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crossed, and a settlement, called Bathurst, has been esta- | would do, and as they are armed with long sharp claws, blished behind it. The country about it is of greater eleva- they frequently let a dog's entrails out, or otherwise lacerate tion than those parts which are nearer to the sea, and them in the most dreadful manner, sitting all the while on consequently colder. Grain and other productions, how their haunches, hagging and scratching with determined ever, have been raised there, equal to any other in the colony; fury. Young dogs, that are fierce and of good bottom, are but the distance from Sydney, over a difficult country, and almost sure to be sacrificed, if allowed to run at these old the want of any navigable rivers, will not admit of the men,' before they have acquired some experience with smaller settler's pursuing agriculture there, or in any situation After having been once or twice wounded, they get similar to it, beyond raising a supply for his own fainily, pretty cunning, and very few dogs will attack a 'wool man, and a reserve against the casualties of the seasons."

when they are away from their keepers: their practice is to To this we may add the following interesting account him till some person come up, when, either with large sticks

keep the enemy at bay, by running round, and barking at of

or pistols, and the aid of the dogs, he is finally dispatched, THE CLIMATE OF AUSTRALIA,

but not without some difficulty and caution. 'A full-sized "I am now writing in the midst of winter, in my tent, he rises to move forward, be stands four or four and a half

wool man’at bay always sits on his haunches, and when with a fire in front of it. The sun has risen seven mornings at least out of ten, without a cloud in the horizon, and feet high. In this manver, he will, when pressed, meet a has set the same. About four P. M., it begins to feel cold, man, and hug and scratch him, if not to death, in such a much the same as in the shutting in of a very clear day in way as he does not soon forget it. When hard pressed, and England, in November. The stars twinkle at night as in

near to water, the kangaroo always takes it; it it be deep a frost, and the cold retninds you that a fire is necessary for water, and the dogs follow him, one or the other is almost your etmfort Notwithstanding this, I have not yet seen

sure to be drowned, If a single dog, the kangaroo is ice, although I am told that water has sometimes been very nearly certain to come off victorious, by taking his assailslightly incrusted during the night. We are nearer the sea ant in his fore-arms, and holding bim under water till bere, and consequently milder in winter, and cooler in sum- he is dead; but if he has two dogs opposed to him, he is not mer, than it farther from the coast, while, at the distance left at liberty to hold either of his opponents long enough of tsventy miles, I have seen ice as thick as a dollar. I have under water to drown him, and he generally himself falls a peas now in my garden, in blossom; and the hills about sacrifice, after a long and hard struggle. Notwithstanding my tent are bespangled with violets, and a delicate white the courage and ferocity of the kangaroo when pressed, he is tower, that reminds me of the snowdrop ; so you may judge otherwise extremely timid, and more easily domesticated wbat the climate must be. Still the weather in winter is than any wild animal with which I am acquainted. The cold enough to the feelings to remind us, occasionally, of smaller ones are frequently quite as swift as a hare, and I your fine dry weather in March and November, with a have sometimes seen them outstrip the fleetest dogs. The inoderate east wind, though it more frequently has the kind of dog used for coarsing the kangaroo, is generally

a mildness of May, with a clear sun. Sometimes we have cross between the greyhound and the mastiff

, or sheep-dog; refreshing showers, or heavy rains, succeeded always by but in a climate like New South Wales, they have to use fine clear weather; and, as I have said before, seven days the common phrase, too much lumber about them. The at least out of ten, exhibit the blue ethereal sky' without a true-bred greyhound is the most useful dog; he has more spot.

wind; he ascends the hill with more ease, and will run “ I have now seen three seasons in this country-sum- double the number of courses in a day. He has more botmer, autumn, and winter. The summer is a little too hot, tom in running, and if he has less ferocity when he comes but I have felt more inconvenience from hot weather in up with an old man,' so much the better, as he exposes England than here: it lasts longer in this country, but you himself the less, and lives to afford sport another day. The are sooner cool after exertion, and less liable to be chilled. strongest and most courageous dog can seldom conquer a The weather in automn and winter is truly delightful, wool man' alone, and not one in fifty will face him fairly neither too hot nor too cold. I am told that the spring is the dog who has the temerity, is certain to be disabled, if equally agreeable ; and that, although the winters are so

not killed. mild, still nature appears to undergo an invigorating change,

“ The herd of kangaroos we had thus come upon was as in colder regions Animals lose their long coats; flowers too numerous to allow of the dogs being let loose; but as spring up in the gardens and fields; birds begin to sing the day's walk was drawing to a close, I bad given Maty snore generally; and the trees, although evergreens, change Bill liberty to catch another kangaroo, if we should fall in their somewhat faded hue for the more refreshing green of with a single one. After moving up to the foot of the hill, spring,",

about a quarter of a mile from the river, my sable compa

nion eyed a 'corbon wool man,' as he called it, quietly feedWe have room for only one other extract, but it is a ing at a distance on the slope of the hill. His eyes sparkled, long oné, descriptive of one of the most favourite occupa- he was all agitation, and he called out, Massa ! massa! tions of the natives, and introducing us at once to the You tee! you tee! wool man! wool man!'corbon wool man! interior of the country:

and off he ran with his dogs till he was within a fair dis

tance, when he slipped their collars. I was at this time on KANGAROO-HUNTING.

foot. and the whole of then therefore were soon out of my * The country on our right consisted of high and poor sight. They had turned round the bottom of the hill, in stong hills, thickly timbered that on the left, on the opposite the direction of the river, and as I was following them side of the river, was a rich and thinly timbered country, down, I heard the dogs at bay, and the shrill call of, cooA low and fertile flat meadow there skirted the river, and 00-00,' from my companion, to direct me to the spot; and, at the extremity of the flat the hills gradually arose with a on turning the corner of the hill, I met hiin, running and gentle slope, covered with verdure, upon which an immense calling as fast and as loud as he couid. As soon as he saw herd' of kangaroos was feeding. I crossed over with Maty me, be stopped and called out, Massa ! massa ! make Bill and a brace of dogs, leaving the party to proceed on baste, dingo (dogs) have got him in ribber. Many corbon thett route. The moinent we had crossed, the kangaroos wool man, all te saine like it bullock. All this was said in muved'off

. 'It is extremely curious to see the manner in i a breath, and as I could not pretend to run with him, I which a large herd of these animals jump before you. It desired him to go as fast as he could and help the dogs till I has often been asserted in England that they make use of should arrive. When I got up to the spot, he was in the their lils to spring from you when they are pursued: this is middle of the river, with about two feet depth of water, not correct. Their tails never touch the ground when they while the kangaroo, sitting upright on its haunches, was move, except when they are on their feed, or at play; and keeping both him and the dogs at a respectful distance, and the faster they run or jump, the higher they carry them. had laid bare the wind-pipe of one of the dogs. Billy's The male kangaroos were called, by the natives, old men, Waddy was too short to reach him without coming to close * wdol man; and the females, young ladies, ' young liddy.') quarters, and he knew better than do that; at length he got The males are not so swift as the females, and the natives, behind him, and with a blow on the head be dispatched in pet seasons, occasionally run the former down when very him. No huntsman conld have shown more ardour in large, their weight causing them to sink in the wet ground, pursuit, or more pleasure at the death of a fox, than did and thus to become tired. They frequently, however, make poor Maty Bill upon this occasion. The kangaroo was so up for this disadvantage, hy tierceness and cunning, when heavy, weighing above 150 pounds, that he could not lift aluuked either by men or dogs, and it is exceedingly diffi- him out of the water, and we were obliged to leave him till cult for a brace of the best dogs to kill a corbon wool man, our party arrived on the opposite side. A fresh scene of When they can, they will hug a dog or a man as a bear pleasure eusued among the natives when they became ac

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to me,

quainted with our good fortune. They were now all in In the soft carol of my simple song!
theriver, from whence they drew the wool man,'and placed And, searching nature with unsullied eye,
him on the back of one of the horses. I wished to have The aggregated charms of earth and sky,
left him, as we had already enough; but as they were eager The blight of Winter, and the bloom of Spring,
beyond every thing to take him, I indulged them. It ap The green and golden mantle and soft sigh
pears that the natives have a great partiality for the flesh of Of gentle Autumn-alt alike did bring
ihe old and large kangaroos, just as we have for mutton or Fresh beauty to the mind, ou adoration's wing.
venison of a proper age. I never could discover any differ-
ence in flavour; but if they can partake of a'wool man,' they

“ Then sweet to wander through the leafless grove, refuse any other; and when asked the reason, they replied While yet Spring's infant anthern rang, to wake Wool man budgeree (food) fatter. Black fellow

Earth into life with Winter now she strove, like him always more better.'

Now would the hue of Summer's beauty take,

Now Autamn's drapery, and then all forsake, We have read the whole of Mr Dawson's work with

To shine herself alone, and, 'midst our bliss, pleasure ; and though we understand that the Australian

Even as we gazed, to hide the late-fallen flake, Agricultural Company, who sent him out as their chief

Seemd plant to spring, that sunbeáin loved to kiss, ngent, and for whom he had the merit of organising the Their tender mother smiled to mark the sweet caress. first settlement, have seen fit to supersede him--for

" And sweet to roam o'er yet snow-chequer'd scene, what reason we know not--we cannot think otherwise

Along the hilly rise, and there behold of him than as an able aud conscientious man, who has

Earth-one vast gein of sparkling white and green; extended our knowledge of one of the finest portions of And down the steeps streams dashing, bright and bold, the habitable globe, and who has also made an important Noisy, innumerous—ball froin Winter hold contribution to the history of uncivilized and unsophisti Their short duration, yet impetuous, prvad, cated life.

As through all lands, all ages they had rollid;

Ephemeral offspring of the feeling cloud,

Foam on !--the upstart streams of life. yet rage more loud. The Retrospect; or, Youthful Scenes. With other Posms

and Songs. By John Wright. Edinburgh. John “ Thou comest, Spring! like an o'er-fondled child, Boyd. 1830. 12mo, pp. 180.

That pets, and brawls, and wecjs, and knoivs not why; We introduced Mr Wright's name to the acquaintance

Straight smil'st, with cheek all beauty, dimpling, mil,

And now, to tempt pursuit, afar dost flys of our readers some time ago. His preface, which is well

And in thy absence with each other vie, and modestly written, will best explain the circumstances

To seize thy sceptre, frost, snow, wind, and rain ; under which he now comes before the public :

And opening flowerets drop their heads to die :

With wreath of beams, and beaming flowers, again “ With some slight hopes, flattered as the author has been Thou com’st, to rout abash'd stern Winter's hostile train." with favourable opinions from some of the first poetical

The miscellaneous poems are of unequal merit. The authorities in Edinburgh, yet, with many fears, gloomy best, entitled, “ Kiss the Goblet and live!” has already misgivings, and paternal yearnings of heart, he ushers this little volume into the world. Of the cares that attend pub- appeared in the Journal. lication he is well aware; for though there are individuals scattered up and down who peruse poetry, in all cases, for Edinburgh Cabinet Library. Volume II. Discovery and its own sake, yet there are others, indeed the majority of those that are termed admirers of poetry, who may read

Adventure in Africa. Edinburgh. Oliver and Boyd. what has been laid out for them by approved critics, and

1830. the general consent of ages; but no sooner does a young and On the appearance of the first volume of this series of unsupported anthor set his foot on the stage of competition, works, we spoke with due praise of the handsome and than they are instantly on the tiptve of alarm: they inves- careful manner in which it was got up. We have been tigate, not to discover genius, but to expose its defects; and favoured with an early copy of the second vokime, and however great his powers of mind may be, he is sure to perish, or at least to be neglected, unless some Herculean though we must reserve our more detailed account of it connoisseur interpose in his behalf, and lift binn from obli- till next week, we take this opportunity of mentioning, vion.

that it appears to be in all respects worthy of its prede« When the sixth and seventh stanzas of the RETROSPECT cessor. It contains a narrative of discoveries and advenwere composed, the author bad not the slightest intention

tures in Africa, from the earliest ages to the present time. of ever going farther, when circumstances successively occurred which led to the composition of inore, till, in the The historical part has been executed by Mr Hugh Marcourse of three or four months, the poem had swollen into ray; the geological and mineralogical, by Professor Ja. almost two hundred stanzas; and be may say, that before meson ; and the zoological, by Mr James Wilson, than thinking of a hero, the whole of the first, and considerable whord' no one is more qualified for the task. A sua part of the second canto, was composed. He hopes, there but very distinct map of Africa is also given; together fore, to be pardoned--if it be a fault-for often recurring to with numerous wood-cuts by Branston, personal feeling, more so, as the theme so naturally leads into it.

“Though a very delicate task, the author considers he | The Olive Branch. Edinburgh. H. S. Baynes. 1831. would be doiog hinself an injustice were he not in some


Pp. 308. measure to advert to his circumstances, so utterly unfavour M. Baynes is both the editor and publisher of this able to every kind of improvement, and to his entire want

The contents are almat of education ; but as this has been taken notice of already in neat, but very small Annual. a very respectable periodical, he hopes none will deem him entirely of a religious character. Among the prase canostentatious for extracting barely a line or two before he tributors we observe the Rev. John Brown, Rey. Thomas concludes. • Mr Wright is a self-taught poet, and has en- Raffles, Rev. Edward Craig, Rev. Robert Burns, Res. countered difficulties in his progress more depressing to J. B. Patterson, Rev. James Gardner, Rer. James Angenius than any I have seen recorded of either Burns or derson, Richard Huie, M.D., and one or two others Hogg !""

The poets are John Malcolm, Thomas Todd Stoddart, A considerable degree of gentle feeling, and acute sen W. M. Hetberington, Thomas Atkinson, Hamilton sibility to all the charms of nature, are the chief charac- Buchanan, Rev. Robert Turnbull, and the editor. It is teristics of Mr Wright's verses. The largest poem, which a little volume, which can do no harm to any body; and is in the Spenserian stanza, is rather deficient in conden though we have seen books “ made of sterner stuit," sation and continued interest, but contains many poetical it will not do to despise in these days "rats, and mice, and highly creditable stanzas; as, for example, the fol- and such small deer." We are most amiably. inclinch lowing:

towards the Olive Branch, " In youth's bright summer, when I skimm'd along On rapture's rolling tide, how blest was I


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the best game to play at, as it affords most occupation and amusement to the mind, and admits of no gambling.

After this I went to my cabin, read again, then dressed ADVICE AND INSTRUCTIONS TO YOUNG MEN

for dinner, and came upon deck a quarter of an hour beABOUT TO PROCEED TO INDIA.

fore it, and again took a turn with the passengers. Af. Letter from a Gentleman who has resided long in the ter dinner, I passed the evening chiefly in conversation,

East Indies, to a young Frieni preparing to settle in and in various games, but sometimes went down to my that Country.

books for an hour before supper. If you adopt the same

division of your time, you will have little cause to comMy Dear SIR,_I had the pleasure of receiving your plain of ennui. letters of the 6th and 17th ult., 'and am afraid you may Upon a slight acquaintance, the defects of men are not think I have too long deferred replying to them. I have offensive to each other, indeed, are scarcely perceptible ; constantly had you in my mind, however, though unre but the intimacy produced by a lovg voyage, renders all mittingly occupied with business of an important and these defects prominent and conspicuous. Familiarity, troublesome vature, which has prevented me from an. therefore, which is at all times improper, is most especiswering you sooner; but I trust my advice, upon which ally to be avoided on board ship, where it necessarily you pay me the compliment to set a value, will yet reach leads to quarrels. An open and cheerful, but polite and you in very good time before yon sail, as the departure rather respectful manner, to every one, is the best that of the ship is generally protracted beyond expectation. can be adopted. This generally purchases a return of

I proceed, without farther preface, to the main pur- politeness and respect to ourselves; where it does not do pose of my letter, and shall divide what I have to say so, avoid intercourse with that person, as unworthy of under the following heads, viz. 1. What you should take your company. with you ;-2. How you should act on the passage ; I need not recommend to you not to gamble; every 3. How you should act at any place of call during the other advice would be unavailing, were there any risk of passage ;-+*. How you should act on your first arrival your committing that folly. at Madrass and 5. General advice with regard to Should there be any ladies on board, show that you are your conduet and views in the civil service.

anxious to please and amuse them, but avoid being par1. Young men going out to India, usually apply to the ticular in your attentions to any of them, as I am sure dealers in ready-made clothes --cominonly called slop- you could never be guilty of the extravagance of burrlenmerchants-about the India-house. These people, in order ing yourself with a wife, (probably of very unsuitable to get off a greater quantity of their own wares, overload birth,) when yourself embarked in the wide ocean of life, the young men with useless trash. You should take only and as yet unprovided for. such things as will be afterwards useful in India, as well I have now to mention the means of preserving your as on the voyage. The constant dress in India in the health. The regular habits which I have described morning, and even at dinner, where there are no ladics, is above, as being well calculated to avert ennui, are also a round white jacket, white waistcoat, and white breeches, well calculated for the preservation of health. Your or pantaloons. In buying light clothing, therefore, for diet should be simple : At breakfast, avoid eating butter, the tropical climates, you should take no coloured things which generates bile; you should also avoid eating the of this sert, which are vulgar. Let all your light dresses inside dough of certain abominable hor rolls, which are be white, and, if it can be obtained, made of a light cot- usually served up. The dough exceedingly indigestton cloth, of Madras manufacture, called Izeree. If that ible. Tea and eggs, the outside crust of the rolls, and, cannot be had, or if very expensive in this country, take if necessary, a little cold meat, should form your breaksome of our cotton cloths of home manufacture, nearly fast. At dinner, eat of one dish of plain roast or boiled resembling it. By using this precaution, you will be saved meat. Avoid salted meats when fresh are to be had, the expense of a complete new equipment on your arrival and prefer roasted to boiled; eat of some farinaceous vein India. All you want is the proper supply of coats, getables, and of some pudding or tart; drink white wine, waistcoats, &c., for the colder climates, made by your as the red wines, particularly Port, are apt to produce awo tailor at the west end of the town, and the requisite obstruction and bile; and above all, avoid malt liquor, quantity of shirts, cravats, handkerchiefs, stockings, light and using variety of wines on the same day. Take po jackets, waistcoats, &c., as formerly described. All these tea, and very little snpper. When you use medicine, inst should be made of cotton, as it absorbs perspiration, prefer pills, containing three grains of rhubarb and one which linen does not; and you should have a good boat- of calomel in each, wuless the doctor is absolutely against clock, and a good gold watch, made by one of the best it. This preparation is undoubtedly better for bile than makers, and of the plainest construction, in order that any other. Exercise has been already mentioned : it is any ordinary watch-maker may be able to clean, or of leading importance. I recommend to you to take with repair it.

you some bottles of syrup of vinegar, and of various fruits. 2. Without seeming, or professing, to give a scrupulous I always took a spoonful or two of these in half a glass attention to such matters, you should take strict care of of water, before dinner, and thought they not only proyour health during the voyage, and be attentive to divide moted appetite and digestion, but kept me free from a sour time properly, and to vary your occupation, so as tendency to scorbutic disorders and dysentery, which apto avoid ennui. I never was subject to ennui on board peared to exist in others who did not use the same prehip any more than in other places. I rose early, and, caution. buat half an hour before breakfast, came out on the 3. The outward-bound fleet in which you will sail, quarter-deck, and took a turn up and down with the rest very often does not stop or call anywhere, but makes

f the passengers. After breakfast, I sat half an hour, or the whole voyage without interruption. If this should an hour, so long as conversation continued animated and be the course pursued by the ship in which you are emagreeable ; then retired to my cabin, and read for a couple barked, a more particular attention to health will be of hours; then came up, and in all weathers took one necessary, because the length of the voyage, and the nehour of constitutional exercise, walking up and down on cessity of using salted meats which it induces, occasion Ieck, which is very essential to the preservation of health. a general depression of spirits on board the ship, and a I took' very little luncheon, if any, as it overloads the tendency to different disorders, especially in the colder stomach ; but you being a growing youth, may require latitudes. If, on the other hand, the fleet should call something more than I did. I joined in the cheerful anywhere, pray be attentive to avoid expense, as the conversation of the rest of the passengers after their lan- charges made in such places are usually exorbitant. Have cheon, and then played a game or two at chess, which is patience until you reach 'India, where you will enjoy all

able person.

the luxuries of life. Also, be particularly careful'and dignitaries will take the trouble to go with you, and inobservant during your transit in boats to and from the troduce you everywhere. Soine younger man, of suitable shore--incur no unnecessary risks. You will see fools rank, in the civil or military service, must be fixed upon going ashore, or on board, in a gale of wind, to show their for this purpose. As there is a certain esprit de corps courage, when another time would do as well

. Despise subsisting between the two services, it would perhaps le this. Some of the places of landing and embarkation are more desirable that you should have a conductor of the very dangerous, particularly that of St Helena. Never civil service, be in a hurry; be collected ; and (to use a cant phrase) When you are once fairly f

fairly fixed in the house of a Mentot, have a good, quick, observant eye in your head. This you must send all your letters of introduction, enclosed may preserve your life. In an open boat, which is always in polite curds, to their respective destinations; and you a dangerous conveyance , be watchful, without seeming to may add to each card," that you will

do yourself tisa be so. But do not interfere or make any observations, honour of calling upon the person to whom it is addressed. unless it be absolutely necessary to do so, In the road when you make these visits, the Mentor will accompany of the Island of Ascension, I was myself obliged to assure you, and save you the embarrassment of continually [te the direction of a boat, my companions being all tipsy. peating your own name. In India, 'every body knows

4. On your arrival in Madras Roads, you will see the every body, so you will find your Mentor acquainted Fort St George, with all its buildings, lying upon a low, with all the persons to whom your letters are addressed. Hat, sandy beach, on which breaks a heavy surf

. Distant My particular advice to you is, never to breakfast at homne, mountains are on the horizon, and the intermediate coun- and never to dine at home, when invited out. try, which is level, is covered with groves of cocoa-nut It is the universal practice in India, for the young men trees. A native, sitting on his hams on two logs of wood to present themselves to breakfast at the tables of these lashed together, with a conical osier cap on his head, will to whom they have been introdaced, and this voluntary come off from the shore to the ship, and will carry letters visit, far from being considered an intrusion, is taken a back in the crown of his cap. Next, a masuler boat, of a great mark of respect, and desire to cultivate their ac a peculiar construction, very high in the sides, and fitted quaintance. You are to make your own fortune and to stand the shock of the surf

, will come off, laden with friends for yourself in India, therefore must take into a number of debashes, or head servants

, and general agents. your consideration that people only love, and befriend These men, like all the more opulent natives of Hindos- those whom they know, and whose good qualities they tan, are dressed in white cotton robes, or petticoats, with have had opportunities of appreciating. For this reason, turbans on their heads, and rings in their ears, and they your first study here, 'as everywhere else, must be to decome on board to offer their services to the Europeans serve well; and your second, to make yourself generally newly arrived, in procaring them boats for landing them- known, and to render yourself agreeable to every respectselves and their baggage, and the other requisite accommodations on a first arrival.

Your Mentor should be on the look-out, immediately, I paint these things, that your young mind, being pre to secure you a pleasaut set of rooms in the writers' apartviously prepared, may not be too much occupied with the ments in the Fort Square; but you should continue to povelty of the scene; for you must look sharp about you, live with him until pretty generally acquainted, and no as these fellows are great rogues. They are extremely longer in need of a chaperon. When that is the case, polite, and even insinuating. In concert with the most your Mentor will desire his head-servant to look out for respectable young men on board, with whom you will a respectable head-servant for you, and you may then have become most intimate during the voyage, you will establish yourself in your own apartments in the Fort indulge your eagerness to go ashore, by ordering a debash Square. The Mentor will advise you in the purchase of to procure a boat immediately, if it be daylight; but by a palanquin, in the purchase of a good and gentle horses no means attempt this during the night, should it be late and of the furniture requisite for your rooms,

Your before your ship makes the roads. Take care that the establishment of servants should be,-a head-servant, an bont be not overloaded. The natives who row it, utter assistant under bim, eight palanquin bearers, a horsea sort of plaintive song, to assist them in pulling together keeper, and a female to sweep the house. You cannot with their oars. This song they swell into quick and have less, and no more is necessary. loud exclamations, 'when they get into the surf, merely With regard to the preservation of your health in India, for the purpose of encouraging each other to greater ex the diet, regimen, and attention to exercise, already poted ertion, which then becomes necessary ; but there is no in this letter, are perfectly applicable to that climate. I cause for alarm.

advise you to have pantaloons made with feet to them, Your debash will have hired palanquins ready to re so that, in getting out of bed, you will be dressed in a ceive you, and your companions, upon the shore; but you moment, by pulling them on. Rise a little before fire mast really keep a sharp look-out on your baggage, other-o'clock in the morning; mount your horse, and take a wise some rogues, most probably in the employ of your ride with some of your friends; but avoid very violent own debash, may slip away with one of your trunks. exercise, and sitting up very late at night, so long as you You will then proceed to a tavern, and there I recom are a growing youth. When you come in from your ride, mend to you to do nothing but secure your baggage, and dress yourself and go out to breakfast, as before recom obtain the necessary refreshments. You will previously mended. - From the place where you breakfast, you will have selected the most particular letter of recommenda- go into the Fort St George, to attend the public office to tion you have for a person of suitable condition, and you which you may be attached. There you will remain till the will now send it by a careful man to its destination, en. cool time of the evening. In the forenoon, however, you closed in a polite note, dated at the tavern. That person will have luncheon-here called tiffen ; but be moderate at will, no doubt, immediately come and call on yon, and this repast. In the evening, take another ride, or a drive will carry you off with him to his house; a measure in the carriage of some of your friends; then go home which you must agree to ; and there you will take up dress for dinner, and go out whenever invited with some your quarters, and in every matter of detail be guided by friend. Give no dinners yourself, it is not expected of a bis advice.

young man just entering the service. Your father will procure you letters of introduction to About once a-week you should take the tepid bath the heads of the government, who receive their appoint- that is to say, a bath cooler than the human bloed; and ments at home. Strong letters of recommendation to the warmer than the temperate point of the thermometer. governor, to the commander-in-chief, to the members of Use it heated to about 92 of Fahrenheit. For this puru council

, and to the heads of the different boards, (revenue, { pose, no expensive ortroublesome preparation is necessary trade, &c. &c.) are of substantial use; but none of these buy a little bath thermometer, and a large hogshead, etik


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ave a stool fixed in the bottom of it. Your servants will plainer and more substantial species of food. They assu- . eat the water in large earthen ware pots which they have red us, that there was about ten leagues off another island, Avoid excess in fruits, particularly on yoor first arrival, where they had mines of hams, sausages, and well-seabut do not neglect to use them in moderation, as they are soned ragouts, which they dug as people dig the gold righly beneficial. "Be particularly cautious in eating pine mines of Peru. They said there were also rivulets of apples, which are there very common they are apt to onion sauces, that the walls of the houses were of pieerust, produce dysentery. The orange, shadvloch (pummelose), 1 and that in bad yeather it rained wine of a strong body, melon, plaintain, mangoe, and grape, are the best fruits. while on fine days the morning dew resembled Greek or Have some on your table every day when you come in to other white wine, dress for dinner. Eat some then, but take none after To enable us to reach this island, we caused to be placed dinger, as fruit spoils the digestion of that meal, Above on the quay we were about to leave, twelve men of a all, avoid burdening your stomach with the miscellaneous prodigious size, who were fast asleep, and they blew so i trash called dessert after dinner; it is both childish and strongly in snoring, that they filled our sails with a prejudicial.

favourable wind. As soon as we arrived on the other 5. Toa young man well educated, as you have been, it would island, ,we found on the shore merchants who wished to be idle to repeat the well-known maxims for the conduct sell us appetites, which are often wanted amidst so many of life; but I may just observe, that at Madras, as in ragouts. There were people, too, who sold sleep; the every other place, there is one set of the young men who price was so much an hour; but they had sleeps at all are fond of drinking and guzzling, dissipation, clamorous prices, according to the dreams one chose to have. The merriment, idleness, &c. There is another set prodi- tinest dreams were very dear. I demanded one of the giously fastidious, who are constantly complaining of the most agreeable for my money, and, as I was fatigued, I climate of India, and enlarging upon the superior luxuries went to rest. Before falling asleep, however, I heard a and pleasures of Britain, very few, if any, of which they terrific noise. On enquiring its cause, they told me it, perhaps ever enjoyed. Avoid these absurdities, and re was the earth opening. I thought myself lost; but they collect that those men are most generally beloved, and re-assured me, by informing me that it opened thus every most successful in life, who are cheerful and serene, and night, at a certain hour, to vomit forth boiling rivulets of * rather disposed to approve, and be pleased, than to find frothed chocolate, and iced liqueurs of all kinds. I rose fault and be unhappy: Prefer the society of men older | in haste to taste them, and found them delicious, Afterthan yourself; and follow Bacon's recommendation, who wards I went to bed again, that I might not lose the advises to ask many questions, as we thereby not only money I had given for my dream. In my sleep, I be: improve ourselves, but please others, by giving them an lieved that I saw that every one was of crystal ; that men, opportunity of showing their knowledge. If ever you nourished themselves with perfumes; that their usual, come to be really a superior man, be cautious of exciting motion was running, and their usual mode of speech singenvy, by displaying your attainments and accomplishments. ing ; that they had wings to cut the air, and fins to :

These honours are by so much the more revered, as they enable them to pass through the sea. are modestly worn, There is another thing I have to I was hardly awake, when a seller of appetites came to mention, in the words of a vulgar adage, “nev r throw ask if I wanted any hunger, and if I wished him to sell pearls before swine"—that is to say, never talk to people me relays of stomachs, to enable me to eat during the respecting things of which they are ignorant, or of matters whole day. I accepted the proposal., For my money, he more abstract than they have capacity to understaud. gave me twelve little taffety pouches, which I immediately Nothing depreciates a character so much as acting in this put on, and which were to serve me for twelve stomachs.

No sooner had I put on the pouches, than I was ready to Having already said so much to you personally with die of hunger. I passed iny day, in making twelve delirespect to what ought to be your views and objects in the cious · repasts ; as soon as one was finished, I began an,

service, I need not run into repetitions, and delay the other. In the evening, feeling fatigued, with having, e departure of my letter by enlarging upon that subject. spent the day at table like a horse at his rack, I resolved

I beg to trouble you with two letters for my brother, to take nothing next day but tine scents. They gave me one open for your perusal, regarding yourself, and the orange-flower for breakfast; and for dinner, tuberoses , other closed. I conceive the introduction to my brother and Spanish heather, with jonquils for a dessert; at sup, alone to be equivalent to an introduction to all the re per, I had frankincense. spectable inhabitants of Madras, as he can easily make Having heard that there was in this country a very you acquainted with them. Even if my acquaintance singular city, I desired to be taken thither. They put me with that place, therefore, were not worn out of date, it into a little wooden chair, very light, and garnished with

would be unnecessary to burden you with more letters. large feathers ;-tbey fastened to this chair, with silk 1Wishing you a safe passage, health, wealth, and pros- cords, four great birds, as large as ostriches, with wings

perity in India, and an early return with honour and proportioned to their bodies. These birds new off, and, fortune to your native country, I remain, my dear sir, with the reins, I guided them towards the east, as I had your sincere friend.

been instructed. I saw high mountains at my feet; and we flew so fast, that I almost lost my breath in cutting,


In about an hour, we arrived at the celebrated, NOT

city It is all of marble, and three times larger than, DESCRIBED HITHERTO BY ANY VOYAGER.

Paris. The whole city is but one house. There are From the French,

twenty-four great courts, every one of which is as large Fax out in the Pacific ocean, we came to an island of as the largest square in the world; and in the middle of sugar, with mountains of stewed fruit, rocks of sugar- these twenty-four courts there is a twenty-fifth, which is candy and barleysugar, and rivers of syrup which inter- six times larger than any of the others,

All the apart sected the country, The inhabitants, who appeared very ments of this house are equal, for there is no inequality sweet toothed, licked the dust off the roads, and sucked of condition among the inhabitants of this city. There their fingers after having dipped them in any of the ad- are neither domestics nor lower sort of people; every one, joining rivers. There were also forests of licorice, and serves himself; nobody is waited on; there are only large trees whence fell abundance of sweet cakes, which wishes, which are nimble little hobgoblins, who give the breezes were constantly puffing into the mouths of every one what is desired in a moment. On arriving, I

received one of these spirits, who attached himself to me, We soon got tired of this island. So many sweets cloyed and let me want for nothing. I began, ere long, to be us and we told the inhabitants that we longed for some fatigued with the new desires which this facility of gra,


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