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term it), by the completion of his new edition of Chambers's Cyclo pædia, has made a Lord Anson's voyage of universal science. A fermon on fuch a subject, from such a writer, will be deemed worthy of attention ; nor will the perufal of it disappoint the reader. It abounds with judicious obfervations, clothed in nervous language. What he has here advanced on the importance of knowlege, in general, and of religious knowlege; in particular, claims the moft serious consideration of all parents, guardians, and those entrusted with the education of youth. As the New ACADEMICAL INSTITUTION among Protestant Diflenters (to recommend which is the chief object of this discourse) is principally intended for the education of persons designed for civil life; the learned preacher makes it his chief object to state the benefits of knowlege in this point of view. We are particularly pleased with that part of his discourse where he represents the necessity of mental improvement, to enable the fuccefsful and opulent trader to retire from the hurry of business, to the calm scenes of rural life. Retirement soon becomes a gloomy solitude to the illiterate. While there is novelty in the scene, the uneducated citizen, retiring from trade to some fequeftered villa,

otium et oppidi

Laudat rura suibut when the charm of novelty is over, and he is obliged to draw upon himself for amusement, he will exclaim with the lady in Pope's Satire, o odious, odious trees! and

mox reficit rates

Quassas, indocilis fegnitiem pati. The Doctor obferves, that at a period, when the judgment is approaching to maturity, and before it has contracted any improper bias and prejudices, it is of great importance to direct and aid it in forming just sentiments of the principles, obligations, and evidences of religion. We most heartily subscribe to this, and we were a little furprized (seeing that the noble seminary, over which he is appointed to preside, is in a great measure intended for the education of gentle. men's sons) to find Dr. Rees omitting to enforce the necessity of this, as the only antidote against the common effects of foreign travel. The omillion of this, is a lamentable defect in the common education of our young nobility and gentry, and we with this new academical institution may be a means of remedying it. As the falhion of the present time is, our youth are sent abroad to associate with the disciples of Voltaire, on the continent; and being unable to give a reason of the hope that is in them, are soon converted into sceptics and Jibertines; but had they been led to form just sentiments of the eternal principles of religion and morality, they would not confound the errors of popery with the doctrines of Christianity ; nor conclude, as our travelled men of fashion generally do, that because the former are ridiculous, the latter must be false.

Toward the conclusion of the sermon, some strictures are naturally introduced, on the conduct of our universities, in requiring all who come to receive the benefits and honours of a university education to subscribe the 39 Articles. To insist on subscription to a system of doctrine previous to the poflibility of examining it, muft ftrike every

person

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person as a glaring impropriety. It has, however, been so for a long
time; and this, perhaps, is the only argument which can be offered
for its continuance; but then, is not this like the reasoning of the
old farmer against turnpike roads : Our forefathers went through the
dirt, and why should not we?
WI. Preached at Christ Church, Middlesex, for the Benefit of the

Humane Society *, March 30; and at the Parish-church of
Wandsworth, April 27, 1789. By the Rev. Robert Pool Finch,
D. D. Prebeodary of Westminster, and Rector of St. John the
Evangelift in that City. 8vo. 25. Dilly, &c.

An eloquent and well-adapted discourse; to which the learned preacher has prefixed an address to the Reader, containing a parti. cular eulogium on this charity ; and very properly taking notice, that although in Germany, at Venice, ac Paris, and in some other places not only of Europe but America, fimilar inftitutions have happily taken place ; yet, he adds, that it may be said, without a boast, that the fullest display both of skill and success, has been made in England: where such a systematic course of medical ftudy, still in improving progress, is established, as is entitled to the highest praise, and Mould excite the emulous encouragement of all ranks of people.'

The appendix contains some select accounts of recovery, in various cases of suspended animation; with the methods of treating such cafes, whether from drowning, fuffocation by damps, hanging, fits, intense cold, noxious vapours, or strokes of lightning. Allo lists of directors, contributors, asliftants, &c. &c. IV. Occasioned by the Death of the late Rev. Michael Pope, who

departed this Life February 10, 1788, in the 79th Year of his Age. With an Address delivered at his laterment, by Thomas Jarvis. 8vo. is. Buckland,

The character here given of the worthy Mr. Pope, who was long and well known in our metropolis, is just, and not overcharged: The address at the grave is what such orations, in general, should be,—not so much a panegyric on the deceased, as a pathetic application to the audience,-calculated to excite.such proper

reflections in the mind, as tend to a suitable condud in life.

CORRESPONDENCE.
OUR Roman Catholic Correspondent, P., who fome.

times talks to us about religious prejudices in a style which almost makes us conclude, that he deems those of his own persuasion alone free from them, has sent us the following remark on the deach-bed declaration of F. Courayer, “ that he died a member of the church of Rome t;" which we inserţ as a proof of our posselling chat libe

* Is it not rather inaccurate to say · for the benefit of the Humano Society? Would it not be proper, in future, to substitute the word Inftitution ? + See Rev. for January last, p. 37.

rality rality and candour which this Correspondent expects from us. The following is an extract of his letter :

· The intention of this address, is only to rectify, what I rather chuse to think a mistake, than the effect of a malevoient spirit. P.. Courayer, dying with the sentiments ascribed to him, did not die a Catholic- could not die a Catholic, with any other opinion of the person of Christ, than what St. Athanasius has recorded to be the avowed belief of the faithful from the origin of Chriftianity to his own time; and which continues to be the belief to this day; and must continue, of neceffity, in virtue of the promise, and under the immediate direction, of Jesus Christ, to the end of the world.

• Let this address, also, inform you, and, by your means, the uninformed reader, that a member of that church is distinguished by his crofs, by the commanded fignal of the Lord, by the testimony he. bears to all its doctrines; and that that qualification does no more depend on his own bare ipfe dixit, than Rousseau's calling himself a Protestant, or Voltaire a Catholic, entitles either of these infidels to the name of Christian ; which neither of them renounced formally, but either ridiculed or reasoned againft the principles of Christianity. For, as by our finful departure from the grace of God, we are no longer protected by its distinctive influence; fo, by a departure from the prescriptive rules of the Catholic church, the fallen member is no longer acknowleged. But, if the benighted only mistook his way, and did not forsake it through perverseness, or a fondness for novelty or deviation ; with the anxious solicitude of a regretful parent for the apparent loss of a strayed child, she consigns him to the mercy of her all-wise Director, who alone knows the springs that govern the actions of his creatures, and the rewards due to their efforts ; but, in nowise, is the warranted to ensure that crown of glory, which awaits the faithful servants of the Lord, through the prepara tion of his church

upon

earth.? We have inserted the above stricture, partly to oblige our Correfpondent, but more especially from our regard to the facred cause of truth (a cause infinitely superior to the party interests of any church on earth), if that cause can be any way affected by the subject of his letter. For the rest, we abide by our declaration against all theological controversy with this writer : See Rev. for May laft, p. 448.

* Mr. Samwell's Letter, and Adolefcens, with some others, are, under consideration.

Errata in the last Appendix. P. 577, l. 2, for cool,' . calm; and in the next line, for calm,

588, l. 11 from bottom, dele an.'

654, 1, 32, fordédaignanant,' r. dédaignant. In the Index, Article Selinus, for rains,' r. ruins.

r. cool.

THE

MONTHLY REVIEW,

For SEPTEMBER, 1788.

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ART. I. Capt. Wilson's Account of the Pelew Islands, concluded:

See our last Month's Review.
HILE the vessel was building, Capt. Wilson, his son, the

surgeon, and another person, at the pressing instance of Abba Tnulle, paid a visit to him at Pelew, where they resided several days, and were treated with all the respect and hospitality that the King, the General, and all others, could devise. They had, in this vifit, considerable opportunities of seeing and studying the disposition and manners of the inhabitants, and came away highly prepoflefled in their favour: indeed the account here given of them greatly exceeds that of any other Indian nation that we have seen or read of; and the civility and hospitality of the natives of the Society and Friendly Illands, in the Pacific Ocean, as described by Capt. Cook and his companions, are catt at a great distance. We much fear, that if our voyagers had been cast on some parts of the coasts of their own country, they would have received far less friendly treatment than they appear to have met with from the inhabitants of the Pelew Ilands.

This visit terminated, however, in another request from Abba Thulle to the Captain, for ten of his men, with their arms, to accompany him in another expedition against the natives of the fame island, as their victory had not produced the effects he withed for ; and to this the Captain again consented.

On the 4th of September Capt. W. and his party returned to Oroolong, the island on which the English were ; and had the fatisfaction to find the building of the vell:I confiderably advanced. In the afternoon of the 8th, the King came to claim the Captain's promised reinforcement of ten men ; and seeing now the swivel guns and the fix pounder mounted, and being informed of their eff cts, was not easily denied the use of one of them in his intended expedition against the people of Artingall; but the quantity of powder which it would expend was an insuperable objection to complying with his request, and VOL, LXXIX.

he

he left them the next day, seemingly but little fatisfied with obtaining only the ten men. Those who remained behind continued to work on the vessel with unremitting diligence; and on the Isth, canoes arrived with the ten men who had been sent with Abba Thulle. One of the canoes, in which were two of the English, was overset in returning, and they narrowly escaped with their lives. They informed Capt. W. that they arrived at Pelew the night after they left Oroolong; and that Abba Thulle iremed desirous of proceeding to Artingall directly; but, as it was rainy weather, they objected to it on account of their arms being wet : chat voyage was therefore put off to the next day; the evening of which proving fair, the King assembled bis Rupacks, and canoes, to the number of 200, on board of which confiderably more than 1000 people embarked ; and they arrived off Artingall a little before break of day the next morning. Here they brought-to until fun-rise, and then sent a light canoe with four men in it, to enquire whether the enemy would submit to the terms which Abba Thulle had proposed, by way of atonement for the injuries of which he complained ; and if not, to defy them to batile: it being a maxim with the natives of Pee lew, never to attack an enemy in the dark, or by furprise. All the men who went in this canoe had the long white feathers of the tail of a tropic bird stuck upright in their hair : the persons who wear those feathers being regarded in the same light by the natives of these islands, as a fag of truce is by us. The people returned with a fiat refusal; on which the King immediately gave the signal for battle. While this was doing, the enemy affembled in their canoes close under the land, and blew their conch-shells in defiance, but did not seem inclined to quit the shore. The King, seeing their unwillingness to come to an engagement, directed one part of his canoes to conceal themselves behind a point of land, and, after exchanging a few diftant spears with the enemy, made a feint as if he ran away, setting the example in his own canoe, and all the rest of his own squadron following him. This bad the desired effect; the enemy purfued them immediately, on which the squadron that lay concealed rushed out, and put themselves between them and the land; and as soon as the King raw his stratagem had taken effect, he turned about, and attacked them in front, while the other squadron assailed them in the rear. The spears were din rected with mutual animosity, and the English kept up a contin nual fire, which not only did great execution, but puzzled and distracted the enemy, who could not conceive why their men fell without receiving any apparent blow. They therefore betook themselves to flight, but were greatly obstructed by the canoes who had formed in their rear. Most of them, however, made their way to the shore, fix canoes only, on board of which were

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