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dan, &c. &c. are given at full Length. Part II. 6s. fewed. Ridgway. 1789.

The former part of Mr. Ridgway's edition of this great national trial, continued the proceedings to the 29th of February, in the prefent year, when the High Court adjourned to the 10th of April following. This fecond part, in courfe, commences with the last mentioned date, and the twelfth day of the trial. It amounts to a large volume of near 500 pages; and concludes with Mr. Sheridan's grand fpeech, June 10,-when the Houfe adjourned to the firft Tuesday in the next feffion of Parliament.

In this concluding part of what conftitutes the first volume of Mr. Ridgway's edition, the Editor, as in the former part, exhibits a diftinct view, and arrangement of the principal matters; on which plan, the fpeeches are neceffarily abbreviated. But this circumstance we have already noticed, in our brief mention of the firft Part: See Rev. April, p. 247.

Art. 22. The Speech of Sir Elijah Impey, late Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Judicature in Bengal, at the Bar of the Houfe of Commons, Feb. 4, 1788. Being the Matter of his DEFENCE to the First Article of Charge exhibited to that Houfe, by Sir Gilbert Elliot, Bart. Dec. 12, 1787. 8vo. 6s. Boards. Stockdale.

The Editor of this important publication affures his readers, in a prefatory advertisement, that he took a very accurate note of Sir Elijah's Speech, when it was delivered *.' He conceives that the Public has a right to know why fo enormous a parliamentary charge has not been profecuted with effect. This delay has given him an opportunity of availing himself of the right Sir Elijah had given the Members of the Houfe to examine and copy the original papers which had been left in the hands of a Member, for that purpofe, by which means the vouchers may be depended on as accurate and authentic.'

The large Appendix to Sir Elijah's elaborate fpeech, is divided into three parts; I. Papers called for by the Houfe. II. Papers referred to in the fpeech. III. Minutes of the evidence before the Committee. The 3d Part exhibits all the evidence on the part of the profecution; and, confequently, contains the whole grounds on which it could have been fupported: fo that those who need information, with respect to the nature of the cafe, and the proceedings on the charge brought against Sir E. Impey, may be completely gratified by the perufal of this compilement.

BRITISH FISHERIES.

Art. 23. The Subftance of the Speech of Henry Beaufoy, Efq; to the British Society for extending the Fisheries, &c. at the General Court held on Tuesday, March 28, 1788. To which is added, a Copy of the Act for the Society's Incorporation. 8vo. 2 S. Cadell. 1788.

Mr. Beaufoy, the Chairman of the Committee of Parliament appointed to enquire into the ftate of the British fisheries in the year

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* Sir Elijah, himself, as we are given to understand, declined the

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1786, gives, in this pamphlet, an animated account of the benefits which Great Britain might derive from the fisheries on her coafts; and a lively picture of the diftreffed fituation of the natives of the remote coaft of Scotland; and the circumftances that have prevented them from pursuing the fisheries to advantage. In this part of the publication, we meet with nothing that the Public were not before informed of. But it is impoffible to repeat too often, particulars of fo interesting a nature.

We are forry, however, to obferve, that though one of the principal obftructions that have retarded the fisheries on our coafts (by Mr. Beaufoy's account) be our injudicious laws, yet little has been done in that way to encourage them. And though our Orator, in very ftrong terms, holds out, to public view, the few alterations of the laws that have been made of late, as highly advatageous to the community, yet it must be owned that they do not by any means effect a radical cure of this evil.

The patriotic efforts of the Private Affociation for the purpose of encouraging the fisheries, furnishes here an ample field for panegyric. They deserve much praise, and we fincerely with fuccefs to their benevolent endeavours. Mr. Beaufoy exerts himself to remove one prejudice against this fociety, which may arife in the minds of those who have not attended much to the fubject, by proving, that in the principles of its inftitution, it is effentially different from the fociety that was inftituted about forty years ago, under a name nearly fimilar; fo that the objections raifed against the former, do not affect the prefent fociety.

The remaining part of the Speech contains a journal of the Author's excursion to the Hebrides laft fummer, and a detailed account of the advantages and difadvantages attending certain stations that had been propofed for erecting fishing villages on these coafts, with the reasons that determined the fociety to make choice of Tobermory in Mull, and Ullapool in Loch Broom, in preference to the others,which appear, from the data here ftated, to be very fatisfactory.

Those who have no leifure to perufe the larger accounts that have lately been published relative to this fubject, will find pleasure in reading this elegant abstract.

NEGROE SLAVERY.

Art. 24. Remarks upon the Situation of Negroes in Jamaica, impartially made, from a local Experience of nearly thirteen Years in that Ifland. By W. Beckford, Jun. formerly of Somerly in Suffolk, and late of Hertford in Jamaica. 8vo. 2s. Egerton. 1788. The obfervations of an intelligent writer, drawn from the experience of fo many years, will naturally, at this time, and on fo important a fubject, excite the attention of the Public; and the reader who looks for important information, in this account, will not (we imagine) be disappointed. Mr. Beckford appears to be perfonally and fully acquainted with the real ftate of Negroe flavery in the West Indies, particularly in Jamaica; and from fuch acquaintance, a man of obfervation must be particularly qualified to give his opinion, both with respect to the propofed regulation, and even to the great queftion of an abolition, of the flave trade.

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Mr. Beckford abounds with a variety of obfervations, and ftrictures, on the importation of Africans into the West Indies, and on the fale and fubfequent treatment of them when arrived there and he feems to speak with great moderation and candour on all the moft material points which have been fo warmly adverted to, in the principal publications on this fubject.

He is of opinion, that neither the abolition of the flave trade, nor the liberation of the Negroes already imported, can be either advifeable or practicable; and that the only good which can arise from the interference of our legiflature, in confequence of the well-meant applications that have been made by the friends of humanity, will be, to restrain the rigour of a cruel master, and render the fituation of the flave as tolerable and as comfortable as poffible. He fpeaks with the utmost feeling and commiferation of the unhappy lot of the poor Africans, as in the following paffage: While now,' fays he, the flame of humanity feems to glow in every breaft, it should not be fuffered to cool; for the fpark once neglected will die away, and receive, perhaps, a blaze no more; but the fubject must be touched with a delicate hand, confidered in all poffible points of view, left inhumanity should be the confequence of pity, the end of the petitions be thereby defeated, the intended remedy fail, and the wounds of the Negroes left incapable of a cure. The comforts that must attend their future fituation fhould originate in England, extend to Africa, and be matured in the colonies.' What the requifites are, by which this good purpose may be beft effected, the Author endeavours to explain, through the whole of his large and valuable pamphlet, confifting of near 100 pages ;-which we are forry to fee dated from the Fleet.

Art. 25. An Efay on the Impolicy of the African Slave Trade. By the Rev. T. Clarkfon, M. A. 8vo. 2 s. 6d. Boards. Phillips. 1788.

Mr. Clarkfon now attacks the opponents of the abolition fcheme in their strong hold, on which he has opened a powerful battery of weighty arguments. He replies to every thing, of any confequence, that he has ever heard (and he is well informed of all that has been urged) in fupport of the policy of the flave trade, or against the expediency of its abolition. On fpeculative ground (the only ground which can be taken, till experience fhall fettle the difpute), he feems completely victorious. His book is full of information, good fenfe, and found reafoning. For his former work, entitled, An Elay on Slavery, fee Review for April laft, p. 343.

Art. 26. Obfervations on a Guinea Voyage. In a Series of Letters addreffed to the Rev. Thomas Clarkton. By James Field Stanfield, late a Mariner in the African Slave Trade. 12mo. 4d. Phillips. 1783.

If all the devils in Pluto's dominions were regimented before us, we do not apprehend that there would be found, in the whole groupe, one half fo black as a Guinea Captain, according to the pourtraiture of Mr. Stanfield. His account of the barbarities exer-' ciled by thefe human fiends on their unhappy failors, as well as on the African flaves, is really too horrid to read, and would appear too

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monftrcus to be believed, had he not informed us, by his advertisement, that he hath fubftantiated the principal facts by an AFFIDAVIT. His general reprefentation is likewife corroborated by the other accounts that have lately been published, relative to the Guinea voyages, and the inhuman traffic which is their object. Mr. Stanfield appears to be a man of character, education, and fentiment, much fuperior to the ftation of a common mariner.

Art. 27. A cool Addrefs to the People of England, on the Slave Trade. By Thomas Maxwell Adams, Efq. 8vo. Is. 6d. Faulder, &c. 1788.

Mr. Adams argues as a lawyer, a politician, and a merchant, against the abolition fcheme. On a fubject of fo much confequence, every intelligent perfon, who has any opinion to offer on either fide of the question, ought to be duly attended to. This gentleman has a peculiar manner of writing; but facts, and reafoning, on this great occafion, are what we are principally to regard; ftyle, and the trappings of language, are here of little account.

Art. 28. A Scriptural Refutation of a Pamphlet lately published, by the Rev. Raymund Harris, entitled, "Scriptural Refearches on the Licitnefs of the Slave Trade." 8vo. 1 S. Law. 1788.

This anonymous Writer has, in our opinion, given a very complete anfwer to Mr. Harris; but wherefore is our Author anonymous? It does not feem quite fair to appear mafqued in the lifts, against a man who openly fhews his face, and tells his name. But, poffibly, the Anfwerer, after having indulged in fome afperity, when speaking of his antagonist, might not deem it expedient to be perfonally exposed to retaliation. The information which he had received concerning the character and profeffion of Mr. H. operated, he tells us,

as a fort of comment on his work; adding, The unnatural attachment to flavery, -the averfion and dread of the interference of reafon and common fenfe,-the artful and fubtle pofitions which are the foundation of his work, appear totally irreconcileable to the character of an Englishman, but are perfectly confiftent with that of a Spanish Jefuit."'

We do not give the above as the most brilliant or the most liberal paffage in the pamphlet; which, on the whole, is argumentative, fenfible, and, in our opinion, decifive of the conteft.

MILITARY LAW.

Art. 29. Trial of John Browne, Efq; Major of his Majefty's 67th Regiment of Foot, on the Charges exhibited against him by a Court Martial in Antigua, January 30th, 1786; alfo on a Charge of Oppreffion and Cruelty, as Commanding Officer, exhibited against him by Captain Robert Hedges, of the faid Regiment, before a General Court Martial at the Horfe-guards, Aug. 13, 1787. With an Appendix, containing all the Correfpondence, &c. &c. Folio. 10s. 6d. fewed. Bell. 1788.

Thofe who are curious, or interested, with regard to the rules and etiquette of military and naval difcipline and deportment, will, in thefe voluminous proceedings, meet with abundant gratification.Major Browne was fentenced to lofe 309 days pay, out of which the F 4

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fum of 401. was adjudged to be paid to Thomas Edwards, a foldier, as a compenfation for the oppreffion, &c. brought in charge against his commanding officer. It appears to us, however, that the Major had received great and juft provocation, from the alleged mifconduct of the man.

BIOGRAPHY.

Art. 30. Remarkable Occurrences in the Life of Jonas Hanway, Efq. Comprehending an Abstract of his Travels in Ruffia and Perfia, &c. &c. By John Pugh. The fecond Edition. 8vo. 3s. 6d. fewed. Payne, &c. 1788.

We are glad to find that the world hath given fo welcome a reception to a good account of a good man. Mr. Hanway had, indeed, a juft claim on the Public for fo refpectful a mark of attention, and grateful regard to his memory; for, by his.extraordinary exertions in every good caufe that attracted his notice, and interested his benevolent heart, he had been a great benefactor, not merely to his country, but to the human race.

This new edition of Mr. Pugh's Anecdotes, &c. appears to have received the requifite corrections and improvements; and among the additions, we obferve a copy of Mr. H.'s will, the terms of which are perfectly characteristic of the piety and worth of his difpofition.For our account of the first edition of this work, fee Review for Sept. 1787, p. 220.

PHILOSOPHICAL, &c.

Art. 31. Difquifitions on feveral Subjects. I. On the Nature of Time. II. On the Imperfection of Human Knowledge. III. On the Heavenly Bodies. IV. On Reason and Inftinct. V. An Effay on Education. By Richard Worthington, M. D. Author of a Letter to the Jews. 12mo. 3 s. fewed. Wilkie. 1787. This Writer feems to have taken for his model that ingenious difquifitor, the late Soame Jenyns; but he falls far fhort of his pattern in ingenuity, and originality of thought. His language, indeed, is ealy and correct, but his reflections are too trite to excite the curiofity, or fix the attention, of the reader.

On the fubject of education, he complains, that our prefent plans of inftruction are not well adapted to facilitate the acquifition of knowlege in any of the learned profeffions; he objects to the length of time which is commonly devoted to the claffics; and prefers private to public education, on account of the opportunities it affords for adapting inftruction to the present state of knowlege, and to the particular views and exigencies of the pupil. Thefe ideas are, perhaps, in the main, right but the Author would have rendered his obfervations more ufeful, if, like the late popular advocate for claffical and public education, he had laid down a clear plan of inftruction, and given practical rules for carrying it into execution. General obfervations on fubjects of this nature are of little value.

N. B. This article was written fome months ago; but its infertion has been, with that of many others, poftponed from time to time, for want of room.

MATHR

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