« PreviousContinue »
the God that is above. This was the fin of Pharaoh; Exod. te 2. Aad Pharaoh said, who is the Lord, that I fould obey his voice, to let Ifrael go? I know not the Lord, acither will I let
S. What other fin is heigous in God's account? A. The fin of idolatry is a most heinous fin, and goes nearer to be heart of God than other fios do ; Ezek. vi. y. And they that escape of you, thall remember me among the oations wbither they shall be carried captives; because I am broken with their who.ith heart, wbich hath departed from me, and with their eyes, which go a whoring after their idols; and they shall loath themselves, for the evils which they have committed in all their abomioatioas. Jer. xliv. 4. O do not this abomioable thing that I hate.
Q. 6. What is the most heijous of all the fos in the world?
A. The lin against the holy Ghoft is the moft heinous of all other fias, and shall never be forgiven by him ; Matth. xü. 31. All manner of fin and blafphemy shall be forgiven unto men ; but the blasphemy against the holy Ghost hall not be forgivea un to meo.
Q. 7. From whence doth this scripture aggravate fin ?
A. The Spirit of God in scriptore aggravates and estimates fin, from the degree of light and knowledge men fin agaioft ; Luke xii. 47. And that servant which knew his Lord's wilt, and prepared oot himfelf, neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes. Joha xv. 22. If I had not come, and spoken unto them, they had not had fio : But bow they have no cloak for their fin.
8. What is the second thing that aggravates fin ? A. The more mercies any man fios agaiost, the greater is his fin; Rom. ii. 4. Or defpitelt thou the riches of his goodnefs, aod forbearance, and long-tufferiog, not knowiog that the goodnels of God leadech thee to repeataoce ? And especially when it is agaiot spiritual mercies, and means of salvation ; Heb. i. 3. How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation ? doc.
Q: Y. Are heinous and crying fins capable of forgiveness ?
a. Yes ; great and heinous fios are capable of forgiveness, upoa true repentance; Jfi. i. 18. Though your fios be as scarlet, they shall be as whire as foow; though they be red like crimson, they fhall be as wool.
Q. 10. From what foudraio doth the pardon of all fias, both great and small, flow?
A. They all Row from the free grace of God; Luke vii. 41, 42. And when they had aothing to pay, he frankly forgave
them both. And through the meritorious, fatisfying blood of Chrift; Eph. i. 7. lo whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace.
Q. U. What is the first inference hence ?
A. Though fome fios are more heinous than others, yet no lioner should absolutely despair of mercy ; for the viles have been pardoned; i Cor. vi. ll. And such were some of you But ye are warhed, but ye are fanctified, but ye are justified, &c.
Q. 12. What is the second inference bence ?
A. That there are different degrees of torments in hell, pro. portioned to the different degrees of fins on earth; Matth. xi. 21, 22. Wo unto thee, Chorazin, wo voto thee, Bethlaida : For if the mighty works which were done in you, had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in fackcloth and alhes. But I say unto you, it shall be more tolerable for Tyre aod Sidon, at the day of judgmeat, than for you.
Q. 13. What is the third inference hence ?
A. That great fingers, wheo pardoned and received to mere cy, should excel all others in love to Christ; Luke vii. 42, 43. Which of them will love him molt? Simon answered and id, I suppose that he to whom he torgave moft. And he said unio him, Thou balt rightly judged.
Q. 14. What is the last inference hence ?
A. Let no map neglect Christ because his fins are not so heinous as others ; because the least sio without Christ is damaing; Rom. vi. 23. For the wages of fin is death, &c. And greater sipoers are often called, when leffer are not; Matth. xxi. 31, 32. The publicans and harlots go into the kingdom of God be
Of the Demerit of Sin. Queft. 84. WHat doth every sin deserve ?
A. Every fin deserveth God's wrath and curse, both in this life, and that which is to come.
1. Wherein doth the evil of fio principally consilt? A. It coolilts principally in the offence it gives, and the wrong i doth to God; Psalm li. 4. Against thee, thee oply have I finded, and done this evil in thy sight.
l. 2. What is the first offence and wrong sio doth to God?
A. It consists in its epmity to God; Rom. viii. 7. Because the carnal miod is enmity agaist God, &c. Expressed in fcrip. ture by walking contrary to him; Lev. xxvi. 40. They have al. to walked contrary to me. Fighting agaiol God; Acts v. 39 VOL. VIII.
Left haply ye be even found to fight against God. And refifting his Spirit ; Acts vii. 51. Ye do always refift the holy Ghost.
l. 3. Whereio is its comity to God further discovered in fcripture ?
A. It is discovered under the games and notions of hatred of God; Rom. i. 30. Backbiters, haters of God, &c. Rebellion agaioft God; I Sam, xv. 23. For rebellion is as the fin of witchcraft, &c. And despising the commandment of God; 2 Sam. xii. 9. Wherefore halt thou despised the commandment of the Lord ?
l: 4. What are the attributes of God that fio wrongs ?
A. It wrongs all his attributes ; for it Nights his sovereignty ; Exod. v. 2. Aod Pharaoh said, Who is the Lord, that I lould obey his voice, to let Ifrael go? Resists his power ; 1 Cor. X. 22. Are we stronger than he ? Delpifth his goodaess; Rom. 'ii. 4. Or defpifest thou the riches of his goodoels, &c. Taxeth his justice ; Ezek. xviii. 25. Yet ye fay, the way of the Lord is not equal, &c. And clouds his holiness ; Jam. ïi. 7. Do not they blafpheme that worthy name, by the which ye are called?
Q. 5. What doth fin delerve in the course of jufice from God ?
A. It deserves all temporal and eternal effects of God's wrath, on the souls and bodies of fingers, all which in scripture go un'der the name of death ; Rom. vi. 23. For the wages of fin is death, &c.
Q. 6. Cao these sufferings satisfy God for all this wrong?
A. No, they cannot; and therefore they must, and shall be eteroal on the damaed; Matth. v. 2.6. Verily, I say voto thee, thou shalt by no means come out thence, till thou hast paid the uttermost farthiog. Mark ix. 44. Where their worm dieth noi, and the fire is not quenched.
l. 7. Shall all fianers bear the desert of their fins ?
A. No; all that are out of Christ shall; but Christ bath freed believers from it ; John iii. 18. He that believeth on him, is not condemned, &c.
Q. 8. But is it not hard, that finners should suffer eternally for the sins of a few years ?
A. No, it is not ; for the evil of sin is not to be measured by the time in which, but by the object against which it is committed; Psalm li. 4, 5. Against thee, thee only have I fiaoed, and done this evil in thy sight, &c.
Q. 9. What learn we from hence ?
A. Hence in the first place we learn the impoffibility of fatisfying God's justice for the leaft sin that ever we committed; Job vii. 20. I have signed; what shall I do unto thee? 6.
Plalm cxxx. 3. If thou, Lord, fhouldft mark iniquity, O Lord, who shall stand ?
Q. 10. What is the second instruction hence ?
A. Hence we see the necessity of a Mediator betwixt God and us ; Psalm xl. 6, 7, Sacrifice and offeriog thou didst not desire, &c. Theo said I, LO, I come : in the volume of the book ir is written of me.
Q. 11. What is the third instruction hence ?
A. That the greatest suffering is rather to be chosen than the least fio ; Heb. xi. 25. Chusiog rather to suffer affliction with the people of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of lio for a seafon.
Q. 12. What is the fourth instruction hence ?
A. It teacherh us what an invaluable mercy the full, free, and fipal remission of sip is; Psalm xxxii, 1, Blessed is he whole transgression is forgiven, and whose fin is covered, &c.
Q. 13. What is the fifth instruction hence ?
A. It vindicates God in his feverest strokes on sippers'; Hor. vi. S.
Therefore have I hewed them by the prophets : I have flain them by the words of my mouth, and thy judgmeats are as the light that goeth forth.
Q. 14. What is the last joftruction ?
A. Hence we learn the ipfioite nature of Christ's sufferings Rom. viii. 32. He that spared oot his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how fhall he not with him also freely give us all things?
Of what God requires of us. Quest. 85. WHat doth God require of us, that we may ef
cape his wrath and curse due to us for fin? A, To escape the wrath and curse of God due to us for fin, God requireth of us faith in Jesus Christ, repentance unto life, with the diligent use of all the outward means, whereby Chrift communicateth to us the benefits of redemption.
Q.1. What are the things required of us to escape God's wrath and curse due to us for fin ?
A. The things required of us, are, (1.) Faith in Jesus Christ; Acts xvi. 31. And they faid, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be faved, and thy house. (2.) Repentance for fin; Acts iii. 19. Repeat ye therefore, and be converted, that your fios may be blòrted out, &c. (3.) Diligent striving in the ule of all God's appointed meaos; Luke xiii. 24. Strive to enfer in at the strait-gate: For many, I say unto you, shall seek to cpter in, and Mall not be able.
Q. 2. Are these things in man's power to perform, that God requires of him?
A. Though they are our duties, yet we have no power in ourfelves by nature to perform them, but the power is of God; 2. Cor. iii. 5. Not that we are fufficient of ourlelves to thiok any thiog as of ourselves, but our fufficiency is of God,
Q. 3. But if men be ip Christ, and justified from eternity, what need of this?
A. Though God from eteroity decreed, and Christ long fince purchased the salvation of the elect; yet have they do udios with Christ till they believe; Eph, ji, 17. That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith, that ye being rooted and grounded in love. Nor remillioq of fia; Acts iii, 19. That your lips may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord. But lie under wrath as others do; Eph. ii. 3, 12. And were by nature the children of wrath, even as others, Ver. 12, That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the common wealth of Israel, and straogers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world.
Q. 4. If it be God that can only work these graces in us, ta what purpose is our striving?
A. God's working doch not exclude man's friving, but more excites and obliges us to it; Phil, ii. 12, 13, Work out your owa salvation with fear and trembling: For it is God which worketh in you, both to will and to do, of his own good pleasure,
l. 5. To what purpose is it to strive in the use of means, ex cepi we koew we were elected ?
A. The knowledge of our election is not antecedeot to our diligence, but oor diligence is required antecedently to that knowledge; 1 Pet. 1. 10. Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling aod election furę, &c.
Q. 6. Is it not legal to pyt natural mcg upon striving in the use of means?
A. No, it is not ; for Christ himself enjoigs it ; Luke xiii. 24. Strive to enter ip at the strait gate, &c. And so did the apostles after him ; Acts vïïi. 22. Repeat therefore of this thy wickedaess, and pray God, if perhaps the thought of thy heart may be forgiven thee.
0.7. Is there no escaping of God's wrath and curse without faith and repentance !
4. No, it is impossible to escape them ; John iii, 18. He that þelieveth not, is condemned already. Heb. ii. 3: How shall we escape if we neglect so great salvation ?