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dreary spot will teach you, that science, without the conveniences of life, is not worth pursuing."--His remonftrance was to little purpose;' when the mind is strongly bent to an object, the view of ordinary difficulties does but animate its exertions. ,

“ If want of conveniences, said they, be the obstacle which stands in our way, we will soon remove it."-- An extraordinary and interesting scene now'commenced. They looked round them; when, after a fort conference, it was determined that, in imitation of Abeillard, they should become their own architects, and provide, in the first place, against the inclemencies of the air. Their master's cell gave the general plan. They tore down branches from the trees, and they twisted the pliant twigs. In a few hours the business was nearly completed.-Abeillard viewed, with infinite fatisfaction, the busy scene; his approbation gave fresh life to their exertions; and it was no longer poffible he could refufe his assent to a petition, which was pronounced with such unquestionable marks of sincerity.

• He came forward : they read consent in his looks: “ With tomorrow's sun, said he, I will meet you under yon spreading tree, and with the blefling of heaven on my endeavours, what instructions it may be in my power to give you, you shall freely receive from me. They heard his words with general acclamations.

• The wants of nature now called for attention ; but when the mind, engrossed with its own thoughts, retires ii: upon itself, these calls are easily fatisfied. They, whom the luxurious tables of Paris could hardly gratify, now sat down to roots, and they found them favoury. The oaten cake had a relish, which they had not experienced in the ortolan. Their beds were made of dry weeds, or of the leaves which had fållen from the trees.—Thus did this new tribe of philosophers prepare themselves for the approach of wisdom : the academic grove was truly seen to rise again, and never had the ancient fages, on whose praises history dwells with wonder, fought for truth with more ardent enquiries.-- Abeillard pronounced his first lecture: it was from the foot of the tree I mentioned: his hearers were feated round; for they had made themselves benches of boughs, and kad raised the green turf in:o tables.

• I have before remarked how extraordinary was this thirst after knowlege, which, with a degree of enthufiasm, of which we can form no idea, spread itself over the states of Europe. But no hing can mark more strongly the fallen condition of literature. When learned men are common, and learning itself is very generally diffused, not only the means of acquiring it are at hand, but there is also no novelty in the pursuit, calculated to excite peculiar energy and to rouse the passions. In the times I am defcribing, a learned man was a phenomenon ; and who can be surprised that he should have been viewed with wonder? What is rare is highly prized; and what we prize is sought for, fometimes with an eagerness which allon. Thes cooler minds, and before which obstacles either vanish, or only serve to give an additional spring 10 exertions - The scarcity of broks, before the invention of printing, was likewise another principal circumstance, which, as it circumscribed the spread of learning, jo did it render shofe, who, surmounting every impediment, attained it, objects of greater admiration.

• Before

• Before the end of the first year, the number of Abeillard's scholars exceeded fix hundred, situated in a forest, such as I have defcribed, exposed to the ioclement seasons, without a single conve. nience to smooth the rugged life, or without one amusement, excepting what literary pursuits, scientific conversation, and their own society, could supply. – The subjects they discuffed were either philosophical or religious, to which Abeillard added dissertations on The moral and social duties, which he could enliven by the brilliancy of his imagination, and by anecdotes drawn from facred and profane history. But ic matters little, as I have elsewhere observed, what our pursuits be, provided they excite attention, and we place our intereft in them.-- The compofitions indeed of Abeillard I can read with little pleasure; they are jejune, intricate, and inelegant; and to me such would have been his lectures. I could not have inhabited the Champagne forests, nor have travelled in quest of such literary lore; and my European contemporaries will not dissent from me: but this only shews that, with circumitances, our dispositions vary, and that nothing can be more irrational, than to measure by the same flandard, the notions and characters of two ages so remote, as this and the twelfth century:

• Abeillard, as it may be collected from his memoirs, at their hours of recreation, talked to his scholars of the ancient philosophers; he told them how these sages lived; he recounted the purity of their manners, and the eminence of their virtues : he turned to the facred volumes, which relate the lives of the sons of the prophets; and here he found men who, near the waters of Jordan, had emulated the perfection of angels. With rapture he dwels on the more than mortal. virtues of the Baptist, and he followed the first converts to Christianity through their exemplary courle of self-abasement, of prayer, of recollection, and of temperance.

With these splendid epochs he compared the present day. They listened with complacency. In Abeillard they saw the divine Plato : and in themselves that illuftri. ous group of disciples, which had given renown to the academic walks of Athens.'

From these specimens the reader will perceive that Mr. Berington poilsies no mean talents for description.

[To be concluded in our next.]

1

Art. III. An Account of the Peleru Islands, fituated in the Western

Part of the Pacific Ocean. Comporei from the Journals and Com-
munications of Capt. Henry Wilson, and forne of his Officers,
who, in Auguft 1783, were there shipwrecked in the Antelope, a
Packet belonging to the Honourable East India Company. By
George Keate, Esq. F. R. S. and S. A. 4to. 11. is. Boards.
Nicol. 1783.
HE Antelope Packet was fitted out in England, by the

Court of Directors of the East India Company, in the summer of 1782; and was then generally understood to be going on some fecret expedition ; but of this, or of 118 pallage out to China, not a fyllable appears in the publication before us.

Mr.

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Mr. Keate takes her up at her arrival at Macao, or, as he calls it, Macoa, in China, in June 1783. They failed from Macao on the 20th of July following, directing their course S. E. ; but the object of their voyage is not even hinted at. Mr. Keate has only assured us, that the Antelope was not particularly sent out to explore undiscovered regions, or prepared to investigate the manners of mankind. The object, therefore, of a voyage, in the track which they were pursuing, is not easily guessed at, unless they were bound to some part of the north-west coast of America, to purchase the skins of the sea-otter, the value of which, in China, had then been lately made known to us, for the first time, by the surviving companions of that celebrated but unfortunate navigator, Captain Cook.

They had, in general, dirty and squally weather, until the 25th, when they made the Bashee Illands, in latitude 21°7 N. and longitude 121° or 122° E. of Greenwich. The squally weather continued; through which they made their way S. E. until the 10th of Auguft; in the night of which, being in Jati. tude 7° 19' N. and longitude 134° 40' E. of Greenwich, the man who had the look-out suddenly called out, Breakers ! Buc the sound of the word had scarce reached the ears of the officer on deck, before the fhip ftruck, and stuck faft; and in less than an hour bulged, and filled with water up to the lower deck hatch-ways.

Captain Wilson's first orders were, to secure the gunpowder and small arms, and to get on deck the bread, and such other provifions as were liable to be spoiled by the water, and cover them with tarpaulins, &c. to keep them from the rain. As the ship took a heel in filling, there was some reason to fear the might overset; to prevent which, they cut away the mizen-maft, the main and fore top-mafts, and lowered the fore and main yards, to ease her. The boats were then hoisted out, and filled with provisions; a compass, and some small arms, with ammunition, and two men, being put into each, with directions to keep them under the lee of the ship, and to be ready to receive their ship-mates, in case the vessel should part by the violence of the wind and waves, as it then blew an exceeding ftrong gale.

Every thing being now done that prudence could dictate in so trying and distressful a situation, the officers and people affembled on the quarter deck, that part being highest out of the water, and best Theltered from the rain and sea by the quarter-boards; and waited for day-light, in hopes of seeing land, for as yet they had not been able to discern any. During this dreadful interval, the anxiety and horror of which is much easier to be imagined than described, Capt. W. endeavoured to revive the drooping spirits of his crew, by reminding them, that shipwreck was a misfortune

to

to which navigators were always liable; and that although theirs was rendered more difficult and distreffing by its happening in an unknown and unfrequented sea, yet he wilhed to remind them that this confideration should only rouse them to greater a&tivity, in endeavouring to extricate themselves : and, above all, he begged leave to impress on their minds this circumstance, that whenever misfortunes, such as theirs, had happened, they had generally been rendered much more dreadful than they would otherwise have been, by the despair of the crew, and by their disagreement among themselves. To prevent which, he moft earnestly requefted each of them, separately, not to taste any spirituous liquor, on any account whatever ; and he had the satisfaction to find a ready consent given to this most important advice.

We have been the more circumstantial in our account of this part of their transactions, because we think it displays, in a most remarkable manner, the presence of mind which was preserved, and the prudence that was exerted by Capt. W. in one of the most trying fituations to which human nature can be exposed. They Chew also, in the most unequivocal manner, the temper and difpofition of his officers, and the whole crew, and pronounce their eulogium with ten thousand times the force of any words that could be used.

The dawn discovered to their view a small island, at the dirtance of about three or four leagues to the southward; and as the day-light increased, they saw more islands to the eastward. They now began to feel apprehenfions on account of the natives, to whole dispositions they were perfect strangers : however, after manning the boats, and loading them in the best manner they were able for the general good, they were dispatched to the small iland, under the direction of Mr. Benger, the chief mate, who was earnestly requested to establish, if posfible, a friendly intercourse with the natives, if they found any, and carefully to avoid all disagreement with them, unless reduced to it by the most urgent necessity. As soon as the boats were gone, those who were left in the thip began to get the booms, over board, and to make a raft for their security, if the thip Thould go to pieces, which was hourly expected at the same time they were under the most painful apprehensions for the safety of the boats, on which all depended ; not only on account of the natives, but with regard to the weather also, as it continued to blow very hard. But in the afternoon they were relieved from their fears on this head, by the return of the boats, with the welcome news of their having landed the stores in safety, and left five men to take care of them; and that there was no appearance of inhabitants being on the ifland where they landed: that they had found a secure harbour, well thel

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tered from the weather, and also some fresh water. This good account revived every one, so that they pursued their labour, in completing and loading their raft. Toward evening, this business was accomplished, and they loaded the boars again with such stores as were most likely to suffer from the spray of the fea. Capt. W. ordered all his people into the boars, 'with which, and the raft, they left their old habitation, with heavy hearts, and much reluctance. The raft was lo large, and so heavy laden, that it was not until very late, and after much fatigue and danger, they reached the cove where the firft part of the stores had been landed, and where they passed the night in a very uncomfortable manner, on many accounts: for the weather turned out very wet and tempestuous; and though the five men who were left in the morning had laboured hard to clear the place, and in erecting a tent, yet it was too small to accommodate more than half of them, so that they were obliged to take the advantage of it alternately. The turbulence of the weather also quickened their anxiety, for fear the thip should go to pieces before they were able to save out of her such necesla-, ries as might be most useful to them. And moreover, though no traces of the natives had been seen while the boats remained on those in the morning, the men who had been left there had discovered several places, in the course of the day, where there had been fires, with fith-bones and pieces of cocoa-nut Thells scattered round them,-indubitable figns of human inhabitants having lately been there: it was therefore absolutely necessary to keep a constant watch, to prevent being surprised by them.

The next day the boats were sent again to the wreck, for such provisions and stores as they could procure out of it; and those who remained on shore were employed in drying their powder, and cleaning and fitting their arms for use, in case of need. As the boats did not return till ten o'clock in the evening, it spred much alarm among those who were on shore, especially as the night came on with very heavy and boisterous weather: nor were their spirits rendered much more tranquil by the arrival of the boats, as they brought with them the melancholy intelligence, that, on account of the badness of the weather, there was little hope that the ship would hold together until the morning, as she began already to part, -the bends and wales being started out of their places. This put an end to the hopes which had been fondly entertained, by most of the people, that when a calm succeeded, the thip might be got afloat, and repaired in such a manner as to enable them to return in her to Macao. A gloom now overspred every countenance, and every one seemed to think himself cut off for ever from the world, and all that he held dear in it. They could not help recollecting that they

were

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