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logy could ascertain so many dates in the remote ages of Greece with such precision, how happens it that the historians, both before and after his time, complain of their want of epochas, canons, &c. which would be a flagrant imputation either on their knowlege or integrity? But,
V. Though such WONDERFUL DISCOVERIES in ancient history are exhibited in this Chronicle, as, if it had been KNOWN at Paros, muft bave made it copied, cited, praised, censured, or mentioned, by fucceeding writers, yet neither Strabo, Paulanias, nor Athenæus,-neither Apollodorus, Diodorus Siculus, Tatian, Clemens Alexandrinus, nor Eusebius, take the leaft notice of it. After lying neglected for above 1800 years, it is dug up, and brought to Europe in triumph.
If it be objected, that the author of this Chronicle might have been quoted by name, without his work being specified, it ought to be confidered, that the ancients almost always name the works of the authors whom they quote. Mr. R. then compares the computation of the marble with that of the ancients, in two famous epochas, the Trojan war, and the age of Homer. Of the first he produces above ten different accounts, of the second above twenty. The Parian Chronicle takes the less probable and less commonly received opinion. But in all this controversy, so often debated, no reference nor allufion is made to this inscription.
It may also be objected, that several works, as Phædrus, Q. Curtius, &c. lay in obscurity for many centuries. But Phædrus is mentioned by Martial and Avienus; Q. Curtius by authors of the 12th and 13th centuries; and there is a MS, of his hiftory extant, above 800 years old.
VI, Some paflages in the Chronicle seem to be taken from writers of a later date. The author gives ten instances, from which we tall select one. In enumerating twelve cities in Ionia, the marble places the names of fix of them, and if the charms are properly supplied, of twelve, exactly in the same ora der in which we find them in Ælian's various history. But this arrangement does not correspond with the time of their foundation, their fituation in Ionia, their relative importance, or the order in which they are placed by other historians. The chance of two authors placing fix names in the same order, is as i to 720; of twelve, as i to 479,001,600. But Ælian would hardly, in a case of no importance, quote the words of an infcription in the island of Paros. Or if he did, why would he fuppress the name of the author whose expressions he adopted ? It is therefore probable that the author of the inscription transcribed the historian.
VII. Parachronisms appear in the marble, respecting the age of Phidon the Argive, the aff. llination of Hipparchus, and the
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expulsion of Hippias, the death of Darius, the birth of Euripides, the reign of Gelo in Syracuse, and the expedition of the younger Cyrus; such parachronisms as we can scarcely suppose a Greek chronologer, in the 129th Olympiad, liable to commit.
VII. The place where this monument was found, is not ascertained. In Sir Thomas Roe's letters to Lord Arundel, no hint of this inscription occurs. It had been purchased before, for the celebrated Peiresc, by his agent; but by some artifice of the venders, the agent was thrown into prison, the marble damaged, and in this itate was sold to Mr. Petty for Lord Arundel. Peiresc affected to be extremely pleased when he found that it had fallen into Lord Arundel's poffeßion, and was illustrated by his friend Mr. Selden. But, from Peiresc's composure, may it not be inferred that he secretly doubted the authenticity of the inscription? The sums paid by Peiresc's agent, and by Mr. Petty, were a sufficient inducement, to a mo. dern, to exert his talents in such an impofition.
IX. Our Author almost overwhelms us with his learning, in examining the subject of spurious books. Hermes Trismegiftus, Manetho, Horapollo, Orpheus, Musæus, Dares Phrygius, Dictys Cretensis, Numa's books, the Epistles of Phalaris, Themiscocles, and others, works falsely ascribed to Plato and Aristotle, to Demetrius Phalereus, Plautus, and Cicero, appear foremost in a long lift, which is closed with Pfalmanazar, Lauder, Macpherson, and Chatterton.
Fictitious INSCRIPTIONs have been given to the world by Cyriacus, Anconitanus, Petrus Apianus, and Bartholomæus Amantius, Alexander Geraldinus, Curtius Inghiramius, Annius Viterbienfis, and Hermio Gaiado. Selden seems to doubt the antiquity of the Duilian inícription; Reinefius accuses Fulvius Urlínus of publishing many counterfeit inscriptions ; Fleetwood complains of spurious inscriptions; Stilling fleet complains of Gruter's collection in this respect; and Father Hardouin brings the same charge of publifhing fi&titious inscriptions, in very ftrong and general terms, against many others, but principally againit Gruier. At the time this inscription was produced, there were many learned men fully able to compile such a system of chronology as that of the Arundelian marbles; many fyftems of chronology had then been published ; and the avidity with which antiquities were then collected, at any price, was a fufficient inducement to any one, whose avarice or necellity were Atronger than his honefty, to engrave this pretended ancient monument.
Sir Isaac Newton paid NO REGARD to its authority, in his chronology.
From all these reasons, the Author of this dissertation concludes, that the Parian chronicle is spurious, or at least that its authority is APOCRYPHAL.
Such is the substance of this Dissertation. We have endea. voured to give the principal arguments, without any abatement of their strength, though we have been compelled to contract then into as few words as possible, in order to suit the narrow limits of our journal. We suppose fome learned advocate of the marbles will produce a formal answer. For our part, we shall leave the talk to those who have more leisure, abilities, and inclination, or who may conceive themselves more interefted in the discussion of this quellion. In our conclusion, we shall, with our wonted freedom, but with all the deference due to this Author's candour and learning, point out some trifling mistakes in his Differtation, and some parts of the argument on which he seems to lay too much stress. We thall endeavour to pare away some of the excrescences and superfluities of this controversy, and, as far as lies in our power, to separate the wheat from the chaff.
[To be concluded in another Article.]
Art. XIV. Sermons on various Subjects. By the late Rev. Thomas
Leland, D.D. In Three Volumes. 8vo. 155. Boards. Dublin printed; London, Longman. 1788. ROM a writer of such celebrity as the Translator of De
men of pulpit eloquence may be expected in his pofthumous discourses ; and with pleasure we inform our Readers, that in entertaining such an expectation from the volumes before us, they will not be disappointed. The character of these dircourses, given in a brief but well-written account of his life and writings, prefixed to this publication, perfectly expresses our own idea of their merit:
• The peculiar character which pervades and colours his difcourses, seems to be that of a strong earneltness, an intense effort to persuade and to impress conviction, suitable to a teacher of doctrines, and enforcer of precepts, the awful importance of which is equal to their truth and fitness. The reader will not find language or matter chosen to display the writer's taste and ingenuiry: none of that trite or cold speculation, and meagre sentiment, disguised under an eternal affectation of delicacy of phrase, or flimfy ornament every where overspread ; which may for a time gain the fuffrage of the great vulgar and the small, but' muít cause every hearer or reader of plain common sense to feel the want of nature and of fimplicity. Sound sense, clear and solid reasoning, just representations of human life, and juit observations on it, Christian argument and enforcement, and pathetic address, in a nervousness of expression, and a sonorousness and dignity of composition, which rather seem the result of habit, than of caution and curious selection ;-these are what the reader may ex
pect, and there never disgraced by vulgarity or littleness, In fome instances the choice and manner of treating his subjects will new with what judgment he adapted his topics and his diction to different auditories ; and when we find him addressing the plainest in a manner perfectly levelled to their apprehensions, we find his reasonings dictated or directed by profound and accurate critical and philosophical knowledge.'
Several of these discourses treat on the Evidences of Revealed Religion ; a few others, on particular occafions, were formerly published; the rest are on practical topics, of general utility.
Art. XV. Poetical Translations from various Authors. By Master
John Browne of Crewkerne, Somerset; a Boy of Twelve years old! Published by the Rev. Robert Ale, Curate of Crewkerne, and Master of the Free Grammar School, FOR THE BENEFIT OF HIS
2 s. 6d. Nichols, &c. ITHER the Mures must have fallen in love with boys, or
stands between these celebrated Parnaffian ladies and our British youth, we, who are grown too old to intermeddle in love matters, cannot undertake to determine. Certain, however, it is, that there is something between them, for on what other fuppofition are we to account for the starting up of so many juvenile poets? We have already taken notice of two in the course of this year, and behold! another comes forward, warm with the thirit of praise : and who that examines his claims can refuse it? On Master Browne the Muses seem to have smiled indulgeot, and to have marked bim at a very early period for their own. But we must not be too lavish of our encomiums on this surprizing youth, as we cannot help censuring Mr. Afhe, for the very flattering mention which he has made of the Author, in the short account prefixed to these Poetical Translations ; which, however it may tend to prejudice the reader in bis favour, will, we fear, have no good effect on Master Brown himself. Our - praise might not reach his ear, or be little regarded by him if it
thould; but when the Rev. Mr. Ashe, his Master, the first cha-racter, no doubt, in his eye, tells him, in the words of Addison, " that he was born with all the seeds of poetry, and may be compared to the ftone in Pyrrhus's ring, which had the figure of Apollo and the nine Muses in the veins of it, produced by the spontaneous band of Nature, without the help of Art,” is be not undefignedly endeavouring to spoil this literary curiosity, which he wilhes to hold up to the notice of the Public? Most sincerely do we hope no such effect will follow; but merely for the sake of making an elegant quotation, this we think ought not to have been hazarded. In every other respect Mr. Ashe has acted most kindly by his pupil, as the thort narrative with which
he has introduced these poems will shew, to the full conviction of every reader.
We here learn that our young poet is the son of William Browne, of Whitchurch, in Hampshire; a man of considerable abilities, but in an humble situation of life; and who, with the small salary of an Exciseman, united to the scanty pittance which he acquires by teaching day.scholars to read and write, during the few hours he can gain from his office, has hitherto, with the economical prudence of his wife, maintained a family of eight children. Our Author is the eldest, whom Mr. Ashe generously patronises and wishes to hold up to the world as a literary phenomenon; persuaded that these specimens of his abili. ties will induce the Public to espouse his cause, and, by their benevolence, enable him to reap the advantages of an univerfity education. It gave us pleasure to see so respectable a list of subfcribers, some of whom will probably prove lafting friends; and if this youth continues his career of science with the same vigour and alacrity with which he is faid to have begun it, he will do credit to the friends who have espoused him, and to the Univerfity which thall receive him. But we must add, abilities which discover themselves as wonderful at a very early age, often disa appoint the expectations of their admirers.
Of the Translations, Mr. Alhe affures us, that most of them (in their present form) were made in the school of Crewkerne, as exercises (de more Wiccamico) on Saturday evenings; for which the author constantly received some public reward, from the sime that he attained to the tenth year of his age. As our Readers may wish to have some specimens of these tingularly juvenile trandations, we Thall gratify them by extracting the first (written at ten years old) from the Greek of the Rev. G. I. Huntingford :
Ε Ι Σ ΣΙ Γ Η Ν,
Βαθυκολπος εγιν υλη;
Υπο νηνεμου γαληνην και