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MEDICAL.
Art. 63. Some Account of the Walton Water, near Tewkesbury. With

Thoughts on the Use and Diseases of the Lymphatic Glands. By
James Johnstone, M. D. 8vo. is. 6d. Cadell. 1787.

According to Dr. Johnstone's analysis, the Walton water contains a small quantity of iron dissolved in fixed air, absorbent earth dissolved in hepatic air, vitriolated mineral alkali, vitriolated magnesia, and muriated mineral alkali. We could have wished that the learned Author had ascertained the quantities of the component parts of the water; its qualities are, however, accurately determined, and experience ascertains the dose much better than theory could do.

The water is principally efficacious in glandular diseases, especially in their obstructions. This circumstance leads the Author to offer some thoughts on the use and diseases of the lymphatic glands ; he thinks that the use of these glands is to intercept, as fponges, and to alter, as digestive organs, whatever is unfit to enter into the mass of blood. In ordinary cases this is effected without obstruction, but in extraordinary cases the noxious matter remains in the gland, deftroys its powers, substance, and organization, and by re-absorption, contaminates the habit. Art. 64. The Gentleman's experienced Farrier; containing the Me

thods of Diet, Exercise, Bleeding, Purging, &c. of Horses ;the Anatomical Parts described ;--the Disorders incident to Horses, and their respective Cores, &c. By William Foster, Farrier. 8vo. 6s. sewed. Robinsons.

In this age, when the arts are making a daily and rapid progress toward perfection, we expected to find that a treatise on farriery would have contained the latest improvements of the art. In this performance, we meet with several good directions, but few, if any of chem, are new. The modern practice, for instance, of treating bruises, and the use of Goulard's extract as a most powerful resolvent and discutient, ought at least to have been mentioned. Art. 65. The Gentleman's Stable Directory; or, Modern System of

Farriery. Comprehending the present entire improved Mode of Practice ; containing all the most valuable Prescriptions and approved Remedies, &c. &c. By William Taplin, Surgeon. 8vo. gs. Boards. Ķearsley. 1788.

If the qualifications of a farrier confitt in abufing preceding authors on the same subject, and in boasting his own superior skill, Mr. Taplin must be placed in a very distinguished point of view. His abilities, as a theoretical farrier, are unknown to as, because he has almost wholly confined himself, in this publication, to the practice of the art :- In some instances, indeed, he attempts the invefti-, gation of the causes and the theory of diseases; but in these he frequently crrs. A remarkable example of this occurs in p. 228, wbere, treating of the jaundice, he talks of the gall-bladder. When we ftudied equestrian anatomy, a horse had no gall-bladder: but perhaps Mr. Taplin will say with the man in the farce" It used to be so, but the college have altered that matter now."

Though we have discovered this, and some other hips, we cannot pars a general censure on the performance before us, Moft of Mr. 7

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Taplin's practical directions are excellent, especially those which re. late to feeding, and condition, and bleeding. As to purging, though we are inclined to doubt the propriety of the practice, from the length and structure of the intestinal canal, and from the difficulty as well as the danger of the operation, yet, speaking from practical experience, we must admit its good effects; we must also acknowlege that Mr. Taplin's receipts, according to the trials which we have made of them, are good ones.

We shall not enumerare all the particulars of Mr. Taplin's practice: we could have wished to have seen more of theory, and less dictation. The book is nevertheless a good one. Art. 66. Firft Lines of the Theory and Pradice in Venereal Diseases.

By William Nisbet, M. D, Fellow of the Royal College of Sur. geons at Edinburgh. 8vo. 55. Boards. Elliot, &c. 1787. The numerous capital works which many able authors have pablished concerning this malady, seem, in the opinion of several writers, insufficient for explaining the nature of the disease, or for giving the necessary instructions to the tyro, for forming a rational method of

The present performance appears to be the production of a young writer, who displays an intimate knowlege of the subject, and gives some useful practical directions for its cure. We wilh we could Itop here ; but we are under the necessity of denying our assent to the greatest part of the Author's philosophy concerning the mode of the operation of mercury in curing venereal complaints. It is a dark and intricate subject, and ought to be treated only by such as have made the more, abftrufe parts of natural philosophy, chemiftry, anatomy, &c. &c. their peculiar study. Mercury, which at least ten times the specific gravity of the blood, must, on its introduction into that moving Auid, considerably increase its momentum, and consequently the symptoms which succeed the use of quicksilver ought to be referred to the momentum of the blood. Few physiologists, however, in explaining the circulation of the blood, and the effects produced by it, have ever taken the momentum into consideration. Art. 67. Cursory Remarks on the New Pharmacopæia. By Liquor

Volarilis Cornu-Cervi. 8vo. Stalker. 1788. Abuse of the College and Dr. Healde, Mould have been the title of this fcurrilous pamphlet, which is below criticism. Art. 68. Obfervations on the Medical Pradlice of Dr. Brown; or,

An Inquiry into the Abuse of Stimulants in Fevers. 8vo. Gardner, 1788. Dr. Brown's practice being built on an hypothesis contrary to that which has lately been maintained by the Edinburgh professors, it is no wonder that his doctrine should be opposed by the disciples of those from whom he diffents. The Author of the pamphlet before us reprobates the practice of giving opium in fevers; he mentions also the harm that may ensue from the use of wine ; but on this fabject he is a little more moderate, probably because many of the Edinburgh professors have acknowleged its efficacy in certain species of fevers. Although every rational practitioner must in general disapprove the Brunonjan doctrine, yet many fevers (we believe the

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greatest part of them), in this country at least, require a liberal ufe of cordials and stimulants : but in saying this we are also aware that excesive quantities may be attended with the most fatal consequences. It is no less an old than a true adage, Omne nimium nocet.

ANTIQUITIES, HERALDRY, &c. Art. 69. Prestwich's Refpublica; or a Display of the Honours, Cere,

monies, and Ensigns of the Commonwealth under the ProtectorShip of Oliver Cromwell, &c. 410. 75.6d. Boards. Nichols. 1787,

The firft article in this collection is a genealogical table, in which Cromwell is derived from Blethin ap Kynvin, prince of Powis. The furname of Cromwell was introduced into the family by William, the Protector's great.grandfather, who married the fister of Thomas Crumwell, Earl of Effex. The fon of this marriage was surnamed Cromwell. He was gentleman of the privy chamber to Henry VIII.

The second article is an account of the ceremony of the very lolemn investiture and in itallation of Oliver into the protectorship. The title says, ? written by me Edmund Prestwich, of the city of Lon. don, an eye and ear witness to all that passed on this glorious occa. fion. Then follow the descriptions of the flags and armorial bear. ings of 458 commanders and captains of companies in the army of the commonwealth--a list of the provincial governors -an account of the military eltablishment-a list of the navy-a list, titled, “the loyalist's bloody roll, or a list of the lords, baronets, knights, &c. with their king and archbishop, that were Nain in the late wars, or executed by the high courts of justice,'--another list, titled, the names and armorial bearings of sundry noble and worthy personages in the coinmonwealth, with some account of their families."

The next article describes the death and funeral of Oliver Cromwell, with engravings of the funeral enfigns of honour which were carried in the procession. To this is subjoined a list of the members of the parliament which began January 1658 and was diffolved April 1659, being the last parliament of the commonwealth.

The next article is a treatise on the English constitution and government, at the conclusion of which we find a very minute and particular account of the present royal family, with the arms of all its branches.

The volume concludes with a few articles of a work, called the Alphabetical Roll.' This is a curious performance, and must be acceptable to genealogists and heralds. It contains the names and a fort history of the most respectable families in England, with a defcription of their arms. . This roll extends no farther than to Aspinball; but the remainder of the alphabet is promised in the second vo; lume: and in the mean time the communications of the curious are - sequested by the Author, Sir John Prestwich, directed either to himself at Bath, or his publisher in London,

THEOLOGY, &c. Art. 70. A sport Discourse on the Sabbath: By a Member of the

Society for promoting Christian Knowlege. 12mo. 2d. or 128. per 100. Johnson. 1787.

Serious without enthusiasm, and plain without meanness; therefore well adapted to the design for which it was written,

Art.

Art. 71. A Letter to the Caput of the University of Cambridge, on

the Rejection of the Grace for abolishing Subscription. By a Member of the Senate. 8vo. 15. Johnson. 1788.

This is a spirited, fenfible, and well-written remonstrance. The author confiders the pafling of a rejection (Dec. 11, 1787) in the capat, to a grace for the removal of subscription to the thirty-nine articles, at the time of taking the degree of Bachelor of Arts, as a despotic exertion of an arbitrary power, vested in the caput in dark and arbitrary times. What apology the respectable body, against whom this charge is brought, may chuse to offer for themselves, we cannot take on us to say. Considering the matter in the light of a general question, in which the public is materially interested, we must, however, express our hearty concurrence with the anonymous author of this letter, in the opinion, that the requisition of subscription at the time of conferring degrees, is an encumbrance on learning, and a snare to integrity, which, in the present state of knowlege, might without the smallest inconvenience, or hazard, be abolished Art. 72. A Recommendation of Brotherly-love, on the Principles of

Christianity. To which is fubjoined, an Enquiry into the true Design of the Institution of Masonry. By James Wright, A. M. Minister at Maybole. 8vo. 45. Boards. Edinburgh, printed. London, sold by Murray.

The general subjects of the treatise are, the obligations of brotherly-love; its nature and proper expressions ; with the pleasures wbich flow from it. These subjects are considered and illustrated with good sense, judgment, and animation. The author discovers a pious, a benevolent, and a liberal mind. He appears to be a friend to peace and liberty, and all the real interests of mankind. They who peruse his book can hardly avoid the wish at least to cultivate the spirit and pursue the practice it recommends. The arguments are powerful, and the style and manner, on the whole, are agreeable. Yet, it must be said, that there is sometimes too much appearance of negligence, or too much repetition of the same thoughts; perhaps, occafioned by the differtations having originally borne the form of sermons; compofitions which require to be sometimes diffusive in order to be the more useful.

The latter part of this work is devoted to the fraternity of Free, Masons. Brotherly-love, it may be thought, has no more immediate or necessary connection with Masonry than with other arts or societies among mankind. Nay, it might be apprehended that such an association would promote too much a kind of party-spirit, and abridge or prevent suitable regards to the human race in general. On this point we shall not determine. We have not the honour to rank with the Brethren of the Trowel. Our author, we conclude, is one of the initiated : he delivers to them some excellent advice; but his principal purpose is to point out a method by which he thinks their inflitution might be rendered of the most extensive and important fervice : it is by making it a means of spreading the christian doctrine among those who are at present unacquainted with it. He apprehends that a book on brotherly-love, as a branch of christianity, could be easily introduced to the acquaintance of the

Brethren

Brethren of all mason-lodges, which, being to be found in almost every part of the world, might thus prove of use in propagating the religion of Jesus * !

Mr. Wright, possibly, may have a view to his own book; and we do not think it ill calculated for the purpose ; but it must be translated into different languages.-Whatever are his particular views, his general intention, whether visionary or solid, is undoubtedly good; and we heartily and fervently with well to whatever may contribute in a smaller or larger measure to the comfort and welfare of mankind. Art. 73. Social Religion exemplified, in an Account of the first Set

tlements of Christianity in the City of Caerludd. Written originally by the Rev. Matthias Morrice. Fourth Edition. Revised by Edward Williams. Small 8vo. 34. Shrewsbury printed : London, fold by Longman.

This book, we are told, has been long out of print, and much fought after, by persons of different religious sentiments and perfvalions. Mr. Morrice, the author, was a diffenting minifter, first in South Wales, his native country, and afterward at Rothwell, in. Northamptonshire, at which place he finished his days, in the year 1738. The work is, in fact, a view of the discipline, form of government, and religious worship among those christian churches which are termed congregational, or independent. We make no doubt that Mr. Morrice was a man of real piety and goodness ;-that he had a warm and zealous attachment to the sentiments and mode, which are here so particularly described, is suficiently apparent from this performance. It carries some face of originality, and may be perused with entertainment and improvement by those who do not concur in all the author's opinions. There is somewhat ingenious in this plan, which is laid in the very early times of christianity, and supposes that two gentlemen (pagans) travelling from Caer-ludd (London) into Wales, there fell into the company of some christians, and were introduced to their worshipping assembly, by which means they were converted, and were afterward the cause of erecting a christian church in the city to which they returned. If we have been rather amused and pleased in running through the voluine, and think there seems more of christian simplicity in the scheme than in that of some other churches which might be named; if also we can make allowance for the tenaciousness which is expressed or implied as to that fide of disputable points which has been accounted orthodox ; at the same time we cannot withhold our disapprobation and our censure of the treatment, which some persons, in the church at Caer-ludd, are said to have met with, for what were deemed beretical opinions, and which proceeded to excommunication.--It may be urged, indeed, that the harshest measures here faid to be employed, and employed with a great appearance of humanity, are far preferable to fpiritual courts and star-chambers.—But when once

* How far this would be consistent with the original fundamental principles of the society, which is said to be much older than christianity, we know not.

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