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Sacquenummener, a kind of berries almost like unto capers, but somewhat greater, which grow together in clusters upon a plant or herb that is found in shallow waters, being boiled eight or nine hours according to their kind, are very good meat and wholesome, otherwise if they be eaten they will make a man for the time frantic, or extremely sick.
A reed which beareth a seed almost like unto our rye or wheat, and being boiled is good meat.
In our travels in some places, we found wild pease like unto ours in England, but that they were less, which are also good meat.
A kind of berry like unto an acorn, of five sorts, growing on several kinds of trees: the one sort is called sagatamener, the second, osamener, the third, pummuckoner ; the inhabitants use to dry them upon hurdles like malt in England; when they use them, they first water them till they be soft, and then being sod they make loaves of bread of them; of these three kinds also the inhabitants do use to make sweet oil.
The fourth sort is called sopummener, which being boiled or parched be like unto roasted chestnuts; of this sort they make bread also.
The fifth sort is called mangummenauk, the very acorn of their kind of oak, being dried as the rest, and after watered, they boil them, and their servants and sometimes the chiefs themselves eat them with their fish and flesh.
Deer, up into the country very great, and in some places, great store.
Conies, of a grey color, like unto hares; they make mantles of the fur or flue of their skins.
Saquennekot and maquowoc, two kinds of small beasts greater than conies, which are very good meat.
Squirrels, which are of a grey color, we have taken and eaten.
Bears, which are of black color. They are good meat, and being hunted they climb up into trees, and are killed by the savages with their arrows, and sometimes by us with our carbines.
The lion is sometimes killed by the savages and eaten.
I have the names of eight-and-twenty sorts of beasts dispersed in the main, of which there are only twelve kinds by us as yet discovered.
Fowls. Turkey cocks and turkey hens, stock doves and partridges, cranes, herns, and in winter great store of swans and geese.
There are also parrots, falcons and marlin hawks.
Of all sorts of fowls, I have the names in the country language of fourscore and six.
Fish. Sturgeons, herrings, porpoises, trouts, rayes, alewives, mullets, plaice, and very many other sorts of very excellent fish.
Sea crabs, oysters, great, small, round, long muscles, scollops, periwincles, and crevises.
Seekanauk, a kind of crusty shell-fish, which is good meat, about a foot in breadth, having a crusty tail, many legs like a crab, and her eyes in her back. They are found in shallows of water, and sometimes on the shore.
Tortoises, both of land and sea kind; they are very good meat, and their eggs also.
Certain brief Testimonies touching sundry rich Mines of
Gold, Silver, and Copper, in part found, and in part constantly heard of in North Florida and the inland of the main of Virginia, and other countries thereunto on the North part near adjoining, gathered out of the Works, all (one excepted) extant in print, of such as were personal travellers in those countries.
1. In the second relation of Jaques Cartier, the twelfth chapter, he reporteth that he understood by Donnacona, the. king of the country, and others, that to the south-west of Canada there are people clad with cloth, as the French were,
very honest, and many inhabited towns, and that they have great store of gold and red copper, &c.
2. In the discovery of the island of Florida, far to the north, begun by Fernando de Soto, governor of Cuba, in the year 1539, (and to be seen in print in the hands of Master Richard Hackluyt.) The Indians in many places far distant the one from the other, gave them often and certain advertisement, that beyond the mountains northward there were mines of gold at a place called by them Chisca, and some shewed the manner which the Indians used in refining the same. This place in mine opinion cannot be far from the great river that falleth into the south-west part of the bay of Chesapeake.
3. The Indians informed Monsieur Rene Laudonniere in Florida, that there were mines of red metal, which they call in their language sieroa pira, in the mountains of Apalache, which upon trial made thereof by the French, was found perfect gold, as appeareth pagina 352. In the third volume of the English voyages, and in the same relation there is very often mention of silver, and excellent perfect and fair pearls found by the French in those parts.
4. In the late discovery of New Mexico made by Antonio de Espeio, on the back side of Virginia, extant in Spanish and English in the third volume of the English voyages, paginas 303, &c., there is mention of rich silver mines (and sometimes of gold in abundance) eleven or twelve times found as they travelled northward, by men very skilful in mineral matters, which went in the voyage for that purpose. The large description and chart of which voyage containing great numbers of towns, and divers great rivers discovered in that action made in Mexico by Francisco Xamuscado, 1585, being intercepted afterward by the English at sea, we have in London to be shewed to such as shall have occasion to make use of the same.
5. The constant report of many of the savages to the worshipful Master Ralph Lane, then governor of the English colony in Virginia, of the rich mine of wassador or gold at a place by them named Chaunis Temoatam, twenty days? journey overland from the Mangoaks, set down by himself at large in the first part of his relation of the said country of Virginia, extant in the third volume of the English voyages,
pagina 258, is much to be regarded and considered by those that intend to prosecute this new enterprise of planting near unto those parts.
6. I could give large information of the large copper mine in the east side of the Bay of Menan, within thirty or forty leagues to the southwest of Cape Breton, whereof I myself have seen above an hundred pieces of the copper, and have shewed some part thereof to divers knights of quality, as also of salt as good as that of Burnage in France, found near that Bay, and could make proof of the testimony of the savages touching a silver mine in another Bay, within two or three leagues to the west of the aforesaid Bay of Menan. But I reserve a further relation hereof to a more convenient time and place.
7. If it please any man to read the summary of Gonsalvo de Oniedo, extant in part of the English decades of the voyage of Sebastian Cabot, along this coast of Virginia and Norumbega; and the short relation of John de Verarsana, which ranged the said coast long after him in the year 1524, which is also to be seen in the third volume of the English voyages, pagina 298, he shall find often mention of rich mineral and store of excellent copper, which so long ago they saw among the savages, they being the first known Christians that ever saw those coasts, so that it were more than wilful madness to doubt of rich mines to be in the aforesaid countries.