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ten aforetime, were written for our learning, that we throngh patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.

Q. 21. On what account are we to receive it with love?

A. We are to love it for its author's fake, because it is the word of God; Psalm cxix. 159. Confider how I love thy pre

cepts, &c.

Q. 22. What is the second motive of love to the word ?

A. The holiness and purity of it deserves and engages our love to it; Psalm cxix. 140. Thy word is very pure: therefore thy fervant loveth it.

Q. 23. What is the third motive to engage our love to it?

A. The great and constant usefulness of it to our souls, as that we cannot fubấft without Job xxiii. 12. I have efteemed the words of his mouth more than my necesary food.

R. 24. How doth this love to the word manifest itself ?

A. Our love manifefts itself in our longing after it; Psalm cxix. 20. My soul breaketh for the longing that it bath unto thy judgments at all times. Our diligent attendance on it; Acts x. 33: Immediately therefore I fent unto thee, and thou haft well done that thou art come, Now therefore are we all here present before God, to hear all things that are command, ed thee of God.

le 25. How is faith and love evidenced to the word after hearing it?

A. By preserving it carefully in our hearts and memories Psalm cxix, 11, Thy word have I hid in my heart, that I might not fin againft thee, R. 26. What is the beft cure for

bad memory? A. Labour to get an high esteem of it, and an experimental feeling of it, and frequently meditate on it; Psalm çxix. 16. I will delight myself in thy Itatutes: I will not forget thy word. Psalm cxix. 93. I will never forget thy precepts ; for with them thou hast quickened me. Plalm cxix. 99. Thy testimonies are my meditation.

& 27. How is faith and love principally manifested to the word after hearing ?

A. It is principally manifested by bringing forth the fruits of it in our lives ; Col. i. 5, 6. For the hope which is laid up for you in heaven, whereof


heard before in the word of the truth of the gospel, which is come unto you, as it is in all the world, and bringeth forth fruit, as it doth also in you, fince the day ye heard of it, and knew the grace of God in truth.

Q. 28. What is the use of all this?
A. This ferves to reprove our formal and dead hearing the


Quest. 91.


word, and excites us all to evidence and exercise more faith, love, and obedience, in hearing it.

Of Sacraments, as Means of Salvation.

Ow do the sacraments become effectual

means of salvation ? A. The sacraments become effectual means of salvation, not from any virtue in them, or in him that doth administer them, but only by the blesing of Christ, and the working of bis Spirit in them that by faith receive them.

Q. 1. What is the first proper sense of this word facrament? A. It primarily fignifies a solemn oath taken by soldiers, when they lift themselves under a prince or general, and this oath was mutual.

Q. 2. Why do we use it, seeing it is not a scripture word ?

A. Though the word be not found in fcripiure, yet the thing intended by it is, and that brings the word in use : for in the sacraments God obliges himself to us by confirming his covenant by it; Rom. iv. 11. And he received the sign of circumcifion, a seal of the righteousness of the faith, which he had yet being uncircumcised : that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also. And we 0blige ourselves to God; Rom. vi. 3, 4. Know ye not that fo many of us as were baptized into Christ, were baptized into his death? Therefore we are buried with him by baptifm into death, that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.

Q. 3. What is here meant by salvation ?

A. By falvation is meant our complete and final deliverance from fin and misery, both temporal and eternal. From fin, Matth i. 21. For he shall save his people from their fitis. From misery, 1 Thes. i. 10. Even Jesus who delivereth us from the wrath to come.

Q. 4. What is a mean of salvation ? A. A mean of salvation signifies any appointment of God, whereby he promotes and accomplishes his design of saving our souls; fo the word is a mean; Rom. i. 16. For I am not alhamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God unto falvation, to every one that believeth.

Q. 5. How doth the word and facraments differ as means of {alvation ?

A. The word is appointed to be the first means of begettin

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faith ; 1 Cor. iii. 5. Who then is Paul ? And who is Apollos? But ministers by whom ye believed, &c. Sacraments are to seal and confirm it; Rom. iv. 11. And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of faith, &c.

Q. 6. What is meant by an effectual mean of salvation ?

A. By an effectual mean, is meant such a mean as fully obtains and accomplishes the end it was appointed for, i Theff. ii. 13. Because when ye received the word of God, which ye

heard of us, ye received it not as the word of men; but (as it is in truth) the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe.

Do not all the means of salvation prove effectual to men ?

A. Though the means of salvation prove effectual to all God's elect, yet they are so not to others; Acts xxviii. 23, 24. And when they had appointed him a day, there came many him into his lodging, to whom he expounded and testified the kingdom of God, persuading them concerning Jesus, both out of the law of Moses, and out of the prophets, from morning till evening. And some believed the things which were spoken, and some believed not.

Q. 8. Do not the sacraments save all that partake of them?

A. No, they do not; baptism may pass on a cast-away; Ads viii. 23. For I perceive that thou art in the gall of bit'terness, and in the bond of iniquity. And the Lord's fupper may be received unworthily ; 1 Cor. xi. 27. Wherefore, whofoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord un"worthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.

Q. 9. What is the reason they prove not effectual to all ?

A. Because their virtue and efficacy is not in themselves, but in God; for we see they work as God's Spirit concurs, or not concurs with them, as in the instance before given.

Q. 1o. But is not that for want of wisdom, holiness, or zeal in the minister, that they have no more efficacy ?

A. No, it is not principally, or only from thence ; for it is not in the power of the holiest minister in the world to make them effectual ; i Cor. iii. 7. Neither is he that planteth any thing, neither he that watereth ; but God that giveth the increase.

11. Whence is it that facraments become effectual ? A. It is only from the Spirit of Christ working in them, and by them on the souls of men ; 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body,--and have been all 'made to drink into one Spirit.

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Q. 12. What is the first instruction hence?

A. That men enjoying all the ordinances of the gospel, and partaking of the facraments annexed to the covenant of grace, may yet perish for ever ; 1 Cor. x. 3, 4, 5. And did all eat the same spiritual meat; and did all drink the same fpiritual drink; (for they drank of that spiritual rock that followed them: and that rock was Christ). But with many of them God was not well pleased : for they were overthrown in the wilderness; Luke xiii. 26, 27. Then shall ye begin to say, we have eaten and drunk in thy presence, and thou hast taught in our streets. But he shall say, I tell you,

I know
you not whence

depart from me all ye workers of iniquity.

Q. 13. What is the second inference ?

A. That men should not idolize some ministers for the excellency of their gifts, and despise others, seeing it is not in them to make the means effeétual.

Q. 14. What is the last inference ?

A. That in all our attendence upon the means of salvation, we should be careful to beg the Spirit and blessing of Chrift, without which they cannot be effectual to our salvation.

of the Nature of Sacraments. Quest. 92.

Hat is a facrament?

A. Å facrament is an holy ordinance inAituted by Christ's wherein by sensible signs, Christ qnd the benefits of the new covenant are represented, sealed, and applied to believers.

Q. 1. How many sorts of facraments are found in scripture?

A. Of sacraments there are two forts, fome extraordinary and transient, as the fiery pillar, manna, and water out of the rock; 1 Cor. x. 1, 2, 3, 4. Moreover, brethren, I would not that

ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all pafled through the sea ; and were all baptized unto Mofes in the cloud, and in the fea; and did all eat the same spiritual meat; and did all drink the same spiri: tual drink; (for they drank of that spiritual rock that followed them; and that rock was Christ.) And some ordinary and standing, as circumcifion and the paflover, before Chrift; and baptism and the Lord's supper, fince Christ's death.

Q. 2. How many things are to be considered in every facrament?

A. In every facrament five things must be considered ; (1.) The author. (2.) The parts. (3.) The union of those parts. (4.) The subjects. (5.) The ends and uses of it.


Q. 3. Who is is the author of the facraments ?

A. The Lord Jesus Christ as King of the church, by whofe sole authority baptism was instituted ; Matth. xxviii. 19, 203 Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost : Teaching them to observe all things, whatsoever I have com. manded you, &c. And the Lord's supper; 1 Cor. xi. 23, 24, For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered un. to you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread, and when he had given thanks, be brake it, and said, take, eat, this is my body, which is broken for you: This do in remembrance of me.

Q. 4. Are the old facraments yet in being and use in the church?

A. No, they are passed away, and the new.come in their room. Baptism takes place of circumcision ; Col. ii. 11, 12. In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Chrift; buried with him in baptism, dc. And the Lord's supper of the paffover ; 1 Cor. v. 7. Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye áre unleavened, for even Christ our pafsover is facrificed for

Q: 5. Of what parts doth every facrament confift?

A. Every facrament consists of two parts, one external and earthly; another internal and heavenly, or spiritual. Bread, wine, and water, are the external, Christ's blood and Spirit the internal parts ; Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that fo many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ, were baptized into his death? 1 Cor. xi. 25. This cup is the new testament in my blood, dc.

Q. 6. Wherein confifts the facramental union of those parts

A. It consists, by virtue of Christ's institution, in three things; (1.) In apt fignification. :(2.) Firm obsignation. And, (3.) Real exhibition of the bleffings fignified and sealed.

Q: 7. What are the blessings fignified by water in baptism?

A. It signifies our implantation into Christ, and communi: on with him in his death and resurrection ; Rom. vi. 4. There. fore we are buried with him by baptism into death, that like as Chrift was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father ; even so we also should walk in newness of life. And our fo. lemn admiffion into the visible church ; Gal. iii. 26, 27, 28, 29. For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. For as many of you as have been baptized into Chrift, have put


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