Classical Sāṃkhya: An Interpretation of Its History and Meaning
The tradition of Samkhya is one of the oldest and most influential in the intellectual history of India. The fundamental notions of Samkhya namely prakrti, purusa, buddhi, ahamkara, manas and the three gunas provided the conceptual framework in which much of Indian philosophizing occurred, and the classical formulations of Yoga and Vedanta together with many traditions of Buddhist philosophy and meditation developed vis-a-vis the intellectual perspective of the Samkhya. Similarly on a general cultural level the influence of Samkhya was profound and important over many centuries in such areas as law, medicine, ancient science and mathematics, logic, mythology, cosmology and ritual. This study traces the history of the Samkhya not only in the Indian intellectual tradition, but also in the traditions of historical criticism. The book also offers a new interpretation of the philosophical significance of the Samkhya, with special reference to the classical interpretation of the interaction of prakrti and purusa. In this edition author has also included a Chart of the Twenty-five Basic Principles of the Samkhya, a Glossary of Samkhya Terminology, an additional Appendix which surveys recent scholarly work in the area of Samkhya together with a discussion of Samkhya in the Purana-s and a revised Bibliography.
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A B Keith
J W Haucr
An Interpretation of the Meaning of Classical
prakrti gunas and satkaryavdda
Emergence and Functioning of the tatt
Discrimination and Release
Sankaras Criticism of Samkhya and
A Chart of the Twentyfive Principles of Classical
Appendix a Chronological Chart
A Modern Tradition of Samkhyayoga
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ahamkara analysis appears Asvaghosa Atharva Veda atman avyakta basic Bhasya bhavas brahmanical Buddhacarita buddhi Buddhism Buitenen century a.d. Chapter classical Samkhya commentaries consciousness cosmic cosmological creation Dasgupta discrimination discussion doctrine dualism Early Samkhya Edgerton edition Eliade emphasizing evolution Frauwallner functions Garbe Gaudapada Gitd gunas Hauer Ibid Indian Philosophy Indian thought interpretation Isvarakrsna Johnston kaivalya Karika Katha Keith khya kind knowing knowledge later Samkhya linga manas manifest world means Moksadharma mulaprakrti nature Oltramare original passages period pradhana prakrti prakrti and purusa present writer principles problem proto-Samkhya Puranas purusa purusa and prakrti rajas references Sahkara salvation Samkhya and Yoga Samkhya notion Samkhya Philosophie Samkhya position Samkhya System Samkhyakarika Samkhyayoga Sanskrit Sanskrit text sastitantra says sense simply Studies in Samkhya subtle elements suffering tamas tanmdtras tattvas theistic theory three gunas tion tradition trans Tuktidipika unmanifest Upanisads Varsaganya Vasubandhu Veda Vedanta verse Vijnanabhiksu Vindhyavasa
Page 7 - I. Because of the torment of the threefold suffering, (there arises) the desire to know the means of removing it. If (it is said that) this (desire — ie, inquiry) is useless because perceptible (means of removal are available), (we say) no, since (perceptible means) are not final or abiding.