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ji most Humble Address or Memorial presented U Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain, by the Deputy os the Magistrates of Dunkirk to Her Majesty,
May it please your most Excellent Majesty, t TT H E Sicur Tugghe, Deputy of the Magi"strates of Dunkirk to your Majesty, to
* implore your Clemency in relation to the in« tended Demolition of the Fortisications and
* Port of the said Town, hadenterfain'd Hopes 4 that by the most humble Representations be 4 had presum'd to make, touching the extreme
* Misery to which the said Demolition willre4 duce Eighteen Thousand Families that make 4 up that City, your Majesty's Merc^m ighthave 4'been moved, and mat according to his most re4 spectful Request, he might have obtain'd roe 4 Preservation at least of the Mole or Dikes of 4 that Port. But he was as it were Thunder 4 struck by the Denunciation which my Lord 4 Viscount Bolipgbroke made to him, that your
< Majesly'did not think fit to makeany Alteration 4 in the dreadful Sentence you have pronounced
< against that Town, and that'ds your Majesty's 4 Pleasure that Sentence should be executed in
* its full Extent.. Tho' fltmn'fl by this BIbWj 4 the Sienr Tugghe yet presumes to approach 4 once more your Majesty's awful Throne, be4"' ingtheretb encouraged by the Benefit yourMa
* jesty's Clemency pours down on all the Na4 tions of 'trie Earth ; and'with-trembling to
* represent to your Majesty, that he does not 4 demaTid-rhat rbeWbrks that may serve eit her for 4 the Attack or Defence of Dunkirkbc preserved,
* either 1 either on the Lnndside, or towards the Sea.
* The unfortunate Inhabitants of Dunkirk Ate no 4 longer concern'd for those magnificent Works, 4 that strike Terror on all the Beholders. The
* Magistrates only beg the Preservation of the 4 MoleandDikesthatformandkeepup the Har
* boar, thereby to preserve to their Peopleonly
* their necessary Subsistence, by enabling them 'to carry on their HerringFishing,and some other
* small Trade along the Coast.
4 Your Majesty endued with Native Clemency 4 and Christian Charity, of which all Nations
* seel the benign Influence, desires not to return 4 Evil for Evil; nor does your Majesty admit it
* in your Resolutions any sarther than it is in4 dispensably necessary according to Political
* Views, and agreeable to the Welfare of your
* own Subjects. The Sieur Tugghe will pre4 fume to observe to your Majesty that the Pre
* seryation of the Harbour of Dunkirk, in the 4 naked Condition it has been Represented, will 4 neither be inconsistent either with the Politi4 cal Views of Great Britain, or the Welsare 4 and Good of the British subjects, but rather 4 Beneficial to both.
4 Dunkirk has had the Misfortune to become 4 the Object of Great Britain's Indignation.either 4 by the Sea Armaments the King made there.and 4 which during the late Wars may havedisturb'd 4 the Tranquility of your Majesty's Kingdoms, 4 and retarded the Execution of your Majesty's 4 Projects, or by the Privateering of its Inhabi4 tants, which has often annoy'd and molested 4 the Trade of your Majesty's Subjects. But in the 4 Condition to which your Petitioner begs its 4 Harbour to be reduc'd, that is, divested of all
C its * its Works and Fortifications, and its Mole 'and Dikes only prescrv'd, it willnevcrbeable,
* whatever War ('which God avert) may hap'pen for the future, either to form any Obstacle « to your Majesty's Projects, or to disturb the « Trade of your Majesty's Subjects, since in 'such a Condition it will be an open Town, 'both on the Land and Sea-side, abandon'd to
* the first Invader, defenceless for whom soever '(hall possess it, and which any Enemy may en'ter by Sea and by Land, in order to burn both 'the Ships that might be fitting out there, and 'even the Town and Harbour. Thus in such 'a Condition Dunkirk neither will nor even 'can be opposite either toyourMajesty*sPoliti'cal Views, or to the Welfare of your Maje'sty's Subjects.
'The Preservation of the Harbour of Dun
* kirk without Works and Fortifications, may 'in fine be equally useful, and become even « absolutely necessary, both for your Majesty's 'Political Views, aud the Good of your Sub'jects.
"Your Majesty's Political Views, chiefly in 'Times of Peace, center all in the Increase of
* the Commerce of your Majesty's Subjects, 'and at the fame time the Welfare and Interest '* of yourSobjects lie in the Improvement of their 'Trade. Therefore by proving that the Pre4 scrvationof the Harbour of Dunkirk will be 4 not only advantageous, but also necessary for 'the Commerce ofthe Subjects of Gr«* Britain, 'your Petitioner hopes he shall prove all that's 'contain'd in his Second Proposition.
'First, Dunkirk is become ;he Object of the
* Jealousy of the Dutch, and the Dutch have
* wish'd for its Destruction upon no other View,
* but to assume to themselves alone all the
* Commerce of the Austrian Low-Countries 4 and of all Germany, being apprehensive that
* other Nations might share those Two Bran
* ches of Trade with them, in case the Har4 bour of that Town were prescrv'd, becauseit
* is the only Harbour on the Coast from Ostend 4 Westward by which Commodities from fo
* reign Countries may be brought into those
* Provinces, which they design to surround, as 4 it were with a Wall of Bras4, in order to sc
* cure to themselves all the Trade thereof by
* the Scheld, the Lys, and the Rhine. And as 4 it highly concerns Great Britain not to be ex4 eluded from those Two Branches of Trade, 4 so it very much concerns Great Britain to pre4 serve the Harbour of Dunkirk, by which means 4 alone Great Britain can maintain its Com4 merce in the said Provinces.
4 Secondly, Supposing that your Mijefly's Sub4 jectsmight, in spiteoftheDcsignsof theDutcbt 4 carry on their Trade in the Austrian Nether4 lands, by the Harbours of Ostend and Netuport, 4 yet they will not beable tohold it longinCom4 petition with the Hollanders, both by reason of 4 the Conveniency and less Expence which the 4 latter will find in carrying on their Commerce
* by the Sekeid and the Lys, and the round about
* way the other will be oblig'd to go. Where4 as by preserving the Harbour of Dunkirk, the < EngHjh would have that way Conveniences al4 moll equal to those the Dutch have; especi4 ally it your Majesty would, as you easily may, 4 obtain from the King a free Passage Custom4 free for all Commodities from England, from
C 1 • Den 'Dunkirk to the Austrian Low Countries, by 'the Way of Liste and Douay.
'Thirdly, If according to your Majesty's Re'solution the Harbour of Dunkirk be fill'd up, « your Majesty's Subjects will thereby beexcluded 'not only from the Trade of the Austrian Nether'lands, but also from that of French Flanders, 'Hainault, Artois,and Part of Picardy, because 'they will have no other Harbour on all that « Coast, to import their Commodities into those 'Four Provinces, that of Calais being unser'viceable to that Commerce.
'Fourthly, If the Demolition of the Harbour of « Dunkirk should not discourage your Majesty's « Subjects from the Trade of French Flanders, 'Hainault, Artois, and part of Picardy,and they 'should endeavour to supply it by the Harbours « of Ostend and Newport; they will however 1 undergo infinite Inconveniencies to carry on 'that Trade, and thereby render their Commo
* dities unmarketable, by reason of the Ex« pence of Carriage that will be treble, and by 'the treble Customs and Duties they must pay, « viz. to the House of Austria upon their En« trance into those Harbours, to the Dutch in < their Passage to Fumes, Ipres, Menin, and O
* ther Towns in their Possession, and to the « King at their Entrance into his Dominions: « Whereas by entring those four Provinces by 'the way of Dunkirk theExpencefor Carriage 'will be small, by reason of the Conveniency 'of Canals, and they shall only pay the single 'Duty of Importation to the King.
'Fifthly, By the Treaty of Commerce con'eluded between your Majesty, and his most
* Christian'Majesty, the Tariff of 1671 has been