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to the list of your unpublished sonnets, will keep you in took up his abode at the Rectory of Hodnet. His edutolerable temper with your wife, will make you less an cation being thus brought to a close, before following him object of detentation to your children, will detach you for to the scene of active life, we stop to take a review of his
a time from the muddy river of urdinary existence; and, character, as displayed during this initiatory stage. e in one of your brightest moods, may enable you to send His temper we have already described as amiable ; his
to the Literary Journal an article equally brilliant as the mind, as rather ingenious than powerful or acute. We above.
may add, that he early displayed a great degree of pious feeling, but of that sensitively pure and even timid character, which is more in consistence with the female tban
the masculine constitution. By the system of education LITERARY CRITICISM.
pursued with him, his miod was directed towards the
pursuit of the elegant and agreeable in the field of literaThe Life of Reginald Heber, D.D. Lord Bishop of Cal- ture. The descendant of an old family, and mixing with cutta. By his Widow. With Selections from his the aristocracy of the country, his feelings and manners Correspondence, unpublished Poems, and Private Pa- were those of an English gentleman. Educated at first pers; together with a Journal of his Tour in Norway, in a clergyman's family, and afterwards in a university Sweden, Russia, Hungary, and Germany; and a His" the most exclusively clerical in Europe, every mode of tory of the Cossacks. In two volumes, 4to.
thought, every pulse-beat, was trained in accordance to 681, and 636. London. John Murray. 1830.
the establishment of the country. The product of such
a mind, so manufactured, was exactly what might have A BIG book is a great evil; more particularly when been anticipated,-a man calculated to win and retain there is nothing in it. Heber was not a great man, and the love of all who knew him—such a parish priest as stuffing him into two measureless quartos, makes him every rational being would wish to have in his neighlook particularly small. He was a pious, amiable, and bourhood ; but assuredly not one of those gifted minds accomplished gentleman; but if every man in England, to whom we look up as the creators and leaders of na.. of whom the same may be said, is to have his life pub- tional opinion--not a sun-gazing, eagle-pinioned child of lished on this extensive scale, where are we to put all the genius. books? His elevation to the Episcopal dignity in India, The portion of Heber's life, between his taking posit is true, by making him a public character, conferred session of the cure at Hodnet in 1807, and his being noa factitious importance upon him. But surely the four minated Bishop of Calcutta in 1823, was spent happily volumes of his own Journal were enough to record a and usefully. In 1809 he took unto himself a wife, and three years' discharge of that office, especially as nothing the rest of the sixteen years (deducting the honeymoon) occurred during that period to call for any display of ta. was employed in a zealous discharge of his clerical duties, lent or character, and more especially still, as the present and in writing for the Quarterly Review. Heber is no volumes add little or nothing to the store of information unapt representative of a numerous class of the contribuwe already possessed respecting this portion of his ca- tors to that work. They are a sort of amiable puritans reer. We esteem as much as any man can the charac
--not a little effeminate-delighting in the gossip of liter of Heber—we can sympathise with the sensation ex- terature-fond of spirited and high-sounding poetry, but cited by his sudden death ; but we cannot go along with startling at strong thoughts and expressions/extremely his friends, when, with a misjudging zeal, they attempt sentimental in their religion, and genteel in their politics. to pass him off for one of the leading spirits of the age. Compared with their more rough-span brethren of the We can feel for his disconsolate widow, but we have al. Edinburgh, these gentlemen look remarkably well in a Fays strange suspicions of that grief which vents itself drawing-room, but we doubt whether they are so much in tso goodly quartos.
adapted for the tear and wear of business life. They are This is the age of puffing. Not a man (“or woman pleasing objects in literature, for they secure an attention either”) ventures into the press, without having his penny to the amenities, which are too apt to be forgotten in critrumpet to proclaim, with its tiny flourish, his magnifi- tical discussion ;—they exercise the same bland and soothcent approach. We could be contented (for good nature ing influence upon manlier literati, that ladies do over us is our foible) to “ blow till they burst their wind,” if it men creatures in private life. They are an agreeable were not for one small circumstance. There are not in ingredient in the intellectual beverage, so long as the taste any great number it is true—but still there are one or two of them does not too much preponderate. “ Now mark great men among us. Now, when the public has got a spot or two.". They have occasionally lent their aid to accustomed to the braggadocio style in which the nothings hypocrites and reckless partisans, and given a most danof little men are mouthed, the modest language with gerous countenance to cant. The bold and manly muse which we hail their betters, falls as nothing on its ear. of England cannot be softened down to holiday and lady This is not fair, and we are resolved to take every occa terms. Yet have these mild and gentle beings at times sion of bringing back the little great to their proper lifted their most sweet voices to swell the cry of maligelevation.
nant and envious gabblers, who sought to represent a veReginald Heber was born at Malpas, in the county of nial slip" the flash and outbreak of a generous nature Chester, in April 1783. He seems to have been from ---as crimes of tbe deepest dye. bis youth a delicate boy; he was remarkable for the We have now arrived at the last eventful, and, alas ! mildness and gentleness of his temper, and for his vora. too brief, scene of Heber's life. And here we will join
cious appetite for reading. He had no turn for the exact with the warmest of his friends in praise of bim. Such į sciences, and in every department of literature his know- a character as his was exactly what India required at
ledge was rather extensive, than accurate or profound. that moment-self-devoted, mild, and beneficent. The Like all English boys, he was early and carefully initiated more energetic mind of Middleton had laid broad and in classical studies, and his fatber, who as a clergyman deep the foundations of discipline, and what was required bad enjoyed a university education, encouraged the turn was a gentle spirit to win to it the affections of men. which he showed for coinposition and making verses. In His enlightened tolerance, his unwearied assiduity, and his swelfth year he was sent to a private academy at bis almost womanly, kindness of heart, bave done more Nezaden, and in his seventeenth, he removed to Oxford. to promote Christianity in India, than the labours of any He was elected a fellow of All Souls in 1804. About man in our day. the middle of 1805 he set ont on a tour through the This, then, is our estimate of Heber's character-utternorth of Europe, from which he returned in October ed in no unkindly spirit—although elicited by the extra1806. He resided a short time at Oxford, and in 1807 vagant panegyrics of his friends. His name will not live
in the literature of England, although it will in the hig- in which the literalists will always have the advantage, tory of the Indian church. In this point of view, his it were better to declare at once that the doctrine of the story deserved to be told, but not at such length as we Millennium at no time rested on an authority, or possessed have it here. There was no necessity for the tale of his a sanction, to which a Christian divine is bound to pay boyhood, wbich differed nothing from that of other men; the smallest regard.” (p. 116.) nor for the publication of letters, which are neither cha This, after all, is a very comfortable doctrine for Chris racterised by vigour of expression, nor originality or pe- tian divines, who cannot fully unravel what God has culiarity of thought. It was a mistake to intrust the been pleased to wrap up, to a certain extent, in mystery; task to the widow, to whom every thing that related to and who, since they cannot be “wise above what is writthe deceased was interesting. We respect ber sorrows ten,” resolve to appear wise in spite of it, and in very we respect those feelings that cling to the slightest remem contradiction to the express declaration of Scriptare. brance of him--but their proper place was the closet. Had Dr Russell contented himself with showing that
much nonsense has been spoken and written upon this
subject, and that it is perhaps impossible for us at preDiscourses on the Millennium, the Doctrine of Election, sent to ascertain the exact nature of the Millennium, ar
Justification by Faith, and on the Historical Evidence the period of its arrival, we should have thanked him for the Apostolical Institution of Episcopacy ; together for his labour, especially at a time like the present, when with some Preliminary Remarks on the Principles of absurd; but we are certainly not prepared to go along
Mihennarians seem even to abuse the privilege of being Scripture Interpretation. By the Rev. Michael Russell, LL.D.
with him when he affects to show, that upon this subOliver and Boyd, Edinburgh. 1830. Pp. 442.
ject St Paul is no'better authority than Edward Irving
-that the Apostle himself is given to Rabbinical deluWe have a high respect for Dr Russell's talents, and sions—that St Peter was too ignorant a Christian dirine we have already, upon more than one occasion, testified to understand his brother Paul's writings and that St qur readiness to do justice to his literary, scholastic, and John either did not write the Book of Revelations at all, theological attainments. We are willing that this our or that he has given us the idle unauthorized imaginings general opinion of Dr Russell's merits should be distinct- of a disordered fancy, as glorious visions which he was ly known, as we intend to remark pretty freely on the commauded to write down in a book, that they might be. faults of his present publication. Of the four Discourses to the glory of God, and for edification and encouragewhich the volume contains, that on the Historical Evi- ment to the Christian church. These are dangerous dence for the Apostolical institution of Episcopacy is the principles, and involve much more than the doctrine of best, but it has been already reviewed in our columns on the Millennium. We have no patience with a theological its first publication as a separate pamphlet. Of the two Procrustes, who thus recklessly reduces, or stretches out Discourses on Election and Justification by Faith, we revelation, to suit his own particular standard of propropose to say very little, seeing that the difference of priety. opinion between ourselves and Dr Russell upon these Unquestionably, were we to grant Dr Russell his own important points, extends to the Protestant communities postulates, and put the doctrine of the Millennium upon to wbich we respectively belong; and being thus to a cer- the ground, not of apostolical aythority, but simply of tain extent disqualified for judging impartially, we should abstract probability, he would obtain an easy victory. probably be doing injustice to the author's merit, while But that the reader may see distinctly what he is requiwe honestly condemned his opinions, and disallowed the red to concede, let us look to the steps by which Dę Rus force of his arguments. With respect to the remaining sell would lead us to the conclusion at which he himself Discourse, however, we are restrained from the legiti- has arrived. We are required, in the first place, to abanmate exercise of our critical prerogative by no such deli-don our present scripture chronology, on the flimsy plea cacy. The Millennium is a question free for discussion to that it has been falsified by the Jews, and adů to it two thouo all sects; and accordingly, the courtesy due to Dr Rus- sand years on the authority of some wrong-headed fathers' sell as a member of a respectable dissenting communion of the church, whose chronology is at least as questionable is unnecessary, and would be impertinent, upon a subject as their orthodoxy, and both sufficiently so to make their like this, where the opinions advanced are peculiar to the opinion of very little weight;-in the second place, to individual, not to his church.
regard as Rabbinical fables certain prophecies by wbich the The first thing that startles us both in the author's Apostles enforced their lessons to the church, and which preliminary remarks, and in the body of his discourse, they were pleased to incorporate inseparably with the saand upon which, indeed, his whole theory rests, is the cred oracles of God—and more particularly, in the last very lax notion which he entertains with regard to in place, to reject the apocalypse, as not only destitute of spiration. Upon this very subject of the Millennium, for authority upon this subject, with regard to which its de instance, it seems we ought to pay no regard whatever to clarations are so explicit, but as probably of no caponical the opinion which the Apostles held concerning it, or to authority in other matters (vide note to p. 174.) It is the fact that they firmly believed in it, enforced this belief in vain that Dr Russell affects to speak with caution upon on their followers, and made it the subject of a distinct this last subject. He must, he does, reject the inspiraprophecy. “ Respecting the wonders of the latter days,” tion of the apocalypse. The only instances in which the says our author, " the sign of the second advent, and the inspired apostles could be deceived, even according to his condition of the renovated globe, the Apostles were not own lax views of inspiration, (Prel. Rem. gc.) are in better informed than the other descendants of Jacob." what he calls their literary apparatus, their illustrations, (p. 26.) Accordingly, Dr Russell's “ object has been to &c. and their own prejudices, private opinions, and deluestablish the fact, that the impression which prevailed sions, when unconnected with the doctrine which they among the primitive believers on that head, (he elsewhere are enforcing ; and he expressly admits that they could includes the Apostles in the number,) originated in a not mistake in regard to the truths “which they were Jewish tradition, which had no connexion with the specially commissioned and qualified to teach.” (p. 28.) Gospel, and ought, therefore, never to have occupied their The author of the apocalypse, therefore, could not posthoughts as members of the Christian church.” (p. 189.) sibly be deceived—supposing him to have been the inspi
- Again, “ Such considerations ought to induce us to red Apostle—when he explicitly and positively prophediscard the Millennium altogether from the pale of Chris- sied of the Millennium as a revelation which had been tian doctrine. It possesses no authority to which a dis- made to him by God, and sealed the record of his visions ciple of Christ is bound to pay any respect.” (p. 172.)— with the testimony of the Saviour, that " These sayings Once more, “ Instead of persevering in this uneqnal war, are faithful and true,"and with this awful warning, which
we transcribe with trembling, “If any man shall take Traits of Scottish 'Life, and Pictures of Scenes and Chaaway from the words of the book of this prophecy, God
racter. 3 vols. London. Whittaker, Treacher, and shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out
Co. 1830. = of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.” (Rev. xxii. 19.)
We owe Mr Bennet an apology for having so long Is it really true then, as Dr Russell states, that "re- omitted to notice bis work, the more especially as, now specting the wonders of the latter days, the Apostles were that we have at length had time to read it, we find
not better informed than the other descendants of Jacob,” it possessed of no inconsiderable merit. Its chief cha. is and that the doctrine of a Millennium, whether under-racteristics are great amiability of feeling, and an accu
stood "literally or allegorically," was a relic of “Jewish rate perception of the peculiarities of those classes of Scot
dotage,” and “possesses no authority to which a disciple of tish society which he undertakes to describe. There is a Christ is bound to pay any respect Dr Russell rejects also a good variety of interest and incident in the dif
the canonical authority of St John's Revelation ; and we ferent stories, and though none of them are written with think it right that the reader should be distinctly aware intense vigour, or indicate any powerful originality of of the fact, though our author affects to give no decided conception, there is something pleasing in them all. Mr opinion on the point, but satisfies himself with hints and Bennet succeeds best in his delineation of the lower classes, doabts, and with placing before his readers the most particularly among the peasantry, and he has a happy
plausible strictures of course, as adminitive to his own ar- knack of catching the genuine humour of the Scottish * gument—of those who have rejected its authority. We tenantry. His account of the Harvest Home in his first
are astonished to find Dr Russell reviving the attack upon volume, of the Family of Glenhowan in the second, of the genuineness of the apocalypse, on the assumption that Glenmannow, Old Dibbin, the Adventure of Saunders its style is irreconcilable with John's usual mode of ex..
Watson, and the Tailor of Craigknee, in the third, are, to pressing himself in his other writings. Now, this as our taste, fully equal to any thing that Galt has done in a #sumption is positively unfounded; the style, in all cases, similar style. The first and longest tale, the “ Secret
coincides almost as closely as the necessary difference be- Marriage,” is somewhat unnecessarily protracted, but tween prophetical and historical, or epistolary, composi- most of the shorter sketches possess more spirit and pith. tion admits; and in common with his gospel and epistles, The following specimens of our author's style will be read the apocalypse abounds with constructions and forms of with satisfaction, though they are not better than numeexpression peculiar, so far as we know, to this Apostle. rous other passages which we might have selected. The We may instance the frequent use of the neuter used for first extract is one of the many amusing anecdotes with the naascaline gender in participles and adjectives.
Dr which we are presented of a remarkable character called Lardner and Wetstein—no mean authorities upon such a point-have collected so many and such striking coinci “Such was Dibbin, as he stood, bowing most profoundly dences of this nature, as must convince every unpreju- before his newly-wedded mistress and her wondering diced enquirer of the absolute identity of style which per- friends. On his entering, they had all risen from their vades all the writings which we ascribe to St John. Το
seats, and waited his announcement by Sir Robert as the ' a scholar like Dr Russell we may confidently recommend forward to the middle of the room, shifting the chairs, and
signal to bid him welcome; but when they beheld him push a careful and impartial reperusal of the original text, as carefully avoiding the carpet in his way, they did not well a sure means of convincing him that the objections which know how to behave towards him. Sir Robert immer have been raised on this ground are ill-founded. As to diately relieved them with a significant smile. Allow the general evidence in favour of the apocalypse, it may me, ladies,' said he,' to introduce to you an old and very be to the purpose to state, that Sir Isaac Newton, who decent tenant of mine, Mr M'Kinna in Dibbin. Then, paid some attention to the subject, declared that no other turning to his tenant, who was busied in repaying ench book of the New Testament is so strongly attested as this; And, Mr M.Kinna,' continued he, ' I beg to introduce
lady with a bow for the curtsy she had dropped him, and De Priestley—is such an authority sufficiently acute you to Lady Laurie—this is she ; bat pray advance on to the and sceptical to satisfy our author ?—has declared his carpet, for you must shake hands with her, and welcome opinion that “ it is impossible for any intelligent and can her to Maxwellton.' did person to peruse it (the apocalypse) without being “ “ I'm hopin' ye're gay weel, my leddy,' replied Dibbin, strack, in the most forcible manner, with the peculiar dig- as he again bowed, until his chin
struck upon his breast. nity and sublimity of its composition, superior to that of Then, taking his bonnet in his left hand, he held out bis any other writings whatever ; so as to be convinced, that, approach and receive his welcome. :I maunna step on that
right over the edge of the carpet, and motioned the lady to considering the age in which it appeared, it could only braw thing,' said he, carefully avoiding it; it wasna made have been written by a person difinely inspired,” for my dirty shoon to tramp on. The bare wud's ower guid
Dr Russell has evidently been dipping pretty deeply for my feet, let alane claiths o'that kin?' The ladies laughinto the writings of Michaelis, (why does he not once ed, for they were now unable to contain themselves, while quote him ?) and we can trace many of that celebrated Sir Robert insisted that he should advance half-way to meet critic's peculiar views in the volume before us. May we, however, was 'speedily settled; for the lady having
Lady Laurie; but Dibbin was inexorable. This affair, without presumption, caution: DerRussell against too im- time partly discovered his character, approached, and gave plicit confidence in the views, always ingenious, but not him her band with great good humour. He shook it reunfrequently untenable and dangerous, of that acute and peatedly, with an arch leer, muttering, half audibly, A learned, but daring writer ? We conclude our remarks fine saft han', a fine saft han’; an unco odds atween this upon this Discourse, and, at the same time, our notice of and my Grizzy's!' then, letting it go, he added, " I welcome Dr Russell's volume, with an expression of regret that ye heartily, mem, I welcome ye heartily. Ye'll fin' Sir the ingenions and learned author has not adopted a more
Robert a kin' man, if ye tak’ the richt gait o' him; there's defensible view of his subject. He might have found a great deal in kennin' the richt gait o'a man, as our Grizzy abundant exercise for his polemical talents, in exposing
« « And is Mrs M'Kinna sufficiently versed in your huthe absard delasions and petty heresies with which this mour to take you always upon the right side you talk of?' doctrine has been improperly connected in former times, asked her ladyship,
half laughing, and half confused. and which the folly of some restless enthusiasts has re «Atweel, as to that, my leddy,' replied Dibbin, with a vived in our own day, without broaching a new theory significant grin, it's no' very easy to tell about it whiles. of his own, as untenable and more hurtful than the ab Ye'll ken yerselí
, if ye were married a wee langer, that the surdities which he affects to bring into contempt.
best o friends maun differ at times. But what ser's a cankert word or twa? When there's love i baith hearts, they're aye sure to grow thegither again.'
«• A sbrewd remark, by the by,' said one of the other ladies. • Sir, let me entreat you to leave the wall, and to
take a seat beside us.' This invitation was instantly re vious or malevolent disposition, and others from a hope of peated by every one in the company, and with such effect discovering some flaw or failing which may keep their own was it urged, that Dibbin at length was obliged to profane in countenance, and save them from the appearance of sidthe carpet with his feet, and to plant himself on a clair gularity, For this reason, it is always deemed a most fura among the ladies, who now flocked round him with eager tunate and happy event shvuld two lovers manage to bring curiosity.
matters to a crisis before the public ears have begun to tingle “. And now, Mr M‘Kinna, what is your opinion of the with a report of their intentions. Then it is only a sudden taste I have displayed in selecting a partner?' asked Sir buzz, which gradually dies from the inoment of their mar. Robert, jokingly: 0, a braw borty, a braw body!' replied riage, after which they are left, with characters unsified, to Dibbin, scanning the lady from head to toot. "I say she's pursue their matrimonial course in tranquillity. a braw body, and bonny eneuch to him that likes her, pae “ But perhaps the fair one's charms have been so powerdoot; but wecl may she be't, Sir Robert, for ye ken, ye hae ful as to draw around her a crowd of admirers; and in that put inony a ane o' them through ye'r hau' now! This case, neither the courtship nor the marriage can be accompraised a bearty laugh among the other ladies, and crimsoned plished in a corner. The favoured suitor has almost on the cheeks of both the baronet and his spouse, who felt every occasion to make his way, either by force or stratagem, equally the keenness of so unexpected a cut. Well,' said to the door, the window, or whatever place be and bis love the lady in a little, glad to be relieved from her embarrass- may have appointed as the scene of their meeting. She, ment, does Mrs M.Kinna, or her daughters, spin any upon pestered by crowds of others who, though void of hupe, the little wheel? I have got two stones of fiue lint at pre- still continue to prowl about for the purpose of molesting sent, and if it can be spun in your family, I shall employ the more fortunate cau rarely escape from the house, or you in preference to any other' This Dibbin assured ber adınit her lover into it, without being seen, and teased with his wife and daughters were capable of doing in a very su- inoportunities, or taunted with the name of him upon whom perior manner, as none in the parish could equal them in she has set her heart. In this way, some of the most wonderthe art of spinning. The lint was therefore delivered to ful hits and misses, escapes and seizures, take place at times him, with orders for its being spun by a certain day; and that ever were known in the art of manæuvring; and the after receiving a glass of wine, and transacting his business intuitive quickness with which she can distinguish the true with Sir Robert, houne went our hero to put her ladyship’s froin the false voice among many that whisper at her winorders in execution."
dow in the course of an eveuing, almost exceeds credibility. We conceive the annexed observations to be written in
“ However, if these evils sour the cup of love in some inthe spirit of a just observer and faithful historian :
stances, they also sweeten it in others. The maid, whose
'joe' is apt to wander in his fancy, or to be irregular in his COUNTRY COURTSHIP IN SCOTLAND.
attendance, generally takes care to show herself with an“ In no other country is the great and engrossing busi- other at the time when she is certain of his coming; and it ness of courtship conducted in so romantic a manner as seldom happens, if love have taken any root in bis heart, arnong the rural swains of Scotland. Excepting among the that he is not recalled to a sense of his duty by so portenhigher classes, who have time entirely at their own disposal, tous a warning. From reflecting upon the good purposes wight is the season in which rural lovers breathe their to which it must be turned, I have always looked upon a vows,' and in which their rural sweethearts hear them.' number of suitors asa happy circumstance for a young maiden Let the night be • ne'er sae wild,' and the swain ne'er sae during her wooing time. A moral lever is thus put into weary,' if he bas an engagement upon his hands, he will her hands, with which she can sway the hearts of inankiud perform it at all hazards; he will climb mountains, leap at pleasure. She can fan, by a side-wind, the name of love burns, or wade rivers, not only with indifference, but ena
in one bosom, while she appears to be blowing directly apon thusiasm; and, wrapped in his plaid, he will set at nought that of another; and, strange as it may seem, by overcloudthe fury of the elements, the wrath ot' rivals, and the attacks ing or turning away her face, she can impart a brightness of the inidnight robber.
to those which formerly remained eclipsed, even amid the “I have known several instances of young men, who fullest sunshine of her smiles. Respect is thus created for toiled all day at the plough, the harrows, or the scythe, beauty when it becomes an object of competition, and women walking tifteen miles to see their sweethearts, after the hour are furnished with opportunities of exercising their muchof nine in the evening, and returving in time for their work loved caprice, to an extent equally great with those who on the ensuing morn. And this, be it observed, was not done otherwise might have been their tyrants. Let every woman, once or twice, but repeatedly-week after week, for several therefore, if she will hearken to my counsel, always preserve months. Twenty miles of a journey, upon an errand of a number of retainers until the very day on which she is such a nature, is regarded as a trifle by many a young farmer made a bride. This may be effected without the sinallest wbo has a spare horse to carry bim.
compromise of principle or of good faith towards a favourite; “During these stolen interviews, if a mutual attachment for a smile to the assuming, a shake of the hand at times to subsists between the parties, another assignation is always such as begin to chirp of love, and · Tut, wait a wee,' to made; and never was oath more religiously kept tban is the absolutely importunate, will do the whole business;
and this simple compact, ratified by no other ceremony than a
then, should any murmurings be heard when the magnet is parting kiss, or a tender shake of the hand. Time appears taken away that drew their faces towards it, let a call to to have leaden wings with both, until the hour of meeting the wedding sinooth their brows, and reward them for their again arrives; and then the swain sets out anew with ala
services !" erity, be it rain, sleet, snow, murky, or moonlight. His fair We willingly assure Mr Bennet, before parting from one, true to ber trust, has by this time eluded the vigilance him, that his present work has made a favourable im-' of father and mother, of maid or man-servant, and has pression upon us, and will tend, we doubt not, to give noiselessly lifted the latch, undrawn the door-bar, or escaped greater weight and extension to the reputation he basal by the window, and awaits him with fond impatience at the favourite spot which they have consecrated to their ready acquired as Editor of the Glasgow Free Press. love. He joyfully beholds her in the distance as he approaches, gliding like an apparition from the house, and sauntering about until his arrival ; and she, not less atten- 4 Treatise on Atmospherical Electricity; including Lighttive to every thing that is stirring, perceives him like a sha ning-Rods and Paragrêles. Second edition. By John dow amid the distant dimness, watches bim as his figure Murray, F.S. A. &c. &c. London. Whittaker, Treacher, becomes more distinct, recognises his gait, bis air, bis every and Arnot. 1830. 12mo. Pp. 141. peculiarity, and at last, on the strength of her conviction, runs to throw herself into his arms, and bid him welcome.
We are not acquainted with any treatise on this inte"In this way courtships are so secretly conducted, that resting subject more distinct and practical than that now it is frequently never known, excepting among the nearest before us. After presenting an historical sketch of the friends of the respective parties, that a couple are more than gradual developement of the curious facts and phenomena commonly acquaiuted, until the precentor, from his seat connected with electricity, the most important of which upon Sunday, publishes the bans of their marriage. Peo were unquestionably elicited by the celebrated Dr Frankple are extreinely fond of discussing topics of that nature, lin, the author proceeds to give a general view of meteoro of scrupulously weighing the merits of each party in the balance of dropping oblique hints, and sly insinuations, logy, of the relations of heat and moisture to aerial elecand of prying, with impertinent curiosity, into motives tricity, of the identification of lightning with electricity, and conduct some of them for the sake of indulging an en- of vegetable and animal electricity, of the natare and ef
A PEMARKABLE THUNDER STORM.
a befects of thunder storms, and fidally, of the mode of using, to the most imminent and immediate danger, and our ob
and extensive utility of, thunder-rods and paragrêles. vious and best security is to throw ourselves down upon the *** From beginning to end the work is full of information, ground, and maintain a horizontal position : being tho
the whole of which is conveyed in a simple and unaffected roughly wet will add to our safety, and it we can count from style. We select a specimen or two, which will go farther we are tolerably secure. It has been calculated that elec
eighteen to twenty between the flash and succeeding peal, to interest our readers in the work than any general com- tricity moves with a velocity more retarded than light; and mendations could do. The following passage coutains an its movement is estimated at 1950 feet in a second of time: account of the effects of
this being the case, we must deduct the movement of sound
per second, from the sum in question, which is 1142 feet ; ' “ The following details of the effects of a thunder storm, the flash and the peal will determine the distance from the
the remainder multiplied by the number of seconds between attended by heavy rain, which occurred at Lichfield on the observer :-let us suppose the interval is five seconds; then 8th of May 1825 or 1828, are sufficiently remarkable, and 1950-1142=808 x 5=4040 feet distance: the noise of the exhibit some wonderful phenomena in the history of this thunder is an announcement that the danger is over. The formidable power. About three o'clock r.M., as the family umbrella should never be used in a thunder-storm: when of T. W. Greene, Esq. of St Johu's Street, were at din- in the house we must not approach the fire place, for ner, a vivid and extensive flash of lightning struck the the chimney lined with carbonaceous matter forms a tolerairon cap of one of the chimneys at the south end of the bly good conductor. Last season a cottager was reading building ; slightly fusing the point of contact, and parting by the tire, the poker was inclined on the grate, and a the brick work to the depth of about a yard, the electric dog was sleeping in contact with it; the dog alone was fluid, taking its course down the chimney, broke through killed by the lightning that descended by the chimney, the ceiling of the drawingroom, where, passing down the and was conducted to the earth by the poker, wbile the frame of a large glass, it communicated itself to a marble chimney-piece, which it broke to pieces.' It then forced a
man escaped, baving received ouly an electric shock. In way by the side of the bearthstone into the diningroom metallic wire, for the lightning has frequently entered a
like manner the bell-pull must be avoided if attached by below, where it passed down the frame of a picture with house, pervaded the bell wire, and, finding no escape to the out injuring the painting, to the chimney-piece, which it earth, has exploded here, burst through the window, and mortar against a mirror opposite the fireplace with consi- shattered a tree in the garden. In like manner all metallic derable force. In the progress of the electric fluid down objects whatever are to be diligently and studiously avoided ; the sides of the chimneys, several smaller streams were oc- astonished to remark, in an instance where the lightuing
even gilded mirrors and picture frames. We have lately been casioned by the different bell wires with which it came in con- entered a building, the very
extraordinary avidity with tact. One of these ran along a bell wire in the dining- which it seemed to bave run about, as it were in quest of room near the ceiling, and forined, by the fusion of the cop: some medium of escape from the premises ; the very nails per wire on the upper part of the wall close to which it in the Hoor were attacked, as well as those which bad atpassed, beautiful radiated streaks of a green and yellow colour , exhibiting almost every variety of shade. Another
tached the laths to the ceiling and partition, the binge of portion of the Huid attracted by the plate passed through to its shaft was wrenched out, and imbedded in the wall;
the door, and even a nail which fastened the head of a spade a drawer in the sideboard, making a small hole in each side, it appeared, indeed, to have ramified like wild fire,' and continued its progress along the bell wire, and perforated a attacked every thing in the shape of metallic matter, with nine-inch wall into a room containing a considerable namber of pictures, along the frames of which it proceeded
a fierceness quite surprising." nearly all over the apartment, tearing the paper from the The man of science no less than the general reader will wall in several places, together with that of a small hand- be gratified and instructed by an attentive perusal of this sreen which stood upon the chimney-piece. A third divi- able treatise. sion of the fluid passed througb the china closet and forced the door-post from the wall; ran down the bell wire to a bail in the passage below, where, finding ho immediate conductor, it again perforated another nine-inch: wall a Researches in Natural History. Second Edition. 'By short distance above a small picture framne, down the side John Murray, F.S. A., &c. &c. London. Whittaker, of whick it proceeded towards the muzzle of a double-bar
Treacher, and Arnot. 1830. 12mo. Pp. 146. Telled fowling. piece which stood in the corner of the room, ran down the barrel, and broke the stock into several pieces. The first edition of this little book is well known to The'totomunication of the electric fluid to the house was every student of Natural History. So much fresh matshattered the beautiful mirror into a thousand pieces; threw ter has been added to the present edition, that it may be
The “ Researches" are out nearly every pane of glass in the six windows' of the considered almost a new work. Hodining and drawingrooms; and swept down every article upon a plan somewhat similar to White's “ Natural His
Which stood on the table and sideboard. It left behind it tory of Selborne," but, so far as they go, we confess we a dense smoke and sulphurous smell, which remained for are inclined to give them the preference even over that some time. Mr Greene and family were sitting round the popular production. Mr Murray having had the benefit table when the explosion took place; and although several of subsequent researches and more extended experiments, of them were thrown instantaneously from their seats by is enabled to go more deeply and systematically into his the severity of the shock, little personal injury was sustained. One of the servants, who was standing behind subjects than White has done ; and whilst, by his indushis master's chair, was struck to the ground with inoment. try, be has added to science a considerable number of
ary deprivation of sense, and all present were in some de- facts and phenomena, he has by his ingenious reasonings I gree for a time deprived of their hearing.”
cleared away much doubt, and opened up new views. To this we shall add Mr Murray's judicious remarks The objects to which he has chiefly directed his attention M an important subject :
in his “ Researcbes" are, the Chameleon, and the various PERSONAL SECURITY DURING A THUNDER STORM.
opinions entertained concerning it, the babits of the With respect to protection in the storm, it may be re- spider
, and particularly its 'mode of ascent, which Mr marked, that when exposed in the open country, we must Murray has the merit of proving to be an electric pheavoid seeking shelter under a tree, or by the wall of any
nomenon, the phosphorescence of the ocean, as occabuilding, and agreeable to the numerous observations we sioned principally by the luminous properties of various have made, such trees as are isolated, or stand apart--for marine animalculæ,-torpidity, and its distinctive feainstance, those in the middle of a field
-are more likely to be tures in different animals,—the migration of birds and struck by the lightning than such as form part of the group insects, and the nature of the light emitted from vegeof a clump or forest : streamlets, rivers, ponds, or other col- tation and luminous insects. On each of these interestlightning, which would find a superior conductor in the vere ing subjects the volume before us contains many new tical human frame, and its circulating Auids; we must facts and ingenious remarks, expressed in language adapt
therefore retire from their banks; if the crash succeed the ed to every capacity, and at the same time sufficiently, et
lightning with no sensible interval of time, we are exposed recondite for all the purposes of science. We observe