« PreviousContinue »
blood royal, had, with much trouble and vast expense, a “ The bagpipe, of a rude and discordant construction, is hunting match for the entertainment of our most illustrious in common use throughout the East; and that it continues and most gracious queen. Our people call this a royal party. the popular instrument of the Italian peasant is well known. I was then a young man, and was present on that occasion. In this country, it is the medium through which the good Two thousand Highlanders, or wild Scotch as you call Catholics show their devotion to the Virgin Mother, who them here, were employed to drive to the hunting ground receives their adoration in the lengthened strains of the all the deer from the woods and bills of Athol, Badenoch, sonorous Piva. It is a singular, but faithful, tradition of Mar, Murray, and the countries about. As these High- the church, that the shepherds who first saw the infant landers use a light dress, and are very swift of foot, they Jesus in the barn, expressed their gladness by playing on went up and down so nimbly, that in less than two months' their bagpipes. That this is probable and natural, will not be time they brought together 2000 red deer, besides does and denied; but the illuminator of a Dutch inissal, in the Libfallow deer. The queen, the great men, and others, were rary of King's College, Old Aberdeen, surely indulged his in a glen where all the deer were brought before them. Be- fancy when he represented one of the appearing angels likelieve me, the whole body of them moved forward in some- wise playing a salute on this curious instrument. The Italian thing like battle order.' This sight still strikes me, and shepherds religiously adhere to the laudable practice of their ever will, for they had a leader, whom they followed close ancestors; and, in visiting Rome and other places, to celewherever he moved. The leader was a very fine stag, with brate the advent of our Saviour, they carry the pipes along a very high head. The sight delighted the queen very with them, and their favourite tune is the Sicilian Marimuch, but she soon had occasion for fear, upon the earl's ners, often sung in Protestant churches. ( who had been accustomed to such sights) addressing her " It is the popular opinion, that the Virgin Mary is very thus : • Do you observe that stay who is foremost of the fond, and is an excellent judge, of music. I received this herd ? There is danger from that stag, for, if either fear information on Christmas morning, when I was looking or rage should force him from the ridge of that hill, let at two Calabrian pipers, doing their utmost to please her, every one look to himself, for none of us will be out of the and the infant in her arms. They played for a full hour way of hearing, for the rest will follow this one; and ha to one of her images, which stands at the corner of a street. ving thrown us under foot, they will open a passage to this All the other statues of the Virgin which are placed in the hill behind us.' What happened a moment after confirmed streets, are serenaded in the same manner every Christmas, this opinion, for the queen ordered one of the best dogs to morning. On my enquiry into the ineaning of that cerebe let loose on one of the deer: this the dog pursues, the mony, I was told the above-mentioned circumstance of her leading stay was frighted, he tlies by the same way he had character, which, though you have alivays thought highly come there, the rest went after him, and break out where the probable, perhaps you never before knew for certain. My thickest body of the Highlanders was. They had nothing informer was a pilgrim, who stood listening with great defor it but to throw themselves flat on the heath, and to votion to the pipers. He told me, at the same time, that allow the deer to pass over them. It was told the queen the Virgin's taste was too refined to have much satistaction that several of the Highlanders had been wounded, and in the performance of these poor Calabrians, which was that two or three had been killed outright; and the whole chieily intended for the intant, and he desired me to remark, body had got off had not the Highlanders, by their skill in that the tunes were plain, simple, and such as might natuhunting, fallen upon a stratagem to cut off the rear from rally be supposed agreeable to the ear of a child of his time the main body. It was of those that had been separated of life.” that the queen's dogs and those of the nobility made slaughter. There were killed that day three hundred and sixty *" Ilow many anecdotes might be given of the effects of deer, with five wolves, and some roes.
this instrument on the hardy sons of Caledonia! In the We are by no means very partial to the music of the war in India, a piper in Lord V‘Leod's regiment, seeing bagpipe; and the execrable performances with which we
the British army giving way before superior numbers, are often assailed by peripatetic bagpipers, even in the which'filled the Highlanders with such spirit, that, imme
played, in his best style, the well-known • Cogadh na Sith,'. streets of this our own romantic town, are not much viately rallying, they cut through their enemies. For this calculated to reconcile us to the tones of that horrible fortunate circumstance, Sir Eyre Coote, filled with admiinstrument. However, chacun à son gout ; and as we ration, and appreciating the value of such music, presented have a vague apprehension that these our sentiments may the regionent with fifty pounds to buy a stand of pipes. At sound very like heresy in the ears of a very extensive the battle of Quebec, in 1760, the troops were retreating in circle of acquaintance beyond the Grampians, we shall disorder, and the general complained to a field-officer in endeavour to pacify our Highland friends, by means said the officer, with a degree of warmth, you did very
Fraser's regiment of the bad conduct of his corps. “Sir,' similar to those which the sibyl employed for stopping wrong in forbidding the pipers to play; nothing inspirits the the mouth (we should rather say mouths) of Corberus ; Highlanders so much; even now they would be of some
Melle soporatam et medicatis frugibus offam use.'- Let them blow, in God's name, then !' said the
general; and the order being given, the pipers with alacrity
sounded the Cruinneachadh, on which the Gaël formed in TRADITIONS AND ANECDOTES OF THE BAG PIPE. the rear, and bravely returned to the charge.-George “There is at Rome a tine Greek sculpture, in basso Clark, now piper to the Highland Society of London, was relievo, representing a piper playing on an instrument piper to the 71st regiment, at the battle of Vimeira, where bearing a close resemblance to the Highland bagpipe. The he was wounded in the leg by a musket ball, as he boldly Grerks, unwilling as they were to surrender to others the advanced. Finding hiinself disabled, he sat down on the merit of useful inventions, acknowledge, tbat to the bar- ground, and putting his pipes in order, called out, " Weel, barians.i.e. the Celts--they owed much of their music, lads, I am sorry I can yae nae farther wi' you, but, deil and many of its instruments. The Romans, who, no hae my saul if ye sall want music;' and struck up a favour. doubt, borrowed the bagpipe from the Greeks, used it as a ite warlike air, with the utmost unconcern for any thing martial instrument among their infantry. It is represented but the unspeakable delight of sending his comrades to on several coins, marbles, &c. ; but, from rudeness of exe battle with the animating sound of the piobrachd. cution, or decay of the inaterials, it is difficult to ascertain “ It is a popular tradition, that the enemy anxiously its exact førın.' On the reverse of a coin of the Emperor level at the pipers, aware of the power of their mn sic; and Vera, who thought himself an admirable performer on it, a story is related of one who, at the battle of Waterloo, and who publicly displayed his abilities, the bagpipe is received a shot in the bag before he had time to make a fair represented. An ancient tigure, supposed to be playing on beginning, which so roused his Ilighland blood, that, dashit, has been represented, and particularly described, by Sig- ing his pipes on the ground, he drew his broadsword, and nor Macari, of Cortona, and it is engraved in Walker's wreakoi liis vengeance on his foes with the fury of a lion, liistory of the Irish Bards; but it does not, in my opinion, until his carrer was stopped by, death from numerous appear to be a piper. A small bronze figure, found at wounds. It is related of the piper major of the 92d, on the Richborough, in Kent, and conjectured to have been an same occasion, that, placing himself on an eminence where ornament of horse furniture, is not much more distinct. the shot was flyiny like hail, regardless of luis danger, he
vir King, who has engraved three views of it, and others, proudly sounded the battle air to animate his noble com, believe it to represent a bagpiper, to which it has certainly panions. On one occasion during the Peninsular war, the more resemblance than to a person drinking out of a leathern same regiment came suddenly on the French army, and the bottle.
intimation of their approach was as suddenly given by the
pipers bursting out their Gathering. The effect was instan- stone's work. His hero is a young Saxon, by name taneous; the enemy tiled, and the Highlanders pursued. Edmund, whose birth is unknown, and who has been
It would be easy to extend our extracts from these educated as a sort of foundling in one of the monasteries. interesting volumes, but we have said enough to give our He grows up into the possession of all manly virtues and readers a general idea of the nature and spirit of Mr all noble graces. He becomes acquainted, by accident, Logan's work, and we have only to add that it is worthy with Alfred, wbo, in his adversity, has been wandering of a careful perusal by all who are interested in its sub- in disguise over his kingdom; and afterwards joining ject. The volumes, illustrating as they do the peculiar the Saxon army as a volunteer, he performs such prodihabits and the history of an interesting and loyal portion gies of valour, as to make the reader rejoice when he is of his majesty's subjects, are with great propriety dedi- discovered to be the son of Alfred's brother, and heartily cated to King William the Fourth.
to approve of the conduct of the monarch, in conferring on his nephew the earldom of Wilts and the hand of the
fair Elfrida, the daughter of the Earl of Somerset. But The Sea-Kings in England: An Historical Romance of Saxons, the Danes, and especially their two Sea-kings,
while our affections are thus, engaged on the side of the the Time of Alfred. By the Author of “ The Fall of Hubbo and Sidroc, are on the whole the most prominent Nineveh." 3 vols. Edinburgh, Robert Cadell. 1830.
of all the dramatis persona. Hubbo and Sidroe, strongly MR ATHERSTONE has in this romance carried us back contrasted as they are with each other, are the two chato the very earliest period of authentic English his- racters, in the delineation of which the author has put tory. The annals of the ninth century, though meagre forth his powers with the most success. Habbo, the and obscure in so far as Britain is concerned, may be bloody and ferocious savage, with a gigantic frame and relied on with something like certainty. This is chiefly iron nerves, the blind worshipper of Thor and Odin. to be attributed to the influence of such a man as Alfred : whose only delight is in the spilling of blood, aud whos great kings call into existence trust-worthy historians. only hope is to drink in Valhalla Iony drauglits of beer When a country is parcelled out into a number of and mead out of the skulls of the enemies he has slain, is petty principalities, all at loggerheads with each other, excellently relieved by the portrait of Sidroc, his no less there is a perpetual confusion of small events, interesting powerful and far nobler brother-in-arms, a barbariari to the small men of the day, but a lucid narrative of and a pagan it is true, but one whose mind is in advance which is seldom or never transmitted to posterity. The of his age and country, generons foa and a warm more commanding genius of Alfred raised him above friend. With both Hubbo and Sidroc, but particularly 'these semi-barbarous broils; and they who chronicled the latter, Edmund has much to do. The former is his passing events, perceived, that by making him the hero determined and inveterate foe; the latter, though often of their story, they obtained a nucleus round which to opposed to him by the chance of war, entertains for him wind the whole thread of their narrative. Still, the ma- all that friendship and admiration which kindred spirits h terials they have transmitted to us are few and unsatis can hardly avoid feeling towards each other. factory, and in attempting any thing like a domestic pic. Mr Atherstone is very happy and graphic in bis descripture of these remote times, much must be left to the tions of battles, whether they be general mêlées or single imagination of both the reader and writer.
combats. In this respect he is deeply imbued with the Mr Atherstone is a man of talent. As a poet, his de- old Homeric spirit, and enters into all the details with a scriptions are gorgeous, and his style epic and dignified, minuteness too vivid to be tedious. The heaviest parts though somewhat heavy withal. He has been rather of his work are those where the incidents are scarcely too highly praised both in the Edinburgh Revi.w and important enough to justify the length of narrative which Literary Journal, and he has been too severely cut up in accompanies them. But on the whole, we hesitate net Blackwood's Magazine. He has read much, is an accom. to say, that our author has in this production turned up plished scholar, writes in a vigorous and manly manner, new ground, and that, though from the nature of the possesses a vivid fancy, and though we cannot say that soil it was impossible to sow it very thickly with all he enters intensely into the nicer shades of feeling, he is those little minor graces which may be introduced on evidently not deficient either in heart or head. Judging more modern fields, he has reared a goodly harvest of à priori, therefore, we should have thought it likely that bold and striking delineations. The picture of Danish Mr Atherstone would produce a highly respectable his- manners—wild, warlike, and uncultivated as they were torical romance ; and having read his “ Sea-Kings," we is vigorously dashed off'; and the state of Anglo-Saxon see no reason to deny that our expectations have been society is placed before us probably as well as it was fulfilled.
possible to have done, considering the remoteness of the “ The Sea-Kings of the North," says Sharon Turner, period referred to. in his learned history of the Anglo-Saxons,
As a specimen of Mr Atherstone's style, we shall give of beings whom Europe beheld with terror. Without a a few of the first pages of the story, which opens in the yard of territorial property, without any towns or visible following spirited manner : nation, with no wealth but their ships, no force but their
“ It was in the month of September, 970, and on the crews, and no hope but from their swords, the Sea-Kings morning of the second day after the feast of St Maurice, swarmed upon the boisterous ocean, and plundered in that the monks of Croyland Monastery were, with cheerful every district they could approach. Never to sleep under voices, performing the matin service. There were buit fer a smoky roof, nor to indulge in the cheerful cup over a of the society present--for upwards of 200 of the most hearth, were the boasts of those watery sovereigns, who vigorous, under the command of Tollius, himself a monk not only flourished in the plunder of the sea and its shores of the fraternity, but in years gone by a distinguished milibut who sometimes amassed so much booty, and enlisted northern hordes, who were cruelly ravaging the country.
tary leader-had a few days before marched to oppose the so many followers, as to be able to assault provinces for The hearts of the venerable abbot, and of the community permanent conquest." Upon this text Mr Atherstone's with him, were filled with hope ; for, on the morning Romance is founded. To revenge the death of Ragnar before, they had received intelligence that the Earl Algar, Lodbrog. a Sea-King, who had been slain by Ella, King who commanded the Saxon army, had gained a decisive of Northumbria, “ eight kings, and twenty earls, the victory over a considerable body of the Northmen, and had children, the relations, and companions of Ragnar, sailed driven them at night to their intrenchments, with the los from the Baltic, with a force such as the winds had never monastery were chiefly aged men and children,--but their
of three of their sea-kings. Those who remtuined in the before wafted from the peopled north.” The devasta-confidence was in God; and they trusted he would deliver tions they committed, and the battles they fought, prin-them from the hand of their strong and merciless invader. cipally in West Saxony, form the subject of Mr Ather Cheerfully then they sang, and the voice of the solemu orya
were a race
rolled its thunders through the vaulted pile. But a vehe " Ethelburga was pale, of a slender and delicate form, ment knocking at the great gate disturbed them, and the and about the common stature of females. Her hair was song of praise suddenly ceased. For a moment no one of the prevailing colour of the Saxon race, which might be stirred, though the blows upon the oaken portal were in called a golden red, or a reddish gold. Her eyes were blue, cessant and increasing. All looked upon the grey-baired and mild; the characteristic expression of her face was abbot, and expected his command.' The heart of the old sweetness and gentleness; but at times it would brighten man beat with unusual violence; and, for an instant, he with animation, and devoted enthusiasm. Her step was stood irresolute what to do. Was another victory obtained light, her motions were graceful. She had a laugh ready over the Pagan destroyer ? and did the messengers of the for mirth, and a tear ready for sorrow. She was fond of glad tidings, in the ardour of their joy, forget the reverence music, but played upon po instrument; delighted in books, due to the place, and the solemn worship? or were the but, till shortly before her appearance in our story, had tidings evil, that so strangely disturbed the bringer?-or never been taught to read. Her instructor was of course was, indeed, the enemy himself at the gate?'
Edmund : but never mind that; it is by no means inevi“ Such were the thoughts that in an instant glanced tably necessary that masters should fall in love with their through the mind of the astonished abbot; but as instantly scholars; it is at least quite sure, that very few scholars are he felt, that, good or evil, the tidings must be heard, and disposed to fall in love with their masters. themselves must abide the event. Collecting, then, his “True enough it was, that the handsome and noblespirits, and assuming a look and tone of apparent calmuess, looking youth was well known to have recently become her he said to those around him,- Fear vot, my brethren, instructor in reading, and even in writing, an excess of nor let your hearts be sunk within you. Haply the tidings learning that seemed ridiculous for a female; plain enough inay be good; and our fears may be turned into rejoicing ; was it to the eye of all, that he accompanied her often to but if they be evil, let us not forget that we are the servants the religious duties of the priory, and sometimes, though of Him, who knoweth best that which it is good for us to rarely, when she joined her father in the chase, that he do or to suffer. Undo the gate, therefore, and let us know was seen alone with her in the garden, and in the fields, the worst !
and on the hill tops, where they went together to see the “ While he spake, the strokes upon the door were inces- sun rise, or set, or to look forth upon the magnificent prosantly repeated, and voices were heard without, exclaiming, spect of hill and valley, and distant sea, with its two en. • Open the gate! open the gate! or ye are all dead men!' chanted islands, and its dim background of Welsh moun.
** Two aged porters now inoved tremblingly to the door, tains; that be appeared affectionate and devoted to her; and drew up the massive iron bars which secured it. They eager to afford her amusement, and assiduous to guard her had no sooner done this, than three youths, with terror in from pain or annoyance, but yet-yet-said the puzzled their looks,-panting for breath,-bathed in sweat, and and dissatisfied prognosticators, — somehow or other, it covered with blood and dust, rushed into the chapel. They isn't quite the thing now. He likes her well enough, that's were clad in light armour; and their whole appearance be sure; and looks well enough on ber: but, wbat the plague ! spoke that they had come from soine desperate conflict. In when he sits cheek-by-jowl for hours with ber, poking over au instant they were recognised as three of the younger the black letters, can he never find time to take her a soft monks, who, a few days before, had gone forth with Tol- smack on the lily-white cheek?-or even to squeeze her lius against the invaders ; but at the first glance all knew hand, that's whiter and softer than fresh curd, when he that their tidings were disastrous. With rapid step they puts the long goose quill between her slim fingers? And went up the echoing aisle ; and, as they approached the abbot when he helps her over a ditch or a stile, what, the good and the monks, who stood near the altar', the foremost of Virgin! might be not now and then clasp her small waist, the three, Osbald of Bardeney, cried ont,
and no great harm done, instead of handing her over, as he “ • The enemy is at band! Holy Father, we must flee does, so trimly and delicately, with his face as bright as the swiftly, or perish! The valiant Earl bas fallen! Tollius, morning, and as cold as the dew? We know well enough, Morcard, Osgot, the brave Sheriff of Lincoln, Leofric, and neighbours, that our good men courted us in another guess Wibert, have perished! Every man that was with them, fashion ;-but, somehow, times seem changed ; and God save us alone, bath fallen; and we have fled all night to above only knows what is coming upon us. Men are not warn you of the danger. -Stand not amazed, Holy Father the men they used to be, since these cursed Danes began to and brethren! Take what you can of value, and leave this trouble the land as they do; and what will become of it at place! for, assuredly, ere the fourth hour, the destroyer last, passes man's wisdom, or woman's either, to make out.'' will be upon you !! « Oswald paused a moment for breath, and his compa- of the battle scenes, of which we have already spoken
Did space permit, we should gladly quote one or two nion, Bernard, instantly pursued, For the love of Christ, with the praise they deserve, and which are indeed the holy father, speed you now! Speed you! There is no hope but in flight, 'for there is not one man left to oppose principal features of the work ; but we find their length the horrid crew, save ourselves !'
rather impracticable for our purpose. We could have “ The aged abbot stood for a moment speechless; then wished that Alfred had been brought a little more proturned to the monks, and said, My children! the evil minently forward; but the author no doubt felt that hour is coming upon us; and the issue is known to God this was difficult ground. In conclusion,' we may only. If he will yet deliver us, or if this day tbe crown of inartyrdom shall be placed upon our heads, the wisdom of remark, that they who expect to find in this romance the man cannot foresee. But we are in the hands of God, and materials of an everyday novel, will be disappointed; but that which he willeth for us is best. Not the less, my that they who like to be carried away into older and children, may we justly strive to escape from the clutches of sterner times, and to have their minds refreshed and their this fearful and accursed enemy, and to save from pollution ears stirred up by the trumpet sounds which rung through and from spoil the costly vessels which have been hallowed the land ere civilisation had Aung her flowers over it, to the service of the Lord. Bestir ye, then, my children, will do well to indulge in a perusal of the “Sea-Kings ye that have strength and youth, -take ye your charters, in England." The work to which, in general spirit, it your holy relics, and your jewels,—get ye into your boats, and flee to the marshes, and to the hiding-places; and there appears to us to bear the closest resemblance, is the Gerremain till the tempest hath passed by. Fling ye also your man romance of “ The Magic Ring,” by the Baron de household goods into the waters, that they may lie uuseen;
la Motte Fouqué. so, haply, if ye return hither, they may again be found, and made fit for your usc. But delay not, nor let your strength fail ye.'
The Edinburgh Cabinet Library. Vol. II. Narrative “ At these words, every monk, with the exception of of Discovery and Adventure in Africa, from the Earabout thirty aged and feeble men, set instantly and strenu liest Ages to the Present Time. Edinburgh Oliver ously to the work. The children, also, animated by a boy
and Boyd. 1830. 12mo.
Pp. 492. ten years of age, of remarkable beauty, and ever the foremost in the childish sports and enterprizes, exerted them
As we said last week, this is an excellent and useful selves to the utmost of their strength in the removal of volume. That full justice might be done to the subject, such lighter things as were intrusted to them.”
the publishers, we observe, have liberally added several
extra sheets without any increased charge. The preface Take also the following passage concerning a fair lady, gives a succinct and clear account of the nature of the who, however, is not the heroine of the tale:
work, and we therefore present it to our readers ;
ern Africa, and another on Southern and Eastern Africa, “ The object of this volume is to exhibit, within a mo- and concludes with an account of the social condition of derate compass, whatever is most interesting in the adven- Africa. We do not discover any thing original or striking tures and observations of those travellers who, from the earliest ages, and in various directions, have sought to ex- in Mr Murray's narrative, but it is a good abridgement plore Africa; and also to give a general view of the physi- of what has been already written on this subject. cal and social condition of that extensive continent at the
Professor Jameson limits his treatise on the geology of present day. This quarter of the globe has afforded more Africa to one chapter of twenty-four pages. It strikes ample scope than any other to the exertions of that class of us that this chapter has been rather hurriedly got up, and men whose enterprising spirit impels them, regardless of is very far from exhausting the subject. The general toil and peril, to penetrate into unknown countries. Down to a comparatively recent period, the greater part of its conclusions with which it terminates are interesting, and immense surface was the subject only of vague report and
we shall give them a place : conjecture. The progress of those discoverer's, by whom a “ From the preceding details, it results, very large extent of its interior regions has at length been
“1. That of all the quarters of the globe, Afriea has the disclosed, having been accompanied with arduous labours, most truly tropical climate. and achieved in the face of the most formidable obstacles, “ 2. That notwithstanding its nearly insular form, its presents a continued succession of striking incidents, as extent of coast is much less in proportion to its area, than well as of new and remarkable objects. And our interest in the other quarters of the globe. cannot fail to be heightened by the consideration, that Bri “3. That the peculiar condition of the human species tain, by the intrepid spirit of ber travellers, her associations the distribution and even the aspect of the lower animals of distinguished individuals, and her national patronage, and plants, and many of the characters of the African elihas secured almost the exclusive glory of the many im- mate, are connected with its comparatively limited extent portant discoveries which have been made within the last of sea-coast, its extensive deserts, and arid soil. forty years.
" 4. That from the maritime situation of Sierra Leone, “ The work now submitted to the public, and the recent and its colonization by Britain, and the connexion of the one on the Polar Regions, embrace two of the most inte southern parts of the great Table Land with the British resting fields of modern discovery. The adventurers who settlements on the southern coast of Africa, we may contraversed these opposite parts of the world, frequently found jecture that the civilisation of the negroes (if that interesttheir efforts checked, and their career arrested, by the ope- | ing race be not destined to extirpation, as has been the fate ration of causes which, although equally powerful, were of the aborigines of the New World) will be effected from 1 yet extremely different in their nature. . In the northern these two quarters, through the energy, enterprise, and per. seas, they suffered from that dreadful extremity of cold to
severance of missionaries, well instructed in the various which high latitudes are exposed ; in Africa, from the useful arts of life, and in the simple and pure principles of scorching heat and pestilential vapours peculiar to a tropical Christianity. elimate: there, they encountered the fury of oceans and “5. That its springs, lakes, rivers, bays, and arms of the tempests; here, the privations and fatigues which oppress sen, are fewer in number, and present more uniformity of the traveller in parched and boundless deserts
. In the for- aspect, than is generally the case in other parts of the mer, they had less to endure from that almost total absence world. of human life which renders the arctic zone so dreary, than “ 6. That it is eminently characterised by its vast centhey had to experience in the latter, from the fierce, con tral and sandy deserts, its great soutbern Table Land, and temptuous, and persecuting character of the people who the vast expanses of Karroo ground. occupy the interior parts of the Libyan continent. In a “7. That of all the rock forinations, those of lime-stone word, while exploring these remote regions, they braved and sand-stone are the most frequent, and most widely dis almost every species of danger, and passed through every tributed ; that natron, a rare deposit in other countries, is variety of suffering by which the strength and fortitude of comparatively abundant in Africa; that salt is very widely man can be tried. “ The narrative of these successive travels and expeditions but coul is wanting. And the precious stones, so frequest
distributer, though in some districts it is wholly deficient: has been contributed by Mr Hugh Murray: The geological in other tropical regions, are here of rare occurrence. illustrations have been furnished by the justly celebrated “8. That the metals, although met with in diferent Protessor Jameson; and for the interesting and very ampule quarters, are nowhere abundant; and that, of all the difaccount of its natural history, the reader is indebted to Mr ferent metals, gold is the most generally distributed. James Wilson, author of Illustrations of Zoology,' and
“9. That no active or extinct volcanoes have hitherta the principal contributor in that branch of science to the been met with. new edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica.
“ 10. Lastly, that Africa is less frequently agitated be “ The present volume baving for its main object the earthquakes than the other continents." history of discovery and adventure, does not include the countries on the Vlediterranean coast, which, from the
There is more novel information and acute thinking in earliest ages, have been well known to the nations of Mr James Wilson's three chapters on the natural history Europe. Egypt, again, from its high antiquity, its stupen- of Africa, than in any other part of the volume. 'Though dous monuments, and the memorable revolutions through he has necessarily been obliged to study condensation, bis which it has passed, presented matter at once too interesting style is not on that account dry or inelegant. It is disand ample to be comprehended within such narrow limits. tinguished at once by the clear-headedness of a man of The history of that kingdom, therefore, has been reserved for a separate volume, which will contain also an account science, and the lively fancy of an admirer of general of Nubia and Abyssinia.”
literature. That part of the task which has been allotted to Mr handsome; but we should have been glad had some of
The volume, in its mechanical details, is exceedingly Murray is the longest, and probably the most arduous, the woodcuts been a little more carefully executed. although it consisted principally in preparing a distinct abstract of the various Travels into Africa, whether early or more recent. He has executed his work with judg: Prayers for the Use of Families. By the Rev. Charles ment and propriety. He begins with a general view of the natural features of Africa; he then examines into the
Watson, Minister of Burntisland. Edinburgh. Wild knowledge of Africa possessed by the ancients, and the
liam Whyte and Co. 12mo. Pp. 221. 1830. influence obtained by the Arabs in that continent; he We are informned, in a sensible and well-expressed prenext details the discoveries of the Portuguese, of the early face, tliat these Prayers were written, by their respectable ! English, and of the French, gives a history of the pro- author, for the use of his own family, under eireumceedings of the African Association, of Park's first and stances which left him no choice as to the mode of consecond journey, of various subseqnent travellers, of govern. ducting its devotions. A certain and general good has ment expeditions under Captain Tuckey and Major thus been brought out of seeming and individual evil. Peddie, Captain Campbell, Gray, Laing, Ritchie, and the same amictive dispensation, which suspended the Lyon, and is still more full in his abstract of Denham personal efforts of the pious author, has been the means and Clapperton's travels ; he bns next a chapter on West- 1 of furnishing to the public what we consider one of the
best aids to family devotion which has lately appeared.'' service, kind to one another, and anxious to approve ourThe prayers are of a convenient length,—sufficiently selves unto thee. May this day see us advancing in the diversified to suit a multiplicity of persons, circumstances,
way to heaven, and be a day on which we shall have no and modifications of feeling, -are couched throughout in which shall terminate the affairs of time, and try the value
cause to look back with regret, when that great day arrives simple, perspicuous, and scriptural language ; and if they of every man's work. All that we ask is for Christ's sake: seldom rise into the moral sublime, always breathe a sin And to the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, be glory cere spirit of unaffected, evangelical piety. In transfer- for ever. Amen." ring a specimen to our pages, we are guided chiefly by a desire of showing how genuine Christian principles pro
We heartily recommend the volume to public favour ; dace in a right-minded man,—not the morose, bigoted, and trust that its circulation may be commensurate with and narrow spirit of self-righteousness,—but, by at once
its worth. refining his mind and enlarging his views, the pure and lofty character of the good member of society, the disinterested friend, the true patriot, and the large-hearted The Utility of Latin Discussed. By Justin Brenati, Christian :
Author of " Composition and Punctuation.” London. « O Lord, thou art the Creator and the Sovereign of the
Effingham Wilson. 1830. universe; the God of our life, and the length of our days; the former of our bodies, and the Father of our spirits. On
Amidst the infinite variety of our labours, we occaihee we continually depend; and to thee we are indebted sionally meet with something that not only arrests our not only for existence, but for all the comforts, the privi. attention, but gratifies our taste. It is like cracking a Jages, and the hopes wbich render existence a blessing. handful of Spanish nuts, such as are commonly sold in When we look back on the course of thy providence, we our shops under that name ;-there is certainly now and have reason to call upon our souls, and all that is within
then one wbich astonishes by its sweetness and solidity us, to bless and to magnify thy holy name. We adore thee for the liberality that hath supplied our wants; for the
of kernel. Of this class is the little and tasteful volume compassion that hath sustained our weakness; for the pa
now before us: it has no pretensions; you can scarcely tience that hath borne with our perverseness ; for the inore tell whether it is a book or a pamphlet; and yet, under a than paternal kindness that hath arranged the circumstances cover at once elegant and novel, it conceals, or rather (if of our lot, and watched over our welfare. At those sea the reader so wills) reveals, a great deal of sound sense sons, when we might justly have been left to ourselves; and sound reflection. In fact, this is a very pleasing when, trusting to our own wisdom, we had involved our- and instructive little work : pleasing on two accounts selves in perplexities ; or, presuming on our own strength, it is elegant and short; instructive on at least as many we had exposed ourselves to danger ; when our way was hedged up, and we seemed left to suffer the consequences of
-it is distinct and explicit; there is no fudge, no unneour own rashness and folly, thou hast interposed for our cessary amplification, but the author says what he has to deliverance, and preserved our souls from death, our eyes say, makes his bow, and is off. Mr Finis is a noble felfrom tears, and our feet from falling.
low; we have the greatest friendship for him. Though “ But especially, O Lord, we bless thee for the love thou late in his appearance, he is seldom unwelcome; and hast shown us in Christ Jesus. We bless God, who hath
whether we have hurried on to him with extreme annot left us to perish under the consequences of our own wilful apostacy from the God who formed and who pre-xiety, or come upon him bump all at once, like a raw served us, bui hath laid help for us upon One who is horse against a cross-bar, we are still glad to encounter mighty, and hath raised up for us an horn of salvation in him. Now, in plain prose, this is a short work of only the house of his servant David. Herein is Jove; not that would you believe it, in this age of amplification ?) 82 we loved God, but that he hath loved us, and given his Son duodecimo pages, and yet it contains at least 400 good to be a propitiation for us. Blessed be the God and Father quarto pages of common sense.
What would not Conof our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, who in him hath stable and Sir Walter have made of this, anno domini blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places ; 1809! It would have flowed like the celebrated Meander who hath so loved the world, as not only to bear with it
, through a forty-mile
Like and to bestow many temporal blessings upon its inhabitants, but to give his only begotten Sou for it; and who, having the Spectator's fashionable lady, it would have been" the already bestowed upon us his best gift, is willing also with least part of itself!" Ilim freely to give us all things.
We have always been of opinion that Latin is useful “ O, that love like this were felt by us to be more than in the acquisition of an accurate knowledge of English we can resist! O, that the love wherewith we have been loved may awake within us a lively return to him who grammar; we have, besides, in our hours of reverie, first and so marvellously loved us! Remembering what thought, and deeply, on the middle station which this we have deserved, and what God hath done for us; re- language occupies, betwixt the looseness of English, and membering the indignation and wrath, the tribulation and the redundant accuracy of Grecian literature ; and we anguish, which might justly have overwhelmed us, and the have, besides all this, formed very un-English notions on glory, and honour, and eternal life, to which we are called the subject of non-sense and all other sense verses; all this in the gospel ; remembering, above all, that, for our sakes,
we have done, and are, therefore, not a little gratified to and for our salvation, God sent forth his Son, in the form of a servant, to diea death of ignominy and suffering ; may thought, and deeply, on the subject.
find our opinions confirmed by one who has evidently
“ The end that I we feel all the coldness and alienation of our hearts give way hefore a love which passeth knowledge, and learn to love have in view,” says our author, “ is, to encourage the him wbo gave himself for us, with all our souls and hearts, writing of Latin. But this I mean chiefly for prose our strength and mind, supremely, devotedly, universally, translations of modern works. My object being utility, and for ever.
I must confess that I consider all attempts at poetry * Nor in our zeal for thy glory, let us ever be unmind
as folly, and complete loss of time. What use are even ful of our duty to our neighbours. May we remember that Milton's Latin verses, though perhaps the best that any thou hast placed love to our neighbours as only second in order to love to thyself; and while the throne of our hearts modern ever wrote ?” In these, and such sentiments, is surrendered to thee, may the affections which find their we most conscientiously concur; and we are happy in centre in thee extend their influence through the whole having another opportunity of complimenting the author sphere of our connexion with society, and include within of " Composition and Punctuation" ou a work, which, their range all whom thou hast united to us by the various unlike many of the present day, contains multum in parvo; ties of kindred, of friendship, of grace, of neighbourhood, of in which, in short, good senise and practical utility are in country, or of a common nature. - This day we entreat thee, O Lord, to instruct and as
an immense ratio to its size and pages. ist us in the discharge of our various and respective duties. May each of us be thankful for thy mercies, zealous in thy