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330 North Dakota: Amending sec. 847, Revised Codes, 1905 (sec. 6, chap. 95,

Laws, 1907), relating to state tuition fund.

Modifying conditions for withholding the apportionment of tuition fund from school districts failing to make proper census reports. Granting to county superintendent permissive authority to withhold apportionment from districts failing to maintain school session of six months.

Chap. 97, Mar. 15, 1909. 331 Oregon: Authorizing county school superintendents to make partial apportionments of school moneys.

Chap. 108, Feb. 23, 1909. 332 Oregon: Amending sec. 5, chap. 116, Laws, 1907, relating to the time for county school superintendents to make apportionments of the school funds.

Chap. 116, Feb. 23, 1909. 333 * South Carolina: Increasing the average length of the school term and improv

ing the efficiency of the public schools.

Appropriating $20,000 to equalize school privileges.
“SEC. 1. *

Provided, That no school shall receive aid hereunder until a fund shall have been raised by the district, by levy or otherwise, which will equal one-half the amount to be received from this fund: Provided, further, That no school whose proportion of the regular school fund is sufficient to keep such school in operation for one hundred or more school days during the scholastic year, shall receive any aid under the provisions of this Act: Provided, further, That the maximum amount distributed to any one school, under the provisions of this Act shall be one hundred dollars per annum."

Act 105, Mar. 3, 1909. 334 South Dakota: Amending sec. 400, art. 2, chap. 6, Revised Political Code,

1903, relating to the apportionment and investment of the school and public land funds.

Chap. 218, Mar. 5, 1909. 335 Tennessee: See enactment No. 308. 336 Texas: Repealing secs. 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 23, 32, and 33, chap. 124, Acts, 1905,

relating to the method of apportioning, distributing, and accounting of the available school funds, and enacting substitutes.

Chap. 17, p. 432, May 12, 1909. 337 * Utah: Amending sec. 1870x, Compiled Laws, 1907, relative to state aid for

public schools where the revenues are insufficient.
Appropriating $8,000.

Chap. 8, Feb. 20, 1909. 338 Utah: Amending sec. 1867, Compiled Laws, 1907, relative to apportionment and use of school funds.

Chap. 25, Mar. 5, 1909. 339 * Vermont: Amending sec. 941, Public Statutes, 1906, relative to the apportion

ment of funds to towns forming unions for supervision.

Additional apportionment of state funds (formerly $1,000 when superintendent's salary was not less than $1,250) equal to one-half the amount of superintendent's salary above $1,200 and not exceeding $1,800. Maximum additional apportionment, $300.

Sec. 2, Act 36, Dec. 16, 1908. (July 1, 1909.)

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340 Vermont: Amending secs. 1095, 1096, 1098, and repealing sec. 1099, Public

Statutes, 1906, relative to state aid.

The state board of education (formerly state treasurer) to make apportionment; reserve fund of $45,000 to be apportioned among towns expending at least 50 cents on the dollar on the grand list for school purposes. Other minor amendments.

Act 47, Jan. 28, 1909. (Apr. 1, 1909.) 341 West Virginia: Amending sec. 21, chap. 27, Acts, 1908 (sp. sess.), relative to

the levy and to supplementing of school funds of certain districts.

Increasing maximum annual state aid to weak school districts, from $50,000 to $75,000; providing annual aid of $15,000 to building funds of certain districts levying maximum tax.

Chap. 90, Feb. 26, 1909. 342 Wisconsin: Amending secs. 560f, 560g, 560h, and 5601 (chap. 600, Laws, 1907), and creating 560n, Statutes, relative to state aid for rural schools.

Chap. 154, May 18, 1909. 343 Wyoming: Amending secs. 1193–1194, Revised Statutes, 1899, relative to th

apportionment of the county school fund by the county superintendent.

Providing for apportionment to high school districts.
SEC. 1193.

"Provided further, That in counties where there may exist a County High School, the school money shall be apportioned in the following manner: After the apportionment of one hundred and fifty dollars to each district as above provided, all money of the County School Fund, to which the districts composing the High School District may be entitled, shall be apportioned between such High School District and the districts composing the same in proportion as the number of children in such district between the ages of seventeen and twenty-one bears to the whole number of children of school age, as shown by the last school census, and after such portion of the school fund shall have been apportioned to such High School District, as last above provided, the remainder thereof shall be apportioned among the districts embraced in said High School District in accordance with the rule herein before established; *

Chap. 154, Mar. 1, 1909.

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(f) Special State Aid for Secondary Education.

(See also under Section 0--Technical and Industrial Education.) Adequate provision for elementary schools is rightly accounted of the first importance in the educational economy of the State. More and more, however, secondary or high schools are coming to be regarded as essential parts of a unified state system. The encouragement and assistance for the growth of these schools afforded directly by the State have been among the interesting educational phenomena of the last decade or two. In practically all the States in which notable progress in public education has been made, some form of special state aid for high schools has been established. The enactments classified under this head are indicative of no new tendency; on the contrary, they bear evidence of the continued special interest evinced by the States for the care of this particular portion of their educational systems. With but one or two evident exceptions, each one of the enactments of the following group is worthy of special mention. Any comparative estimate, however, would give special attention to the legislative activities in the Southern States for the extension and betterment of the opportunities for secondary education. 344 Idaho: Amending sec. 605, Revised Code, 1909, regarding the apportionment of

the school fund of the county.

Providing for the apportionment of 5 per cent of two-thirds of the school fund of the county among the rural high school districts and districts organized under the consolidated plan doing high school work; maximum annual apportionment $300 for each teacher.

S. B. 158, p. 77, Mar. 11, 1909. 345 Kansas: See enactment No. 602. 346 Maine: Amending sec. 64, chap. 15, Revised Statutes, 1903, relating to the tui

tion of pupils in secondary schools.

Increasing state aid from one-half to two-thirds; increasing maximum amount paid to each town from $250 to $500.

Chap. 112, Mar. 19, 1909. 347 Minnesota: See enactment No. 320. 348 Minnesota: See enactment No. 783. 349 * Minnesota: Authorizing the state high school board to make special grants of aid to state graded schools doing two years of high school work.

Chap. 444, Apr. 22, 1909. 350 New York: See enactment No. 604.

351 North Carolina: See enactment No. 605.

352 North Carolina: Amending sec. 4097, Revisal, 1905, relative to state appropri

ation for public schools and its apportionment.

Authorizing payment therefrom of part of salary of superintendent of colored normal schools and director of county institutes.

Sec. 3, chap. 525, Mar. 5, 1909. 353 Pennsylvania: Permitting independent school districts to share in the distribution of appropriations for borough high schools.

Act 111, Apr. 23, 1909. 354 Pennsylvania: Relating to public and normal schools.

“Sec. 7. For the support of the public schools and normal schools of this Commonwealth, for the two fiscal years com

mmencing on the first day of June, one thousand nine hundred and nine, the sum of fifteen million dollars ($15,000,000): Provided, The city of Philadelphia shall be entitled to a proper portion of this appropriation, including, not only its pro rata as provided by existing laws regulating the distribution to the several counties, but also the sum of seventy-two thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, for the education of teachers in the Philadelphia Normal School for Girls and the Philadelphia School of Pedagogy for Young Men, to be applied on the same conditions as those specified for the education of teachers in the State Normal Schools; and out of the amount received by the city of Philadelphia, there shall be paid the sum of three thousand dollars to the Teachers' Institute of said city; the sum of ten thousand dollars to the Philadelphia School of Design for Women, for their corporate purposes; and the sum of ten thousand dollars to the Teachers' Annuity and Aid Association of said city: And provided further, That out of the amount hereby appropriated, there shall be paid for the education of teachers in the State Normal Schools, the sum of six hundred thousand dollars, to be applied as follows: For each student over seventeen years of age, who shall sign an agreement binding said student to teach in the common schools of this State two full annual terms, there shall be paid the sum of one dollar and fifty cents a week, towards the payment of the expenses for tuition of said students; provided, that each student in a State Normal School drawing said allowance from the state must receive regular instruction in the science and art of teaching, in a special class devoted to that object, for the whole time for which said allowance is drawn; which amount shall be paid upon the warrants of the Superintendent of Public Instruction: And provided further, That out of the said amount, hereby appropriated, there shall be set apart the sum of one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000), to aid in paying the tuition of pupils who attend high schools outside of their own district; and the sum of four hundred and fifty thousand dollars ($450,000), for the encouragement and support of Township and Borough High Schools, including joint high schools maintained by two or more townships, or by a borough and one or more townships; but no high school shall receive appropriation as a high school of the first grade, unless it has at least three teachers who devote their entire time to high school work during a term of nine months; and no high school shall receive appropriation as a high school of the second grade, unless it has two teachers who devote their entire time to high school work during a period of eight months; nor shall any high school receive appropriation unless it has a regular attendance of twelve pupils doing high school work: And provided further, That out of the said amount hereby appropriated there shall be set apart the sum of two hundred and thirty thousand dollars, to be expended on the warrants of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, for the payment of the salaries of the County Superintendents of Public Schools, two years. The remainder of the amount hereby appropriated shall be paid on warrants of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, drawn in favor of the several school districts of the Commonwealth, in amounts designated by the State Treasurer, and whenever he shall notify the Superintendent of Public Instruction, in writing, that there are sufficient funds in the State Treasury to pay the same."

Act 659, Sec. 7, p. 906-907, May 15, 1909. 355 * Rhode Island: Amending sec. 3, chap. 544, Laws, 1898, relating to a more uni

form high standard in the public schools.

Increasing annual state aid to approved high schools from $20 to $25 for each pupil in average daily attendance, for the first 25 pupils; and from $10 to $15 for each pupil in average daily attendance, for the second 25 pupils.

Chap. 446, May 7, 1909. (July 1, 1909.) 356 * South Carolina: Amending sundry secs., act 245, Acts, 1907, as amended by

act 515, Acts, 1908, relative to high schools.

Making extension of state aid dependent upon levy of 2-mill special school tax. Increasing total annual state aid from $50,000 to $60,000. Withdrawing state aid after July 1, 1911, from high schools not coming within the provisions of high school act of 1908.

Act 55, Mar. 3, 1909. 357 Tennessee: See enactment No. 308.

358 * Utah: Proposing an amendment to sec. 2, art. 10, constitution, as amended Jan.

1, 1907, relative to the public school system, and to sec. 3, art. 10, constitution, relative to the state school fund.

Relative to the support of high schools: "Provided, That all funds derived from any State tax for high schools shall be apportioned among the several cities and school districts according to the attendance at the high schools therein; but no city or district shall be entitled to any part of the fund derived from the State tax for high schools unless the high school therein is maintained upon the standard and for the period during the year that may be fixed by the State Board of Education."

H. Jt. Res. No. 14, Mar. 22, 1909. (Jan. 1, 1911.)

359 * Vermont: Providing state aid for manual training departments in high or

grammar schools.
State aid, $250; total annual maximum, $5,000.

Act 40, Jan. 27, 1909.

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360 Wisconsin: Amending sec. 491b, chap. 571, Laws, 1907, Statutes, relative to

free high schools.
"SECTION 1. Section 491b of the statutes is amended to read: Section 491b.

* *. Provided that the amount so appropriated to any high school having a principal and one assistant shall not exceed nine hundred dollars, and the amount appropriated to any high school having a principal and two assistants shall not exceed twelve hundred dollars, and the amount so appropriated to any high school having a principal and three or more assistants shall not exceed fifteen hundred dollars."

2. * 3. *

Chap. 257, June 1, 1909. (July 1, 1909.)

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C. LOCAL (COUNTY, DISTRICT, MUNICIPAL) FINANCE AND SUPPORT.

(a) General.

The contents of this group have no general significance, being concerned with minor administrative detail. 361 Alabama: Authorizing and empowering the commissioner's court, board of

revenue, or other court or county officers of similar or like jurisdiction to donate or appropriate funds from the county treasury to aid in the construction or improvement of necessary buildings and the maintenance and support of those state schools known as county high schools established under the act of the legislature approved August 7, 1907.

Act 217, p. 259, Aug. 26, 1909 (sp. sess.). D. 362 Kentucky (1909): School taxes received from the State by a graded common

school district cannot be used to purchase a lot or erect or furnish a school building, but must be used solely for educational purposes.--('rabbe v. Board of Trustees of Graded Common-School Dist. No. 24, Webster County, 116

S. W., 706. 363 Nevada: Providing for the disposal of the funds and property of abolished school districts.

Chap. 59, Mar. 5, 1909. 364 Nevada: Providing for the transfer of county and township funds for the support of public schools.

Chap. 182, Mar. 24, 1909. D. 365 Pennsylvania (1909): Const., art. 9, sec. 8, after fixing the ultimate debt

limit of any school district at not to exceed 7 per cent of the assessed value of taxable property therein, provides that no district shall incur any debt, or increase of indebtedness, beyond 2 per cent of the assessed valuation of the property without the assent of the electors thereof at a public election. Held, that a school building contract at a price which, in addition to previous existing indebtedness, would create a total debt in excess of 2 per cent of the assessed valuation of the property of the district, though payable only from funds legally available," entered into without the holding of an election, was illegal.-

McKinnon v. Mertz, 73A., 1011; 225 Pa., 85. 366 Pennsylvania: Relating to the settlements and audits of the accounts of all

officers of boroughs, townships, poor districts, and school districts, and appeals therefrom to the common pleas and thence to the supreme and superior courts; providing penalty.

Act 221, May 3, 1909.

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