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and learned criticism, a variety of phrases and passages seem to be here rationally explained, which have for ages been, and still are, misapplied by numbers of Christians. Art. 60. An Evangelical Summary of corroborative Testimonies concerning

the holy Birth, virtuous Life, painful Death, and glorious Refurrection and Afcenfion of Jesus Chrift. By a Member of the Church of England. 8vo. I s. 6d. Evans.

1788. Simple truth has sometimes more efficacy than a long train of argument and elaborate proof. On a principle of this kind we may suppose our author offers this performance to the Public. It conlists of a collection of passages from the Evangelists on the subjects mentioned in the above title, each subject being introduced by a quotation from the Old Testament, of prophecies relative to it. He very properly concludes that a cool and thoughtful attention to these topics is likely to convince us of the truth of Christianity, and confirm a practical adherence to it. The intention is good; and the introduction contains several pertinent and useful remarks. He appears to be a young adventurer who wishes to serve the cause of Christian piety and virtue. Art. 61. An Address to the Deists; or an Inquiry into the Character

of the Author of the Book of Revelation. With an Appendix, in which the Argument of Mr. Hume against the credibility of Miracles is considered and refuted. By one who thinks, with that eminent Judge, Sir Matthew Hale, That Religion is the first concern of Man. 8vo. 28. Rivingtons. 1788. The principal intention of this piece is, to vindicate the character of the Author of the Book of Revelation from the charges of enthusiasm and impofture, and to prove that many prophecies in that book have been actually accomplished. Those who are acquainted with the writings of Mede, Lowman, and others, on this subject, will not find much new matter in these remarks. The Appendix adds little to what was long ago offered in reply to Hume by Dr. Adams. The work is, however, written with clearness and can. dour; and the laudable views of the Author are farther evinced by his declaration, that it is intended to give the whole receipt of this publication, to the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge, for the purpose of carrying on their religious designs.' Art. 62. An Essay on the Church. 8vo. 25. Gloucester printed; sold

by Robinsons, &c. in London. 1787. This cry against heresy and schism might have passed in the days of Sacheverel, but it will have little effect in the presenc day, in which the position, strenuously denied by this writer, is almost universally admitted, that all men have a right to judge and chuse for themselves in matters of religion.

SIN G L E SERMON S. I. Preached to the Convicts under Sentence of Death in Newgate,

April 2o, 1788. By the Rev. Edward Barry, M.D. A titano Preacher at Fitzroy and Bethel Chapels. 4to. 15. Bew, &c.

A poet of the first order, if we rightly recollect, among the Methodists, has the following couplet, or something very like it :

o Believe, ( Believe, and all your fins forgiven;

Only believe, and yours is heaven.” Dr. Barry's sermon is, with respect to the doctrinal part, all set to the same cune. Such doctrine, no doubt, must be comfortable to poor wretches so circumstanced as those were to whom this pious preacher had the goodness to address his discourse; but fome (and those not men of thallow reflection) have questioned whether it is altogether right, thus to free the most flagitious outcasts of society from the terrors of an after-reckoning ; since it is too well knowil, that most of them make little account of their punishment in this world. - Inftead of the “ fearful looking for of [future] judgment," they are enraptured with the prospect of a joyful flight to the expanded arms of a loving Saviour,'—' longing to embrace his long loft children !' Surely this is not the way (humanly speaking) to check the alarming progress of moral depravity: to which, one would think, no kind of encouragement ought to be given.-Christian charity, however, will have much to say on this subject; and we muit leave the question where we found it; having neither leisure nor opportunity to give it so ample a discuslion as it seems to deserve. II. The bappy Tendency and extensive Influence of the Christian Dif.

pensation. Preached at Salters-Hall, April 7th, 1788, before the Correspondent Board in London of the Society in Scotland (incorporated by royal Charter) for propagating Christian Knowledge in the Highlands and Ilands. By Robert Winter, 8vo. 6 d. Cadeil.

Mr. Winter has chosen a subject (Luke ii. 32. A light to lighten the Gentiles) proper for the occasion, and has discussed it in a judi. cious and pleasing manner. His discourse has none of the frippery of false eloquence, but is in that serious and manly ftyle which is peculiarly suited to addresses from the pulpit. III. Preached at Great Baddow, Efex, on Whit-Monday 1788,

being the first Anniversary Meeting of a Society of poor Tradermen and Labourers in that Parish, formed for their mutual Sup. port in Sicknefs and Old Age. By A. Longmore, LL. B. Vicar. 4to. is. Robinsons.

Societies of this kind, properly conducted, may prove highly beneficial. The preacher offers seasonable and useful advice on the occafion, from Acts iv. 32. He makes some just observations on the community of goods among the early Christians, and urges the neceffity of fobriety and industry, if men would país comfortably through the world; and on the other hand exposes the meanness and dishonesty of that intemperance or improvidence by which many fuffer themfelves to become burthensome to their neighbours. IV. Read in the Chapel at Belvoir Castle, after the Funeral of his

Grace the Duke of Rutland, late Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. By the Rev. George Crabbe. 4to. IS. Dodsley. 1788.

High panegyric ! Happy the man by whom the eulogium is juftly merited! How far this was the case, in the present instance, we pretend not to judge. What more immediately concerns us is, that good adınonitions are here conveyed to us in fuitable language.



To the MONTHLY REVIEWERS. GENTLEMEN, I AM much obliged to you, for having taken notice, in your va

luable literary jourcial, of a German publication of mine, relative to a View of the present State of Politics, Literature, Arts and Commerce in Great Britain. It has, however, put me into a kind of embarrassment, on account of a with which it has excited in some of your readers, that it might be translated into the English language. I never had the vanity to suppose, that my book, which was written merely for the benefit of my own countrymen, could convey any information to Englishmen; and had, therefore, not the least intention of publishing it in English. But as I find, that other persons have formed a serious design of printing a translation of my work, I have resolved, since it is to be done, to perform the tak of a translator myself. I am undoubtedly the most proper interpreter of my own words; and as I am about to publish a new edition in German, with corrections and additions, I shall be able, at the same time, to in. troduce them into the English translation. As the appearance of my book, in an English dress, will be chiefly owing to the attention which the Monthly Reviewers pay even to foreign publications, I hope, Gentlemen, that you will do me the favour of inserting these few lines, at the end of one of your monthly publications, that no other translation may be attempted and rendered useless, by that which I have resolved, though somewhat unwillingly, to undertake myself. I am,


Your most humble Servant,
Sept. 6, 1788.


*.* Adolefcens accuses us of having betrayed the truft tacitly re. posed in us by the public,' because we have not condemned the writings of M. Herrenschwand with all the asperity which he thinks they deserve. We are not, however, convinced that this charge is well founded ; nor has Adolescens suggested one reprehensible particular concerning that writer, which had not been previously noticed by ourselves. If we have not adopted that knock-dozun Myle whicha Adolescens seems to wish for, it is because we deem it altogether im. proper in a work which we hope will ever be diftinguished for all the Jenity that is consistent with the strictest impartiality. Were we to adopt the style that would prove agreeable to the friends, or that would please the en-vious opponents of the several authors whose works come under our inspection, the Monthly Review would soon finks into merited contempt. We must therefore resolve to disregard the reprehensions of the two classes of men just named, and speak of the works that come before us, as they are ;

Nothing extenuate, nor fet down aught in malice." Can Adolefeens be serious when he calls apon us to ftigmatise M. Herrenschwand as a plagiary, because, on various occasions, his ideas



are of the fame fort with some of those who have preceded him in the same walk ? According to that mode of reasoning, even Dr. Adam Smith (a writer of the highest respectability) and every other person who, in modern times, has treated that subject, might be branded with the same odious epithet. It is scarcely necessary for us to add, in this place, that we are by no means admirers of M. Herrenschwand's mode of reasoning, as we have repeatedly said so already; but it does not follow that we should not with to see him treated with all manner of justice, and fair play, in the arduous struggle that awaits him, should he proceed in the undertaking that he hach chalked out for himseif.

*** We agree, entirely, with our Correspondent Bis, as to his explanation of the passage in Habakkuk; but he should have observed that in our Review for June laft, p. 483. to which he refers, it was by no means our object io give the full force and exact meaning of the verse, but merely to compare it, as to the use of two single words which it contains, with another verse in which the same words occur. At the same time, we must remind him that our expreffion, to which he objects, may be fully justified from Isaiah, i. 16. Prov. xv. 3. Jerem. xvi. 17. Pfal. x. 14.

*** We are obliged to Mr. Woodhouse for his attempt to illuftrate a passage in Milton's Comus ; but he appears to be very unfortunate in his explication. The true meaning is, no doubt, as given in the Review for last month, page 101. It rather surprises us, that a man of common understanding should fall in with the idle story of the London apprentices bolting their victuals *. Whoever, believes fo great an absurdity, will, we question not, with equal facility, bolt down the other story. As how a London 'prentice killed two lions at once, by thrusting bis hands down their throats, and tearing their hearts out.

* This nonsense used to be fathered on the Kentish farmers, and their ser.


elle The request of J. A. Shall be complied with as soon as poflible.

The conclufion of our account of Warton's Edition of Milton will appear next month.

||:|| We cannot yet inform ' A Constant Reader,' whether Mr. Jani has completed his edition of Horace. We have been disappointed in our expectation of intelligence on this head from abroad; but will renew the inquiry, as opportunity may serve.

1|*|| Mr. Rothwell's English Grammar was reviewed in our Number for July last, page 74.-Other letters in our next.

ERRATUM in our last.
P. 113. 1. 41. read, on one of the same groupe of islands.



For OCTOBER, 1788.


Art. I. A Defence of the Constitutions of Government of the United

States of America. By John Adams, LL.D. Member of the Aca-
demy of Arts and Sciences at Boston. Vol. III. 8vo. 6s. Boards.
Dilly. 1788.
T is an old saying, that the character of a King cannot be

known till after his death : it is equally true, that the character of a book cannot be ascertained till after it is entirely completed. The first volume of the work before us issued from the press as a complete work; and considered in that point of view, it was doubtless a most defective performance; a second volume afterward appeared, without any intimation that the work was not finished, and fill it could only be viewed as very imperfect; now, at length, a third and concluding volume comes forth, in which the whole plan is completed ; and it is, of course, now only that we can judge of its real merits. Had we known that the work was meant to be continued, we should have suspended our judgment till the whole came before us. But being published in this way, without any intimation of the extent of the plan, we have been drawn in to decide somewhat prematurely, and have reason to complain that the Author misled us, and probably many others.

Still, however, the work appears to us to have been arranged in a fanciful manner. Had the order of its materials been reversed, had the two laft letters or chapters been placed at the beginning, as the text, and had all the others been printed as notes, illustrations, or authorities, that might have been occafionally consulted by those who were ignorant of the histories of which they treat, the book would have assumed a natural and proper form; but it would, perhaps, have been yet more acceptable, and more extensively useful (because it would have been more generally read), had these historical details been entirely omitted, The volume now before us is a continuation of the account of the Italian republics in the middle age; viz. of Pistoia, Cremona, Padua, Mantua, and Montepuleiano-the acVOL, LXXIX. U


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