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We have heard of a bird, a native of the fen-countries, called, by the country people, a dotterel : when this bird thinks itself in danger, it thrusts its head among the fedges, sagely concluding that as this part is bid, its tail is in no danger of being feen. Art. 47. The Works of Samuel Johnson, LL. D. Vol. XIV. 8vo.
75. Boards. Stockdale. 1788. This volume consists of several miscellaneous pieces, viz. various prefaces and dedications ; letters originally written for different periodical works; controversial tracts; the famous Jacobitical pamphlet entitled Marmor Norfolciensis, for which Johnson would have been taken into custody, had he not absconded; forty-one letters to different persons ; fix epitaphs; and a few small poems.For the two former volumes, published by Mr. Stockdale, making the XIIth and XIIIth of Johnson's works in Octavo, see M. Rev. for Sept. 1787, p. 250. Art. 48. A Letter to the Rev. Mr. T. Warton, on his late Edition of
Milton's Juvenile Poems. 8vo. Bathurk. This letter, which is evidently the production of a scholar, contains many remarks, worthy the attention of the learned and ingenious writer to whom it is addressed.-- In one or two instances, the author of the Letter has, perhaps, been mistaken'; but from the learning and good sense which he discovers, Mr. Warton will, probably, be of opinion, that every hint here thrown out, ought to be maturely weighed before he gives to the public a new edition of his notes on Milton's Juvenile Poems.
This letter would have appeared much earlier in our Journal, had we not waited for the long-protracted review of Mr. Warton's publication : for which, see our Apology, M. R. for July 1788, p. 1. Art. 49. Animadversions on the present Government of the York Lunatic
Asylum ; in which the Case of Parish Paupers is distinctly confidered in a Series of Propofitions. By W. Mason *, M. A. 8vo. 1s. Printed at York; and sold in London by Robson and Co. 1788.
The York 'Lunatic Asylum, we understand, is an extensively beneficial institution; by which some hundred individuals, since it was opened (in 1777) have received relief. The number of insane patients now reliding in it is so great, and the applications for more are so frequent and urgent, as to render an extension of the building neceffary; and an addition containing 24 rooms, is now in actual forwardness. This circumstance alone seems sufficiently to indicate that the charity is conducted in a proper manner, and that the Public has already derived great advantage from the benevolence of those by whom the plan was proposed, and by whose exertions it has been enabled to attain its present degree of importance to the community.
Mr. Malon, however, has, in this publication, severely censured most of the measures that have hitherto been adopted, in the conduct and management of this charity. He intimates that the emolument of the attending physician, and of the apothecary, rather than the
The celebrated poet.
spirit of the inftitution, is consulted in the regulations by which is is now governed; which opinion, sanctioned by Mr. M.'s respectable name and character, may, no doubt, have a great tendency to prejudice the minds of compaflionate persons againit this Afylum, and
such must unavoidably be the effect of the present publication, if the Writer's remarks are well-founded.
We further understand, that at an early meeting of the governors, and before any patients were admited, it was resolved that all objects fhould pay the weekly fum of eight fhillings, a fum fupposed adequate to the expences incurred by board and medicines. This regulation was continued for some years, but was at length discovered to be disproportioned to the circumstances of the persons relieved. It was then enacted, that the weekly payments of the more affluent should be increased, while that of the indigent should be diminished, so that the surplus of the first class should be made to compensate for the deficiency of the second. This, surely, was an improvement; and if the persons supplying the deficiencies occafioned by the poorer individuals, objected not to the innovation, we see no cause of complaint. The parish paupers, for whom Mr. M. is a ftrenuous advocate, are still relieved in the same measure as they originally were. To us it appears more consonant with the idea of charity, though not with Mr. M.'s idea, to afford aslistance to a diftreffed individual unable to relieve himself, and anpatronized by a parish, than to give the same degree of affiltance to an object that has elsewhere an undeniable claim. In the one case, support is given to him who has no other helper, and the charity proves friendly to the friendless; and in the other, you only diminish, in a degree almoft imperceptible, the rates of a parish.
The Governors, we find, have determined to persevere in their former measures; and this perseverance, it is natural to conclude, can arise only from their experience of the advantages resulting from the regulation; as so respectable and numerous a body cannot be suppoled to be influenced by finister motives *.
To the attack which Mr. M. has made on the character and views of the attending physician, that gentleman will naturaliy oppose the acknowlegements made by the Governors, for his disinterelted conduct, in their last resolution, the Archbishop of York being then in the chair, viz. “ Resolved, That the thanks of this court be given to Dr. Hunter, the Physician, for his great attention to all the interests of this institution, especially for his assiduous care and fuccessful treatment of the patients, and particularly at this time, for the disintereltedness of his whole conduct, from the first establishment of the Asylum 10 the present day t.' Art. 50. A Letter from a Subscriber to the York Lunatic Asylum, to the
Governors of that Charity. 8vo. 1 s. Printed at York; and sold in London by White and Son. This Letter is occasioned by the preceding publication. The Au
In the list of the Governors of this Asylum, we discover the highly respectable names of the Archbishop of York, Lord Fitzwilliam, Lord Fauconberg, Lord John Cavendish, the Dean of York, &c. &c. + See - Letter from a Subscriber,' &c. p. 20.
thor fets out with giving an account of the present state of the Afya lum: he then compares it with similar institutions in England and Ireland; and concludes with pointing out the different regulations that have been enacted since its establishment. He also rectifies, with temper and good-breeding, the errors into which (as he contends) Mr. Mafon has (involuntarily, we apprehend) been betrayed. Art. 51. Esays, Historical and Moral. By G. Gregory, F. A. S.
The second Edition, with considerable Additions and Alterations. 8vo. 65. Boards. Johnson. 1788.
In this Edition, these ingenious É says are improved by a new arrangement, and by two new essays; the first of which contains a concise view of the history of the earliest ages; wherein the Author follows Mr. Bryant's fyftem of mythology: the second is a brief review of the arguments commonly urged to shew the good policy of the slave trade; in which the Writer discovers an extensive acquaintance with his subject, and advances many facts and confiderations worthy of attention, in the present state of ihat important inquiry.
THEOLOGY. Art. 52. A plein Account of the Ordinance of Baptism; in which all the Texts in the New Testament, relating to it, are produced, and the whole Doctrine concerning it drawn from them alone. In a Course of Letters to the Right Rev. Dr. Benjamin Hoadley, late Lord Bishop of Winchester, Author of " A plain Account of the Lord's Supper.” By William Foot. The third Edition, with the Author's last Corrections and Improvements ; by Joshua Toolmin, A. M.
Is. 6d. Johnson. 1787. The work here republihed was first printed anonymously in the year 1758*, and then met with general approbation as a sensible and candid performance. Bishop Watson gives it a place in his catalogue of books proper to form the library of a clergyman. It ftates, with great perspicuity, the arguments against pædo-baptisın. Art. 53. A Letter from a Lady to her Daughter, on the Manner of
palling Sunday rationally and agreeably. 12mo. 6d. Marshall.
A late popular piece, on “ the Manners of the Great,” has given rise to this small publication. It contains some useful hints; but in. strength of thought, depth of refle&tion, and elegance of language, falls far fhort of its model. The subject is worthy of an abler pen. Art. 54. The B'auty of a Believer's Baptism; being an Attempt to
explain its Meaning, as the best Evidence of its Propriety, and clearest Argument in its Defence. By Joseph Jenkins, A. M. 12 mo. 2d. Sold at No. 48, Jewin-street. 1788.
A recapitulation of thoughts and observations which have been frequently laid before the Public. To those who approve of immerfion and adult baptism, this little tract may prove very acceptable.
I 2 mo.
Vide Letters on Baptism, Rev. Vols xiv. and xix.
Art. 55. Thoughts on Subscriptions to Religious Tefts, particularly that
required, by the University of Cambridge, of Candidates for the Degree of Bachelor of Arts. In a Letter to the Rev. H. W. Coulthurst, B. D. Fellow of Sidney College, and Member of the Caput Senatus. By William Frend, M. A. Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge.' 8vo. St. Ives, printed; and sold by Johnion in London. 1788.
This Letter, written by a gentleman who has lately, from confcientious motives, resigned his office as a minister in the Church of England, is prefaced with the following declaration :
Whercas I, WILLIAM Frend, did at several times, within the years 1780 and 1784, subscribe to the Articles and Doctrines of the Church of England, as by law established, being now convinced, by an attentive study of the holy Scriptures, that many things, contained in the said Articles, have no foundation whatever in the holy Scriptures, I do hereby declare my disbelief of many of the said Articles and Doctrines, particularly of the second, the fifth, and the eighth Articles of that Summary of faith, commonly called the Thirty-nine Articles : and whereas from November 1780, till June 1787, I did officiate as a Minister of the Church of England, I do moreover declare, that there are many parts of its Liturgy, to which I have infuperable objections, particularly to the Prayers addressed to Jesus Christ, and to the Trinity; and as universal benevolence seems to me to be the striking character of the religion of Jesus Christ, I cannot conclude this Declaration, without expresling my abhorrence of a tenet inculcated in one part of the said service, by which every person differing in opinion, as to some obscure points of an obscure Creed, is doomed to everlaiting perdition.'
The integrity discovered by the above declaration, ought to be admitted as a full apology for the warmth with which the letter is written. It contains several weighty arguments for the abolition of subscription in the Universities, among which it is not one of the least, that a considerable part of the body, both of preceptors and Itudents, are dissatisfied with this encumbrance. How much is it to be lamented, that any restrictions upon free inquiry should in this enlightened age be suffered to remain in Societies, whose professed object is, to propagate found learning and useful knowlege! Art. 56. Thoughts on Satisfaction; and Free Grace asserted. 12mo.
2d. Printed at Exeter. 1788. Art. 57. The Harmony of Satisfaction and Free Grace in the Salvation
of Sinners : in a Letter to John Pinsent, Sen. of Moretonhampitead ; occasioned by a little Piece, entitled, Thoughts on Satisfaction; and Free Grace alerted. 12mo. 6d. Printed at Exeter
by Brice. Art. 58. The Gospel Doctrine of Free Grace maintained : with fome
Strictures on the Rev. S. Rowles's Letter to Mr. John Pinsent. By J. Isaac. 12mo. 6d. Printed at Exeter ; sold by Johnson, in Lon. don.
These three pamphlets are a contest between plain good sense and vulgar mysticism, in which the intelligent reader will have the pleasure of seeing the former triumphant.
Art. 59. The Royal Edict given at Versailles in November 1787, for
granting Toleration, throughout his Most Christian Mejeity's Dominions, to Diflenters from the Ettablished Church. Registered in Parliament, January 29, 1788. 8vo. 6d. Robinsons.
Of this publication, it is sufficient to say, that it is a correct translation of an Edict which cannot but prove interesting to every friend of liberty.
SIN G L E SERMON S. I. The Design of the Gospel History conhdered and improved. Preached
at the Chapel in Effex Street, Strand, London, May nith, and at Chowbent, in Lancashire, on May 25th, 1788. By Joshua Toulmin, A. M. 8vo. 6d. Johnson.
After offering a brief comment on the text, John xx. 35. Mr. Toulmin deduces from it the following observations ; ---that Christianity does not require faith without evidence; that the Christian creed is couched in few words, and comprehended in one Thore article, viz. believing that Jefits is the Christ the Son of God;- that in the first planting of the Gospel, believing in five points, or thirty-nine articles, was not considered as essential to a man's being a Christian;that the history of the Go pels is excellent and valuable;-and that the hope it sets before us is nolle and sublime.
Each of these particulars is illustrated with much good fense; and we do not doubt that every rational Christian will peruse Mr. Toolmin's discourse with entire approbation. II. Written by the late Samuel Johnson, LL.D. for the Funeral of
his Wife. Pablished by the Rev. Samuel Hayes, A.M. Usher of Westminster School. 8vo. is. Cadell. 1788.
Worthy, in every respect worthy, the head, and heart, and pen of Samuel Johnson.
CORRESPONDENCE. *** We thank D. N. for his information concerning the antiquity of watering meadows in England, and particularly on the borders of Wales. The most ancient trace of the practice which he could discover, in print, is in a book entitied “Water Workes," written by Rowland Vaughan, who seems to have been the inventor of the art, and practised it with great perfection, and on a most extensive scale, in the Golden Valley, in Herefordhire, during the reigns of Queen Elizabeth and King James the First. +++ The packet from Duo Calfonienses' is received.
* The parcel from Berwick upon Tweed, dated Sept. 15, came duly to hand.
* Our greatest objection to the packet from Exeter, figned H. D-n, is, that the postage amounted to one shilling and fixpence ! The poem, from its' local and circumscribed nature, can be of no use to the M. R,
Y. Zi's letter came too late for this month.
ERRATUM in our last.