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To Morrow will bepublifli'd aSecond Edition of The Honour and Prerogative of the Queen's Majesty Vindicated, and Defended against the Unexampled Insolence of the Author of the GUARDIAN: In a Letter from a Country Whig to Mr. Steele. Printed for John Morphew, near Stationer's Hall. Price $d.
You have now my Letter to the Guardian, with what the Writers of the Pamphlet, and the Examiner, have been pleased to fay upon it, at one View.
In Order to my Justification, I (hall show more accurately the Advantages the Nation might reap from the Demolition, which will appear by Considering what Part of our Trade has and may be annoy'd by Dunkirk. f- The Port of Londonls allowed to carry Two Parts in Three, or Six Parts in Nine, of the Foreign Trade of England. We may give one Ninth to the Ports on the South Coasts of this Island, which South Coast is opposite to the North Coast of France; the Sea between which is what we call the Channel.
The East End of this, on our Side, is the North Foreland, which stands opposite to Newport in Flanders; the West End, on our Side, is thcLand's-End, ovzrt.giintlVJhant, or Brest in France; they allow one Ninth of the Trade to the East Coast washed by the German Oceaa; and the other Ninth to the West Coast which looks on the Irijh Seas; in this Computation, it is presumed, there is not any great Disproportion, except from Bristol's lying on the West Coast, the said Weft Coast ought to be allowed more than one Ninth.
Dunkirk is from the South Foreland about Thirteen Leagues, and the Course from Dunkirk to the Foreland West, North West, to the Entrance of the River Thames, is North-West, about twenty Leagues; so that any Easterly Wind, which carries our Ships downtheChannel, at the fame time brings those of Dunkirk to meet and intercept them: The French have very frequently this last War reaped the Advantage of this Situation, by surprising many rich Ships, and taking others as they lay at Anchor in the Downs; when the French are dispossessed of Dunkirk, the dread and danger of their Men of War, of any considerable Force, will be removed as far as Brest, which is a hundred and twenty Leagues, or three hundred and sixty Miles; and that of their Privateers, of any Consideration, as far as St. MaWs, which is seventy eight Leagues, or two hundred and thirty four Miles.
Brest lies without the Channel, under this great Incapacity to hurt us, that the fame Wind which carries our Trade down the Channel, prevents the Ships of Brest from coming into it.
The East End of the Channel which is so much exposed to Dunkirk\s but seven Leagues broad, and gives an Euemy an Opportunity of seeing our Ships from Side to Side.
The West End of the Channel, for which the greatest Fears are from Brest, is twenty eight Leagues broad, and of course, there is at that End a greater Chance of escaping the Enemy.
If Ships from Brest are appointed to Way-lay our Ships in the Channel, they must take the Opportunity of Westerly Winds, to come into to it; and wait the coming of an Easterly Wind to carry our Ships down it; by this means they must all that time be at Sea, exposed to all Dangers for want of a Port in which to Harbour their Men of War, or return to Brest which they cannot do with the Wind that brought them out.
We must add to this, that if the French (torn Brest should be hovering to the Eastward of Plimoutk, they are between two Fires, from those Ships in the Dawns, and those from Plimouth; and our Ships from /Vsmouth may chafe them either Way, while they are waylaid at each End of the Channel by the others, not having the Port of Dunkirk, or any other in the Channel, to afford them Shelter. Thus, should they be chased up the Channel by a too great Force, before they can return to Brest, they must either run into the German Ocean, and wait another Opportunity of coming down again, with the Hazard of meeting all our Men of War; or else sail North about Great Britain, which is at least j jo Leagues more than they need have sailed, with the Port of Dunkirk to fly to.
This Want of Dunkirk will expose them to the same Inconveniencies, to which the Fear of it often obliged our running Ships from the South Parts of the World, as well as our EastIndia Men, during the late War: To this Distress you are to add Wages, Provilion, loss of Time, and the dangerous Navigation of the Norjh Seas. . .• .' ,
From hence it plainly appears, that by the Demolition of Dunkirk, in cafe of a Rupture with France, Six Parts in Nine of our Trade,
from the Port of London, is 330 Miles removed from the Hazards of the last War; and tho' part of this must be exposed when it passes through the Chopps, or Western Entrance of the Channel, it must he considered, that this it was also liable to befoie, besides the Terrors of Dunkirk, and that this is only the Southern Trade; and all that go to Holland, Hamborough, and other Northern Countries, will be quite out of Danger.
The Ninth of our Trade on the East Coast, would be still safer.
From these distinct Considerations, you observe only one Ninth of the Trade on thelrijh Seas and Bristol Channel, and part of the other Ninth in the Coast of the Channel (to come at which they are in danger from Portsmouth to Pitmouth j is the whole of the British Trade, which after the Demolition of Dunkirk will lie open to the Assaults of theFrench. The Demolition of Dunkirk will in a great Measure secure seven Ninths ofthe Trade of England, fromthePower of France at Sea, the French having no Port in the Channel but St. Malo\, which can harbour any great Ships, and that it self can receive none which exceeds 30 or 40 Guns. Brest lies 3s Leag. from the L'z rd Point, which is the nearest Land of England; their Ships must have an Eisttrly Wind to come out, and that will serve them no sarther than to the Chopps of the Channel , because it blows directly down it.
The Course to go from Brest to cruize off the Lizard Point in order to annoy Us, is first, West about 13 Leagues, and then North or North and by East about 30 Leagues more, except they run the Hazard of going within . the the Island of Vftant, which is not practised > and therefore may be supposed Impracticable.
In the last Place, our Charge in defending our selves from such Annoyance as we formerly had from Dunkirk will decrease in Proportion to the removal of the Danger.
Such is the Importance of the Demolition of Dunkirk, with regard to the Trade of England only ; and in the present Conjuncture, I think we ought to have something more than the Mercy of his most Christian Majesty, to render the forbearing such Demolition less Hazardous to our Religion and Liberty; and yet you fee, how criminal a Thing it is to fay, The Britjh Nation EXPECT the Demolition of ir.
It is evident that the Letter to the Guardian, subscribed EnglijhTory, could have no Prospect but to do Honour and Service to Her Majesty and Her Subjects; The Sieur Tugghc himself acknowledges that he has received an Answer from the Queen, by Her Secretary of State, with a Negative to his Petition; upon which here appears a Memorial in Print, expostulating with Her upon that Subject, andlaying before Her the Distresses of a Crowd of helpless People, whose Misfortunes are to be attributed to Her, if she shall think fit, in behalf of Her own Subjects,to insist upon the Execution of what is stipulated by Treaty: The Sieur Tuggbe may insinuate, that it is unmerciful in the Queen to deny his Request, without being taken Notice of; but I must not defend my Sovereign's Refusal from the Imputation of Cruelty, without being said, to Insult Her Prerogative. My Adversaries argue, That it is in Her Majesty's Power to forward or delay the Demolition as she pleases; be