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and then wisely concludes his demonstration, after the manner of Euclid, with “ therefore the Universe is God.” Q. E, D.-Not that there can be the smallest objection to the severeft-method; only there is then rather room for complaint, when it is made the vehicle of artful fophiftry and fallacious reasoning.'
Following the preface, we meet with this advertisement : " Mr. Locke has observed, that “ Slavery is so vile and miserable an estate of man, and so opposite to the generous temper and courage of our nation, that it is hardly to be conceived that an Englishman, much less a Gentleman, should plead for it;”—I hope I may add, much less a Clergyman of the Church of England. Many readers, living at a distance from Liverpool, may be led to imagine from tbe title of the Scriptural Researches, that the author of them is a clergyman of the Church of England. In justice therefore
In justice therefore to the respectable body of our clergy, and in honour of my countrymen, I must observe, that, the Rev. R. Harris is a native of Spain, and of the order of Jesuits : - the last information is perhaps unnecessary to those who are at all conversant in their writings.'
We have transcribed the above advertisement, not with any desire to convey to our Readers any reflection on the character of Mr. Harris, but merely as an answer to an inquiry that we have often known started in conversation, respecting the religious profession of the Author of Scriptural Researches in defence of Slavery.--Mr. Dannet indeed, seems to consider the task in which Mr. H. has been engaged, as an unnatural employment. ' Fie, Mr. H.? says he, in a note, p. 91. your unnatural love of slavery, contracted perhaps during your education in a country, and in a religious community, whose principles have been, at all times, at enmity with the liberties of mankind, is frequently too powerful for your love of truth! Perhaps there may be something in this suggestion ; and if so, it may imply a very fair apology for the Rev. Vindicator of the Slave Trade :
If hood-wink'd Churchmen go astray,
The Church is more in fault than they. Art. 38. The mutual Obligations to the Exercise of the benevolent Affections, as they respect the Conduet of all the Human Race to each other, proved, and applied to the State of the SUFFERING AFRICANS. By Philadelphos. 8vo. Gardner. 1788.
From the appearance of a text of Scripture at the head of this dircourse, as well as from the strain of piety and pathos which ronis through the discourse itself, we conclude that this production was originally composed for, and perhaps delivered from, the Pulpit. The Author orges, with becoming earneftness, the usual arguments that have lately been brought forward, for the abolition of our West Indian Nave trade; and he enforces them by some additional pleas, founded in philanthropy, generosity, and Christian benevolence. He dedicates his work to the Society instituted for the purpose of abolishing Negroe Slavery ;' and he informs his readers, that the profits, if any, arising from the sale of this pamphlet, will be appropriated to the disposition of that Society, and those purposes for which it was initituted.
L A w. Art. 39. An Account of the Trial of William Brodie, and James Smith,
before the High Court of Jutticiary on the 27th and 28th of August 1788, for breaking into and robbing the General Excise Office of Scotland. Illustrated with Notes, and Anecdotes, &c. &c. By a Juryman. 410. 3.5. 6 d. Printed at Edinburgh for Creech į and fold in London by Cadell.
The particulars of this important trial seem to be, here, faithfully and satisfactorily reported; and the value of the whole is enhanced by the Editor's Notes, &c. This is, indeed, a curious publication ; and it will very much affist the English reader in forming a competent idea of the modes of proceeding in the Courts of Criminal Law in Scoiland. Art. 40. The Trial of William Brodie, &c. before the High Court of
Jufticiary, &c. Containing the Evidence at large, and the Opinions of the judges : with the whole Proceedings. By Æneas Morison, Writer, &c. 8vo. 38 sewed. Elliot and Co.
In this edition of the trial of Brodie and Smi:h, the proceedings are stated more in the manner of our English printed trials, i. e. ra. ther in the colloquial than in the narrative form. - It will not be expected that we should minutely descend to a comparison of Mr. Creech's quarto with Mr. Morison's očiavo. We have peruled them both; they have mutually served the purpose of elucidation; and we think the Public ob iged to both the editors, for the pains they have taken to record, with accuracy, the occurrences of fo extraordinary 4 transaction.
MEDICAL Art. 41. The Generation of Animal Heat investigated. With an In
troduction, in which is an Attempt to point out and ascertain the elementary Principles, and fundamental Laws of Nature; and apply them to the Explanation of some of the most interesting Operations and striking Appearances of Chemistry. By E. Peart, M. D. 8vo. 25. 61. Doards. Gainsborough printed; and sold by Edwards, London. 1788.
After reciting the modern theories of chemistry, and pointing out the difficulties with which each of them is attended, Dr. Peart gives a sketch of his own, which is confiderably and fundamentally different from all others. He thinks that former chemists have entirely overlooked one grand principle of nature, viz. “the great principle of clafticity and Huidity; that wonderful, fubtil, active, universally diflusive æther, hinted at by the great Sir Isaac Newton; and by that name I fhall diftinguish it.'— By adopting this principle, and adding to it three others, I think it poffible to solve the phenomena of nature, and consequently of chemiflry, in a more easy, natural, fimple, and satisfactory manner than any other hypothetis, hitherto offered to the world, hath done, or dan do.' le therefore places ther as the first principle, or element of nature; Phlogiston, or the princ.p.e of Fixity and Solidity, as the second ; an Acid the third; and Earth the fourth.
Æther Æther and phlogiston, united in different proportions, and under different circumstances, form Light, Fire, and the Electric Avid. Æther combined with the acid principle forms pure Air : bat it will not unite with earth, unless the earth be previously combined with an acid or phlogiston.--Phlogiston unites intimately with earth, ‘forming Metals, &c.'*; but to the acid principle it has no affinity, except through the mediation of æther or earth. The acid principle and earth strongly attract, and unite with, each other. He does not enter into a full explanation and account of the principles above mentioned : reserving a complete investigation of his hypothefis to another opportunity, the particular object of his preseni enquiry being Animal Heat.
Dr. Peart's philosophy of Animal Heat, however, is so inveloped in his new system of chemistry, that it is difficult to be understood so perfectly as to be able to give an account of it, before we have seen the full explanation of his theory, We must therefore reserve our account of the present doctrine to a future opportunity. Art. 42. A System of Anatomy and Physiology ; from the latest and
beft Authors. Arranged, as nearly as the Nature of the Work would admit, in the Order of the Lectures delivered by the Profeffor of Anatomy in the Univerfity of Edinburgh. Second Edition. 8vo. 3 Vols. With Copperplates 18 s. Boards. Elliot, Edinburgh ; Robinsons, London. 1787.
The first edition of this compilation, in two volumes, was noticed and described in our Rev. vol. lxxvi. p. 159. The additional tbird volume contains part of the Splanchnology of the contents of the pelvis— The whole of Angiology, with the lymphatic system-The Neurology from the elder Professor Monro-And his comparative anatomy, as improved by the present Professor.
*** This edition is advertised with the name of the Editor, viz. “ Andrew Fyfe, Asistant to Dr. Monro, Professor of Anatomy and Medicine in the University of Edinburgh." Art. 43. Thoughts on the Cancer of the Breaft. By George Bell,
Surgeon, at Redditch. 8vo. is. Johnson. 1788. After some short observacions on cancers, Mr. Bell recommends bathing or frequently washing the cancer with warm water, as a palliative. For the more convenient application of the warm bath to the breast, for a length of time, Mr. Bell describes a well-contrived apparatus of his own invention ; of which an engraving is also given.
With respect to the advantage which the patient may receive from the bath, we have no proof, except the Author's affertion ; it seems probable, however, that the warm water, washing off the corroding ichor, and at the same time acting as an emollient, may misigate, in a considerable degree, the exquifite pain usually suffered by cancerous patients.
It seems that the benevolent Author has not publiMed this pamphlet with a view of acquiring practice, or indeed of increasing what
* We lament the want of a dictionary to explain the precise and full meaning of &c.
he already bas; his sole motive being to make the public acquainted with his method of treating a disease, which, with the ordinary mode of practice, is almost insufferable to the distressed patient.
We farther understand, that being anxious to improve the practical part, in his treatment of this disease, Mr. Bell has lately applied to the ulcers, in the intervals of bathing, a soft substance made of the saw leaves of letcuce or hemlock. Sometimes the first, and sometimes the other, is used : both are found to be very useful, and more agreeable to the patient than poultices made of the powder of fax seed.
In a word, the importance of the subject, and the probability of the efficacy of the methods here recommended, will fully joftify as in advising our Readers to give this pamphlet an attentive perusal.
MISCELLANEOU S. Art. 44. A Letter to the Right Hon. Lord Rodney, K. B. on the St.
Eustatius Prize-money. By a Navy Officer. 8vo. i s. 6d. No Bookseller's Name. 1788.
We have, at various times, heard much concerning the subject of this letter; and grievous have been the complaints of the captors of St. Eustatius, when that island fell into the hands of the English, during the late war. They have never, it seems, received any part of the prize-money to which they were entitled on that occafion ; and it is to be feared they never will recover what appears to be so honestly due to them: notwithstanding our Author's “ Plan for a speedy and final division, &c.”---The account here given of this dark and intricate business, is, indeed, fufficient to rouse the resentment of every honest and generous-minded reader; for it is, impossible not to feel for our brave and injured countrymen, who appear to have been cruelly as well as basely treated, by the agents, &c. whom they entrusted with their valuable interelts and property : ' a property committed,' says this sensible and animated author, ' in friendly confidence to their honour, faithfully to care for, till we are at leisure to demand an account of it.'- He adds, can any doom be 100 rigid for those men who would dare to defraud us, in such a sacred depofit? But if it is proved, my Lord, when the whole arcana of our agents' management shall be fully investigated and expofed, that they have not only been guilty of selling off our property at St. Eustatius,“ for one-tenth part of its value,” to their own creatures, and to the French flags of truce, &c. but that they have ever since been pilfering and plotting, scheming and cancelling, subtracting, destroying, dividing, and doing a thousand fordid selfish cricks with the said property ; is there a penal law, in all the inquifitorial codes of popery, too cruel for them'- If the wickedness and knavery here charged on the agents, fecretaries, &c. concerned in this very questionable business, can be fairly proved against them, there is, certainly, no penalty too heavy for them, that any court of justice hath power to inflict.-Why do not the captors of St. Eustatius unite, and vigorously prosecute their claims? The writer of this Letter appears to be a proper person for them to affociate with, on this - important occafion; and he makes a tender of his services, accompanied by a hint, that persons of greater consequence will be ready to lend their affiftance. Art. 45. The Abbey of Kilkhampton. An improved Edition. 8vo.
2 s. 6d. Kearsley. 1788. In our Review for November 1780, p. 392, we mentioned the first edition of this new species of satire, which, since that time, hath, if we are rightly informed, gone through eight impressions ; an undoubted proof of the general approbation of the public. It is, however, that kind of approbation which satirical writings, and anecdotes, of every fort, are sure to receive, and ever have re, ceived.
We can now only repeat what we said before, in regard to the nature and plan of this work, that it glances with the utmost freedom, at the characters and conduct of our great or eminent people, male and female; and that the strictures and allusions are thrown into the form of monumental inscriptions, ready made against death's arrival, and conceived (for the most part) in the spirit and style of the celebrated epitaph on Colonel Chartres. Some of the likenesses are well hit off, by this distributor of praise and infamy: many of whose drawings are caricatures; though some of the pictures are exhibited in a favourable light, in justice to characters of indisputable worth.
In our Review for March 1781, p. 232, we noticed the Second Part of these pre-fupposed, or predictive Monumental Records ; but we are informed, in the preface to this new edition, that the whole is here given to the Public, with additions, in continuation. Art. 46. The Shipwreck of the Antelope East India Packet, H. Wilfon,
Efq. Commander, on the Pelew Islands, &c. in August 1783. Containing the subsequent Adventures of the Crew, with a fingular Race of People hitherto unknown to Europeans. With interesting Particulars of Lee Boo, second Son of the Pelew King, to the Time of his, Death. By one of the unfortunate Officers. 8vo. 35. Randall. 1788.
This publication, which made its appearance since Mr. Keate's History of the Pelew Illands, does not seem to us to contain a single fact which is not to be met with in that book: the facts follow one another exactly in the same order as in the genuine work, and often in the same words; yet the Compiler entertains so high an opinion of his own dexterity, and so mean a one of the discernment of every other person, as to offer the following paragraph by way of excuse for with-holding his account till this time.
• Should it be asked, 'why this narrative was so long with-held, I have to answer, that it was not my original intention ever to make it public. The great entertainment which my friends used to derive from my conversation on the subject of the wreck, and the uncommon circumstances which ensued, first inspired me with an idea of putting it into regular form; and as I was unaccustomed to such a takk, the difficulties I met with, and other concerns in which I was unavoidably engaged, prolonged its completion to this diftant period.'