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Gentleman lay hii Hand upon his Heart, and ask himself, Whether it was possible for a Man of any Spirit to have received those private and personal Injuries which I have here mentioned, or for any honest Man to have seen others so barbarously treated, without giving some Loose to' his Resentments. Sir, a good Name is as dear to me as it can be to the greatest Man in England; and whoever employs all his Artisices to make me appear vile and insamous, cannot be angry with me if I lay hold on what I think defective in his own Character and 13chaviour, to expose it in the same Manner. I am sure no Man of Honour, and it is my Happiness that this Assembly is composed of no other, would make such a Sacrisice of himself to any, the most Powerful of his FellowSubjects. I know no Law of God or Man that requiras this kind of Resignation or SelfDeritai.
I have been the longer upon this Head, to shew Gentlemen that this great Affair which is now laid before them,has been hitherto, notwithstanding the many Insolencies lhave now recited against the greatest Persons in Church and State, only a Paper War between two private Persons; and they must have but a mean Opinion of the Dignity of aBritijk House of Commons, who think they will make themselves Parties in either Side of it. Besides, Sir, I have another Reason for opening my Defence in this Manner, because I find that the first Paragraph which is laid to my Charge, can accuse me of nothing else but of (hewing a Disrespect to the Examiner. Here follows, as it is marked against me, what 1 say in the Engtifoman, Number 46. 4 But * Butthere is dill a Circumstance in the same Paper of the Examiner's, that may have a Consequence yet more immediately pernicious, and that is the last Sentenceof it; Since Her Majesty is to be the last, we hope they will be obliged to own her for the greatest and wisest of the Stuarts. I cannot but think this Expression uttered as lamenting in savour of a pretended Stuart, in whose Behalf he sighs, and says, Since her Majesty is to be the last. The natural way of speaking his Sense, in a Man who was in the Interest of his Country, had been to say, As Her Majesty without Issue is to be the last. — But whether his Inclinations be for the Pretender or not, I am fare he promotes his Service in a very great Degree, when he endeavours to villify that House of Commons which is now laying a Price upon his Head.
* But let the rest of the World do what they please, and delay their Protestations against these Evils as long as they think fit, 1 will postpone all else that is dear to me to the Love of my Country: And as this is, and I trust in Providence will be my strongest Passion to my Life's End, I will, while it is yet Day, profess, and publish the Rules by which I govern my Judgment of Men and Things in the present Conjuncture.
* Does this Action bespeak such a one a wise Man if he is for the Pretender, a Madman if he is for the House of Hanover?
4 Does this Position open a Way to the Pre4 tender? Or, does it further secure the Pro4 testant Succession?
M 4 These
'These are my Questions, which I make the 'Test of Men and Opinions; and if a Man '- does a thing that may advance the Interest of '. the Pretender <>r hit Friends, and can>no
* way do Good to the House of Hdnover-i be «. may swear to his Kst Breath that he is for that '" Houses before he shall make me believe him.
* In like Manner, if People talk to me of hcre'dttary Right, and then follow it with' Piofef*. sions for the House of Hanover, which can 'have no additional Security from the urging 'of hereditary Rght, I Ihall no more believe 'them Hanoverians, than I shouldtbink a Man 'religious who ihouW make-a blasphemous 'Discourse, and close it with the Rehearsal of '. the Creed.
• I speak all this because I am much afraid i of the Pretender; and my Fears are encrea*. fed, because many others laugh at the-Dan'ger. tpresume to sey, -those who do laugh
* at it either do notthink at all, or think it will «. be no Day os Danger to themseves. But I 'thus early let go my Fire against the Pretender's Friends, because I think my self a very '. good, Judge of Men's Mein and Air, aud see '.what -they intend at a Distance. I own I v have - nothing to fay for the Liberty I take « now, or the Book I put out to Day, when *. no Body else talks in the fame Stile, but what 'the Sailor did when he fired out of the Stage* 'Cach upon Highway-Men before they cried 'Stand; Would you have mt stay till they have 'boarded us?
My Adversaries must make the Examiner one of the Ministry, before they can bring the -first of these Paragraphs within their Complaint. \ cannot suppose that any EngUjhman can think me to blame for expressing my Love to my Country in the strongest Terms, as 1 have here done. As to the Rules by which I profess to govern my Judgment, they are, I suppose, what none will controvert, as being of the Nature of Maxims or first Principles, which can admit of no Dispute. The Paragraph that follows them is nothing else, but the Application of these general and undisputed Maxims to a particular Cafe. I cannot imagine why any Gentleman should mark it in particular, unless for the Sake of the Word Hereditary; a Word ,that teems with so many Disputes, and which, according to my Notion of it, is inconsistent with the Succession in the House of Hanover, which cannot be come at but by passing over many of those who are the next Heirs in Blood. But it happens that I have explained my self as to this Point in the Englishman Number r, where I say,
*t The unhappy Animosities which have
* reigned amongst us, have made each Side re
* duce it self to tin Absurdity, from their Vi
* olence of opposing each other. While the 4 one urges a Parliament Title, his Warmth
* betrays him into Expressions disrespectful to
< the Sovereignty; and his Opponent expresses
* his Indignation at Principles too near the 4 Sentiments of Common-wealths-Men, with
* carrying too sar the Terms Hereditary and In4 defeasible. Let them both agree that the
< Queen4& vested in al] the Rights inherent in
< the Crown of England, and in Desault of 4 Issue, the same Titles devolved upon the House
* of Hanover, When we talk of Hereditary
Mi 4 in 4 in general, all who can be perswaded that the
* Pretender is the Son of James 11, maybe 4 in snared to conclude that his Title is sope'rfor to thatofanyotheruponEarth: Bat when 4 we allow that the Act of Settlement, andibe
* other subsequent Acts, have well vested all 4 possible Title in Her Majesty *nd the Hoose
* of Hanover, the Englishman has but One View
* before him; and any Title of the Pneteader,
* of whomsoever bornf, is as remote as tbat of
* the Tudors or Plantagenets, or any other ex
* tinct Family.
• In this plain "Rule for the Direction ofom
* Obedience, we have nothing to divert our
* Thoughts from pursuing the real Interest of
* our Queen and Country; and all,' as one
* Man, will join in a common Indignation a
* gainst those who would perplex our Qbedi1 ence, as saithful Subjects and Englishmen.
The last Paragraph expresses my Fearsof-the Pretender, which I must still acknowledge; at least I can fee nothing criminal in them, rill such Time as it shall be made a Crime to fay that the Protestant Succession is in Danger. I thought I had reason to apprehend this Danger, from the Power of one who had declared himself the Friend and Patron of the Pretender, from his present Residence with a Prince, who has been ineffectually applied tofor his Removal; from the Apprehensions of a whole House of Commons in another Kingdom, where Men have been actually listed for his Service; ftoin Addresses sent out of North Britain; from Books written and published in Vindication os his Title. 1 thought my Fears were not too early, when the Danger nppeared so imminent;