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ons are not Praises to the Poffessor, but from the Application of them; and all that is justly commendable among Men, is to jove and serve them as much as it is in your Power, with a Contempt of all Advantages to your self (above the Conveniencies of Life) but as they tend to the Service of the Publick. He who has warm'd his Heart with Impressions of this kind, will find Glowings of Good-will, which will support himn in the Service of his Country, against all the Calumny, Reproach and Inve&tive that can be ihrown upon him. He is but a poor Creature who cannot bear being odious in the Service of Vir tue. Riches and Honours can administer to the Heart no Pleasure, like what an honest Man feels when he is contending for the Interests of his Country, and the civil Rights of his Fel. low. Subje&s, without which the Being of Man grows Brute, and he can never under it give to Heaven that Worship which is called a reasonable Sacrifice, nor support towards his Fellow Creatures that worthy Difpofition, which we call difinterested Friend bhip. The highest Pleasure of the human Soul confifts in this Charity, and there is no way of making it so dif- . . fufive, as by contending for Liberty...
As lo laying aside the common Views, by which the mistaken World are a&uated, a Man of liberal Education can easily surmount those low Confiderations; and when he confiders himself, from the moment he was born into this World, an immortal, cho' a changeable Being, he will form his Interests and Profpe&ts accordingly, and not make Provision for Eter. nity with .perishable things. When a Man ha's
deeply planted such a Sentiment as this for the Rule of his Conduct, the Pursuits of Avarice and Ambition will become as contemptible as the Sports of Children ; and there can be no Honours, no Riches, no Pleasures laid in his way, which can possibly come in Competition with the Satisfactions of an enlarged and publick Spirit.
From this moment therefore I shall go on with as much Vigour and Chearfulness as I am able, to do all that is in my Power, without - the least Partiality to Persons or Parties, to remove the Prejudices which Englishman has a. gainst Englishman, and reconcile wounded Brethren, so far as to behold each other's A&tions, with an Inclination to approve them.
The Man who will reduce himself to this Temper, will eagly perceive how far his Affedions have been wrought upon and abused, from an Opposition to particular Men, to la. crifice the Interests of his Country it self.
The prostituted Pens which are employed in a quite contrary Service, will be very ready to entertain a Pretender to such Reformations, with a Recital of his own Faules and Infirmi ties; but I am very well prepared for such Usage, and give up my self to all nameless Au. thors, to be treated just as their Mirth or their Malice dire&ts them.
It is the Disgrace of Literature, that there are fach loftruments; and to good Government, that they are suffer'd: but this Mischief is gone so far in our Age, that the Pamphleteers do not only attack those whom they believe in general disaffected to their own Principles, ibut even such as they believe their Friends,
provided they do not act with as fincere a Prejudice as themselves. Upon the least Deviatino from an implicit Hatred to the opposite Party, tho’in a Cafe which in the nearest Concern affects their Country, all their good Qualities are turn'd to Ridicule; and every thing which before was valued in them, is become contemptible. Thus in one of the Papers I send you, a Gentleman, who has distinguish'd himself by a becoming Veneration, in the House of Commons, for the Assembly, and has ever deliver'd himself with a Regard to his own, Dignity, and that of the Place he was in ; is represented frivolously as a Declaimer: and a Noble Lord, who is conspicuously adorn'd with the Knowledge of Letters, and is Eminent for a lively sprightly Eloquence, rectify'd by Learning; is declared a Companion fit only for Pert Novices and Sophifters. And what is still more Monstrous than all, a third Man of Quality, for the like Offence, is told in this nice Age of proportioning Rewards to Merit and Service, that he has as much as he deserves, . But it is to be hoped, English Men will at last confider, and that the Ministry will see Dunkirk effe&tually Demolished.
It is as frivolous as unjust, to hope to stop our Mouths, when we are concerned for fo great a Point' as the Business of Dunkirk, by mention of the Prerogative, and urging our Safety in our Good and Gracious Queen.
By Her great Example, Religion, Piety, and all other Publick and Domestick Virtues, are kept in Countenance in a very loose and proflia gate Age; all the Hours of her precious Life, which God long preserve, are divided between E 2
the Exercises of Devotion, and taking Minutes of the Sublime Affairs of Her Government.
Belides which, Her Majesty has manifested Her self the most affectionate Wife, the most constant Friend, the most tender Mother, and has filled every Duty with a Virtue as Superiour to the rest of the World, as is Her High Condition : But I shall leave what I have to say on this Topick, co the Time when the Consequence of it will be Insignificant to me, but which I hope will do Her Honour, that is, Justice, when I am no more, and the Remaios of Her Sacred Person are as common Duft as mine.
But as this bright Example is in the Person of a Lady, it cannot be supposed that the general Sense of a People, the Sub divisions of Affeetion and Interest among Great Men (to be learn'd only by Conversation with them, even in their unguarded Leisure) can appear to Her but from the Information of such as have the Happiness and Honour to lay them before Her. Her Majesty is therefore more particularly neceffilated to rely upon the Intelligence of Her Ministry, and from that very Reason their FelJow-Subje&s may be the more Sollicitous for what palles beyond the ordinary Rules of Government. Thus all which they offer for our Security and implicite Reliance upon what is transacted by the Court of England, to wit, Her Majesty's Care and Goodness, are Arguments for exerting both our Zeal and our Gratitude; that at any time Artful Men may not take Ad. vantage of the Security we have in Her Virtue, to indulge too much the Power of any Foreign Prince whatsoever, especially that of the most Warlike Potentate in Europe.
I cannot leave this Subjc&, without being still anxious, with relation to the Difrefpe& they accuse me of to my Royal Mistress. All that can be wrested to my Disadvantage, is, That the Queen is concern'd when any thing is to be imputed to Her Servants; but I deny that, and perfiit in it, that it is no manner of Diminution of the Wisdom of a Prince, that he is obliged to a&t by the Information of others.
If I might make an abrupt Digression from great Things to small, I should on this Occasion mention a little Circumstance which happen'd to the late King William. He had a French Man who took care of the Gun.Dogs, whose Business it was also to charge and deliver the Piece to the King. This Minister forgot to bring out Shot into the Field, but did not think fit to let so passionate a Man and eager a Sporirman as the King know his Offence, but gave his Majesty the Gun loaded only with Powder. When the King missed his Aim, this impudent Cur stood Chattering, Admiring, Commending the King's Skill in hooting, and holding up his Hands, he had never seen Sa Majesté mils before in his whole Life. This Circumstance was no manner of Argument to those (who afterwards found out the Fellow's Iniquity) against the King's Reputation for a Quick Eye, and Shooting very finely. I am, with Resped to the . Borough, and Your self,
Your most Humble
and most Obedient Servant,