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common seat of the disease, or in the glands of the various parts contained in the lower belly; such as the liver, mesentery, &c. He thinks also, that inflammation, varying in degree, attends these obstructions;' and that “ a portion of the coagulable lymph (the most viscid fluid in the human frame when altered from its natural Itate) is thrown out, and principally occasions the further obstruction and tumefaction near the parts inflamed.' Having thus given his theory of the disease, which, in our opinion, wants more demonftration for its support than the Author has laid before his readers, he proceeds : · If a saponaceous fluid capable of diffolving this extreme viscidity of the coagulable lymph, and penetrating the inmost recesses of the obstructed glands: if such a fluid is readily absorbed, and, when, received into the circulation, appears to produce those changes which reason would point out to be proper, we have just cause to expect the best effects from its use. Such in several cases have been the properties of the following liniment: R Liquaminis falis diuretici, saponis mollis, āā zi. Effentiæ limonum 31. M.'
The method of applying the liniment in cases where the lungs are principally affected, is as follows: . Let a tea-spoon-ful be slowly rubbed on the sides, between the breasts, and over the stomach, with à warm hand, morning and evening, while the patient is in bed ;after it has been used a few days, increase the quantity to two or three teaspoonfuls.' If the complaint originates from obstructions in the abdomen, the Author applies the liniment nearest to the part affected.
Such is the substance of the present publication : should future ex. perience, added to that of the Author, confirm the success of this method of treating consumptions, the practice of physic will gain considerable improvement. That the liniment will be received into the circulation by the absorbing vessels is beyond a doubt; and it will, probably, also attenuate the viscidity, and remove obstructions: but will it be received, or rather can it find an immediate pasage into the glands of the lungs, through the skin, muscles and pleura ? The being carried by the absorbents immediately to the glands, before it is mixed with the blood, is a circumstance which, in the Author's opinion, is of great weight. The thought is doubtless ingenious; and experience, which in practice is preferable to theoretical speculations, will, we hope, determine the efficacy of this mode of curing an obstinate and destructive disease.
The immediate conveyance of a remedy to obstructed glands by means of the cutaneous absorbents, deserves attention. It may serve as a basis for the foundation of a rational practice in many cases, which have hitherto been the opprobria of medicine. Art. 49.
An Esay on the Bite of a mad Dog; with Observations on John Hunter's Treatment of the Case of Malter R And also, a Recital of the successful Treatment of two Cases. By Jeffe Foot, Surgeon. Svo. Becket. 1788.
Mr. Foot enumerates the several remedies that have been offered to the world for curing the canine madness, none of which, he thinks, are to be confided in, either as prophyla&tics or specifics. He recommends, as the only sure prevention of the disease, the ex3
cision of the wounded part; and recites two cases from which it appears that the patients were bitten by dogs evidently mad—that the wounded part was cut out—and that neither of the patients had the least symptom of madness.
The case of Master RL, as here related, was treated unsuccessfully, with caustic, by a celebrated anatomist. Art. 50. Tabula Nomina Medicamentorum Pharmacopæie Londinenfis,
Anno 1746, editæ, alibique promulgatorum, quæ ejusdem Editione Anno 1788, tamen Nominibus novis inhgnita, retinentur vel accipiuntur, oftendentes; et, vice versa, &c. A Sheet, Royal Folio. 18. Evans.
1788. Art. 51. The Medical Memento, containing she Materia Medica, and
the Alterations of the Names made in the Chymical Preparations, agreeable to the New Pharmacopæia of the Royal College of Phy, ficians, London. Small 8vo. 15. Darton. 1788.
These tables may be convenient for those persons who have not the New Pharmacopeia, or Dr. Healde's translation of it, being compiled from the indices of these books. Art. 52. 4 Treatise on the Intermitting Febris, commonly called the
Ague and Fever. To which is added, a radical and approved Cure. By S. Thompson, Surgeon. 8vo. is. Wade,
Calculated to recommend the Author's noftrum. Art. 53. Medical Remarks on Natural, Spontaneous, and Artificial
Evacuation. By John Anderson, M. D. The ad Edition, 8vo. 38. fewed. Murray. 1788.
In this second edition of his valuable performance, Dr. Anderson has added many cases which corroborate the doctrines that he ad. vanced in the first; for an account of which, see our Review for August 1787, p. 172. Art. 54. Elays on the Hepatitis and Spasmodic Afegions in India; .
founded on Observations made whilst on Service with his Majesty's Troops in different Parts of that Country. By Thomas Girdlestone, M. D. 8vo. 25. Murray. 1788.
The Author of this performance, having frequently seen the diseases which he describes, thought he could not render a more material service to people going to the East Indies, than by publishe ing his remarks, and the method of cure which he found successful.
He divides hepatitis into three stages, and describes the phenomena in each, viz. the chronic, inflammatory, and suppurative. From the enumeration of the symptoms, the disease appears to be an obstruction, slowly formed, in the liver, which terminates in inflammation, and subsequent suppuration. This circumstance supports that doctrine which supposes all inflammation to be preceded by obstruction.
Dr. Girdlestone thinks the remote causes of the disease are to be found among those particular circumstances to which the army was exposed, viz. a hot climate, injuries of the cranium from the sun's rays, abuse of spirits, passions of the mind, violent exercise, bad water, want of vegetables, great repletion after long fafting, and N3
abuse of mercury. Each of these he confiders separately, and shews how they may affect the liver and the biliary secretions.
With respect to the proximate cause, the Author wishes not to be dogmatical on a point of so much ancertainty: his conjectures, however, are ingenious, and thew that he has not ftadied pathology in vain.
No part of pathology is so difficult as the determinating with precision the diagnoftic symptoms. The pain in the shoulder and fide iş (as the Author observes) a certain characteristic, when it exists, but he acknowledges that it is by no means constant: he, therefore, thinks, that the presence of the disease can only be ascertained by attending to the whole of the phenomena taken together.
In the cure, the author chiefly relies on mercury : for the me. thod of administering it, and the regimen neceffary to be observed, we must refer the reader to the pamphlet, where he will find many judicious practical rules concerning several affections of the liver and bowels.
In treating the spasmodic diseases which are endemial to hot countries, Dr. Girdlestone differs not much from other writers on the subject. The remote causes of spasms, he thinks, are damps from she earth, not using capsicum in sufficient quantities, bad arrack, and coffee made of stramonium. These circumstances being peculiar to the East Indies, are judiciously pointed out by the Author. Cold, however, or damps, ase the most common causes ; and the cure which Dr. G. directs, consists in the use of the warm bath, wrapping the patient in warm, and frequently heated, blankets, and a liberal use of opium, in a liquid form, joined with a strong and active cordial, in small, and frequently repeated, doses. Art. 55: Chemical Observations on Sugar. By Edward Rigby.
8vo. 25. Johnson. 1788. A chemical investigation of the constituent principles of sugar was never satisfactorily accomplished until Bergman, with his usual accuracy, gave a complete analysis of this substance. The result of his experiments, joined with those of Scheele, was, that sugar consists of a peculiar acid and phlogiston.
Mr. Rigby enguires, in the present performance, whether any of the facts and phenomena observable in the natural production of sugar, and the changes produced on this substance by other chemical operations, agree with the analysis which the Swedish chemists have given. He divides his work into three parts; in the first of which he considers the production, or composition, of sugar by natural proceffes; in the second, he describes the manner in which it is decomposed by art, especially by the most general operation to which it is subjected, viz., fermentation ; and, in the third, he treats of its revivification by the artificial reunion of its constituent parts.
After establishing the fact, that sugar is produced only from vegetables, Mr. Rigby enters into an ingenious examination, how a peculiar acid and phlogiston are united in the process of vegetation. He supposes sugar, or faccharine subtances, to be the only objects
capable capable of being fermented; he then shews that, during the operation of fermentation, the phlogiston, being separated from the acid, unites with the water of the solution, and that the compound will, in that case, be wine, or vinous or ardent spirit. If the process be continued with an increased degree, of heat, the phlogiston will be evaporated, and the acid only will remain in the water of the solution. This is doubtless ingenious, and leads to the following conclusion, that the acid of sugar, of tartar, and of vinegar, are the same acid, under different modifications.
Having thus determined the constituent parts of sugar, the Author thews how sugar may be, and actually is, produced by combining phlogiston with the acid. Thus sugar of lead is, he thinks, the union of the phlogiston of lead with the acid of vinegar. This is doubtful. The other instances which Mr. Rigby produces seem more satisfactory, viz. the dulcification of four wines, by impregnacing them with fulphur, and the preparing malt, by impregnating it with the fumes of coake or charcoal.
Mr. Rigby is aware that various experiments are yet wanting to complete the theory which he has here offered. It must, however, be acknowleged, that he has given an account of fermentation that merits the attention of the chemist, and promises to lead us into a wide field, hitherto unexplored by the inquisitive philosopher, wherein many valuable discoveries may be made, tending both to elucidate the subject, and become beneficial to mankind, by facilitating several operations which depend on the process of fermentation.
MISCELLANEOU S. Art. 56. An impartial Account of the Dispute between Sir Thomas
Beevor, Bart. and John Money, Esq; late Major in the 9th Regi. ment of Foot. With Observations. 400. Kirkman and Co. No. 79, Fleet-Itreet. 1788.
Relates to a personal disagreement between Sir Thomas Beevor and Major Money, which originated in the contest during the late election for Norwich, The Editor of this publication appears to be the friend of Sir Thomas ; but we cannot pretend to judge how far his account is ftri&ly impartial: nor does the subject appear to us entitled to much enquiry. However, with regard to the publiç importance of any private altercation, the bystander hould bear in mind, that a man's feelings, in his own cause, will, sometimes, very naturally, make that appear to him a MOUNTAIN, which, to others, seems only a mole-hill. Art. 57. Pleafing Reflections on Life and Manners; with Essays,
Characters, and Poems moral and entertaining. Principally selected from fugitive Publications, 34. Hooper. 1788.
Miscellaneous collections, of this kind, are become very numerous; but as they generally consist of moral pieces, they are, to say the least of them, innocent, as well as entertaining. The multiplication, therefore, of such compilements, is of no disservice to so. ciety The pocket volume now before us, is calculated for the instruction, as well as the amusement, of young people, of both sexes. The Editor is Mr. Wright, whose former publications, of
a similar nature, we have noticed, as intended to subserve the good
Written by Mrs. Farrer. 8vo. Stalker. 1788.
• I cannot adopt the common-place flattery of dedications in addressing a work to you, the contents of which would make the most servile adulation filent, instead of pleasing your vanity. This detail of my miseries will wring your heart, if it be made of “penetrable fuff;” and if there be but one nerve of sensibility in it, will awaken chat nerve to anguish.
• I remain a depressed and miserable being, struggling with calamities of which you are the principal cause and origin ; I shall add no more, but leave the reader to bestow his piry, and deal forth his execration, on the objects who respectively deserve the one or the other.
M. Farrer.' Additions and Corre&tions to the former Editions of Dr. Robertson's History of America. 8vo. 6d. Cadell. 1788.
Our readers may, perhaps, remember, that, some time ago, we gave an account of Clavigero's History of Mexico *; in which work, the author threw out various reflections, tending, in several instances, to impeach the credit of Dr. Robertson's History of America. This attack, it appears, induced our learned historian to revise his work, and to enquire into the truth of the charges brought against it by the Historian of New Spain ; and this he appears to have done with a becoming attention to the importance of the facts that are controverted, and to the common interests of truth. In many of the disputed passages, he has fully answered the Abbé Clavigero, and vindicated himself; in others, he has candidly submitted to correction, and thereby given additional value to his own work. The additions refer to the octavo edition, printed in 1783; the purchasers of which are obliged to the bookseller for this separate publication of the improvements.
a Course of Lectures delivered at the Scots Church, London Wall;
Dr. Hunter here carries forward his plan of le&ures on the hiltory of the Old Testament, in the same declamatory style, in which * Vid. Appendix to Review, vol. Ixxvi. p. 633.