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Art. 48. The Clerical Barometer. Canto I. A Poetical Epifle, ad.

dressed with all Relpect to the Honourable and Right Reverend James, Lord Bishop of Litchfield and Coventry; and dedicated to all the Curates of that Diocese (who are Graduates of either of the Universities), to whom it is delivered gratis. 4to. Is. 6 d. Bew. 1788.

This epistle seems to be a violent ebullition of splenetic disappointment. It states, indeed, real causes of complaint; but in a style, which will do little credit to the writer, or service to the respectable body of men, whose grievances he represents.

DR A MATIC. Art. 49. Egerton's Theatrical Remembrancer ; containing a complete

List of all the Dramatic Performances in the English Language, &c. &c. 8vo. 35. 6d. Boards. Egerton. 1788.

Of a publication like the present, which is simply a catalogue of plays, we can have nothing more to say, than that it appears to be correct, and that it may be useful to lovers of the Drama. Art. 50. Anti-Drama, Part the First; or, some very serious Thoughts,

and interesting Reflections, respecting Theatres, and Theatrical Exhibicions, &c. 8vo. 15. Evans. 1788. This rhapsodical invective against plays and players is dedicated, with the highest adoration, to the Lord Jesus Christ.' It is evidently the production of some fanatic, who has been taught to consider the theatre as the Devil's house. Hear him! hear him! - The appellation of Christian (which evidently implies the Temple of the thrice HOLY LIVING God, the Lord of SABAOTH whose holy residence is deep within) muft be entirely given up by the lovers, the admirers, the votaries of DRAMA.' • The soul that wishes to retain and deserve that appellation, that new name, that white Stone, that SHINING GARMENT, must give up going to plays, and all such vitiating entertainments. There is no alternative-they are inconsistent, incongruous things. Let Jeremy Collier, the heretofore renowned Jeremy Collier, “ hide his diminished head.

THEOLOGY, &c. Art. 51. An Attempt to illustrate various important Pasages in the

Epistles, &c. of the New Testament, from our Lord's Prophecies of the Destruction of Jerusalem, and from some Prophecies of the Old Testament. To which is added, An Appendix, containing Remarks upon Dr. Macknight's Commentary and Notes on the Two Epistles to the Theffalonians. By N. Nilbett, M. A. 8vo. 25. 60. Johnson, &c. 1787.

The point which Mr. Nisbett here maintains, is, that the expreffions in the Gospels and Epistles concerning the coming of Christ, do not refer to the final judgment, but to the destruction of Jerusalem. He examines the phraseology in the 24th chapter of Matthew, and compares it with the prophecies of the Old Testament, from which our Saviour appears to have borrowed his highly figurative language, to prove that both in the original prophecy, and in the application, temporal calamities alone are described. He then shews, that the


same language was adopted by the Apostles, probably in reference to the same event. The argument is supported with much ingenuity, and merits the attention of those who are engaged in the critical Itudy of the scriptures. Art. 52. The Conversion, the Praktice of St. Paul, and the Prayer of

Jabez, considered; with Devotional Exercises ; Two for each Day of the Week. To which is added, a Sermon preached before the Society of Antient Free-masons; and an Ode to Masonry. By the Reverend Daniel Turner, A. M. 12 mo. 25. 6. Cadell. 1788.

The three sermons in this yolume are serious, sensible, and practical. A little farther correction from the hand of the Author might have improved them, both as to style and matter : but their tendency is good, and the ability of the Writer is conspicuous. If he is ors thodox, he is candid; or if in some respects he is negligent, he appears faithfully attentive to the interests of truth and goodness.--As to masonry, we have not the honour of being initiated, but Mr. Turner tells us, that no truly sensible man will ever speak against what he doth not understand.–And he asks, of what use is it, to reason with bigots, whether in religion, morals, or politics? - They are in fact so many hedge-hogs; and therefore, the best way is to let them and their prickles lay in the ditch together.' Art. 53. Observations on the Rev. Andrew Fuller's Reply 10 Philan.

throphos. In Thirteen Letters to a friend. By Dan. Taylor, 12mo.

Buckland. 1788.
This Writer appears to be a good man,

and he engages in a worthy cause, to vindicate the ways of God. We agree with him entirely when he says, “I confefs, it appears to me as equitable to condemn a porter because he does not calculate the eclipses by the strength of his body, or a philosopher because he does not perform the business of a porter by his refined understanding, as to condemn a man who has only natural ability, and never had, nor ever could have any other, because he does not perform moral and Spiritual duties, and therefore I am persuaded that this is inconsistent with the perfections and proceedings of the holy, righteous, and gracious God.' Here is a distinction between what is called a moral, and a natural power, with which these writers perplex themselves; perhaps, if they introduced the term rational, which separates man from the brute, it might aslift them a little in the conteit. Art. 54. Discourses on the Parable of the Sower. By Samuel Sten


35. Buckland. These discourses are all founded on one paffige of Scripture, viz. Matth. xiii. 3-9; though each distinct sermon may be confined to a particular clause. Their number is fix, each consisting of two parts. I. Of Parables in general, and the leading Ideas of this in particular. II. The Character of inattentive Hearers considered. 111. Enthusiastic Hearers. _IV. Worldly-minded Hearers. V. Sincere Hearers. VI. The Duty of Consideration : who hath ears to hear, let him hear.

Publications by this Author have at different times fallen under our notice ; one of the last, or molt considerable, is that on Domestic


I S.

nett, D. D.

Duties, which forms the ninth article of the Review for December 1783, p. 488. and the account there given will very well accord with the imaller volume now before us. These discourses are adapted to general use, and fitted to assist persons in a proper attention on, and improvement of, those public inftitutions which are designed to promote their virtue and piety. We are particularly pleased with what Dr. Stennett says in the former part of his first discourse concerning 'the intemperate use of figure and allegory in discourses on moral and religious fubjects.' It is very true, as this pious and sensible Writer observes, that · The pulpit is too often disgraced with a kind of language, action, and manner of address, better suited to the familiarity of the market or the fire-side, yea, in some inftances, to the drollery of the stage, than the gravity of a Christian assembly And again, speaking of the abuse of metaphors and fimilitudes, he remarks, 'It is lamentable to think, what numbers of weak people are imposed on in this way. Their imagination is amused, and their passions excited at the expence of their understanding and judgment.– Figures we shall hear applied to what they bear no resemblance to :--The doctrine of types shall be treated with the greatest freedom, as if no bounds were to be fixed to a wild imagination :the very outlines of a shadow shall become the foundation of some important doctrine. Scripture histories thall be converted into allegories, the common actions and intercourses of the patriarchs and others assume the air of mystery ;-and thus the Bible shall be made to say, in an infinite variety of forms, what no man of common sense can believe it ever meant to say.'-To us this seems very just reafoning. Art. 55. A candid and friendly Reply to Mr. Dan. Taylor's Differta,

tion on Singing in the Worship of God. By Gilbert Boyce. Small 8vo. I S. Buckland. 1787.

Two well-meaning men feem here engaged in a dispute, the result of which will probably be, not to convince, but merely to confuse and puzzle each other. Mr. Boyce addresses not only his immediate antagonist, but also the great community of Christians, under every denomination, throughout the world. He profesies a high respect for Mr. Taylor, and great folicitude to manage his cause with temper and Christian charity: in all which we doubt not he is fincere, though at the same time, we apprehend, there is, poffibly unknown to himself, some appearance of warmth, and eagerneis, in his performances.

Farther to demolish the present mode and practice of finging in public worship, a letter is added from Philologus to Theophilus, intended still more to explain the controversy. Mr. Boyce, arguing from the practice of the Jewish church, seems to suppose, that if vocal music is employed, inftrumental ought to be united with it : and Should the Jewish ritual alone be consulted, or could that be sup, poled at prefent to have any authority, it is probable there might be fome weight in his argument. But we leave to oihers the discusion of the subje&t.-The Writer appears to lament that for the sake of pleasure and profit it has never been contrived that preachers should fing their fermons.'-It is not impossible, however, but that some time or other he may be an advocate for filent mectings, some of

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his arguments may perhaps incline that way. -For our account
of Mr. Taylor's Differtation, fee Review for December 1787,
P: 509.
Art. 56. Sermons and Discourses on several Occafions. By George

Skene Keith, M. A. Minister of Keith-Hall, Aberdeenshire.
8vo. 55. Boards. Evans. 1785.

Most of these sermons are in two parts, some in three, and one in four. The subjects are the following: 1. Character of Jesus Chrift: John i. 14. II. Religious Inquiry ; Luke vii. 35. I11. Greatness of Mind ; Exod. xxxiii. 32. IV. True Eloquence; Axs xxiv. 25. V. False Eloquence; Ais xii. 21, 22, 23. VI. Progress of Virtuc and Happineis; Proverbs iv. 18. VII. Progress of Vice and Misery ; Proverbs iv. 19. VIII. Union of Prudence and Inno. cence; Matth. x. 16. IX. Abraham offering up Isaac; Genefis xxii, 1-14. X. The Parable of the Prodigal Son; Luke xv. 11-end. It would not be difficult to make some extracts from these discourses which would be acceptable to many of our Readers, but brevity obliges us be satisfied with a general account. They are rational, sensible, and useful; partly of a declamatory, partly of an argumentative kind. On the whole, they are well calculated to advance those great and good ends, which whatever is delivered from the pulpit ought always to subserve. Art, 57. Evangelical Truth defended : or, a Reply to a Letter con

taining Strictures on a Sermon preached at Lancaster, by the Rev. Mr. Housman; in which the principal Doctrines of the Gospel are enumerated and enforced. By George Burder. 8vo. 6d. Evans.

The letter to which Mr. Burder's tract is opposed, was noticed,
together with Mr. Housman's discourse, in our 70th Vol. p. 544.—
We take no part in this controversy; but any one may observe the
advantage which our Author poffeffes over his antagoniit, by having
on his lide the articles, homilies, and liturgy of the church; to
which he can, at pleasure, add quotations from Archbishop Secker,
&c.—Separately from this connexion, every man has, certainly, a
right to judge for himself concerning religious truth. And Christian
charity, together with common observation and experience, will
teach us, that there are wise, learned, pious, and worthy persons,
under every denomination, and every peculiarity of opinion and
sentiment.-Why, then, will good people continue to keep alive
disputes which answer no truly valuable end, and only serve to set
neighbours at variance with each other?
Art. 58. The Infuence of Piety in promoting the perfonal Happiness of

Man and the Peace of Society, illuftrated in a series of Sermons.
By William Lamport. Vol. I. 12mo. 35. Buckland. 1787.

Of these eight discourses, the subjects are as follow; I. General
Description of Piety; Gen. v. 24. 11. Prosperity; Job xxix. 14.
III. Adversity; Job xiii. 15. IV. Foundation of Piety; 1 Peter i.
16. V. Influence of Piety on the Paffiors; Gen. xxxix.

9. VI, VII, Nature, Design, and Tendency of Christianity ; Titus ii. II-14 VIII. Enlarged Views, Purposes, and Conduct of a Christian ; Phil. i. 21. The sermons have a connection with each



other, and bear the marks of the Preacher's good heart, as well as of his respectable ability; they are composed with some attention, and directed solely to a practical purpose. The first five discourses are taken principally from the general character of God, as our Creator and Governor ; those which follow are derived chiefly from Christianity; the essential principles of which, observes the Preacher, have the most powerfully pleasing influence on the heart. Whether another volume will follow, seems uncertain, on account of the ill ftate of the author's health. Art. 59. An Appeal to the Scriptures in general, on the Univerfality of

Divine Love to Man, and the univerfal Extent of our Saviour's Death. By William Kingsford. 8vo. 55. Boards. Buckland. 1788.

This volume owes its rise to a pamphlet published by W. Button, fee Review for July 1786, p. 79. ---Nothing can be more inconsistent with the ideas of wisdom, justice, and rectitude, not to speak of goodness, than the supposition that the Almighty Creator dooms any of his creatures, without any fault of theirs, to unavoidable misery, or places them in circumstances of which this must be the necessary consequence.-Excited by some such thought, this writer tells us, that he searched the Bible from the beginning to the end : 'and,' he says,

on fumming up the evidence of the passages, I found those which spake of the universal extent of the death of Christ, and of the free, gracious, and generous intentions of God towards all men, to be numerous, clear, and undeniable, and so very full and expressive, that a wayfaring man, though a fool in the eyes of the great and wife, may understand them : and on the contrary, I could find none that confined the extent of the death of Christ to only a number, or part of the whole; and but very few that seemed to favour the doctrines of personal, unconditional election and reprobation, and these few were so far from being plain, and express to that purpose,' that they might, without any perversion, be understood in a different sense. Mr. Kingsford has used great attention and diligence in his inquiry. The work consists of three paris, or, as the Author terms them, Scales : the first of which contains explications, remarks, &c. very pertinent to the design ; the second is a numerous collection of passages to shew that Calvinistic notions are unscriptural, and to prove that the Christian salvation is offered to and designed for all, without exception ; and the third part examines passages which have been supposed to favour election and reprobation. Our present limits forbid any extracts; but we cannot refrain from inserting the following short paffage relative to reprobation : " I know that some of them are ashamed to own this horrible doctrine, and well they may. But it is not so with all. The late Dr. Gill, in his answer to the Birmingham Dialogue, p. 28, says, “ That, as infants come into the world children of wrath, he fees no injustice in it, if they should be taken out of the world under wrath.” O rare doctrines ! that paint the God of love, the Father of mercies, as others would paint Herod and the devil.' The style of this work might admit of fome correction and improvement, yet it is on the whole a sensible and useful performance: it manifests thought and Atudy, with the use of proper helps on the subject. Without entering into verbal

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