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expe&t to find monuments similar to that in question. Strahlenberg has favoured the public with several ioscriptions from that country, from which the Colonel has selected one that bears, in his opinion, a strong resemblance to this in New England: it must be acknowleged that it is something similar to the draught taken by Dr. Darnforth in 1680, and also to that communicated by Dr. Mather in 1712, but it is rather unlike those of a later date. The Colonel recommends the postponing farther conjectures till the publication of the Russian discoveries in Siberia, whence much information may be expected.

The Barberini, now Portland, Vase, is the subject of the two next dissertations; the first written by Yohn Glen King, D.D. the other by Charles Marsh Esq. Tbe urn or vaje was found in the tomb supposed to be that of Alexander Severus; it is called Barberini, having been some time in the pofleffion of the Italian family of that name, but it lately made a part of the Dutchess of Portland's musæum. It is evidently glass (Dr. King apprehends), or composition, of a deep blue or violet colour; the figures are in balo relievo, and are white; which, on this dark blue ground, adds greatly to the beauty of this most excellent piece of ancient art*: but what the subjects represent, it is certainly difficult, at this distant period, to ascertain. Different explications have been offered, but the above-mentioned gentlemen agree in the reference which these ballo relievos may have to Severus in allusion to Alexander the Great, to whose name he was strongly attached : but they vary much as to other particulars. Mr. Marth, who conveys his sentiments in Latin, supposes that the abandoned Heliogabalus, with his divorced empress, make one part of the group; and he confiders the remaining part as regarding Severus, with his mother Mammaa. He views the subject, with regard to its defign, as somewhat in the manner of Hogarth, fatirizing vice and recommending virtue. The Latin effay is well written, the hypothesis is very ingenious, and supported by extracts from historians, particularly Lampridius; but whether it is entirely juft, is yet rather doubtful.

Account of an ancient Painting on Glass ; by the Rev. Robert Mafters. This relic has figures like those on a teal ring of Sir Richard Worsley's, mentioned in the fourth volume of this work t. It was there determined that the device on the ring related entirely to the family of Stewart; this glass, dated in the

* The Duke of Portland having, with his wonted liberality of mind, configned this precious relic of antiquity to the care of Mr. Wedgwood, that excellent artist, we are informed, has been, for some time past, employed in copying it; and we have no doubt of his Success. + See Review for December 1777, p. 450.


year 1574, confirms the conclufion. It presents a figure of Banquo, much mutilated ; from whom issues a tree, on the branches of which are fifteen small half-length figures in armour, holding their fields of arms in their left hands. The fourth figure is Alexander, grandson of Walter (who affumed the name of Stuart), in whose escutcheon a lion is united with the original coat of Steward. This Alexander died about the year 1199, and having been in the holy wars (as they were styled) might have met with an adventure that gave rise to this reprefentation.

The thirtieth number gives us a short explanation of infcriptions on a Roman altar and tablet, found at Tinmouth caitle in Northumberland A. D. 1783; by the Rev. Mr. Brand, secretary to the Society. From one of these inscriptions, this ingenious writer seems to suppose that a circular recess, adjoining to Tinmouth castle, called Prior's haven, has been one of the artificial harbours of the Romans, and is here alluded to, as formed by Maximinus, possibly the person who was afterwards emperor ; and then, the date will be some little time before A. D. 235.

William Bray Esq. gives an account of the obfolete office of Purveyor to the King's houshold. It affords us some plealure to obo serve the word obsolete in the above sentence, for who could with any patience endure the oppreffions occafioned by this and other exertions of royal authority? In the fimplicity of older times, when gold and Gilver were scarce, the houshold of the king was supported by provifions furnished from his demesnes. In a course of years, many lands were granted on the condition of yielding certain supplies at fixed seasons. Thus we are told, for instance, that the town of Yarmouth is bound to send to the fheriffs of the city of Norwich a hundred herrings, which are to be baked in twenty-four pyes or parties, and thence delivered to the Jord of the manor of Eaft Carlton, who is to convey them to the King. They are still fent, we are informed, to the office of the clerk of the kitchen at St. James's ; but, says Mr. Bray, the pyes could never have been of much service as provisions, unless they were made differently from what they now are, or our ancestors had stronger teeth and ftomachs than we have. With fuch accounts we may be diverted, but the office of Purveyor was wholly different, and became a very serious evil. It is with regret we observe it prevailing in its height during the reign of Edward III. generally allowed to be one of the moft accomplished princes (as to accomplishments of real worth and usefulness) who have lat on the British throne. Hence we infer, that the oppreffions fo juftly complained of, did often arise, not fo much from the tyrannical dispofition of the King, as from unprincipled and mercenary people who attend a court, and will find means in some way or another to crowd about Kings and heirs apparent. Several a&ts were passed in this reign to regulate the business, but no severity could reftrain these plunderers, though some were hanged for transgrefling the law. It is honourable to the memory of Simon Islip, Archbishop of Canterbury, that he wrote a book in Latin addressed to Edward on the subject, a transcript of which is now among the Har. leian MSS. in the British Mufæum. Like an honest conscientious man, he plainly tells the King, that he thinks his harbingers come not on behalf of God, but of the devil. "I tell you,' says he, before God, that if the people were certain that their goods would not be taken without their consent, they would bring all necessaries to your gate. The cursed prerogative of taking for less than the value is damnable before God, is not held of right, is of no strength, being contrary to all laws, human and divine, and on this account many souls are in hell." Edward III. is said to have read the book with care, and to have paid attention to its honeft advice. Mr. Bray pursues the subject through fueceeding reigns: it forms an amusing and a useful article. The total abolition of this enormity, he ob. serves, was one of the advantages derived from the troubles of the last century. For the particulars of the abuses here complained of, we must refer to the book.

No. 32. Remains of two Roman Villa, discovered near Mansa field Woadhouse in 1786. By Hayman Rooke Esq. This discovery is the more onservable as the ruins are in a part of Note tinghamshire, not in the vicinity of any Roman road or station. What led to the search was the fight of some small stone cubes, about an inch square, which the country poople called fairy pavements, said to be found about a mile from the place above mentioned. Two Roman houses were discovered, one of which is called villa urbana, the other villa ruflica; the latter being an appendage to the former, or, we suppose, a farm-house, though it does not seem entirely to answer to such a name: a description (attended with plates) is given of the apartments, walls, Aloors, &c. The remnant of one pavement is large, very pretty, and ingeniously performed. Some coins have been colle&ted, together with utensils of different kinds, &c. of which we rather wonder the remains were not more numerous. Not very distant are two sepulchres, which furnish farther matter for speculation, On the whole, Mr. Rooke concludes that this must have been the villa of some person of great note.

Governor Pownall communicates an account of Roman pottery, found at Sandy in Bedfordshire, and at Lincoln ; together with a Roman Speculum. The earthen vessels, or rather fragments of vessels, dug up at each of these places, are very fimilar, they are of close pure clay, wrought to a perfect uniform pafte, and baked with experienced art, with curious specimens of mouldings and ornaments : they are a kind of basıns, generally the furniture, it is supposed, of the baths, and used chiefly as unguentaria. Pottery of this fabric, and with these ornaments, are found in various parıs of Europe. It was in vogue throughout the Roman empire: it was originally made at Samos, but was afterwards formed of the same compofition, and after the same patterns, at Rome. Near Sandy was also dug up, some years ago, an urn, whicb, belide bones and ashes, is said to have contained several articles of a lady's toilet. There yet remains a mirror, or speculum, which Mr. Pownall lends for the infpeâion of the Society. It is of a mixed metal, copper, silver, and ison, and has furprisingly preferved its polich after being buried so many hundred years. The Governor is a little jocular on the subject, when he observes, that the Roman ladies, as appears from passages in ancient autbors, from bufto's and coins, were as much devoted to the grand business of the toilet, as any of the finest ladies of modern Europe; but be adds, with what justice we will not determine, exceeding them infinitely in their taste, studying to adorn and give a relieve to the beauties of nature, not to disguise her forms and destroy her proportions. As some kind of compensation for this remark, he ados, from Martial, an inftance of a Virago knocking down her hair-dreffer with the mirror, because one curi was not well pinned; an example, he says, 'which modern ladies are incapable of giving

A description of a Druid temple lately discovered on the top of the bili near St. Hilary, in Jersey,' is communicated by Mr. Molero worth. Of this we have a more particular account in the next article, written by H. Seymour Conway, Esq; Governor of Jere fey. This temple was entirely covered with earth till the fummer of 1785. There is no trace of the time when it was first concealed; probably, says Mr. Conway, by the Druids them. felves, to preserve it from the violence of the Romans.

The Origin of the Jews in England is the subject of the next article. Its author is Mr. Caley. There is realon to think that William I. allowed them a settlement, not from any respect or humanity to them, but because he bad observed them to be use. ful in commerce, and perhaps that he might occasionally extort their money. Whether any of them were here before the Conqueft, remains uncertain ; yet the affirmative seems probable, This gentleman introduces several learned observations. We would just ask whether the word fetar, or fetar, on which be seems to decide as a rabbinical invention, is not to be found in the Hebrew Bible, Prov. vi. 7. Deut. i. 15. Exod. v. 6, &c.

The last article in this volume is, an historical Account of the ancient Painting preserved at Cowdray, Suflex, the seat of Lord Viscount Montague, representing the procellion of King Ed. Ward VI. from the Tower of London to Westminster, Feb. 19, A. D. 1547, previous to his coronation. By John Topham, Esq. The Cowdray paintings have been already offered to public notice in the third volume of this work *. The picture here confidered affords fome entertainment; beside the proceflion, it exbibits a view of the state of London and its buildings at that time, together with the prevail ng habits and fashions.


We are now to take notice of the Appendix, being twenty-fix pages of extracts from some communications which it has not been judged proper to publish entire. Here we meet with rings, coins, busts, infcriptions, &c. &c. briefly noticed. One of the last is the ancient oaken ornamented cradle of the great and brave, but unfortunate, Charles Neville, the last Earl

of Westmoreland, who died in Queen Elizabeth's reign : of this there is a print, as also of two pieces of red baked earth, found near Cherisey abbey, the heads on which are said to be very like those in the ancient pedigrees of our kings and queens.

This volume is illustrated by 31 copper-plates.

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ART. VIII. Humanity, or the Rights of Nature. A Poem, in two

Books. By che Author of SYMPATHY. 4to. 55. sewed. Cadell. 1788. OETRY, it has been said, “ is not the tale of the age," and

in this opinion we are frequently inclined to believe that there is some truth, having been long convinced that it is not an age of poets. In the manufacturing of verse, there was never perhaps a greater number employed than at present; but few indeed give evidence of writing under the genuine inspiration of the Mules. Hence poetry has been finking into disrepute. The quantity of rhyming trash which in our time has issued from the press, has not only disgusted the critic, but so generally disapa pointed the poetical reader, as greatly to dimin th the demand for publication's under the name of poems. These literary dishes are, for the most part, so wretchedly cooked, that few, in this faftidious age, are inclined to taste them. Mr. Pratt, notwithftanding a circumstance in some respects discouraging to the votaries of the Nine, has undertaken a large poetical work, of which the present performance (according to his preface) is only to be considered as a general outline. Whether he has any hopes of bereby reviving the declining reputation of poetry, we cannot venture io fay; but if he has, they are surely not very sanguine, for we could not but observe that he does not purpose to reft the acceptance of his future work (which is to be intitled, SOCIETY, or A PROSPECT of MANKIND), solely on its meritas a poetia

* See Review for Dec, 1775, p. 496-7.


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