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ly, in that channel; the promises being all purchased at the full rate, but no part of the price advanced by us. Hence we obtain precious faith, with all other saving benefits, through the righteousness of God and cur Saviour Jesus Chrift; (or rather, the righteousnefs of our God and Saviour Jesus Chrift), as the proper condition of them all, 2 Pet. i. 1. And in the mean time, God blotted out our transgreffions for his own fake, Ifa. xliii. 25.: all things that pertain unto life and godliness, are given, (or gifted) unto us,

2 Pet. i. 3.

of the Promises peculiar to Christ.

Aving spoken of the promises in general, we

come now to take a more particular view of them: and first, of the promises peculiar to Christ himself. These are many, but may be all reduced to three heads; to wit, the promise of affistance, of acceptance, and of reward of his work.

First, Our Lord Jesus had a promise of affistance in his work : Pfal. Ixxxix. 21. Mine arm Mall Strengthen him. Having undertaken the work of our redemption, he had his Father's promise, that when it came to the setting to, he would strengthen and uphold him in going thro' with it: Ifa. xlii. 1.-4. And in the faith of this covenanted assistance, he went thro' the hardest pieces thereof: Chap. I. 6. I gave my back to the fmiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair : I hid not my face from Shame and spitting. Verse 7. For the Lord God will help me. Accordingly in his heavyness in the garden, there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, Strengthening him, Luke xxii. 43. And this promised allistance was the token of his Father's good pleasure in, and liking of the work, while it was a doing.

Secondly, He had a promise of the acceptance of . his work, when once done; of the acceptance there



of as a full discharge and performance of the condi. tion of the covenant, entitling him to the promised reward. Hence, in view of the sure performance of his work, the acceptance thereof was, at his baptism, proclaimed by a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son in whom I am well pleafed, Matth. iii. 17. And it was renewed at his transfiguration, a little before his passion, Chap. xvii. 5. Unto this promise of acceptance belongs the promise of his resurrrection, and of his justification.

1. The promise of his resurrection from the dead: Pfal. xvi. io. Thou shalt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine holy One to fee corruption; which is expounded of the resurrection of Chrift, Acts ii. 13. God, by raising Christ from the dead, did in effect declare his acceptance of the work by him performed. It evidenced the debt to be fully cleared, that he who laid him up in the prison of the grave, did bring him out of it again; sending his angels to roll away the stone from the door of it, and so to dismiss him legally. For thus it was agreed in the covenant, that as Christ should give himself to the death, for the satisfaction of justice ; so the Father should bring him again from the dead, in respect of that fatisfaction made by his blood, Heb. xiii. 20.

2. The promise of his justification : Isa. 1. 8. He is near that justifieth me. The accomplishment of which is observed by the apostle, 1 Tim. iii. 16. God manifested in the flesh, justified in the Spirit. Our Lord Jesus Christ having ho personal sins to be pardoned, needed no perfonal justification: but as he was the surety of the elect, and had the iniquities of them all laid on him, it was provided in the covenant as just, that the work he had undertaken being performed, he should have an official justification. Having paid the debt, he had by promise a full and ample discharge thereof, under the hand


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and seal of Heaven. And here lies the great fecurity of the people against the law's demand of fatisfaction from them. : Lastly, He had a promise of a glorious reward to be conferred on him, as the proper merit of his work done. There was a joy set before him in the promise, for which he endured the cross, despising the Jhame, Heb. xii. 2. Never was there such a work 'wrought; and never was there such a reward promised. Unto it there belongs a fivefold promise.

1. The promise of a new kind of interest in God, as his God and Father, Psal. Ixxxix. 26. He fall cry unto me, Thou art my Father, my God. Our Lord Jesus had God to his Father, by eternal birth-right; but there was a new relation constituted between God and Christ, as the second Adam, head of the covenant, founded on his undertaking and fulfilling the covenant-condition; whereby he became heir of God as his heritage, according to that of the apostle, Rom. viii. 17. Heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; 'namely, with Christ as the primary heir. For by his obedience unto death, he purchased the enjoyment of God, as a God and Father. I do not say, he purchased it for himself; the man Christ needed not to do that, forasinuch as he had it, in virtue of the personal union of the two natures; but he purchased it for sinners, who had lost all saving intereit in God, but could not be happy without it.

2. The promise of a glorious exaltation, to be the Father's honorary Servant, prime Minister of heaven, as great Administrator of the covenant: Ifa. lii. 13. Behold my fervant shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high. Chap. xlix. 8. I will-give thee for a covenant of the people. In fulfilling the condition of the covenant, he took upon him the form of a bond-fervant, and humbled himself even unto the death of the cross; wherefore God also, according to the promise of the covenant, hath high.


ly exalted him to the prime ministry of heaven, and given him a name as great administrator of the covenant, which is above every name; that at the name. of Jefus every knee should bow, Philip. ii. 7, 8, 9, 10. The nature, vast extent, and importance of this promise, will afterwards be unfolded, when we come to treat of the administration of the covenant, in virtue thereof, put in the Mediator's hand.

3. The promise of a seed and offspring, numerous as the stars of heaven: Ifa. liii. 10. He shall see his feed. Gen. xv. 5. So shall thy feed be; namely, as the stars of the sky in multitude, Heb. xi. 12.: even the whole multitude of the elect, all of them to live by his death, and to bear his image, as a child doth that of his father. He consented to suffer the pangs of death: but they were travailing pains, to issue in a numerous birth. He was as a corn of wheat to fall into the ground, and die; but the promise secured to him, on that condition, his bringing forth much fruit, John xii. 24. It is in pursuance of the accomplishment of this, promise the gospel continues to be. preached from age to age ; forasmuch as, in virtue thereof, as many as are ordained to eternal life, fall, believe.

4. The promise of his inheriting all things, as primary heir : Psalm lxxxix. 27. I will make him my first-born. So the apostle says, God hath appointed him heir of all things, Heb. i. 2. Apd Christ himself declares his being put in possession accordingly, Matth. xi. 27. All things are delivered unto me of my Father. Thus he hath, by promise, suitable treafures for the supporting of the dignity conferred on him. But of this also more afterwards.

5. Lastly, The promise of victory and dominion over all his and his people's enemies: Psaimn lxxxix. 23. I will beat down his foes before his face. He was to encounter with Satan, sin, and death, in the quarrel of the designed heirs of glory; and no foon


er was he engaged against them, but the wicked world of men began a war with him too; but he had his Father's promise, for victory and dominion over them all ; that, howbeit he should get the first fall, and die in the battle, yet his death should be the destruction of Satan's dominion, fin's power, and death's bands over his people ; and that whosdever should go about to support that tottering interest, should fall under him : Pfalm cx. I. The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

And thus far of the threefold promise peculiar to Christ himself, in the covenant.

of the Promise of eternal Life to the Elect, consider.

ed in three Periods.

HE promises common to the elect, made in

and through Chrift unto them in the covenant, are also many. A particular enumeration of them I intend not, tho' every one of them is more precious than the gold of Ophir : but it would be profitable for serious Christians, as they read chrough the Old and New Testament, to mark them in their Bibles, for their spiritual treasure, stored with fuch variety, as affords what is suitable for every case they can be in. They are all comprehended in, and may be reduced unto this one, to wit, the promise of eternal life: for which the two following texts may be viewed.

Titus i. 2. In hope of eternal life, which God that

cannot lie, promised before the world began. I John ii. 25. And this is the promise that he hath

promised us, even eternal life.

In which words, three things for our purpose offer themselves to be observed. 1. The great and comprehensive promise of the covenant of grace, the


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