all the numerous illustrations. These last are spirited, of dress or appointment was considered essentially neces varied, and amusing ;- indeed, they are not surpassed by sary. The Guerilla generally became equipped with spoils from the soldiery of other countries, or a mixture of the the embellishments in any of the other Comic Anduals. most gaudy and lawdry dresses of his own. The flaring

There are nearly seventy separate engravings, and there searlet and light-blue jacket of an Estremaduran hussar, is scarcely one that fails to raise a laugh. Wall-flowers the schakos of a French chasseur à cheval, pistols and sad is excellent, -a set of the ugliest old maids ever seen, dle of English manufacture, the long straight sword of the looking with the most vinegar aspects from their neglected endmy's dragoon, the brown Spanish sash, and leathern bench in the ball-room, to the young men eloquent, who are cartouch beit, with an Arragonese or Catalan escopeta, leading out fairer partners to the dance. The Easy Chair were the nat unfrequent equipments of the same brigand is excellent, an old gouty

gentleman sitting unconsciously as the French invariably designated them.

." The Empecinado, acting in the districts more imme- on a score of kittens, who are all expiring in agony be diately in the neighbourhood of Madrid, was more than any neath his weight, whilst the cat, their mother, flies up in of the other partisan leaders in the public view. His band, his face with feminine and feline fury. Not less excel conducted with great gallantry and enterprise, became the lent is a Daniel Lambert of a man, asking of a lean and terror of the Court of Joseph Bonaparte. Reports were petrified Frenchman at his door" Have you lodgings oftema circulated of Don Juan Martin, and his adventurous for a single g ntloman?"-nor the Tried Friends, both in followers, being close to the walls of the capital, when in fetters, and evidently under sentence of death -nor the reality be was either scoaring the Province of Guadalaxa- illustration of Collins line" loose were her tresses ra, or levying contributions at Alcala de Henares. On one Occasion he penetrated to the precincts of the Casa del seen,” where a young lady, rising in an arbour to escape Campo; at another, interrupted the rural festivities of the from the impassioned declarations of her lover, leaves her Pardo; and when more important service became neces- wig on the branch of a tree ;—nor the Rainer Family, sary, be was found at the head of a formidable body of wliere an old gentleman and three ladies are driven to cavalry and infantry, ready to measure swords with the pieces by a sudden storm of wind and rain ;-nor Ball. regular troops of the enemy: Perfectly acquainted with the Firing, a drawing-room, in which they are dancing quacogotry, surrounded by friends from whom he obtained drilles close upon an immense fire, the consequence of the most accurate information of the movements against which is, that the hair of both the ladies and gentlemen him, personally brave, possessing the confidence of his party, zealous in the cause, and highly exasperated against the is hanging from their heads in lank and dripping strings, French, such a man could not fail to become powerful as an and white handkerchiets are applied to every face and enemy, and by his successes, which were frequent and sig- forehead, for the purpose of removing the superfluous nal, encourage others to embark in similar modes of tife.

moisture, while, to increase the agony of the moment, the Of the Asturian Guerilla leaders, the Marques de Por- footman is coming in with a large additional supply of lier was the most celebrated. At an early period of the partisan warfare, he exasperated the enemy by the frequen- coals to mend the fire, and is carefully shutting the door cy of his attacks upon the convoys and detachments on their behind him, lest a mouthful of fresh air should intrude! ronte from Bayonne to Madrid ; invariably retiring into we have seen such scenes, and pray Heaven we may never the mountains when numerously attacked,' he baffled the see them again. We are well pleased, too, with the new atmost efforts of the French generals to rid themselves of edition of the favourite song, “Oh, Nanny, wilt thou the serious inconvenieňce and loss sustained from the effects gang wi' me ?”_country lad trying to drag along an of his active and indefatigable exertions. Upon one oera obstreperous goat ;-and with the Poultry Assembly, siod, twb divisions of infantry, with some hussars and Po- where a donkey, coming suddenly amung a brood of his mumerous and formidable band, but without success chickens, gets frightened, and, cutting a few capers among Having obtained timely iuformation of the movements them, tramples them to death, and kicks them into the against him, Porlier maneuvred to draw his enemy into air by dozeps ;--and with the unfortunate individual Upset thie festhesses of the Sierra de los Cameros, constantly re- by a Squall, who is retreating in great agony from the arog when outoumbered, occasioning considerable loss to piano-torte, at which a fair songstress has kindly gone Hicassulants, who, believing their own safety would be armpromised by farther pursuit, left the Marquesito, as he up to the highest A,—a height from which it seems to be was called, to reassemble his followers, and return to the impossible to say whether she will ever again come down line or coinmunication, from whence he had been driven and with Eitst India Company, where a gentlemari, ha sity to prove to his enemies the impossibility of destroying wing fallen asleep in his otv:n dining-room on rather a hot a Force so constituted and commanded, when aided by the day, is presently sarrounded by anonkeys of all slapes

any!

MISS BELL.

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· IN LONDON.

set out.

and sizes, boa constrictors, elephants, and tigers, who game whist! Play for amuse people, but may not laugh have just " dropped in" to see how he is getting on. Ah! how the English are droll! I bave pothing With all these, and with many other snatches of pictorial when I do assure you of the eternal regard and everlasting

of more for say to you at present, but I am soon seeing you humour, we are well pleased, and are of opinion that affection of your much attached friend, Miss Sheridan has caught the true spirit of the cari. catura.

As a writer, our “ lively lady" does not appear quite As a specimen of Miss Sheridan's rhyming talents, we to so much advantage. In several instances, she is what give the following ballad, which smacks a good deal of we call “ deadly lively." But she pleads haste and inex- Thomas Hood, the facetious : perience, and we must submit. At times, too, she is very good. Here is one of her best things in prose :

How oft by punsters have been teased A FRENCH GENTLEMAN'S LETTER TO AN ENGLISH FRIEND

Poor girls, who thns are christen'd,

Obliged to seem most highly pleased, “ Ah, my dear Friend, I cannot feel the plaisir I ex

Although they've scarcely listen'd! presse to come to your country charming, for you see. I

“ If at a novel e'er we look, shall bave the happiness to you embrace in some days from here: but it is necessary that I myself may rest before to

We surely will be blamed ;

For when we're seen to ope a book, “ We are arrive at Southampton before yesterday at one

We're Blue Bells quickly pamed !. hour of the afternoon, and we are debarked very nice.

** From church on Sanday if we stay, “ I never believe you when at Paris, you tell me that the

We hear from high and low, English women get on much before our women: but now

• The church affairs must be astray, I agree quite with you, I know you laughing at your coun

The church bells did not go!" trywomeu for take such long steps! My faith! I never saw such a mode to walk; they take steps long like the

“ If you with peevish folk agree, h 1140 man! Very pretty women! but not equal to ours! White

'Tis said, with siek'ninig grin, * * skins, and the tint fresh, but they have no mouths, nor no

• Whatever is advanced, you see bus buyba. eyes! Our women have lips like rose-battons, and eyes of

Bell's certain to chime in Inter?d? t yo lightning: the English have mouth wide like the toads; and their eyes are like dreaming sheeps ; as one of our talented writers say,Mouton qui rêve.' It is excellent,

“ Some city beau, whom Ma desires that.

To ring the parlour bell, “ I am not perceived so many English ladies tipsy as I

Handing a ring to Miss, enquires,

Will that not do as well?' expect : our General Pilon say they all drink brandy: this I have not seen very much.

“ And if you e'er an orange eat, Jobs 1:10 "I was very surprise to see the people's hair of any *colour but red, because all our travellers say there is no other

Smart wit you're forced to feel ; 1 hair seen except red or white ! But I come here, filled

For some, no doubt, your ears will greet, with candour, and I say I have seen some people whose hair

With, · Bell, d'ye like a peel

*** was not red. “ You tell me often at Paris that we have no music in

“ If out of town on Christmas day,

You'll feel the bumpkin's wit, tus France. My dear friend, how you are deceived yourself! Our music is the finest in the world, and the German come

Who says, all Bells a toll must pay, after : you other English have no music, and if you had

And so you must submit! some, you have no language to sing with. It is necessary

Debes that you may own your language is not useful for the pur

6 Or if you get into a rage, pose ordinary of the world. Your windows of shop are all

This rude affair to settle, filled at French names – des gros de Naples,' des gros des

The wretch exclaims, • I will engage

Benoa Indes,' ' des gros d'été,' &c. If English lady go for de

You're made o' rare Bell-metal !

* rən od mand, Show me, if you please, sir, some fats of Naples, some fats of India, and some fats of summer! the linen-draper

“ Then at the letter-sending time

* wybosbrrse not understand at all. Then the colours different at the

Of foolish Valentine,

A 2015 silks. People say, puce eranouie,' 'æil de l'empereur,'

Who is it that can't find a rhyme flammes d'enfer,' feu de l'opera ;' but you never hear lady

To such a name as mine?

757912 say, I go for bave gown made of fainting, fleas,' or 'emperor's eyes,' or 'opera fires,' or of the flames' of a place

“ Thus, Dear Miss Bell, I love you well. which you tell me once, for say never to ears polite!

You

Oh, more than tongue can tell ! also like very much our musique in England ; the street A long farewell soothing spell' organs tell you best the taste of the people, and I hear them

All these will rhyme with Bell !

bes play always, 'Le petit tambour, 'Oh, gardez vous, bergerelte,' Dormez, mes chères amours,' and twenty little

66. Within my cot in yonder dell, French airs of which we are fatigued there is a long time.

Oh, come with me and dwell! “I go this morning for make visit to the house of a very

There sweetbrier yields its fragrant smell
nice family. When I am 'there some time, I demand of All these will rhyme with Bell!
the young ladies, what for they not go out ?
« One reply, " Thank you, sir, we are always oblige för

" " I suffer disappointment fell,
Death's aim I can't repel;

VI stay at home, because papa enjoy such very bad health.'

Soon will be heard my funeral knell, "I say, 'Oh, yes! How do you do your papa this morning, misses?'

And you'll be my death-Bell! * He is much worse, I am oblige to you, sir."

"There's nonpareil, and parallel, “ I bid them good by, and think in myself how the

Compel, expel, and sell, English are odd to enjoy had health, and the young ladies

Rebel, and snell, impel, and yell, much oblige to me because their papa was much worse ! Chacun à son gout, as we say.

And more that rhyme with Bell!. “In my road to come home, I see a board on a gate, and " Whene'er friends come to visit us, I stopped myself for read him. He was for say, any per

fsdal - 13

If I should say a word, sons beating carpets, playing cricket, and such like diver

My aunt observes, (quite in a fuss, y 11°31'ft* tub w sions there, should be persecuted. My faith! you other

* Bell's tongue too loud is heard ! 1,5 tuu English are so droll, to find any diversion in beating carpets! Yet it is quite as amusing as to play the cricket, to “Quite angry, I then silent sit, stille og 1417 mat one little ball with big stick, then run about like mad

Nor let them hear a tone, been, then throw away big stick, and get great knock upon Then some one says, with teasing wit, your face or legs. And then at cards, again! What stupid •You're quite a dumb-bell grown!

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?

If 'twere not wrong to hang oneself,

exertions he contrived to maintain his credit with the I'd try Bell-rope, I vow;

people; but his debts still pressing on him, and other But then they'd say, " That silly elf

circumstances making it expedient, he espoused Princess A Bell-hanger is now!"

Caroline of Brunswick, with whom he lived in conjugal “ I hope the coachman, when I die,

comfort for'a very short time; and a separation being To church will hurry well,

deemed necessary on both sides, the lady, after having A final pun, the folks inay cry, 10 inimese

given birth to a daughter, took her departure for the con• There's Canter bury Bell 3* Host sot

tinent. He was soon afterwards raised to the Regency, in js.is ele ili

consequence of the mental malady which attacked his “ To ring the changes on my name,

father ; he was the witness of many extraordinary events I fear is rather bold;

on the continent, among which, the French Revolution, So now I stop my tongue through shame,

and the rise and progress of Bonaparte, were the most Though more I might have told!'

prominent, i On bis succeeding his father on the throne, On the whole, we really chink the Comie Offering de- he visited Hanover, Ireland, and Scotland; and was serving of all patronage ;-it is an elegant and amusing

also not a little annoyed by his wife, whose character volume.

was abundantly problematical, but who fortunately died after she had fallen into considerable disrepute. He

'had the merit of establishing, or of allowing to be estaThe Life and Times of his late Majesty, George the blished, the Liverpool, the Canning, and the Wellington

Fourth : With Anecdotes of Distinguished Persons of administrations; and, with the assistance of Lord Exthe last Fifty Years. By the Rev. George Croly, A.M. mouth, he taught the Algerines to respect the British London. James Duncan. 1830. 8vo. Pp. 552.

flag. He died on the 26th of June of the present year.

He was, on the whole, a very creditable king,_the more Turs is the hasty production of a clever man,-amu- so, that in his personal manners he was allowed to be sing, but very flimsy. Since Croly has taken to writing one of the best bred men in Europe. It is always of whick-which means, volumes at the rate of a hundred importance to have upon the throne one wbo knows, or a hundred and fifty pounds each he has done nothing almost as well as Mr Peter Buchan of Peterhead, what worthy of the reputation which some of his earlier and a “gentleman ought to be." more vigorous productions obtained for him.

In the

Mr Croly's “ Life and Times" are, as we have said, book before us, he has collected from the most obvious very sketchy and desultory. Good remarks of his own sources, and hastily strung together, an account of some are interspersed among plentiful clippings from old newsof the leading incidents which occurred during the life papers and magazines. Nothing like a comprehensive or of George IV. As a Biographical Memoir of that Mo- profound view is attempted of any one subject. The narch, the volume has no pretensions whatever. It con- book is a sort of steain-boat companion ; calculated to be tains less of the personal history of the King than of read without any fatigue, and when the mind is in that almost any other thing. Many of the events it narrates half squeamish condition, when exertion of any kind is are connected with George IV., merely because he hap- disagreeable. We shall give one specimen of the style, pened to live when they took place. Neither can we which is scarcely sober enough, but is, nevertheless, admire the style wbich Mr Croly has adopted. It is tolerably pleasant to read : inflated, and tbere is a continual straining after fine writing, which detracts materially from the simplicity and distinctness requisite in biography. Nevertheless, “ It becomes an interesting question, whether this sinthe work contains proofs that it emanates from a mind gular prosperity does not contain within itself the seeds of of considerable vigour and originality. There are a good evil, who exert their sagacity only in seeing the seeds of

decline? But we have a right to distrust those prophets of number of errors and foolish opinions in it, but there is ruin in the most palmy state of national fortune. It all the no downright drivel; on the contrary, though it appears leading commercial powers bave fallen, England has been evidently to have been composed against time, the author placed in a condition distinct from them all. All those seems to have been anxious to infuse as much intellect states were exclusively commercial : they had no foundainto it as his hurry would permit. This is all that a tion in the land. Tyre, Carthage, Venice, Genoa, Holclever writer can do when circumstances induce him to laud, had no territory extensive enough to give them a write whack ;—it is all that Sir Walter Scott does, and he of territory, inhabited by men whose natural dwelling was

national existence independently of the sea : they were strips bas written a good deal of whack, which is got up much on

on ship-board; they had no population that could meet the the same principle as the pedlar's razors—for sale, not for attack of the military powers that pressed on them by land: use. The Annuals are tilled with whack ;-the Family their whole armour was in front; their backs were naked. and Useful Knowledge Libraries are filled with whack; All the maritime states were thus compelled to the perilous -the Magazines and Reviews are filled with whack. It expedient of employing foreign mercenaries. The mercanis the very age of whack. We know of only one work tile jealousy that uniformly refused the rights of citizenfrom which it is excluded, -need we mention the Edin- in his day of danger. The French cavalry insulted the

ship

to the neighbouring states, left the merchant helpless BURGH LITERARY Journal?

gates of Amsterdam at pleasure; the Austrians seized There was just as much romance in the lot of George Genoa, and besieged Venice, when an Austrian cock-boat IV. as usually falls to the lot of princes. He was born under dared not appear on the Adriatic. In older times, the favourable auspices, being the first child of a king and queen Mountaineers of Macedon tore down the battlements of the who were much respected; he received a good classical Phænician cities, when their ships were masters of all from education in private under Markham, Cyril Jackson, and Syria to the Pillars of Hercules. Scipio found but a soliHard; at eighteen, he was declared of age, and provided tary force of mercenaries between the shore and the walls with an establishment suitable to the heir apparent; he “From the catastrophe of those small, jealous, and tyranplunged at once into the heart of every species of fashion- nical states, what argument can be drawn to the fate of the able pleasure, and the consequence was, he soon found extensive, the generous, the enlightened, and, above all, the that he had exceeded his means, and was involved in debt free? to an enormous amount; bis embarrassments became the “ The population of the British isles is worthy of a great subject of parliamentary investigation, and they, together dominion. It probably amounts to twenty millions; and with his iinprudent connexion with Mrs Fitzherbert, that iminense number placed under such fortunate circum

stances of rapid communication and easy concentration, as served to alienate from him the affections of his father.

to be equal to twice the amount in any other kingdom. He had powerful friends, however, in such men as Fox, Facility of intercourse is one of the first principles of civilSheridan, Burke, Curran, and Grattan, and by their ized strength. The rapid returos of merchandise are not

THE FUTURE PROSPECTS OF GREAT BRITAIN.

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