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And the Duke again upon the field, What foe have we to fear ?

Then bless, &c.

Why is the present never prized until it be the past ?
Why can we not arrest its steps, and bind it to us fast?
Alas! alas ! 'tis all a dream! The past is but a span ;
The present is a point too small to be descried by man;
The future is a shadowy realm where nought but fancies

dwell, Enreal as the shapes that haunt the moody maniac's cell. Away! I must not think of this. Sweet sister, speak

to me; There's music in thy lightest tone, in all thy thoughts

there's poesie : Ay, gently thus around my neck thy arms in fondness

twine, And speak of her whom thou dost love, though not with

love like mine Of her alone, my sister dear, till eve's last light be gone, And stars are twinkling in the east, speak thou of her alone !

H. G. B.

But yet, while Brunswick's priocely line

Shall fill our royal halls, Peace be within our palaces.

Peace on our city walls,Peace on the wave—Peace on the plain,

And plenty,while we sing, As freemen bold--the loyal strain God bless our gracious King!

Then bless, &c.

And we have yet another cup

In manly glee to fill ;
And, like true knights, we'll drink it up-

The toast's a dear one still !
Though years have pass'd since last with cheers.

The glad word could be said,-Drink, and, with three-times-three, my boys! " The Queen-Queen Adelaide !"

Then bless, &c.



By J. Imlach, Author of May Flowers.” I've mark'd, at morn, the lily lea

Laugh back the smile o' blithesome May; I've look'd upon the silver sea,

Gay glancing in the blaze o' day ;At setting sun I've gazed above,

As heaven in glory shone the while ; But nought can match the looks we love,

When lighted with the meeting smile.

I've seen, at twilight's shadowy hour,

The dew, in many a glittering gem,
Wi' lustre radiate leaf and flower,

As diamonds light a diadem ;-
I've mark’d the brightest, sweetest star,

That shines in heaven's all-sparkling sphere; But brighter still, and dearer far,

In eyes we love, the parting tear!

There is no brightness beams above,

There is no beauty blooms below, But angel-woman's looks o' love

Can match in joy or melting woe; Nor fancy dreams, nor feeling warms,

O'er aught more fondly sweet and dear, Than those of all her thousand charms,

The meeting smile and parting tear !

The third volume of the Rev. Dr Russell's Connexion of Sacred and Profane History is preparing for publications.

Narrative of a Second Visit to the Waldenses of the Valleys of Piedmont, with an Introductory Enquiry into the Antiquity and pu. rity of the Waldensian Church, and some Account of the Ediets of the Princes of Piedmont, and the Treaties between the English Go-' vernment and the House of Savoy, by William Stephen Gilly, M.A. Prebendary of Durham, is announced.

The Life of Archbishop Cranmer, by the Rev. Henry John Todd, M.A. is in the press.

Letters on the Physical History of the Earth, addressed to Profes sor Blumenbach, by the late J. A. de Luc, F.R.S., Professor of Philosophy and Geology at Gottingen, translated from the French, with an introduction in vindication of the author's claims to originality upon some points in geology, by the Rev. Henry de la Fitte, A.M., is preparing for publication.

Lady Morgan is preparing for publication a new work on France, under the title, “ France in 1829-30."

We perceive that Messrs Colburn and Bentley are to publish the following works during the present month:-1. The Life and Correspondence of John Locke, by Lord King ; second edition, with considerable additions, 2 vols. 8vo.-2. The Second Volume of the Life of the great Lord Burghley, by the Rev. Dr Nares.-3. Convergations of James Northcote, Esq. R.A., by W. Hazlitt, Esq., 1 vol. small 8vo, with a remarkably fine portrait of Mr Northcote. 4. Musical Memoirs, by W. T. Parke, forty years principal Oboist at the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden, 2 rols.-5. Captain Frankland's Travels to Constantinople; second edition, 2 vols. 8vo, with 38 engravings, price 245.-6. The octavo edition of Mr Bučking.' ham's Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, 2 vols.-7. The octavo edition of Mr Crauford's Narrative of a Residence at Siam, 2 vols. -8. A New and Revised Edition of Mr Carne's Letters from the East, 2 voks.-9. A Fifth Edition of the Conversations of Lord Byron with Thomas Medwin, Esq. during a Residence at Pisa, 2 vols. small 8vo, uniform with the Works, price only 4s. 6d. per volume.

SOCIETY OF CLAN GREGOR.-In our article in a late number, on the Assembly's schools, we alluded to the Clan Gregor Society. At the period of the late King's visit to Scotland, in 1822, the Clan Gregor attended the summons of their chief in considerable force. As commemorative of that event, a Society was instituted in the De... cember of the same year, for the purpose of “extending to the poor of the Clan Gregor the blessings of a sound and Christian education." Its chief object was stated to be, to assist in the education of young men bearing the names of Macgregor, Gregor, Gregorson, or Gregory, “who give indication of genius and talent, and who intend qualifying themselves for any of the learned . professions, for the army or navy, or for mercantile pursuite." At first, the attention of the Society was confined to affording trursaries at one or other of our universities, to young men answer ing this description --but it soon oceurred to the respectable gentlemen who took the chief share in the management, that the diffusion of education through the body of the clan, was of more importance, than raising a few above their original station in the world. A resolution was passed in May 1829, limiting the bursaries to three of L.10, or four of L.7, 10s. each year. The receipts of the



By Thomas Atkinson.
God bless our noble Sovereign,

_'Tis William that I sing,
Long may he Britain govern

A Patriot, though a King !
Upon the deck where Nelson died,

He hath stood bravely too;
And his heart hath beat with honest pride
Beneath a jacket blue.

Then bless, &c.

Huzzal for William and the crown

Love on his brow hath placed ! Hazzal for William on the throne

A George so lately graced ; With him the British flag to wield,

Whenever danger 's near,

Society since its Institution, amount to L.1273. There has been amidst a host of quack medicines of all sorts, and adapted to all come expended towards the promotion of its object L.360, leaving in the stitutions, we find that new and inestimable one " the concen Society's possession L.915. As soon as the permanent fund of the trated disinfecting solution of chloride of soda and of lime."-Chas. Society amounts to L. 1050, it is, for greater security, to be invested trey has nearly finished a very fine bust of his present Majesty. in land. To students in medicine and divinity, the Society has, This eminent sculptor is also employed upon a colossal statue in since its institution, afforded the aid of seven bursaries. Besides marble, nine feet high, of the late King in his royal robes, for this, it has enabled the parents of 49 children to procure for them Windsor Castle, a cast of which in bronze is also in progress for the an elementary education, which would otherwise have exceeded city of Edinburgh. -- According to the local papers, the King is to be their means. It is pleasing to entwine this new and honourable as in Dublin, Edinburgh, London, Windsor, and Brighton, at one and sociation with the name of the Clan Gregor.

the same moment, and this partition of his Majesty among his New BILLIARD ROOMS.—The game of billiards is a gentlemanly subjects may be expected in about a month !-The sporting world and pleasant recreation, but public billiard rooms are in general so pro- will glad to learn that Fanny Kemble won the maiden plate, miscuously attended, that many persons ate deterred from entering value 1.50, at the Bridgenorth Races on the 7th inst. them at all. It gives us pleasure, therefore, to be able to mention, that THEATRICAL Gossip.-Kean took his farewell benefit, precious Mr Brown has recently opened billiard rooms above his excellent read to his departure for America, on Mouday last, at the Italian Opera, ing rooms in George Street, which, from the select and respectable foot- which he engaged for that evening. The night's entertainments ing on which they have been placed by the proprietor, are likely to be consisted of the ith act of " Richard the Third,” the 4th act of the patronized by private gentlemen who take an interest in this scientific “Merchant of Venice," the 5th act of " A New Way to Pay Old amusement. The tables, of which there are two, are patent iron-bed | Debts," the 24 act of “Macbeth," and the 3d act of “Othello" tables of the best description, and all the “ appliances and means Mr Kean was assisted by a number of his professional brethren, to boot," are of the handsomest and most convenient kind. We among whom was Miss Jarman, who made her first and only appear. are not acquainted with any other establishment of this kind in Edin ance in London this season in the part of Desdemona. In the sth burgh, where one is so sure of being free from vulgar and imperti act of the “ Merchant of Venice,” Mr Hooper played Gratiano. At nent intrusion.

the conclusion, Kean delivered a farewell address to a numerous and PORTRAIT OF WILLIAM IV.-The Proprietors of the New North cordial audience.--A new melodramatic piece, called “ The Skeleton Briton have published a cleverly engraved portrait of his present | Lover,” has been brought out at the Adelphi. The music is by Rode Majesty, of which about 8400 copies have been sold. We under. well, and is said to be good. The author of " Black Eyed Susan" stand that the head is from a sketch taken by one of the members of has written another piece for the Surrey Theatre, called « The Press his Majesty's household. The print affords a pleasing and animated Gang;"_by the aid of T. P. Cooke's acting, it has been quite sucrepresentation of the King. It is to be followed in a few weeks by cessful.–At the Haymarket, a new piece, called “ The Force of Naa similar engraving of her Majesty Queen Adelaide.

ture," and at the Tottenham Street Theatre, another, called “Me CHIT-CHAT FROM GLASGOW.- The Clyde Regatta of the North- tempsychosis," have been successful.-Fanny Kemble has been perern Yacht Club was inferior to that of last year, in consequence, no

forming in Dublin without exciting a very high degree of enthudoubt, of the detestable weather. T'he Regatta on Lochlomond was, siasm.Miss Paton has been giving concerts in Limerick ; and it is however, beautiful; and if Lieutenant Mackenzie's prognostications said that the conductors of the different Musical Festivals for the of the weather for August may be in aught believed, our Regatta ensuing season have declined availing themselves of her services. She : here will be splendid. Prodigious preparations are making for it, as has our sincere pity.—Miss Ellen Tree seems to be much thought of might indeed be inferred from the rage for checque shirts. In addi. in Liverpool.-Miss Foote has been performing at Cheltenham, and tion to the cups subscribed for, and those given by Mr May and she is engaged for Drury Lane next winter. Does Mr Lee think that Captain Thomas Blair,-the gentleman so beautifully and deservedly Miss Phillips as his prima donna in tragedy, and Miss Foote in coeulogised by the muse of Allan Cunningham in the last Number of medy, will be sufficiently powerful ? Are they not both stars of but the Journal, - many private matches for consilerable sums are to be ineffectual fires ?- Mathews has been at Brighton.-We regret to decided. A bet of fifty pounds a-side is thought nothing of. There learn that Jones has hitherto had but indifferent houses at Perth ; ve can be no doubt, that in moderation, najutical sports are highly hope they will improve.-Ryder is at present at Cupar, where he praiseworthy, for besides their harmlesstest and salubrity, they has been drawing good housco, first with the assistance of Mactar teach a degree of skill that in emergencies may be exceedingly use and at present with that of Pritchard, who arpears to be a great fsful. The estimable Rector of our Grammar School, and two young vourite with the Fife folks. A critic in the Fife Herald says of him : gentlemen, were lately drowned off Roseneath, from a want, it is -"Graceful, pathetic, and full of energy, he embodies the best said, of nautical experience. Upon this melancholy event some conceptions of our most poetical dramatists, with an effect almost strong and touching lines have been written. A copy of the little unsurpassed."-A new version of “Don Giovanni," with all the work which contains them, and which was printed only for private original music, has been brought out this week in a very creditable circulation, is sent along with this. It is said to be from the pen of style at the Caledonian Theatre. Mr Murray, who was in Edinan English clergyman of much talent, but not without some of the burgh a few days ago, has returned to London to complete his ar eccentricities of genius.- Nothing new has been doing here in the rangements for next campaign. Workmen are already busy in the literary world. The Shamrock, so long announced, is not to appear

Theatre Royal, and we understand that it is in contemplation to give till Weekes, its fat and funny editor, comes down to star it at one the exterior an entirely new facing. of the theatres. A still more, weighty auraction in the person of Mademoiselle D'jeck is at present in Dunlop Street with Alexander. Seymour has had a star from the Western hemisphere, one Mr Adams, of New York, who played Hamlet, Rolla, and William Tell,

TO OUR READERS. pretty respectably. The patent question is not yet finally settled. It would be better were it to end in our having no patent at all, but

We are making preparations to add regularly some pages to ench & a fair com nedition in theatricals as in calicoes. -Our Exhibition Number of the LITERARY JOU KNAL, but a week or two must elapse opens on the 9th of August, and is expected to be good.

before we get our arrangements perfected. In the meantime, our CHIT-CHAT FROM LONDON-Thomas Hood is preparing a little

next Number will be at least as large as our last was, and will, pero volume to be called “ Epsom Races," as a companion to his “ Ep. haps, be entirely a double Number.-We take this opportunity of ping Hunt." In his announcement, he says, “ Due notice of the intimating again, that the Edinburgh Literary Gazette being now 1 time of starting will be given by public advertisement,--and to avoid discontinued, the LITERARY JOUBxal is sent instead to all the fozany thing oralic, be sure to ask for Hood's Enson.”—The complaints mer subscribers to that paper by whom it is not counter manded. have been loud and general of the mismanagement in the arrangement of the procession at the late king's funeral ; -we do not know to what functionary the blame is to be attributed.-We find in the newspapers the following piece of twaddle :-"Several of our best

TO OUR CORRESPONDENTS. sea songs are said to have been composed in honour of his present REVIEWS of Galt's Southennan, Pitcairn's Criminal Trials, Part Majesty when serving in the navy." Where are they ! --The villa vi., Lives of British Physicians, and several other new Works, are of a certain eminent dentist in the Regent's Park, has been classi- unavoidably postponed tile our next. cally distinguished by the name of Tusculum.-The expedients We shall endeavour to give a place to "The Past," by "* JA** of adopted to attract attention to various advertisements in the London Glasgow, and A Sketch. by "W." in our pext SLIPPERS. The newspapers is often very amusing. Warren heads his, " Advice with favours of several of our poetical friends, though in types, are unoút a Fee;" another begins. Farewell ! a long farewell to-tender avoidably postponed.-We regret that we shall not be able to find feet !" a third is mysteriously entitled-“ Midnight Visitors," which room for the following Poems, though some of them are pot withturns out to relate to the celebrated “ C. Tiffin, Bug-destroyer to his out merit : “ To my First Grey Hair,"_" To J. M."_" Anna," . Majesty!” “ in whose family the art has been confined for near 100 by “P. S." of East Lothian,_" To Eliza," by “ W. S.”-the Verses years ;"--a fourth announces " the Adelaide Habit-shirt, patronized from Elgin,-and - The Outlaw's Anniversary," by " J. B." and purchased by her Majesty;" fifth commences in these magnifi We beg to mention to our contributors that we cannot undercent terms." The acme of nonpareil patent metal studded boots and take to return short pieces, either in prose or verse, which may not shoes, excelling all others, superreding metal hoels, nails," &c. ;-and be inserted.

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execution of which is calculated to draw out to the best LITERARY CRITICISM.

advantage the peculiar talents of Sir James. He is more

of a scholar than an original thinker. We do vot mean A General View of the Progress of Ethical Philosophy,

to say that he is merely able to select from books those chiefly during the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. opinions which seemi to him most just. On the contrary, By the Right Honourable Sir James Mackintosh. Be

we know few more ready, as soon as the hint is given ing the Second Dissertation prefixed to the Seventh him, to enter upon a train of original, sound, and ingeEdition of the Encyelopædia Britannica. Edinburgh. His mind is not one of those which seeks after truth

nious thought. But he needs some originating impulse. Adam Black 1830. 4to.

from an inborn anxiety to discover it; but when once his We bave not met for a long time with a work which energies have been directed in the search by the contagion ve have perused with more unmixed satisfaction than the of example, he brings to the task powers of the very highpresent. Its veteran author adds, to a naturally strong est order. and carefully educated mind, all that glow of moral en There is another point of view in which we may red thusiasm, which is so seldom found except in youth. He gard this original conformation of his mind and its conseis one of the few wbo, to use the words of the German quences. In the course of his remarks upon the different poet," do not pay for wisdom with their heart, but unite authors, he throws out views, which, although suggested the man of the world's searching glance to the feeling of by their discussions, are essentially his own. Take all the enthusiast." His Dissertation is what a popular the topics which, from first to last, in the course of his work ought to be-intelligible to every one who reads it Dissertation, he tbus elucidates, arrange them systematiwith dne attention, but neither shallow nor flashy. We cally, and you will find them an able theory of morals, trust, that after this decided expression of our high esteem exhausting the most of the leading phenomena. But we bosh for the author and his work, we shall be believed, doubt whether, if Sir James had set himself down tocompile when we say that, in endeavouring to point out, along a system of Ethics, it would have been so complete. The with its excellences, those opinions in which we differ from one-half of the topics would have escaped him, their imSir James, as well as what have occurred to us, upon portance being only present to his mind when suggested mature reflection, to be defects in his plan, or its execa- by a controversy. The result of these observations seems tion, we are not guilty of arrogance towards one to whom to us to be, that Sir James's mind is essentially that of we look up, although we state our mind freely even to a commentator, although he brings to the task such a rich him, and without any continually recurring flourish about and original vein of thinking, that in him the character deference and modesty.

is almost raised to an equality with that of an original The work is divided into seven sections. In the first, author. we find some general rejections upon the nature and ob Our next remark is, that although his distinctions are jects of moral science. The second is devoted to a retro- in general at once fine and jast, we know many who spect of ancieot ethics. The third reviews the ethics of equal him in this respect. It is in his strong sense and the scholastic period. The fourth commences the history nervous style that his pre-eminence chiefly consists. of modern ethics, beginning with Hobbes and Grotius-Hence, we are not so much struck with his really adthe latter the best authority for the prevailing notions on mirable and satisfactory abstracts of the different systems, morality in his time the former the person who gave the as with his condensed and glowing pictures of the charac-" first impulse in the new career of investigation. In the ters of their authors. fifth section, we have a history of the controversies con One general objection we have to the execution of the cerning the moral faculties and the social affections to work ;—it is too exclusively, in that part of it which rewhich the writings of Hobbes gave occasion. This Sir lates to modern ethics, a history of the English school. James presents to us in the form of sketches of every in- Among French authors, he notices only Bossuet, Fenedividual author who materiully forwarded the contro lon, Malebranche, and Buffier ; among the German, only Feray to a satisfactory termination. The list commences Leibnitz. Now, properly speaking, if he had applied the with Cumberland and Cadworth, and closes with Ed- same rigid rule of exclusion throughout, which he has wards and Buffier. In the sixth section, we have sketches followed with our own countrymen, of the Frenchmen of the lakoars of those authors who have contributed to here named, Malebranohe was the only one entitled to a lay the foundation of a theory of ethics more just, in the place. But the science of ethics in modern times, no author's estimation, than any that preceded it. This list more than any other science, has had its form and growth commences with Butler, and closes with Brown. The in one country alone. Whether it have made great or Seventh and last section is devoted to some general re- little progress, it has made it by the joint efforts of the marks on the extent to which the field of ethics has been philosophers of all nations, and every influential labourer explored, and an exposition of the author's reasons for was worthy of a place. Two causes entitle an author to dont embracing the German moralists in his outline, and notice in the history of a science--his diseovering an imfor declining to undertake the history of Political Philo- portant truth, or his having succeeded in giving his opisophy,

nions a wide and lasting intiuence upon the minds of mev. The first remark that occurs to us regarding the plan Regarded in either point of view, both France and Gerof this work is, that it is precisely the kind of task, the many have produced men who ought not to have been

passed over. Rousseau, Diderot, Wolf, Thomasius, and tions display the utmost subtlety, and whilst they bear Kant, have exercised too wide a sway over the minds of upon them that great source of attraction, the genuine men, to be entirely omitted in a history of Ethics. ** Sir racy stamp of originality, that mark by which we know James Mackintosh is not the man to exclude them, be a truth to have been elaborated by the workings of the cause he disapproves of the tendency of their speculations. author's own mind, he has not materially advanced bis He knows that the narrative of the heretic forms as in- science. Instead of starting from the vantage ground dispensable a portion of church history as that of the gained by his predecessors, he insisted upon walking over martyr. He apologises, it is true, for not entering into for himself the road they had already left behind. May the history of the modern German school ; and we will these two extremes be a warning to metaphysicians, when ingly admit, that one who has so many and important Scotland shall again produce such beings! duties to perform, is entitled to plead want of time. But this apology only suffices to excuse him for not completing his task; our present objection is, that he projected it ori-Criminal Trials, and other Proceedings before the High ginally on too narrow a scale. With regard to the details of the work, there are only

Court of Justiciary in Scotland. Edited by Robert two instances in which we essentially differ from Sir

Pitcairn, W.S., &c. Part VI. Edinburgh. William

The first is in his estimate of Grotius ; the se-

1830. James. cond, in his estimate of Dugald Stewart. Both Stewart This is by far the most interesting and ably executed and Sir James have forced Grotius into their Disserta- number of Mr Pitcairn's work that has yet appeared. I tions on the Progress of Intellectual and Moral Science, contains the most striking proceedings in the Court of and both agree that he has done little to forward either. Justiciary, from March 1609, till July 1611. We find But in doing this they have unarcountably shut their among them, besides the average quantity of commoneyes to the character of his great work, and the results it place trials—such as were the staple employment of the has produced. The treatise, “ De Jure Belli ac Pacis,” tribunal at that period—five in particular, in which is neither a moral nor a metaphysical work, it is strictly courses of criminal action are developed, extending their and exclusively a work on jurisprudence. The great aim influence over wide districts, embracing in their execuof Grotius was to compile a code of consuetudinary in- tion a long tract of time, and corrupting by their diffuternational law. Like every true lawyer, his object was sion the very essence and organization of society. It to seek for and apply the positive precept ; to the dictates would seem, too, that the registers of this date have beof abstract justice, to the theory of morals, he only ap come more full than those from which our Editor deplies for illustration or for analogies. Like all labourers rived the materials of his earlier fasciculi, for we can now in one department of science, who seek an argument from trace with tolerable precision the course of the judicial another, he takes it on the word of its professors. It was proceedings, discover what kind of evidence was deemed not even his object to establish a philosophy of law which admissible, and the manner in which it was adduced; approaches more nearly to morals; he found the law which the legal doctrines maintained by the advocates, and the in former periods had, with more or less strictness, regu- talents of each of them; the functions of the judge and lated the intercourse of nations, falling into neglect, and jury; and, in short, every thing that is requisite for enhe published an elaborate and elegant digest in defence abling us to form an accurate notion of the form of trial of it. The fruits of his labours are not to be sought in in those days. In addition to all this valuable matter, the increased precision of scholastic language, in improved the indefatigable research of Mr Pitcairn bas accumumethods of enquiry and ratiocination, but in the bustling lated a mass of interesting documents, serving to throw field of active life, in the higher and nobler tone of mo a light on the previous history of the principal offenders, dern diplomacy, in the better faith of states and rulers. which materially illustrates the state of police, and the That these are even yet susceptible of improvement, is a general state of civilisation in the country at the time. melancholy fact; but that they are so good as they are, The five trials to which we have alluded above, are we owe mainly to Grotius. If he had done. no more those of Sir James Makconeill, in 1609; of John, the than banished the audacious openness with which kings seventh Lord Maxwell, in the same year ; of the Earl and ministers in his day avowed the worst principles of of Orkney, in 1610; of Mure of Auchindrane, in 1611; Machiavel; if he had produced no better recognition of and of two bands of pirates, brought to justice in July virtue than that which vice pays her under the form of and December 1610. We present our readers with a hypocrisy, even this small step would have been a gain. brief outline, not of the trials, but of the crimes of each

We said that we dissented from Sir James's estimate of the delinquents, as a foundation upon which we wish of Dugald Stewart; we might have said more broadly, to rest some general remarks, not altogether unimportant. that when he comes to speak of his contemporaries, his 1st. Sir James Makconeill of Knokrynsay and Kinstep is more vacillating, his opinions less satisfactory, less tyre, was one of the chiefs of a clan, whose feuds with decisively announced. This we can easily account for the Macleans long desolated the Western Islands. Of We recognise with reluctance the defects of those we love. the time of his birth nothing precise is known. In JaIn reading modern works, we are left to form our own nuary 1597, we find him in company with his brother, opinion of them ; in perusing the writings of our ances a certain “ laird of Loupe," and a number of armed foltors, we enjoy the benefit of a running commentary of the lowers, assaulting the house of his own father under judgments of all their successors, serving to correct or to cloud of night, in order to get possession of the persons confirm our own. In one point we agree with Sir James of two sons of the “ Tutor of Loupe," who were on a in his estimate of Stewart—“ his disciples were among visit to old Makconeill. Unable to break open the doors, his best works.” It is to the number of eminent men in he set fire to the house, although both his parents were whose education he had a share, and to the affectionate at the time within it. His father, on rushing out from reverence with which they looked up to him, that Stewart the flames, was treated with great cruelty, and kept for is indebted for his fame. He had read much (too much), a considerable time in irons. Sir James's next exploit

, and he commented elegantly and pleasingly upon the ob- was a feud against Maclean in Islay in 1598, when his jects of his studies, but he has not left one original discovery opponent fell, with men on both sides to the number of of importance on record, and his style, elegant and flowing, 150. Some time afterwards (but the precise date does is the very worst model of philosophical writing. Dr not appear) he was apprehended and imprisoned in the Brown, his successor, a far more powerful mind, has, on castle of Blackness, from which he attempted to escape the contrary, been scarcely heard of. He erred in the in 1604. Being removed for greater security to the casopposite extreme from Stewart. The one read too much, tle of Edinburgh, he attempted to escape theoce also in and the other read nothing. Hence, while his pecula- | 1606, and in December 1607, he managed, in company

with Lord Maxwell, to get beyond the limits of the for- attempted, but in vain, to settle his differences with the tress, but having sprained his ankle in leaping from the family of Jobpstone, he was beheaded at Edinburgh the outer wall, he was again seized. In May 1609, he was 18th of May, 1613. Maxwell seems to have been of a put to trial for burning his fatber's house in Kintyre, and turbulent disposition, and not generally liked. But with for violent effraction from the castle of Edinburgh, found regard to the criminal and apparently treacherous act for guilty, and sentenced to be beheaded. The sentence was which he suffered, it deserves to be remarked, that when not, however, carried into execution, for in the beginning the quarrel arose between the servants of Johnstone and of 1615, he made his final escape, and although hotly pur- himself, a shot was fired by one of them, immediately sued by the Earl of Tullibardine and Archibald Campbell, after which Johnstone turned and galloped towards the he reached Kintyre in safety. The subsequent order of combatants, while Sir Robert Maxwell attempted to seize his proceedings does not well appear, but ere much time the bridle of the horse which Lord Maxwell rode. Now, had elapsed, he had sent the fiery cross through Kin- assuming for a moment that Maxwell came to the meettyre, collected a considerable force, seized and manned ing without any treacherous intention, were not 'these' several large boats, taken the castle of Dunivaig, and incidents sufficient to alarm him, and provoke an act of vio

established a footing in several of the Hebrides. He lence—more particularly, as he knew the troops sent by * was, however, beset by the king's forces, again taken the Privy Council to apprehend him were then in the

and committed to Edinburgh Castle, whence he once neighbourhood ? It remains to enquire, what are the more escaped, and fled into Spain, leaving his brother grounds for supposing that he came with a treacherous Angus to be hanged, and his followers to turn pirates. intention to the meeting? In the first place, he came In 1620, he was recalled, had a yearly pension of one thou- armed with firearms, while his rival had only his sword; sand merks sterling allowed him, and resided at court but Johnstone was in his own country, and at peace with till bis death in 1626. Sir James appears from this the government, while Maxwell was on his enemy's sketch to have possessed a prompt and energetic, though lands, and a proscribed 27an. There had been no préturbulent mind. He was able to write a good letter — vious stipulation respecting the arms to be carried by the rather a rare accomplishment in those days; and one of parties. In the second place, it is said in the indictment his most pressing enquiries after his escape in 1615, is that the two bullets were poisoned. But, knowing the after some books he had been obliged to leave behind. character of these instruments at that period, and seeing He kept up a good correspondence with the Bishop of that no proof was led to this point, we can only look on the Isles, and some of the principal nobility. His out the allegation of poisoning as one of the embellishments rages are those of a man who, as head of a strong faction, in which public prosecutors then so freely indulged. was virtually placed, by the imperfect police of the coun- Lastly, the two witnesses who depone to the circumtry, in the situation of an independent petty sovereign. stances of the murder, state their suspicions that it ocHis virtues are those of a strong mind ; his vices the re- curred in consequence of a preconcerted arrangement besalt of his never having been subjected to control. tween Maxwell and his servant. But suspicions are no

21. John, the seventh Lord Maxwell, was brother to proof; and it must be remembered, that one of these witthe first Earl of Nithsdale. His family were attached nesses was the confidential retainer of the murdered man; to the Catholie religion, and his father had been implica- the other closely connected with him, and, by his own' ted in most of the struggles of the retainers of that an account, not on good terms with Lord Daxwellt. In adcient faith to restore it to the ascendency. The old gen- dition to so many circumstances, tending to weaken our tleman fell in the battle of Dryfe Sands, in 1593, by the belief that the crime was aggravated by its being an act hands of Sir James Johnstone, and, according to Spottis- of premeditated treachery, we may again notice Lord wood, with some aggravating circumstances of inhumani- Maxwell's solemn and dying declaration. · ty. Lord John, after his father's dernise, trode in the 3d. Patrick, Earl of Orkney, was tried in August, steps of all his predecessors, and from 1598 till 1602, he 1610, for a long tract of oppressive conduct towards the was continually at the horn. In 1602, he set fire to the inhabitants of the islands from which he took his title, house of Dallibbel, and slew several of its inmates. The rendering him amenable to the law, at once for forcible' arm of the law at length laid hold of his Lordship, and conduct towards the subject, and for treason towards the he was committed to the Castle of Edinburgh ; out of sovereign. The details of these misdeeds are not given' which he broke in December 1607, along with Sir James by Mr Pitcairn in the present number, as they will come Makeoneill, but, inore fortunate than his companion, he more fitly under the trial of the Earl's equally criminal got clear off. Maxwell took up his residence in Galloway, agents ; but enough appears from what is given, to show where, finding himself hard treated by the king's troops, that, from the year 1590 till 1610, he had usurped the be sent for his kinsman, Sir Robert Maxwell of Spottes, power of an arbitrary sovereign, and used it with the who was connected by marriage with Sir James John- wildest and most barbarous license. Justice at last overstone; and requested his mediation to bring about au took him, and he was executed at the market-cross of agreement between him and that gentleman. By Sir Ro- Edinburgh, in February 1614. bert's means, a place of meeting was fixed, to which they 4th. Juhn Mure of Auchindrane, and bis son James, répaired, each attended by a single servant. During had taken a prominent part in the mixed scenes of intheir colloquy, a quarrel took place between the domes- trigue and violence which, at the beginning of the 17th tics, who were left at some distance; and Johnstone, ri- century, convulsed Ayrshire. They were the principal ding off to separate them, was shot by Maxwell, to instigators of Kennedy of Barganie in his attempt to raisewhom bis back was turned at the moment. Sir Robert himself above the Earl of Cassilis. But it is with their

Maxwell and the servant of Johnstone swore, when ex- private crimes that we have at present to do; and this ! amined, that they believed Lord Maxwell's servant to allusion to their share in public broils is only with a view

have sought the quarrel in consequence of a previous ar to recall to the reader's memory the violent character of rangement with his master, in order to afford him a pre- the period of Scottish history which gave the tone and text for murdering his hereditary enemy; but this his Lord- temper to such characters. Old Mure had conceived a' ship denied at the moment of his death. Lord Maxwell deadly hatred against Sir Thomas Kennedy of Cullayne, made his escape at that time, but was tried in absence, found which had, however, been glossed over by a formal reguilty, adjudged to suffer death, and his estates to be confis- concilement. In 1597, Sir Thomas sent a letter to the cated. In 1612, he returned to Scotland, but was so bard man whom he now believed his friend, intimating his pressed on the Borders, that he was about to embark for intention to take a journey to Edinburgh, and appointing Sweden, when he was dissuaded from the project by his kins- time and place where Mure might meet him with any comman the Earl of Caithness, who lured him to Castle Sin- missions he desired to intrust to him. Mure sent back ctair, and delivered him up to the officers of justice. Ilaving the boy who carried the letter, with stộict injunctions to

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