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• preserved in the conquered Countries. This 4 Tariff is sar more ,savourable than that of 4 1664, which is to be observed in all the other i Harbours on the Western Coast of France, 4 and consequently the Commerce of your 4 Majesty's Subjects is very much concerned in

• the Preservation of the Harbour of Dunkirk,

since that Harbour will make enjoy the Be4 nefit of that Tariff for all the Commodities 4 they (hall import there for the Consumption 4. of the Provinces of Flanders, Artois, and 4 Hainauh; whereas if the same Merchandizes 4 be imported by other Harbours, they must 4 pay the Duties according to the Tariff of

1664. 1

Sixthly, To confirm to your Majesty how ( advantageous the Harbour of Dunkirk is to 4 the Trade of your Majesty's Subjects, the

• Sieur Tugghe has the Honour to present to 4 your Majesty a List of Two hundred and Eigh4 teen Englijb Ships, which" from the i '7tb of 1 August\i\x, to theji'th of May, 1713. have 4 come into that Harbour, and unloaded 4 their Cargoes there to the Value of above 4 Two Millions of French Livres; praying at 4 the same time your Majesty to observe first, 4 That France being, during those Nine Months, 4 in War with Holland, these Commodities 4 could not be carried into the Austrian Pro

4 vinces possess'd by the Dutch, and must have"

• been vented and consumed only in the French 4 Provinces of Flanders, Hainauh, and Artois, 4 and that in Time of Peace the said Consump4 tion, and consequently the Trade of England 4 there, will very much encrease. Secondly, 4 That as the Dunkirkers could not furnish in

C 3 4 Re.

• Return or Exchange for the Commodities

• imported there, during those Nine Months,

• either any Manufactures or Commodities of

• their own Growth, because they have none,

• they were obliged to pay the whole Value of

• the same in Money, and must ever pay foe 4 them in same manner, which is a most con4 fiderable Advantage in all forts of Traffick.

4 Seventhly, As it is not impossible that in

• process of time, there may happen some 4 Rupture between Great Britain and Hot

land, so Great Britain in such a Conjun4 cture, which God avert,, will find it self en4 tireiy deprived (if the Trade to French Flan

dtrs, Hainault, Artois, and Part of Picardy, , iince at such a time it will not b*in the Power 4 of your Majesty's Subjects to carry on the said 4 Trade by the Harbours of O/lendot Newport, 4 not even under all the Inconveniencies and 4 Expences to which those Two Harbours do

• naturally subject them, because their Com

• modifies could not from those Two Harbours

• be carried into the French Provinces, but by 4 going through Places possess'd by the Dutch, 4 who in all likelihood would not give them

• free Passige. Thus in such a Conjuncture,

• at least the Preservation of the Harbour of

Dunkirk would be necessary for the Trade of

your Majesty's Subjects.

4 Eighthly, The Freedom of the Port and 4 Town of Dunkirk, in case your Majesty will 4 vouchsafe to alter the severe Resolution you 4 have talun against its Mole and Dykes, will 4 enable your Majesty's Subjects to carry on 'their Commerce with more Conveniency than 4 any other Nation in the Austrian Provinces

- 4 of * of slanders, Hainault and Brabant', in the 4 French Provinces of Flanders, Hainault, Ar4 tois and Picardy; and even in Germany by the

* Staples and Store houses they may erect there, 4 and which will sacilitate their answering the 4 Demands of Commodities from all those re4 spective Countries punctually, and at proper 'Times and Seasons.

Ninthly, Supposing that the Opposition

* which the Eighth and Ninth Articles of the

* Treaty of Commerce concluded by your Ma4 jtsty with France, has met with in the House 4 of Commons of your Parliament, should take 4 place, and destroy the Arguments above al4 ledg'd in savour of the British Trade by the 4 Way of Dunkirk, into the French Provinces;

* yet the Reasons relating to the said Com1 merce by the Way of Dunkirk, into the A*m 4 strian Low Countries and into Germany, by 4 means of a free Passage, without paying any 4 Custom or Duties, would still subsist, andimy

* suffice to let your Majesty see, that the Pre4 servation of that Hirbour, with its bare Mole 4 and Dikes, defpoil'd of all manner of Forti

* fications, will not only be most beneficial 4 and advantageous, but even absolutely necef^

* sary to the Trade of Great Britain.

4 Tenthly, All such as have any tolerable Skill 4 in Navigation know that Ships that are at 4 Sea, can never have under the Wind too 4 many Places of Retreat, either to shelter 4 themselves against Storms when they happen 4 to sall into them, or to repair their Losses and 4 refit after they have sustained ill Weather. The 4 Harbour of Dunkirk is one of those desirable 4 Retreats for Ships that sail to, or come from C 4 4 the 'the North Seas. And aliho' the Coast of

England uffords many Places for Ships to put « into, it may nevertheless happen oftentimes

• after the Demolition of the Mole and Dikes, 'for which the Magistrates of Dunkirk beg

your Majesty's Mercy, that the Ships of your

* Subjects may be so driven and Wind-bound by « bad Weather on the Coast of Dunkirk, that

* being unable to reach their own Shoar, they 'will in vain regret, as well as all other Na

• tions trading to the North, that Harbour of « Safety, of which they shall be deprived; and « avoid a bare Commiseration of the Danger to « which Seafaring Men are expos'd, ought to

* have preserv'd for them, according to the

• common Dictates of Humanity.

• Upon all these Considerations, that is,

* considering the small Damage which the Har'bour of Dunkirk, despoil'd of all its Fortifi« cations, both on the Sea and the Land side, 'may cause either to your Majesty's Subjects, 'or to those of your Allies; the Usefulness

* and Benefit which the Trade of Great Britain 'will find in the Preservation of the said Har'bour in the manner above explained, And the 'unprofitable but ruinous Loss which the un« fortunate Inhabitants of that Town will sof'fer by its Demolition, the Magistrates of 'Dunkirk and the Sieur Tugghe tbeir Deputy 'presume to hope that your Majesty will gra'cioufly be pleased to recal part of your Sen1 tence, by causing your Thunderbolts to fall

'only on the Martial Works which may have 'incurr'd your Majesty's Displeasure, and by 'sparing only the Mole and Dikes, which in 'their naked Coudition can, for the future, be


4 no more than an Object of Pity. Naj/, they 4 (hall even be an Eternal Monument of your

Majesty's Glory, since by incessantly Re

• minding the Beholders of the dreadful Orna4 ments of which they shall remain defpoil'd by 4 your Majesty's Will alone, they will, at the 4 same time, eternally preserve the Memory of 4 your Majesty's Clemency, which shall have 4 bestow'd them on the Tears and Groans of 4 the Inhabitants of that Town, overwhelm'd 4 with Grief.

4 'Tis by those Tears aud by those Groans, 4 that the Magistrates and their Deputy, hum4 bly prostrate at the Feet of your Majesty's 4 Throne, no less Gracious than Dreadful, beg 4 the Preservation of their Harbour, and beseech

• your Majesty to vouchsafe to look with.Eyes 4 of Pity on Eighteen Thousand Families, who 4 must be reduced to wander about, if by the 4 entire and scvereExecution of your Majesty's

• Orders, they are forced to quit their Habita4 tions to go and seek or rather beg their 4 Bread.

4 Let not your Majesty'sever beneficent Hand 4, be the Instrument of their Misery and Dis

• perfion! And let not the Inhabitants of Dum4 kirk be the only People in the World that 4 may complain of the Rigor of a Queen whose 4 Wisdom and Clemency is adored by all the 4 Earth.

My Indignation at this Usage of my Queen and Country, prompted me to write a Letter to Nestor Ironside, Esq; which I subscribed Englijh Tory, .

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