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In the House of Representatives, July 13th, 1769. Resolved, that the sum of one pound eight shillings be allowed and paid out of the public treasury of this Province, to the petitioner, David Hyde, in full consideration of bis extraordinary expenses in the foregoing petition mèntioned. Sent up for concurrence.

F. CUSHING, Speaker.

In Council, July 13, 1769. Read and non-concurred.

JOHN COTTON, D. Secretary.

XXX.

Annals of Salem, p. 487. March 28, 1774. A committee of correspondence in Salem receive a communication from a similar body in Boston, on the subject of establishing Post Offices and Post riders independent of Parliament.

Ibid. p. 495. May 25, 1775. The Provincial Congress take the concerns of the Massachusetts Post Offices into their own hands.

XXXI.

In Committee of Safety.

CAMBRIDGE, April 28, 1775. Voted to recommend to the Colony Congress now sitting in Watertown, and it is recommended accordingly, to make an establishment for post riders between the Massachusetts forces and the town of Worcester ; also, that the said Congress take such order as they may think proper, to prevent any town or district taking any notice of his Excellency General Gage's precepts for calling a general Assembly

WILLIAM Cooper, Secretary.

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PAPERS RELATIVE TO THE RIVAL CHIEFS,

D’AUL NEY AND LA

LA TOUR,

GOVERNORS OF NOVA SCOTIA.

PREFATORY REMARKS.

[There is a romance of History as well as a History of Romance.To the former class, belong many incidents in the early periods of New England and its adjacent Colonies. The following papers pertain to events of a similar order. They refer to two persons; D'Aulney * and La Tour. These were individuals of respectable intellect and education,-of noble families and large fortune. While the first was a zealous and efficient supporter of the Romish Church, the second was less so, from his frequent connexion with others of a different faith. The scene of their immediate jurisdiction, their prominent actions, their exhibition of various passions and talents, their conquests and defeats, their career and end, as exerting an influence on their associates as well as themselves, on other communities as well as their own,—was laid in Nova Scotia. This phrase then comprised a Territory vastly more extensive, than it does now, as a British Province. It embraced not only its present boundaries, which were long termed Acadie, but, also, about two thirds of the State of Maine. So large a district reached as far Westward as Kennebeck, or, as the parlance then was, to the Virginias. It was a portion of the domain claimed by the Court of St. Cloud and called New France. Its Latin etymology was derived from its being denominated New Scotland, when granted to Sir William Alexander, in 1621, by James First of England, as a Palatinate of his maternal kingdom.

The ensuing letters and documents, concerning the previous subject, are from the archives of Massachusetts. They appear either to have escaped the searching operation of Hutchinson, while collecting materials for his History of this Province; or, if copies of them were taken by him, they were probably lost, when a mob threw his papers into the street and destroyed a large portion of them. It will be perceived, that they, like most of the compositions in their day, are not remarkable for polish and perspicuity of style. It will, also, be evident, that the French papers, which came to our hands in an English dress, retain too much

[Some communications, to and from Aulney, are spelt Aulnay, having the vowel a, in the last syllable instead of e. Others have Aunay, leaving out the consonant, l. This mode of orthography is retained by Dictionnaire Historique par Chaudon et Delandine. Winthrop, Hubbard, Hutchinson, Hazard and others have Aulney. This American method of writing the name, will be adopted in the subsequent pages. Pub. Com.]

of their own idiom, and thereby read heavily. Two of the letters,—III and X,-one in French and the other in Latin, were found untranslated, but are here presented in our language. Pub. Com.]

I.

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We, Charles De Menou, Knight, Lord of Aulney, Lieutenant General for the King in all the coasts of Acadie, under the charge of my Lord, the most eminent Cardinal Duke of Richelieu, great Master, Chief and Superintendent General of the Navigation and Commerce of France, having judged meet for the service of his Majesty of my said Lord, and for the advancement of the French Colonies, to send unto our habitation of La Heve, one of our Barques of the burthen of twenty four tons, and therein to place a faithful person, as well to command as for to receive the merchandize of trade, which we will to be delivered unto him by the commissioner of the said place, from thence to go to Campseau,* the Bay of Island, and further so far as our power doth extend to trade and hold commerce with savages, and during the said

voyage to employ themselves unto fishing of Cod for the aliment and nourishment of Colonies of the said Country. For these causes, upon the confidence which we have in the person of Pilot Mutton, of his capacity and experience in sea affairs, and of the faithfulness, manners and wisdom of the above said, we have ordained, committed and deputed, and do ordain, commit and depute for Master and Commander in the said Barque, and to take such merchandise as shall be unto him delivered by the commissioner of the said La Heve, according unto the invoice, which hath been unto him given, concerning the said trade and fishing, and this being done, to return unto us unto Port Royal, to give unto us a faithful account of his

voyage. We, also, give in charge unto all his company, that they yield obedience unto him under the said quality, as unto our own person, upon pain of contrary walking unto the ordinances of his Majesty. We, also, pray all Lieutenant Generals, Sea Captains, Chiefs of Squadrons, Guards of Forts, Havens and passages, and all other officers of His Majesty above said, and all the allies of the crown of France, that they lend unto him strong

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* Canso.

hand and assistance in case of need, promising the like on our behalf, occasion presenting. In witness hereof we have signed these presents and caused the seal of our arms to be set hereunto at Port Royal, the place of our residence, Monday this ninth of March, one thousand six hundred forty and three. Caused to be signed by our Secretary,

MAILLET, Secretary. AULNEY. By my above said Lord.

II.

Sieur D' Julney's letter to Mr. Endecott, Governor, by Mr.

Allen,* who carried our letter to Monsieur D'Aulney, when he took him at Sea.To the Sicur's, the Gentlemen,

Magistrates of the Great Bay, at Boston. SIRS,

Havir.g (according to the express order which I received from the King, my Master,) dispatched a Shallop unto the Bay to give you knowledge of his pleasure, concerning a subject of his, who, by means of assistance received from you, hath, to this present, continued in formal rebellion; I thought good by the same, a person of trust, who, being fully informed of my apprehensions, might satisfy you by the discourse you might have with him, and demand justice and due reason in all kind, for certain grievances, wrongs, and injuries, which mine and myself have received from yours. It is that, which caused me to make choice of Mr. Marie, my experienced, faithful friend, to come unto you, and we knowing that letters and paper bear not such discourse nor reply, to content those that read them, by that, which I have learned from Mr. Allen, you will not take in ill part this my visit per Mr. Marie, seeing it tendeth to no other thing, than that whereof yours is full. It makes me hope for (joining therewith the great order, which serve in your Government and that civility, which is natural unto you, also, your generousness towards all your neighbours and allianced) all that satisfaction, which I can desire to all those complaints, he may make unto you about

you ob

Captain John Allen.

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what is past. Sirs, it is that, which makes me cut short all that, which may concern the interest either of my master or myself, referring it to Mr. Marie and Mr. Allen, with whom I have had, since his abode with me, divers discourses and hath in part given me to understand the particulars, which have troubled you. He will tell

you (as much as his memory will bear) the reasonings I have had with him. And, as for the particulars wherein yours maketh instances, fearing lest Mr. Marie should not give you all that contentment, which you and I might wish, I shall

, according to your desire, endeavour to satisfy you with all genuity to each article,-beseeching you to give credit thereunto, and, for the time to come, not so easily receive impressions to the prejudice of what light those may give, which make profession of honour and set an high price upon your friendship.-To the first I answer, that Captain Rose* only hath lost the goods of Monsieur Richard Saltonstall, making shipwreck upon the Isle of Sables, whereunto neither the deceased Monsieur, the commander of Razilly, then Lieutenant General for the King in all the extent of New France, nor myself did in any measure contribute, seeing that we were so far asunder and that the said Captain Rose, being through storm of wind by hazard put into the Harbour of La Heve, where then he was unacquainted, was kindly received and entertained by the said Sir, in the said place; the ship being then returned to France, the year ensuing all his company were delivered unto him, and a thousand crowns, which he had in his coffer; and for certain cables and sails, which he had saved of the wreck of his ship, the said Sir, the commander of Razilly, gave him, in payment, seven or eight hundred buttons of massive gold, which he caused to be taken off from one of his suits, drawing Bills upon me, who then was at Rochelle, to discharge the said sum, for which he had given them, which I accepted, and two days after, paid him his money. He did ill to make use of such kindness, shewed unto him, to colour over to his owners the losses, which he put them unto, (through his ill managing of their Estate). He thought hereby to excuse himself and to obtain yet another ship by their means. It is usual with such

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* John Rose.

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