Rhetoric and Ritual in Colonial India: The Shaping of a Public Culture in Surat City, 1852-1928

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University of California Press, 1991 - History - 363 pages
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This book explores the rhetoric and ritual of Indian elites undercolonialism, focusing on the city of Surat in the Bombay Presidency. It particularly examines how local elites appropriated and modified the liberal representative discourse of Britain and thus fashioned a "public' culture that excluded the city's underclasses. Departing from traditional explanations that have seen this process as resulting from English education or radical transformations in society, Haynes emphasizes the importance of the unequal power relationship between the British and those Indians who struggled for political influence and justice within the colonial framework. A major contribution of the book is Haynes' analysis of the emergence and ultimate failure of Ghandian cultural meanings in Indian politics after 1923.

The book addresses issues of importance to historians and anthropologists of India, to political scientists seeking to understand the origins of democracy in the "Third World," and general readers interested in comprehending processes of cultural change in colonial contexts.
 

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Contents

Introduction
3
Colonialism Language and Politics
17
PART TWOSURAT CITY AND THE LARGER WORLD
31
The Urban Economy
33
The Inner Politics of the City
52
The Outer Politics of the City
81
PART THREEPUBLIC CULTURE
95
The Colonial Context
97
PART FOURTHE GANDHIAN INTERLUDE 10 The Rise of the Gandhians
203
The Restoration of Hegemony
238
The Politics of Communalism
261
CONCLUSION
285
APPENDIX
297
NOTES
301
GLOSSARY
335
BIBLIOGRAPHY
341

The Notables and Public Culture
108
The Englisheducated Elite and Public Leadership
145
World War I and the Crisis in Urban Authority
175

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About the author (1991)

Douglas Haynes is Associate Professor of History at Dartmouth College.

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