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the other too. (2.) That the New Testament is in Christ's blood; so that their communion of the be. nefits of the testament, is by their communion of the blood of Chrift, 1 Cor. x. 16.
Now, from these texts compared, it appears, That the administration of the covenant of grace is devolved on Jesus Christ the second Adam, for that end made a quickening Spirit, having the whole of the covenant in him.
This constitution, lodging the administration of the covenant in the person of the Mediator Christ Jefus, is at once suited to the glory of God, the case of sinners, and the honour of Christ himself.
1. It is suited to the glory of God the offended party. In the face of Jesus the adminiftrator, shines forth the glory of the God of the covenant, 2 Cor. iv. 7. His spotless holiness, and tremendous justice, ape pear there; together with his matchless love, freest grace and tenderelt mercy. God is in Christ reconciling the world to himself, with the safety of his glory, giving forth his peace and pardons freely, without any merit of the receivers, and yet not without sufficient satisfaction to his justice, and compen. sation of his injured honour : as from a throne of grace, established upon justice satisfied, and judgment fully executed, the firm bafes thereof.
2. It is fuited to the case of finners the offending party. In Christ the administrator of the covenant, they have to do with a God, whose rays of majesty, that the guilty are not able to behold, are vailed with the robe of a spotless humanity. An inviting sweetness appears in the face of the administrator, full of grace and truth, John i. 14. In him they may
fee their falvation fo dear to the God that made them, that he himself would put on their nature, to establish by his own blood a covenant of peace between Heaven and them. He is true man, of the same fa. mily of Adam with themselves ; unto whom thereO3
fore they may confidently draw near, joining themselves to him as the head of the covenant: and withal, he is the true God, undoubtedly able to make the covenant effectual for their falvation, notwithstanding of all their unworthiness,
3. It is suited to the honour of Christ himself, the peace maker, who hath it as the reward of his work. Jofeph, being sold for a bond servant, behaved himself with all meekness, patience, and faithfulness in that low character ; the which was afterwards by all-ruling Providence, abundantly rewarded with honour, in his being advanced to be the frime minister of the kingdom of Egypt, having the adminiftration of the whole kingdom committed to him, Pfal. cv. 17,--22. Herein he was a type of Chrif. The Lord Jesus did voluntarily submit himself to the lowest step of reproach and disgrace, iaking upon him the form of a bond-fervant, and humbling himfelf in that form, even unta the death of the cross; and that to perform the condition of the covenant, for the glory of God and the salvation of his people : and therefore he was exalted to the highest pinnacle of honour, being advanced to the prime ministry of heaven, having the administration of the covenant put into his hand, ruling over all under his Father ; whereby is given him a name, which is above every name, whether of men or angels, all things being put under his feet, Phil. ii. 7, 8, 9. Eph, i. 20. 21. 22, 23. In respect hereof, he is often called the Fa. ther's servant, namely, his honorary fervant: and his honour in that character is often promised to be made very great, Ifa. xlix 6, and lii. 13, 14, 15. Zech. iji. 8. with vi. 12. 13.
And forasmuch as the everlasting covenant will 'continue to be the ground and rule of God's dispensation towards his people for evermore; by the con. Nitution lodging the administration of the covenant in the person of Christ, he is to enjoy that honour
and dignity for ever and ever. For unto the Son he faith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever, Heb. i. 8. Even of his kingdom which is given him, that is, his mediatory kingdom and administration, there Shall be no end, Luke i. 32, 33. The time comes indeed, wherein he will deliver up the kingdom to God even the Father; presenting to him at the last day, the whole church, and every member thereof, brought by his administration, according to his commission, into a state of perfection. And then cometh the end, i Cor. xv. 24. namely, the end of the world, but not the end of his administration : for being constitute administrator of the covenant, there was given him dominion and glory, and a kingdom ; and his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which Shall not pass away, (as the world hall, 1 Cor. vii. 31.) and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed, (as all the four monarchies have been), Dan. vii. 14.
And thus we have seen Christ to be the party on whom the administration of the covenant is devolved.
II. Sinners of mankind the object of the administra.
tion of the Covenant. The object of the administration of the covenant, is, finners of mankind, indefinitely : that is to say, Christ is impowered by commission from his Father, to administrate the covenant of grace to any of all mankind, the sinners of the family of Adam without exception : he is authorised to receive them into the covenant, and to confer on them all the benefits thereof to their eternal falvation ; according to the settled order of the covenant.
The election of par• ticular persons is a secret, not to be discovered in the administration of the covenant, according to the established order thereof, till such time as the finner have received the covenant, by coming personally into it. And the extent of the administration is not
fognded on election, but on the sufficiency of Christ's obedience and death for the salvation of all; neither is it regulated thereby, but by the fullness of power in heaven and earth given to Jesus Christ, as a réward of his becoming obedient even unto death,
For confirming of this truth, let the following things be considered.
1. The grant which the Father hath made of Christ crucified, as his ordinance for the falvation of loft finners of mankind. In the case of the Israelites in the wilderness, bitten by fiery serpents, God in. flituted an ordinance for their cure, namely, a brazen ferpent lifted up upon a pole; and made à grant thereof to whosoever would ufe it for that purpofe, by looking to it. No body whatsoever that needed healing was excepted': the grant was conceived in tke most ample terms, Numb. xxi. 8. It shall come to pafs, that every one that is bitten, when he looketh upon it, sball live. So all mankind being bitten by the old ferpent, the devil, and fin,' as his deadly poison, left in them; God hath appointed Jesus Christ the ordinance of heaven for their faivation. There is a word of divine appointment passed upon a crucified Christ, making and constituting him the ordinance of God for fålvation of finners; and God hath made a grant of him as fuch, to whosoever of Adam's lost race will make use of him for that purpose, by believing on him; in the which grant hone of the world of mankind is excepted. All this is clear from John iii, 14, 15, 16. And as Mofes lifted #p the serpent in the wilderness, even fo must the Son of man be lifted up: that whosoever believeth on him, fbould not perish, but have eternal life. For Get so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him, should not perish, but have everlasting life. Now, the administration of the covenant being fettled, in purfuance of this grant therein made, for å reward of
the Mediator's obedience, the object of the former, can be no less extensive than that of the latter.
2. The Mediator's commission for the adminiftration, is conceived in the most ample terms: and he is clothed with most ample powers, with relation to that business. It carries his administering the covenant, not only to the meek, the poor, the broken-hearted; but to the captives, blind, bruifed, -prisoners, bond men and broken men, who have Told their inheritance and themselves, and can have no hope of relief but by a jubilee, Luke iv. 18. 19. with Ifa. Ixi. 1, 2. What sort of sinners of mankind can one imagine, that will not fall under some of these denominations ? Christ indeed is given for a covenant-of people; not of this or that people, but of people indefinitely. All power is given him in heaven and in earth, Matth. xxviii. 18. So there are none on earth excepted from his administering the covenant to them. He is impowered to save the guilty law.condemned world, by administering it to them; For God fent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be faved, John iii. 17.; forasmuch as he is the ordinance of God for taking away the fin of the world, Chap. i. 29.; tho' many to whom he offers the covenant, do refuse it, and so are not saved eventually, Accordingly, from this fullness of power he issues forth the general offer of the gospel; wherein all without exception are declared welcome to come and fuck of the full breasts of the divine confolations in the covenant: Matth. xi. 27, All things are deliver. ed unto me of my Father. Ver. 28. Come unto me, all yė that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you reft. Chap. xxviii. 18. All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. Ver, 19. Go ye therefore and teach all nations. Mark xvi. 15. Preach the gospel to every creature. 3. He executes his commiffion in an unhampered