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HE form in which this Volume now appears, is altogether different from any thing which has before been given to the Public, but its originality will be found pre-eminently to consist in a laborious and entirely new Selection and Arrangement of References, in which it has been endeavoured faithfully to exhibit the Scripture as its own Expositor. The greatness of the advantages that must accrue to a sincere and diligent reader of the Sacred Pages, from having constantly before him a reference to similar and illustrative passages, carefully investigated, and suitably applied, must be obvious to every one; and has been well understood by many pious and able men, to whose diligent and useful labours the Public is unspeakably indebted. References, however, have hitherto been printed, almost exclusively, in the margins of Bibles of a large size; and the benefit resulting from them has, in Consequence, been very much restricted;---the only small Bible with References, in the English language, being that published by Mr. Canne. The defects of which are many; for though he was a diligent student of the Scriptures, and his work was at that time eminently serviceable, yet, as he was not in possession of those helps, for the accomplishment of the task which he had undertaken, that are now assorded by many valuable editions and comments, which have been rinted in different languages since is time; and being, therefore, under the necessity of relying chiefly on his own industry; it is not surprising that he should have been less successful than he would Otherwise have been. His references are often only remotely applicable : he seems frequently to have been guided more by Similarity of expression than by illustration: the errors in the letter-press are numerous: many of the Marginal Readings are omitted : the Chronology is altogether left out ; and all the References in this, as in the larger Bibles, are placed in the margin of the text; by which they are rendered liable to be cut in binding, or worn away by use, or bound so into the back of the book as not to be easily read. On all these accounts, it has long appear

ed exceedingly desirable that a NEw Bible, of convenient size for the Pocket, original on its plan, purpose, and eacecution, should be published; in which a MoRE APPROPRIATE and ACCURATE selection, adaptation, and Arrangement of References might be introduced ; both for the Assistance of Private Readers, and to facilitate the ready examination and quotation of passages, which the Preacher, or the Biblical Student, may have an immediate occasion to cite, or to consult. Convenience and utility were, however to be equally consulted in all the parts o the undertaking. If the size of the book were too large, or the page too crowded, so as to be made wearisome to the eye, its convenience would be lessened ; an if, in the limits which these considerations imposed, great care were not employed in eacamining and applying the References, its utility would in a great degree, be destroyed. On mature deliberation, therefore, it appeared best to adopt the plan here presented to the notice of the Public; in which the Marginal Readings and References are all contained in a MIDDLE COLUMN, between two of text; and the nurnber introduced is sufficient, except in a few pages only, completely to fill that column. The Chronology is always placed at the top of this middle column, where it denotes the Date of the writing or transaction contained in the text, at the beginning of the page. The Marginal Readings contained in the folio and quarto Bibles are all introduced ; the idioms of the original languages which are preserved in many of them, and also the various senses of particular words or phrases, being in most instances instructive, and in all worthy to be known. But it has not been thought necessary, in giving these readings, to insert such words as are repeated in the text, and which would therefore have fruitlessly occupied a portion of the space allotted to references. The Various Readings are referred to by . small figures placed immediately before the words for which they are to be substituted; and the References by Italic letters, which are generally placed after the first or second word of a verse, or clause of a verse, when they are intended to illustrate the

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