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a Patent, and is introduc'd into the House of
Peers, (tho' he was the Day before notoriously
ignorant in our Laws) Men appeal to him from
the Decree of all the Judges. Besides this, the
Lords are perpetual Legislators, and have an
hand in the repealing as well as making Laws;
by which means the whole Constitution may
be subverted by this one Innovation. And it
is plain, that the Prince who should place so
entire a Confidence in his Ministry, as to give
Peerage upon their Recommendation, would
enable them by that Power in the Legiflature,
joined to the Execution of the Regal Authority
as Ministers, to give that Prince and Nation
to the next Potentate who should be powerful
cnough to receive and maintain so vast a Pre-
sent.

However well disposed Mens Minds may be, there are some things which are not to be como mitted to their Wills.

The whole Conftitution is in Danger, if this Matter is not prevented by some future Law; and I think I have in my Head a sufficient Expedient, that can no way impair the Prero. gative of the Crown, the Power of the Peers, or the Liberty of the People; and that is, that

a Bill be brought in to disable any Peer to Vote · in any Cafe, till threc Years after the Date of bis Patent.

You see, Noble Sir, that without giving the Matter the least Aggravation, I have shown that if this Avenue to the House of Lords is pot fhut, that House must be blown up by it as effe&tually as it might have been by the com. bustible Matter laid under it an Age ago by Guida Fanxa

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• He that brings the Torch into the Room to

fire it in the midst of the Company, differs from him who undermines it only in Point of Modesty.

It is amazing that such Care should be taken to prohibit an Occasional Conformist from being a Constable, and no Body takes it in his Head to prevent an Occasional Lord from being a Judge, nay, Legiflator. I am very willing that a Good and Honourable Peace may expiate this Step, which was made in the Eye of the World without the least Deference to a Good and Gracious Sovereign, to an Illuftri. ous Nobility, to a Learned and Knowing Gen. try, to a Great and Valiant People: I lay, let even this Step he forgiven for a Good Peace; but let not that Peace receive its San&tion from the Repetition of it. If Men cannot carry on the Business of the Nation without such Helps, they may as well in plain Terms tell us they cannot maintain the Constitution, but they will alter it to one which they can. . But how is this received with so much Inditterence? Why, Men qualified for Power dire&t Mankind by .consulting their interest and managing their Af. fe&tions; but Pretenders to Administration in. dulge the Passions of the Multitude at the Expence of their real Interest and Advantage. It is by this latter Method all the Anarchical Proceedings, which have of late distracted chis un. happy Nation, have been tolerated. When the Minds of Men are prejudiced, wonderful Effe&s may be wrought against CommonSense. One weak Step, in trying a Fool for what he said in a Pulpit, with all the Poinp that could be used to take down a more dan

gerous gerous and powerful Man than ever England yet has seen, cost the moft Able Ministry that ever any Prince was honoured with, its Being. The Judgment of the House of Lords was by this means insulted and evaded, and the Aparchical Fury ran so high, that Harry Sacheverel swelling, and Jack Huggins laughing, marched through England in a Triumph more than Military. Many extraordinary Things which have happened since, have been brought about upon a Maxim no deeper than Pax Bello potior, Peace is better than War. A great many Lyes grafted upon this unquestionable Truth, could not but produce Wonders among all who pay Taxes. But Arithmetick is so common an Art, that the very common People, now their Passions are fallen, see their Cale in one Sheet of Paper call's A View of the Taxes, Funds and publick Revenues of England; Printed for Tim. Child at the White Hart at the West End of St. Pauls.

As for my self, what I have here suggefted is from a very honest Heart, and I have an Armour in my Integrity against all Gainlayers. My Comfort is, that the Laws of England are still in Force, and tho' what I have said may be Unacceptable, I am sure it is not Illegal. While the Laws are in Being I am Cafe, and no Man can be safe who out-lives them; may I, whenever they expire, die with them.

I wish you the long Possession of the Ho. nour in which your generous Behaviour has pla. ced you in the Minds of all true Englishmen; and am, with great Respect,

Your most Obedient Servant,
Fleetstreet,
March's, 1713.

Francis Hicks,

[15]

THE GUARDIAN

OF
August the 7th, 1713.

Delenda eft Carthago -
IT is usually thought, with great Justice, a

very impertinent thing in a private Man to I intermeddle in Matters which regard the State, But the Memorial which is mentioned in the following Letter is so daring, and so ap. parently designed for the most Traiterous Purpose imaginable, that I do not care what Mifin. terpretation I suffer, when I expofe it to the Resentment of all Men who value their Country, or have any Regard to the Honour, Safety, or Glory of their Queen. It is certain there is not much Danger in delaying the Demolition of Dunkirk during the Life of his present most Christian Majesty, who is renowned for the most inviolable Regard to Treaties; but that Pious Prince is aged, and in case of his Deo cease, now the Power of France and Spain is in the same Family, it is possible an Ambitious Successor, (or his Ministry in a King's Mino.

rity)

rity) might dispute his being bound by the A& of his predeceifor in so weighty a Particular.

. Mr. IRONSIDE, ..YOU employ your important Moments,

1.! methinks, a little too frivolously, when • you consider so often little Circumstances of • Dress and Behaviour, and never make men« tion of Matters wherein you and all your • Fellow-Subje&s in general are concerned.

. I give you now an Opportunity; not only of -o manifesting your Loyalty to your Queen, but

your Affe&tion to your Country, if you treat can Insolence done to them both with the Dir.

dain it deserves. The enclosed Printed Paper in French and English has been handed a• bout the Town, and given gratis to Bassengers 's in the Streets at Noon-Day. You see the

Title of it is, A most bumble Addrefs or Me. morial, presented to ber Majesty the Queen of • Great Britain, by the Deputy of the Magiftrates of Dunkirk. The nauseous Memoria

list, with the most fulsome Flattery, tells the

Queen of her Thunder, and of Wisdom and 6. Clemency adored by all the Earth, at the same o time that he attempts to undermine her Power,

and escape her Wisdom, by beseeching her to • do an A&t which would give a well-grounded · Jealousie to her People. What the Sycophant • defires is, that the Mole and Dikes of Dun. kirk may be spared; and, it seems, the Sieur " Tuggbe, for so the Petitioner is called, was

Thunder-struck by the Denunciation (which " he says) the Lord Viscount Bolinbroke made *. to him, That her Majesty did not think to make any Alteration in the dreadful Sentence

the

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