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perhaps, 'deem it rather too florid. The text is from Pfalm xcvii. 1, 2. For the benefit of those who have not an opportunity of confulting history, and to render the perusal of his performance as profitable as it can be, the author thought himself obliged to lubjoin a few facts and documents relacive to certain points advanced in the sermon; which may convey information, and awaken gratitude, or suggest a conduct suitable to the occasion. After having given us, one of the notes, the character of the two brothers, Charles and James, as drawn by Lord Boling broke in a letter to Sir W. Wyndham, the Doctor makes this judicious remark:
• Whoever is desirous of having full satisfaction respecting the expediency, and indeed the necessity, of the Revolution, and the Hanover succession, let him carefully peruse the whole of this very ele. gant performance. It is the testimony of an adversary, and therefore may be trufted. Lord Bolingbroke is well known to have been but a cold friend to the Revolution, and to have done all he could to defeat the fucceffion; and yet this letter, the primary object of which is a vindication of his own conduct to his Jacobite friends, is perhaps the best defence of both that ever was made.'
We Mall conclude with the handsome compliment which the Doc. tor pays to the Hanover family.
• To give full effect to the blessed change which had taken place, and to render the enjoyment of liberty complete, it became necessary to provide a security against future political evils of the same nature with that which had been applied as a remedy to the past. The lecurity proposed and established, was a law, which entirely, and for ever, excluded from all hope to the succeffion of the crown, the Popish posterity of the exiled sovereign, and settled it on the Pro.. testant family of Hanover, whose religion being that of the nation, promised the continuance of this inestimable blessing; and whole character for valour, wisdom, virtue, and moderation, inspired the hope of that public felicity, and national greatness, which long experience has happily realized.' III. Preached at Norwich, Nov. 5, 1788. By William Enfield, LL. D. 4to.
Johnson. Dr. Enfield has chosen for his text, these words, “ Brethren, ye have been called unto liberty,” Gal. v. 13. Having enumerated the blessings derived to us from the Revolution, he exhorts his hearers to enjoy them with gratitude.
• As members of a free state (says he) you should consider yourselves as partners with your fellow-citizens in the common stock of liberty; and as sureties to pofterity, that this precious treasure shall be transmitted to their hands undiminished, and, if pollible, enlarged. It is unquestionably the duty of Britons to guard with a watchful eye, the structure which it has been the long labour of ages. to rear, that it may neither be demolished by open force, nor under. mined by secret treachery. Such is the felicity of the present times, that we are in little danger of being called to any hazardous exertions in defence of our liberties. The mad design of restoring Popery and Despotism, by reviving claims which the law has long since annihilated, after two unsuccessful rebellions, will certainly never be sesumed. The present internal Itaie of the pasion encourages a con.
fident expectation of the long continuance of domestic tranquillity, In this fituation of public affairs, our first doty, as subjects of a free government, is to yield a peaceful and ready fubmilion to lawfal authority. While ine Regal power is constitutionally and judiciously exercised, loyalty to the reigning Prince is not only a tribute of justice and gratitude to official merit, but a debs, which every Bricon owes to his country: for it is to this essential part of the constitution that we are indebted, for the dignity, energy, and itability of migistracy, and for our security from those disorders and calamities to which republican governments and elective monarchies are liable. At the same time, then, that you faithfully employ that portion of political power which you poffefs, in the election of worthy reprefentatives, and heartily concur in every judicious design for the de. fence, or the farther extension of your liberties, civil or religious, neglect not to honour the King, to obey the laws, and to lead peaceable and quiet lives in all godliness and honesty.'
We have been much pleased with the historical and political parts of this discourse, the animated declamation which glows in others, and the liberal spirit chat pervades the whole. IV. Preached at Broadhead, Bristol, Nov. 5, 1788; being the
hundredth Anniversary, &c. By Caleb Evans, M. A. 8vo. 68. Buckland.
The ingenious author of this discourse (whose text is from Ezekiel, xxi. 27.) introduces it with some observations on the gun. powder plot. "He remarks that the conspirators were all Papists; and that some of them, even at the place of execution, gloried in what they had done, and only lamented that it had not succeeded, He adds, very juftly,
• We do not, however, with to load all the professors of Popery with the ignominy of this black transaction. It is the part of candeur to acknowledge, that there were many of the Romim communion, who, at the time, abhorred the bloody purpose, and as much re. joiced in the discovery and disappointment of it, as the mott zealous Protestant. And in the prefent day, I would willingly presume, there are none to be met with, of any communion, who are not ready to join in a deteftation of every transaction so inhuman and diabolical.'
Mr. Evans then proceeds to consider the Revolution, and observes that never surely was any portion of sacred Scripture more strik. ingly verified and illuftrated, than this was in that great event." He then shews the absurdiiy of applying it to the Restoration of the Stuarts, as some of their friends have done ; and remarks that in the present day there ignominious principles are fairly worn out.
• The very name of a Funer, the grand advocate for tyranny, though dignified with a titie, is hardly known, while that of the immortal Locke, the affertor of liberty, grows daily brighter and brighter; and there is no man scarcely to be met with, who is not acquainted with his writings on the interesting subject of Government, by which the very foul of despotism in Great Britain, has received its death's wound.'
The preacher, however, takes care to premise, that we cannot, in conscience, refilt a good and lawful government:
• Nothing (fays he) can warrant refillance to any established
goo vernment, but an attack upon those principles of liberty, civil or religious, which, if once deftroyed, must necessarily destroy all liberty, and overturn the very foundations of all free and lawful government. In such a case, to refilt is highly virtuous and praiseworthy, and will most affuredly be crowned with the approbation of God.
In his conclusion of this fenfible and useful discourse, Mr. Evans justly remarks,
• It is no small part of the happiness of this day to recollect it as one principal blessing of the Revolution we commemorate, that to it we are indebted for the present reigning Monarch and his illustrious family, under whose auspicious influence we may safely say we have every thing to hope for, and nothing to fear. Our divisions about the late unhappy war, concerning which the best of men entertained different ideas, are at an end; and, blessed be God, we are once more (and what good man but must exult in it:) an united and happy people, with a King fo virtuous and goo!, laws ro just and upright, and a constitution fo free, so firm, and so excellent, what remains for us but to provoke one another to love and good works.' V. At St. Margaret's Weitminster, before a Society of Noblemen
and Gentlemen, Friends to the Conftitution, Nov. 5, 1788; being the hundredth Anniversary, &c. By Colin Milne, LL.D. Rector of North Chapel, in Suffex. · 4to. Is. 6d. Elmiley.
The text is from Pfalon lxxv. 6, 7. The Doctor informs us that the two fignal deliverances which are annually commemorated on this day ruggested the words of the text, as atlering the doctrine of a Divine superintendence of states and nations : chat chis was very remarkable in the occurrences of the Jewish itate ; and ftill more so in the propagation of the Gospel. He then observes that the doctrine of the text receives farther confirmation from the annals of every nation and people, and of none more than of our own. Here he instances the Reformation, the destruction of the invincible Armada, the Popish gun-powder conspiracy, and the glorious Revolution. The reflections which Dr Milne makes on the last mentioned happy event, are very juft. His notions of civil liberty agree very well with ours; but we cannot entirely acquiesce in his ideas of religious freedom, which, he tells us, is - exceedingly different from that innovating temper which would overleap every mound, and destroying the bulwarks of national establishments, leave Scripture open to the wild interpretation of every enthusiastic visionary.'We had hopes that nothing which we could quefiion, woulú have occurred in this otherwise sensible and pertinent discourse. But we think it incumbent on us to remark, that, according to the Scriptores, we are not to call any man malter upon earth (i, e. in matters of conscience and religion): and that we are to judge for ourselves." NO! (say our SPIRIT U AL GUIDES) out of love to your souls, zwe will judge for you.” This is very kind! But when they lay one thing, and REVELATION and REASON say another; our Readers will easily determine which it is safell for us to follow.--We agree with Doctor M. that the paccern of excellence held forth to us from the throne
is transcendantly bright; and we heartily pray that the good wishes with which he very properly concludes his sermon may be fully realized. VI. An Oration delivered at the London Tavern, on the 4th of Nov.
1788, on occasion of the Commemoration of the Revolution, and the Completion of a Century from that great Event. By Joseph Towers, LL. D. 8vo. is. Dilly.
This very sensible address is well calculated to excite a laudable zeal for maintaining the important privileges secured to us by the happy event here commemorated. Having expressed his good wishes, that in every age, this country may continue to enjoy the bonour and the felicity of public freedom, Doctor Towers adds, in a note,
· I also fincerely with fuccess to all the efforts of the French nation, for the recovery of their liberties; and I should rejoice to fee them possessed of a constitution similar to that of England; and that two nations, so eminently diftinguished in arms and in literature, instead of exhausting themselves in fanguinary wars for no valuable perpose, may unite together in communicating the advantages of freedom, science, and the arts, to the most remote regions of the earth.'
In this generous and praise-worthy sentiment, we heartily and cordially join ; hoping that, from this time, we shall hear no more of thac illiberal and lenseless abuse of our neighbours, whom it has been common for us, in the frenzy of national prejudice, to figmatize, as the NATURAL enemies of our country!
In answer to our Correspondent, Y. Z. who thinks that in p. 226. of our Review for September, we have misquoted Matthew Paris, or rather mistaken the meaning of his words, let it be observed, that the word argentum does not correspond exaatly either to a Milling, or to a penny. In a matter so uncertain as the value of ancient coins, and their precise proportion to labour and the neceffaries of life, compared with that of the currency of the present day, antiquaries vary much in opinion. The sense in which we explained the passage is confirmed, or at least corroborated, by the authority of, Mr. Gibbon. See his Roman History, vol. vi. p. 303.
From the very great press of temporary business, we must poftpone our answers to other correspondents ; they will be found in our Appendix, which will be published with the Review for next month.
Particular Omission in our last. P. 461. Art. 29. in the title, after by W. Withering, M. D.' add,
including a netu set of references to figures. By Jonathan Stokes, M. D. Physician at Kidderminfter. See also the note at p. 544.
Α Ρ Ρ Ε Ν DI X
O É THË
M O N T H L Y
TH LY REVIEW
À RT. I. Histoire de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, &c. i.e. Hiftory and Me.
moirs of the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris, for the Year 1785*. Concluded from our last Appendix, p. 630. 'AVING promised a farther account of the last volume
of the memoirs of the academy of sciences at Paris, we resume the pleafing task of laying before our readers an account of the labours of this learned body; which has for many years been employed in making new discoveries in various branches' of natural philofopby, and considerable improve. ments in the arts depending on it. Philosophers cannot, sure. ly, be better employed, than in rendering their discoveries useful to mankind. For this end, an extensive knowlege of facts is the chief requisite. The astronomer who merely peeps at the planets through his telescopes for curiosity, or the naturalist who only admires the variegated wings of butterflies and moths, confer little benefit on society: but if the former, in consequence of his observations, fimplifies the art of navigation, or the latter, by attending to the occonomy of insects, dia rects the gardener and the farmer how to counteract or prevent the mischiefs which they occafion; their speculations are of public utility: and the more effectually to accomplish this end, no discovery, though its use, be not immediately apparent, ought to be concealed; for when known, it may serve as the ground. work for future improvements.
The first paper which now demands our attention, belongs to the class of mathematics.
* Imported by Mr. Elmsley, APP. Rev. Vol. LXKIX.