The Soviet Withdrawal from Afghanistan

Front Cover
Amin Saikal, William Maley
Cambridge University Press, 1989 - History - 177 pages
Nearly ten years of bloodshed and political turmoil have followed the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. Soviet occupation not only proved a major trauma for the people of Afghanistan; invasion ended at a stroke the growth in superpower detente that had characterized the late 1970s; and back home in the Soviet Union the effects of escalating military costs and over 13,000 young military casualties have been felt at every level of society. The decision to withdraw combat forces under the provisions of the Geneva Accords of April 1988 is one of the most dramatic developments in the international system since the end of the Second World War. Unable to overcome fierce insurgent Mujahideen resistance, the new Soviet leadership under General Secretary Gorbachev has opted to cut its military losses under a veil of UN diplomacy. The effects of this decision will be felt not only in Afghanistan but in the Soviet Union, in Southeast Asia, and in the wider world. This book is designed to explore the background to the decision to withdraw and its broader implications. The authors, all established specialists, examine the Geneva Accords; the future for post-withdrawal Afghanistan; and the impact of withdrawal on regional states, Soviet foreign and domestic policies, the Soviet armed forces, Sino-Soviet relations, and world politics. They write from diverse disciplinary perspectives while bringing together a shared sensitivity to the issues that complicate the Afghan question.
 

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The Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan

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This volume of essays is the edited result of a conference at Australian National University and represents both a valuable contribution to the literature and a good companion to Edward R. Girardet's ... Read full review

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Contents

Introduction
1
The Geneva Accords of April 1988
12
PostWithdrawal Afghanistan Light at the End of the Tunnel
29
The Regional Politics of the Afghan Crisis
52
The Afghan Conflict and Soviet Domestic Politics
67
The Soviet Armed Forces and the Afghan War
82
Afghanistan and Soviet Alliances
101
Afghanistan and SinoSoviet Relations
122
The Afghanistan Settlement and the Future of World Politics
142
Conclusions Management of the Afghan Crisis
161
List of Contributors
171
Index
174
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