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dan, &c. &c. are given at full Length. Part II. 6s. fewed. Ridgway. 1783.
The former part of Mr. Ridgway's edition of this great national trial, continued the proceedings to the 29th of February, in the prefent year, when the High Court adjourned to the roth of April fol. lowing. This second part, in course, commences with the last men- , tioned date, and the twelfth day of the trial. It amounts to a large volume of near 500 pages ; and concludes with Mr. Sheridan's grand speech, June 10,-when the House adjourned to the first Tuesday in the next session of Parliament.
In this concluding part of what constitutes the first volume of Mr. Ridgway's edition, the Editor, as in the former part, exhibits a distinct view, and arrangement of the principal matters ; on which plan, the speeches are necessarily abbreviated." But this circumstance we have already noticed, in our brief mention of the firft Part: See Rev. April, p. 247 Art. 22. The Speech of Sir Elijah Impey, late Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court of Judicature in Bengal, at the Bar of the House of Commons, Feb. 4, 1788. Being the Matter of his Defence to the First Article of Charge exhibited to that House, by Sir Gilbert Elliot, Bart. Dec. 12, 1787. 8vo. 6s. Boards. Stockdale.
The Editor of this important publication assures his readers, in a prefatory advertisement, that he took a very accurate note of Şir Elijah's Speech, when it was delivered *." He conceives that the Public has a right to know why so enormous a parliamentary charge has not been prosecuted with effect. This delay has given him an opportunity of availing himself of the right Sir Elijah had given the Members of the House to examine and copy the original papers which had been left in the hands of a Member, for that purpose, by which means the vouchers may be depended on as accurate and authentic.'
The large Appendix to Sir Elijah's elaborate speech, is divided into three parts; I. Papers called for by the House. II. Papers referred to in the speech. III. Minutes of the evidence before the Committee. The 3d Part exhibits all the evidence on the part of the prosecution ; and, consequently, contains the whole grounds on which it could have been supported : so that those who need information, with respect to the nature of the case, and the proceedings on the charge brought against Sir E. Impey, may be completely gratified by the peruial of this compilement.
BRITISH FISHERIE s. Art. 23. The Substance of the Speech of Henry Beaufoy, Esq; to the
British Society for extending the Fisheries, &c. at the General Court held on Tuesday, March 28, 1788. To which is added, a Copy of the A&t for the Society's Incorporation. 8vo. Cadell. 1788.
Mr. Beaufoy, the Chairman of the Committee of Parliament appointed to enquire into the state of the British fisheries in the year
* Sir Elijah, himself, as we are given to understand, declined the publication.
1786, gives, in this pamphlet, an animated account of the benefits which Great Britain might derive from the fisheries on her coasts; and a lively picture of the distressed situation of the natives of the remote coast of Scotland; and the circumstances that have prevented them from pursuing the fisheries to advantage. In this part of the publication, we meet with nothing that the Public were not before informed of. But it is impoflible to repeat too often, particulars of so interesting a nature.
We are sorry, however, to observe, that though one of the principal obstructions that have retarded the fisheries on our coasts (by Mr. Beaufoy's account) be our injudicious laws, yet little has been done in that
way to encourage them. And though our Orator, in very strong terms, holds out, to public view, the few alterations of the laws that have been made of late, as highly advatageous to the community, yet it must be owned that they do not by any means effect a radical cure of this evil.
The patriotic efforts of the Private Association for the purpose of encouraging the fisheries, furnishes here an ample field for panegyric. They deserve much praise, and we sincerely with success to their benevolent endeavours. Mr. Beaufoy exerts himself to remove one prejudice against this society, which may arise in the minds of those who have not attended much to the subject, by proving, that in the principles of its institution, it is essentially different from the society that was instituted about forty years ago, under a name nearly fimilar; so that the objections raised against the former, do not affect the present society.
The remaining part of the Speech contains a journal of the Author's excursion to the Hebrides last summer, and a detailed account of the advantages and disadvantages attending certain stations that bad been proposed for erecting fishing villages on these coasts, with the reasons that determined the society to make choice of Tobermory in Mull, and Ullapool in Loch Broom, in preference to the others, which appear, from the data here ftated, to be very satisfactory.
Those who have no leisure to peruse the larger accounts that have lately been published relative to this subject, will find pleasure in reading this elegant abstract.
NEGRO E SLAVERY. Art. 24. Remarks upon the Situation of Negrees in Jamaica, impar
tially made, from a local Experience of nearly thirteen Years in that Island. By W. Beckford, Jun. formerly of Somerly in Suffolk, and late of Hertford in Jamaica. 8vo. 25. Egerton. 1788.
The observations of an intelligent writer, drawn from the experience of so many years, will naturally, at this time, and on so important a subject, excite the attention of the Public; and the reader who looks for important information, in this account, will not (we imagine) be disappointed. Mr. Beckford appears to be personally and fully acquainted with the real state of Negroe Navery in tlfe West Indies, particularly in Jamaica; and from such acquaintance, a man of observation must be particularly qualified to give his opinion, both with respect to the proposed regulation, and even to the great question of an abolition, of the slave trade, F 3
Mr. Beckford abounds with a variety of observations, and strictures, on the importation of Africans into the West Indies, and on the sale and subsequent treatment of them when arrived there : and he seems to speak with great moderation and candour on all the most material points which have been so warmly adverted to, in the principal publications on this subject.
He is of opinion, that neither the abolition of the slave trade, nor the liberation of the Negroes already imported, can be either adviseable or practicable ; and that the only good which can arise from the interference of our legislature, in consequence of the well-meant applications that have been made by the friends of humanity, will be, to restrain the rigour of a cruel master, and render the situation of the flave as tolerable and as comfortable as possible. He speaks with the utmost feeling and commiseration of the unhappy lot of tbe poor Africans, as in the following passage : While now,' says he, - the flame of humanity seems to glow in every breaft, it should not be suffered to cool; for the spark once neglected will die away, and receive, perhaps, a blaze no more ; but the subject must be touched with a delicate hand, considered in all posible points of view, left inhumanity should be the consequence of pity, the end of the petitions be thereby defeated, the intended remedy fail, and the wounds of the Negroes left incapable of a cure. The comforts that must attend their future situation should originate in England, extend to Africa, and be matured in the colonies.'-- What the requisites are, by which this good purpose may be best effected, the Author endeavours to explain, through the whole of his large and valuable pamphlet, conhsting of near 100 pages ;—which we are sorry to see dated from the Fleet. Art. 25. An Esay on the Impolicy of the African Slave Trade. By
the Rev. T. Clarkson, M. A. 8vo. 2 s. 6 d. boards. Phillips. 1788.
Mr. Clarkson now attacks the opponents of the abolition scheme in their strong hold, on which he has opened a powerful battery of weighty arguments. He replies to every shing, of any consequence, that he has ever heard (and he is well informed of all that has been urged) in support of the policy of the flave trade, or against the expediency of its abolition. On speculative ground (the only ground which can be taken, till experience shall settle the dispute), he seems completely victorious. His book is full of information, good sense, and sound reasoning. For his former work, entitled, An Elay on Slavery, see Review for April last, p. 343. Art. 26. Obfervations on a Guinea Voyage. In a Series of Letters
addressed to the Rev. Thomas Clarkion. By James Field Stanfield, late a Mariner in the African Slave Trade. 12mo. 4d. Phillips. 1783.
If all the devils in Pluto's dominions were regimented before us, we do not apprehend that there would be found, in the whole groupe, one half so black as a Guinea Captain, according to the pourtraiture of Mr. Stanfield. His account of the barbarities exer-' ciled by thele human fiends on their unhappy sailors, as well as on the African llaves, is really too horrid to read, and would appear too
monftrcus to be believed, had he not informed us, by his advertisement, that he hath substantiated the principal facts by an AfflDAVIT. His general representation is likewise corroborated by the other accounts that have lately been published, relative to the Guinea voyages, and the inhuman traffic which is their object. Mr. Stanfield appears to be a man of character, education, and sentiment, much superior to the station of a common mariner. Art. 27. A cool Address to the People of England, on the Slave Trade.
By Thomas Maxwell Adams, Esq. 8vo. Is. 6d. Faulder, &c. 1788.
Mr. Adams argues as a lawyer, a politician, and a merchant, against the abolition scheme. On a subject of so much consequence, every intelligent person, who has any opinion to offer on either fide of the question, ought to be duly attended to. This gentleman has a peculiar manner of writing; but facts, and reasoning, on this great occafion, are what we are principally to regard ; style, and the trappings of language, are here of little account. Art. 28. A Scriptural Refutation of a Pamphlet lately published, by
she Rev. Raymund Harris, entitled, “ Scriptural Researches on the Licitness of the Slave Trade." 8vo. Law. 1788.
This anonymous Writer has, in our opinion, given a very complete answer to Mr. Harris; but wherefore is our Author anonymous ? It does not seem quite fair to appear masqued in the lists, against a man who openly shews his face, and tells his name. But, poflibly, the Answerer, after having indulged in some asperity, when speaking of his antagonist, might not deem it expedient to be personally exposed to retaliation. The information which he had received concerning the character and profession of Mr. H. operated, he tells us, • as a sort of comment on his work ;' adding, The unnatural attachment to slavery,- the aversion and dread of the interference of reason and common sense,--the artful and subtle positions which are the foundation of his work, appear totally irreconcileable to the character of an Englishman, but are perfectly consistent with that of a Spanish Jefuit.'
We do not give the above as the most brilliant or the most liberal passage in the pamphlet ; which, on the whole, is argumentative, senable, and, in our opinion, decisive of the contest.
MILITARY LAW. Art. 29. Trial of John Browne, Esq; Major of his Majesty's 67th
Regiment of Foot, on the Charges exhibited against him by a Court Martial in Antigua, January 30th, 1786; also on a Charge of Opprefiion and Cruelty, as Commanding Officer, exhibited againit him by Captain Robert Hedges, of the said Regiment, before a General Court Martial at the Horse-guards, Aug. 13, 1787. With an Appendix, containing all the Correspondence, &c. &c. Folio. 105. 6d. sewed. Bell. 1788. Those who are curious, or interested, with regard to the rules and etiquette of military and naval discipline and deportment, will, in these voluminous proceedings, meet with abundant gratification.-Major Browne was sentenced to lose 309 days pay, out of which the
fum of 401. was adjudged to be paid to Thomas Edwards, a soldier, as a compensation for the oppression, &c. brought in charge against his commanding officer. It appears to us, however, that the Major had received great and just provocation, from the alleged misconduct of the man.
BIOGRAPHY. Art. 30. Remarkable Occurrences in the Life of Jonas Hanway, Esq.
Comprehending an Abttract of his Travels in Russia and Persia, &c. &c. By John Pugh. The second Edition. 8vo. 35. 6 d. sewed. Payne, &c. 1788.
We are glad to find that the world hath given so welcome a reception to a good account of a good man. Mr. Hanway had, indeed, a just claim on the Public for so respectful a mark of attention, and grateful regard to his memory; for, by his.extraordinary exertions in every good cause that attracted his notice, and interested his benevolent heart, he had been a great benefactor, not merely to his country, but to the human race.
This new edition of Mr. Pugh's Anecdotes, &c. appears to have received the requisite corrections and improvements; and among the additions, we observe a copy of Mr. H.'s will, the terms of which are perfectly characteristic of the piety and worth of his disposition.For our account of the first edition of this work, see Review for Sept. 1787, p. 220.
PHILOSOPHICAL, &c. Art. 31. Disquisitions on several Subjects. I. On the Nature of
Time. II. On the Imperfection of Human Knowledge. III. On the Heavenly Bodies. IV. On Reason and Instinct. V. An Essay on Education. By Richard Worthington, M. D. Author of a Letter to the Jews. I 2mo. 3 s. sewed. Wilkie. 1787.
This Writer seems to have taken for his model that ingenious difquifitor, the late Soame Jenyns ; but he falls far short of his pattern in ingenuity, and originality of thought. His language, indeed, is easy and correct, but his reflections are too trite to excite the curio. fity, or fix the attention, of the reader.
On the subject of education, he complains, that our present plans of inftraction are not well adapted to facilitate the acquisition of knowlege in any of the learned professions; he objects to the length of time which is commonly devoted to the clasics; and prefers private to public education, on account of the opportunities it affords for adapiing instruction to the present state of knowlege, and to the particular views and exigencies of the pupil. These ideas are, perhaps, in the main, right: but the Author would have rendered his observations more vleful, if, like che late popular advocate for classical and public education, he had laid down a clear plan of instruction, and given practical rules for carrying it into execution. General observations on fubjects of this nature are of little value.
N. B. This article was written some months ago; but its insertion has been, with that of many others, poftponed from time to time, for want of room.