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this kind of authority is admitted, who can say to what extent it

may reach,-if there is but the power ?

The editor has corrected and abridged the work, and added to it eccafional notes, together with an index particularly relative to British or Welsh words, and also a preface containing some account of the author. He observes that the dialogues were not originally composed, and are not now published, to solicit applause, but to promote the most substantial interests of mankind; the low and illiterate not excepted. To the improvement of the latter, he says, this familiar treatise has a peculiar respect : and to this, we apprehend, it may contribute-except in such cases as that we have mentioned before, and which, in our view, have a tendency to promote a narrow, bigotted, and uncharitable spirit. Art. 74. Sermons on various Subječts. Published for the Benefit of

the General Hospital in Bath. By the Rev. Lancelot St. Albyn, A. M. Rector of Paracombe, Devon, &c. 8vo. 55. Boards. Robinsons.

The contents of this volume are as follows ; 1. The nature of truth, John xviii. 38. II. Duties arising from the knowlege of the true God, 1 Kings xviii. 39. III. Interested motives allowable in religion, Job i. 9. IV. Blessedness of faith, John xx. 29. V. Union between' moral and positive duties, Matth. xxiii. 23. VI. Happiness of self-approbation, Rom. xiv. 22. VII. Danger of selfjuftification, Luke x. 29. VIII. The rich ruler, Luke xviii. 23. IX. Peter's repentance, Matth. xxvi. 75. X. Joseph's advice to his brethren, Gen. xlv. 24. XI. Moses's test of his divine commiffion : a visitation sermon, Numb. xvi. 29. XII. Christ crucified, the power of God, and the wisdom of God, i Cor. i. 23, 24. XIII. Analogy between the Jewish-paffover and the Lord's supper, Exod. xii. 26. XIV. Shoriness and misery of human life, Gen. xlvii

. 9. XV. Patience of Job, supported by the hope of a resurrection. Job xiv, 14.

The immediate design with which these sermons are made public, would sufficiently forbid any observations that might retard their sale, were we disposed to make them. They were not written, the author says, with even the most diftant thought of being ever submitted to the public eye: but separate from the laudable purpofe of afsifting an useful charity, the discourses themselves are, in general, well written, edifying, and persuahive. We might perhaps object to some passages; but, on the whole, we think these discourses justly entitled to our approbation, as compofitions well calculated for general utilicy.

Sermons on evangelical and practical Subje&ts. By the late Rev. Thomas Gibbons, D.D. in three Vols. 8vo. 128. Boards. Buckland. 1787.

Those who have had any acquaintance with Dr. Gibbons, will expect that these discourses should be guided by a system, and that Tystem Calvinistic. Such they will be found, as to the doctrinal part, but it hould also be said, that they are directed to a practical pura pose, and tend to form the heart to piety and goodness. The style is plain, and, on the whole, properly adapted to the pulpit. If the

sermons

Art. 75

sermons are not diftinguished by depth of thought or strength of reasoning, they are often pathetic, affectionate, and persuasive. Though fcriptural, they are not critical ; but rather take texts in a popular sense, without regarding that different and real meaning which farther attention might allign ; they are not; however, without the appearance of being produced by a man of some taste and learning ; such as the author was known to possess. Fourteen discourses in the first volume are from Titus iii. iv. v, vi. vii. But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour, &c. XV. Early acquaintance with the scriptures : 2 Tim. iii. 15. And that from a child, &c. XVI. Returning to the Lord. Jer. I. 4, 5. In those days, and at that time, faith the Lord, &c. XVII. John xv. 8. Herein is my father glorified that ye bear much fruit, &c. Vol. 2nd. XVIIJ. Üniversal holiness. i Cor. xv. 58. Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfafi, &c. XIX. Human life short and uncertain. James iv. 14. XX. A crucified Saviour. Johx xii. 32. And if I be lifted up, &c. XXI. The Lord's fupper.

1 Cor. xi. 24. XXII. A chriftian church. 1 Cor. i. 2. Unto the church, &c. XXIII, XXIV. Spiritual bleflings. Ifaiah xii. ?. XXV. The scape goat.' Levit. xvi. 21, 22, And Aaron shall lay both hands, &c. XXVI, XXVII. Divine condescension. Isaiah lvii. 15. For thus faith the High and Lofty One, &c. XXVIII. ' Perseverance. Phil. ii. 13, 14. Brethren, I count not myself to have apprehended, &c. XXIX, XXX, XXXI. Benefits of godliness. i Tim. iv. 8. God. liness is, &c. Vol. 3d. XXXII. Unseen things. 2 Cor. iv. 18. While we look not, &c. XXXIII, XXXIV. Family government. Gen. 18, 19.

For I know him, that he will command, &c. XXXV, XXXVI. Blessings of the gospel covenant. Ifa. xxv. 6, 7, 8. And in this mountain shall the Lord of Hofts make unto all people a feast, &c. XXXVII. God all-sufficient. Ifaiah xl. 30, 31. Even the youths fhall faint, &c. XXXVIII, XXXIX. Putting on the Lord Jesus Chriit. Rom. xiii. 14. But put ye on, &c. XL. Rom. viii. 2. For the law of the spirit of life, &c. XLI. Triumph over deach. 1 Cor. xv. 55. O death, where is thy fting?

We have only to add, that we consider Dr. Gibbons as a worthy and respectable character, though we cannot always accord with his opinions, or admire his poetry. Art. 76. The Christian Remembrancer ; or mort Reflections on the

Faith, Life, and Conduct of a real Christian. sewed. Trapp. 1787:

A plain and serious book, which may be useful to many readers. It is rather of the puritanical caft; but it meddles not with controverfy : its language is, while others dispute, let me enjoy ;' and in order to this, it aims at forming the heart to piety and goodness : and if this end is attained and advanced, the means of effecting it are a very fecondary consideration. We have thought sometimes, in looking into this little volume, of Thomas à Kempis, or Bishop Hall's Meditations. All we have farther to say is, that the profits of the treatise are devoted to some poor persons.

I 2mo.

Is. 6d.

IS.

Art. 27. A Letter 10 a Friend, 8vo.

Bew. 1788. This writer aims some heavy blows at national churches in general, ånd at the Church of England in particular. Five questions are pro. posed respecting the latter, which are answered much to her disada vantage. The defence we leave to those concerned, only we remark, that as to some points of doctrine the Author appears to accord with the thirty-nine articles ; and farther, that he is a Baptist : Infant-baptism is, in his view, the fruitful source of all evil. However, he does not seem to distinguish between the practice itself and the manner of its administration. Art. 78. A Blow at the Root of pretended Calvinism, or real Antino

mianism. By John Hampion. Evo. 15. Johnson. 1788.

By pretended Calvinism this writer means that which, under the shew of attributing all to grace, destroys the freedom of human actions, reduces man to a mere machine, and runs into the stoical fatalism. This (after Mr. Robertson) he calls pretended, because it was not, he says, the system of Calvin, nor is it the system of the Scripture, which never so ftates the doctrine of the fall,' as to exculpate finners, nor ever fo speaks of divine influence, as to annihilate moral agency.' Whether he is himself a Calvinist we enquire pot: he appears to be a man of thought and knowlege, and we apprehend of piety and candour. He gives a strange account of the rant of fome who are ranked as pretenders. The topics of predestination or neceffity, liberty or free-will, are attended with great difficulties happily for us, practical religion and moral duty are far more obvi. ous. This pamphlet is farther intended as a defence of another which is called Free Thoughts on the Extent of the Death of Christ, and on the Doctrine of Reprobation.'

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SINGLE SERMONS. 1. The Sign given to Ahaz. A Discourse on Isaiah vii. 14, 15, 16.

delivered in the Church of St. John, Devizes, at the triennial Vi. fitation of Shute Lord Bishop of Sarum, July 26, 1786. By Benjamin Blayney, B. D. Rector of Poulshot, Wilts.' To which is Subjoined, a proposed Emendation of a Passage in a Differtation formerly published by the same Author, on Dan. ix. ver. 20, &c. 4to. Cadell.

The learned Author of this Discourse adopts the idea of Mr. Portlethwaite (in his sermon on the same text preached and printed at Cambridge in the year 1781*), that in the prophecy in question, the birth of Christ is not given as the fign to Ahaz of his approaching deliverance, but the deliverance itself is the sign held forth to confirm the certainty of the future extraordinary birth; and adds, as a farther illustration, that the fubsequent prediction of the calamities which were coming upon Ahaz, were also intended as a sign of the fame event. He understands the words " butter and honey, &c." as denoting that the Mefliah would appear in a humble station, and be contented with the most ordinary food, and would select good * See Rev. vol. Ixiv. p. 478.

men

men from the multitude to be members of his spiritual kingdom. He renders the passage thus: “ Butter and honey shall he eat when he pall know to refuse what is evil and chuse what is good.” The discourse will be perused with pleasure by those who are engaged in the critical study of the Scriptures. II. The Chriftian Pastor's Duty 10 teach the Divinity of Christ with

Disinterestedness and Charity. Preached at the Visitation at Rich. mond, Yorkshire, May 30, 1787. Published at the Request of the Clergy. By the Rev. C. Francis, M. A. Rector of Wath. 4to. is. Baldwin, &c.

A slight apology for orthodoxy, which, though neatly drawn up, goes very little farther than barely to Mew the Author's good intentions. III. Preached August 22, 1787, at the Ordination of the Rev. John

Love, Minister of the Gospel at Crispin-itreet, Spitalfields. By the Rev. Thomas Rutledge. To which is added, the Charge, by the Rev. William Smith, A. M. Published at the Desire of the Congregation. 8vo. Elliot and Co. 1787.

Mr. Rutledge gives a very singular reason for not supplying the defects and rectifying the inaccuracies of this discourse, namely, that the doing so would have made it, in some measure, different from that which was delivered to the auditors, and which they desired to be printed.' The Public has certainly nothing to do with this apology: however, if it satisfied the congregation to whom it was delivered, it may be sufficient; for it is not very probable that the defects of the publication will be perceived far beyond the precincts of Crispin-itreet.

IS.

IS.

CORRESPONDENCE. • In answer to Curiosa's inquiry (mentioned in your entertaining Miscellany for May laft) concerning the Odes to the holy Mountains,' which you could not find out by your Index *; I beg leave to inform her by the same channel, that the poem The inquires after is mentioned in the Monthly Review for August 1779 (vol. Ixi. p. 93.), and is entitled, “The Jewish Bard. In Four Ódes to the Holy Mountains. By John Wheeldon, A. M. 4to. Goldsmith. I am, Alnwick,

Gentlemen,
July 18, 1788.
Your most obedient Servant,

R. R.' It is to be found in the General Index, under the Author's name. Vide letter W. in the class Poetry, &c.

* Mr. Shaw's letter, dated from Rochdale, August 21, 1787, was not received till within a few days past.

*** Other Articles of CORRESPONDENCE will be found in our APPENDIX (published with this Number], page 670.

THE

MONTHLY REVIEW,

For AUGUST, 1788.

M

Arr. 1. Warton's Edition of Milton's Poems, &c. continued. See

our lait Month's Review, p. 12. UCH will be found in Mr. Warton's notes, for which

the admirers of the Miltonic Mure will consider themfelves as indebted to this learned Editor, and which will contribute to convey his name to pofterity, united with that of our great poetBut notwithstanding the large portion of praise which we confess is due to him for his long and learned attention to these Juvenile Poems; we cannot compliment him so far as to say we have read all his notes with approbation. We have obferved in this voluine, what is too frequently met with in valuable and approved commentaries -explanations given where no explanations are neceffary, and omitted, where the reader will expect to find them. Sometimes we meet with notes which are neither critical, explanatory, nor illuftrative; and the pages are often crowded by the adduction and juxtaposition of parallel places (if the occurrence of a particular word may be said to constitute a parallel place) from various authors, which may evince, indeed, the Editor's intimate acquaintance with our old English poets, but which often appear to us unnecessary, either to explain the meaning, or to render more conspicuous the beauties of his Author. Among the notes which are neithe: critical nor explanatory, may we not reckon the fol, lowing?

Il Pens roso, line 62.

Moft mufical, most melancholy. ] “I recommend this verse as a motto for an Eolian harp.' 106. Such notes, as warbled to the string

Drew iron tears down Pluto's cheek.) · When Handel's L’Allegro and Il Penseroso were exhibited at Birmingham a few years ago, this passage, for obvious seasons, was more applauded than any in the whole performance.'

The note with which Mr. Warton presents us, on the 45th line of Lycidas, will not, probably, make his readers (mile, but will Vol, LXXIX,

H

rather

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