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of rearing the tender mind is commendable in itself, though, in the execution, it may prove somewhat deficient*.
Some years past, indeed, such attempts were highly laudable, as being seldom made, and therefore much wanted. But it is a genesal remark, and in this instance it is verified, that when any commodity is much called for, the market foon overflows.- Now, we have books on education one after another, in such rapid succeslion, that teachers must be at a loss which to prefer.
In our Review for January 1988, page 71, we gave an account of Mr. Meilan's translation of L'Ami des Enfans; and we there mentioned, that we understood Mr. M. was a foreigner, but we have face been informed that we were mistaken. We are sorry for it, as we have now the same reason to complain of his being 'unac. quainted with the English idioms, and not the same apology to fuggeft. Negligence, therefore, must now be afligned as the cause of his Frenchified English, which might easily have been corrected. However, as the work is intended for English readers only, and thofe not critics, the mistakes will be of little consequence; and, otherwise, the language is sufficiently correct and easy for its young readers,-- who will
also be pleased with the variety afforded them by the little poems interspersed in cach volume.
Having premised thus much concerning the translation, we now come to the work itself. Those who were so much pleased with The Children's Friend, will find equal pleasure in this sequel to it. Chiefly written, indeed, by the fame Author, and in the same manner, it will prove equally agreeable and instructive to children who are a few years older than the readers of the former work. The pieces which Mr. Meilan has added of his own composition, are in the same spirit and style, and deserve a share of that commendation which has been so liberally bestowed on the writings of his prototype.
The pretty frontispieces to each volume will, we do not doubt, contribute to the entertainment which this publication will afford to young readers.--We must just mention, that the story of The Hufband fortunately rivalled,' in vol. vii. is evidently an abridgment of the beautiful novel called “ Caroline of Lichtfeld.” See Rev. vol. Ixxvi. p. 265. Art. 28. The Friend of Youth. Translated from the French of
M. Berquin. Complete in two Volumes. Dilly, &c. 1788.
After the general judgment we have fo repeatedly given on M. Berquin's merit as a writer, and our particular opinion on this work in the preceding article, we need not dilate on the subject on the present occafion.
* It should be remembered, however, that to this rule, as to all others, exceptions may be made : for instances often occur, of perfons acting in a manner totally opposite to every virtuous principle that was carefully implanted in their minds while young; and also of honest and yirtuous men, who, when children, were scarcely taught the difference between right and wrong. Such is the force of natural difpofition.
The Translator tells us, that the following sheets contain what has hitherto been published entire by the Author on this plan;' and that “this work in the original came out, as did the Children's Friend, in detached periodical pieces, and therefore has not yet arrived at the ultimate point to which Mr. B. proposes to continue it.'
Not having the original at hand, we cannot contradict this affercion ; nor can we speak as to the fidelity of the translation, which appears, however, on the whole, to be tolerably executed. But we cannot perceive why a fourth part of the first volume was filled with a drama on the distresses of Charles II. during the inter-regnum; nor why the second volume should open with Ensign Prentiss's Nar. rative of a Shipwreck *, published in 1782, and reviewed in our 67th vol. p. 153.
Repeating what we have already faid, that the Friend of Youth is a very entertaining and instructive Friend, we have only to add, that these volumes are embellished with frontispieces. Art. 29. Elegant Orations, ancient and modern, for the Use of Schools;
originally compiled for the Instruction of his own Pupils. By the Rev. J. Moflop, A. M. Master of the Boarding school at Brighthelmstone. izmo. 38. 6d. bound. Kearsley. 1788.
Persuaded that reading and speaking with facility and accuracy are acquired in less time by the frequent use of harangues or orations, than by that of any other species of composition whatever,' Mr. Moslop here presents a compilation, which he has himself used and made for the purpose. We shall not strictly enquire into the justice of his observation, because we are satisfied that he cannot mean to exclude youth from other kinds of composition; nor can we give any particular account of the collection he offers. Beside ana cient names, as Demosthenes, Cicero, &c. &c. ,we meet with those of Walpole, Pulteney, Argyle, Dundas, Fox, Pitt, Burke, Sheridan, Thurlow, Burgoyne, Saville, Nugent, Beaufoy, North, &c. &c. &c. Their orations may no doubt prove of some service to youth, especially if they are guarded against being milled by what is party and personal, and farther taught, that the mere power of declamation is not, in general, an attainment of the first importance. Ast. 30. Original Stories from real Life; with Conversations calcu.
lated to regulate the Affections, and form the Mind to Truth and Goodness. J2mo. 25. 6 d. Johnson. 1.88.
This little book appears without a name: we suspect it to be the production of a female pen, which has very lately contributed to initruct and entertain us on the subject of education. The present colJection forms an agreeable and useful aduition to the former. Among other excellent principles and morals, this Authoress is ftudious ro recommend tenderness to the brire creation, but not that kind of foolish pity or delicacy which is fometimes felt, or affected, and is found to be very consistent with an overhearing and info'ent spirit toward those of our own species, or a great insensibility and inatien. tion to their wants and aft:ctions. It is solid piety and virtue which * The author's name is here fuppressed.
this book inculcates, and presents to the choice and cultivation of youth, in a judicious and engaging manner. Art. 31. Le Livre des Enfans. The Children's Book ; by a Grand..
mother. For her Grand-daughters. Part I. 12mo. is. bound. Booley. 1787.
This work seems calculated to fulfill our grandmother's wish, of aflifting the little children, so as to enable them to read to her some pretty French book. It may however be asked, whether, while ihe children are instructed in the French language, in the manner here proposed, there may not be a danger of their learning bad English?
rendered perfectly easy, on a Plan quite original. By John Mur-
There is something peculiar in the motto to this book; Je ne fais qu’une chose à la fois. De Witt. I do but one thing at a time.' The Author, we conclude, intends this to apply to the mistake of grammarians, who are supposed to involve too many subjects in what they propose to their scholars, instead of fimply offering a single object at once to their attention. He makes pertinent observations on this and other subjects in his preface. His plan appears to be judicious, and likely to prove useful; but this must be determined by farther experiments. He devotes a considerable part of his book to orthography and pronunciation, not concurring with the opinion, that the latter can be learned only by the ear. He admits that rules alone are insufficient, but is persuaded that they are highly useful. Without farther remarks, we will dismiss the little volume, by adding the paragraph with which the Author concludes his preface:
• If I might here moralize for a moment, I would humbly offer it as my opinion, that in proportion as method is attended to in the education of youth, they not only make progress in learning, but also in virtuous habits. If the love of regularity, order, or method, and the love of virtue, be not quite synonymous terms, it muit at least be allowed that they are nearly allied, and that the transicion from the one to the other is easy. There are but few methodical men, comparatively speaking, who are either very foolish or very vi. cious: whereas those who are unmethodical, and indifferent about order and regularity, are, in general, the pefts of human society.' We leave this to the consideration of the reader.
Draper's, Man Mercer's, and Taylor's Alliitant; adapted also to
No men can be so early apprized of the rapid advances of literature, as those who are bound to read all that others chuse to write. When therefore the management of hair was reduced to principles of
art*, we were prepared to expect the taylor, the shoemaker, and other mechanics, to follow, as soon as the respective trades could produce professors who had attained to the auxiliary arts of reading and writing, with an ambition to exercise them. A taylor, quitting his goose for a goose-quill, has now stepped forth to emulate the literary boldness of the tonsor; and has dared to ascertain the exact quantity of cloth necessary for all parts of dress, under all circumstances, in a set of tables as nicely adjusted as those of fines and tangents, and, like the dog in the
allowance of cabbage, or recollection of hell. It is a new fubje&t; let the taylor explain himself:
· These tables will afford that information to every purchaser, which many, whose profesion requires that knowledge, labour in vain their whole lives to acquire.
The woollen-draper, man's mercer, &c. will also be informed of the real value of the remnants they have by them, and of the purposes to which they may with moit propriety be adapted.
• Masters of academies, captains, &c. of the navy and army, wishing to have their, or their children's cloaths, made to fit with ease, elegance, and taste; may have a suit, or any garment, made at fix hours notice, by sending their cloth, &c. and mentioning the part of the book they took the quantity from; or sending their height and width, as described in this work, and the f fhion or fancy they would have their cloaths made, without the trouble of their being measured (if they are not deformed +), and their cloaths fent to any part of the kingdom.
• The Author likewise makes lusty men's breeches, and sends them to any part of the kingdom, by gentlemen sending the length of the fide-seam, waistband, and width round the knee below the garter of the breeches, on a new plan. These breeches give room to the belly, and set up about the loins, by the assistance of an elastic frap, which prevents them from coming down ; without which method the loins are left exposed below the waistcoat, from whence a multiplicity of disorders ensue.'
Now, without being taylors, we may presume to remark, that our Author assumes his men to be as regularly formed as triangles, of which, by having any three parts given, we can complete the figure: but there is so little correct lymmetry in the human frame, that we apprehend a coat made for one man five feet fix inches high, and thirty-nine inches in girt under the arms, should it chance to fit cafy and becoming upon him, might be very uneasy and awkward upon another of the same given dimensions, without any observable deformity in either of them.
* See Barker's Principles of Hair-drefing, Rev. vol. Ixxii. p. 471.
+ We should have suppressed this very awkward parenthesis, out of regard to a literary taylor, could we have reconciled it to the principles of integrity; as it is certainly unpolite in Mr. Cooke to admit the possibility of deformity in any of his customers. It would have been more delicate, to have expressed himself by a periphrafis, fomewhat in this manner : 'Supposing no peculiar deviation from the common proportions.' Rxv. Sept. 1788,
We shall, probably, in due time have a complete Black and White
Brydone, Mr. Swinburne, and other modern Travellers.
Those who have not the originals whence this compilement is taken, or cannot afford to purchase them, will be glad to peruse the extracts here collected for their entertainment. The materials of which this little volume is composed are certainly interesting, in the greatest degree; and will be particularly fo to young persons. Among other abstracts, we here meet with the substance of Vertot's history of the valorous exploits of the Knights of Malta ; particuJarly the memorable siege of that place, in which the Christians, in garrison there, baffled the whole force of the Turkish Emperor, SoJyman the Second, at that time the most powerful Prince in the world. Perhaps the efforts on both fides, the courage of the befiegers, and the desperate defence of the besieged, were never equalled,-certainly not exceeded. Art. 35. The Esays of Francis Bacon, Baron of Verulam, Viscount
St. Alban, and Lord High Chancellor of England, on civil, moral, literary, and political Subjects. With the Life of that celebrated Writer. A new Edition. Svo.
2 Vols. 125. Robson, &c. 1787
The Essays of Lord Bacon are sufficiently known to the Public. The present edition of them comes forth without the name of the editor, who, as we have found on examination, hath taken no small liberties with the original. All of the Efiays, which we have compared, are altered by changing the style, and some are mutilated by sentences
lately * been under the disagreeable necesity of pointing out similar faults in the last edition of Bacon's Life of Henry the Seventh; and we would not disguft our Readers with a continuation of such criticism as we have really no pleasure in making, and which, we are Sure, they can have little entertainment in reading.
The volumes before us, however, contain a Life of the Author,
Translated from the German Original, by an Officer of the
For an account of the Memoirs of Baron Trenck, we must refer our Readers to the vith Article of this month's Review. The prefent translation is iaid to have been attempted merely as an exercise in the German language.' It is evidently the work of a man who is little accustomed to literary exercises.
The inaccuracies are many
* See Review for October 1787, P. 309.