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the fourth Volume, published in lj\Mt where it is said, V.fo
4 What a Man obtains from the good Opi4 nion and Friendship of worthy Men,.is a much 'great er Honour than he can possibly reap from 4 any Accomplishments of his own. But all
* the Credit of Wit, which was given me by 'the Gentlemen above-mentioned (with whom 4 I have now Accounted) has not been able to 4 A ttone for the.Exceptions made againd me 4for some Raillery in. behalf of that lear
4 ned Advocate for the Episcopacy of the Church , 4 and Liberty of the People, Mr. HuadUy. I 4'mention this only to defend my self against 4 the Imputation of being moved rather by 4 Party than Opinion; and I think it is appa4 rent I have with the utmost Frankness allow-: 4 ed Merit where ever 1 found it, though join4 ed in Interests different from tstofe for which 4 1 have declared my self. When my Favstilus 4 is acknowledged to be Dr. S<nalridg-e, and
* the amiable Character of the Dean in the sixty 4 sixth Tatier,. drawn for Dr. Aturbmty, I hope 4 1 need say no-more as to impartiality.
Sir, 1 shall give you no more instances on this Head, but (hall teg that common-Candour from Gentlemen, which i$' allows lo-,every Body;thatif my Intention shoal d appearDoubtful < or Sufpicicmsin any one Passage, it maj^bees- • plained by others which ate more plainly and fully expressed. Sir, since I have touched upon • the Word Religion, I hope 1 may be indulged one Sentence more before I quit this Head, aBd if I speak as a Fool, that Jtta- will bearwitb. me. I have in several of my Writings elpou' fed the Interests of Virtue and Religion, and
have Reason to hope I have been of some use to the Publick upon that account. Why may .not these now plead forme? I wish those who have written against me, and have contributed their utmost to bring me into my present Misfortune, may. in their Day of Adversity havethe same Foundation for Support in themselves, and Claim to your Favour.
I: now come, Sir,, to the Passages marked in the first and second Pages of the Crisis. '4 >But since, by ..know not what -, o' 4 Fatality, we are of late grown ,*.speaking 4 Supine* and our Anxiety for * It tftebutf. 4 is abated, in proportion <o the no
* Danger to.w hich it -is every Day moce expo4 fed, by the artful and open Attacks of the
* Enemies of our Constitution: It isa Season* 4 able and Honest Office to look into our Cit4 cumstances; and let the Enernies of our pne4 sent Establishment behold the Securities which 4 the Laws of the Country have given those 4 who dare assert their Liberties, and the Ter
* rors they have pronounced against those who 4 dare undermine them. For, whatever is the 4•Prospect before our Eyes, it is the Business 4 of every honest Man, to look up with a Spi44 rit that becomes Honesty, and to do what in 4 him lies for-the Improvement of our present 4 Condition, which nothing but our own Pu4 fillanimity can make desperate. . ;.. :1
- The most destructive Circumstance in our 4 Affairs seems to be, that by the long and re
* peated .Insinuations of our Enemies, many are
* worn into a kind of Doubt of theirown Cause,
* and think with Patience of what is suggest
* ed in Favour of contrary Pretensions. The
,q 4 most a 6% Mr. Steele's Apology>, &c.
* most obvious Method of reviving the proper
* Sentiments in the Minds of Men, for what 4 they ought to esteem most dear, is to (hew,
* that our Cause has in it all the Sanctions of 'Honour, Truth, and Justice; and that we
* are, by all the Laws of God and Man, insta< ted in acondition of enjoying Religion, Life,
* Liberty and Property, rescued from the most 'imminent Danger of having them all for ever
* depend upon the Arbitrary Power of a Popistt
* J*rince. .•„.'.,
I must here beg leave, Sir, to read the two or three following Lines which are not marked, because they explain this latter part of this last -Paragraph, and show to whom these Words are applied, where it is said, That we are by all the Laws of God and As an, inflated in a Condition of enjoying Religion, Life, Liberty, and Property, refined from the most imminent Danger of having them all for ever depend upon the Arbitrary Power of a Popijb Prince. The following Paragraph, which determines these words, runs thus,
* We shou'd have been chained down in this 'abject Condition, in the Reign of the late
* King James, had not God Almighty in Mer
* cy given us the kte happy Revolution, by 'that Glorious Instrument of his Providence the
* Great and Memorable King William.
And now, Sir,can any one fay, that we were not instated in a Condition of enjoying Reli
fion, Life, Liberty, and Property, by the late appy Revolution? Or that we were not before in the most imminent Danger of having them all depend upon the Arbitrary Power of a Popish Prince? 1 appeal to the .Acts of Parliament
Jiament quoted in this Book; and might appeal, as lam told, to a Report of the Grievances of this Kingdom, under the Reign of King James 11. made to this House by Paul Foiey, Es<B Father to I» this Mr. Steele the Gentleman who has fore- misinform! J, for xnarkably distiBguishM him- «*r4 ** ** "f» selfaeainstmethisDay. This Report, as Umtold explains ^ftftS by a multitude of Instances, ^TtZhtwum^ drawn up in the strongest '\ymhy Mm tho' Terms, the several Particu- tathtrutbUS^mt lars which I have here just Thomas, touch'd upon. If the House thinks fit that I should in this Place have the Assistance of the Father against the Son, I will desire that that Report may now be Read: Or, if that be not thought fit, sliall go on with my Defence.
And here, Sir, I think I may save you a great deal of Time, by laying downs General Rule which every one will agree, ought to take place in the Perusal of any Writing. That which l (hall insist on is this; that if an Author's Words, in the obvious and natural Interpretation of them, have a Meaning which is Innocent, they cannot without great Injustice be condemned of another Meaning which is Criminal. If the same Expression may be applied to different Persons, and according to such Application may be construed in my Favour or to my Prejudice, why should my Words be applied to hurt me, whe n they may more Naturally be applied in such a Manner as is not capable of incurring Censure? Thus,, Sir, when 1 mention in the Paragraph 1 have just uow read, The artful and »pe» Attacks 4f
tht the Enemies ofour Constitutions the Enemies of our present Happy Establishment, the Terrors which are pronoun?A against theft who dare undermine our Liberties; why most all these and the like Expressions be applied to a Minister, when there are such Numbers of Popish Emissaries, Jacobites and Non-jurors, to whom these Expressions by a Natural and unforced Construction are very Applicable? Does not the Supposition of such an Innuendo reflect highly upon a Minister who has given no Occasion for it? Is a Man Seditious, who speaks in plain and open Terms against the Enemies of our Constitution and Country ? or, is it impossible to make use of those words, without comprehending under them, Persons whom it is Criminal to attack? By this way of arguing, it is not in the Power of Words to be free from unwarrantable Hints andlnnuendos. Thus, Sir, in the next Paragraph, where mention is made, ofindirect Arts and mean Subtleties praiiijed to weaken our Securities— are not these Words as general as possible, applicable to Multitudes of open Enemies and disaffacted Persons, both in Foreign Dominions and in her Majesty's Kingdoms? or will any one soy that indirect Arts and mean Subtleties can be practised only by one Man in the Kingdom? When there are two different Interpretations to be put upon any Expression, will any Gentleman of Candour and Humanity regard that only which carries Guilt in it? especially when the Interpretation which must render such Expression Criminal is violent and forced, whereas the other that renders them . innocent is obvious and natural? 1 shall, after