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full great,


able gest,

Whom fortune for her husband would to receive at her sister's hand. With allot, this preliminary you may now proceedi

, Not that she lusted after any one, remembering only that our ear is painFor she was pure from blame of sinfull

fully acute, and will scan, whether we Yet wot her life at last must lincke in

will or not, each tone and word you that same knott.

make ; think, then, of Hamlet, and do

not mouth these fine verses as do the Eftsoones there was presented to her players :

eye À comely knight, all armed in complete Though vertue then were held in highest wize,

price, Through whose bright ventayle lifted

In those old times of which I do inup on hye

treate, His manly face, that did his foes agrize,

Yet then, likewise, the wicked seede of And friends to termes of gentle truce

vice entize,

Began to spring ; which shortly grew Lookt forth, as Phæbus' face out of the east

And with their boughes the gentle plants Betwixt two shady mountaynes doth did beat : arise,

But evermore

some of the virtuous Portly his person was, and much in

Through his heroieke grace and honor-

Rose up, inspired with heroicke heat,
That cropt the branches of the sient


And with strong hand their fruitfull His crest was covered with a couchant

ranckness did deface. hownd, And all his armour seemed of antique

Such first was Bacchus, that with fumould,

rious might But wondrous massy and assured sound, All th' east before untain'd did overAnd round about yfretted all with gold,

ronne, In which there written was, with cyphers

And wrong repressed, and establisht old,

right, Achilles armes which Arthegall did win :

Which lawlesse men had formerly forAnd on his shield enveloped sevenfold

donne ; He bore a crowed little ermelin,

There Iustice first her princely race beThat deckt the azure field with her

gonne. fayre pouldred skin.

Next Hercules, his like ensample shewed,

Who all the west with equal conquest The damzell well did vew his


wonne, And liked well.

And monstrous tyrants with his club

subdued, There are various doughty deeds of The club of Iustice dread with kingly this warrior elsewhere narrated, which

powre endued. as foreign to our purpose, we shall omit. Turn with

us now, kind And such was he of whom I have to reader, to the “ Legend of Artegall,” tell, contained in the fifth book of the

The champion of true Iustice, Artegall

, “ Faerie Queene.” You may read

Whom (as ye lately mote remember without pause, the thirteen opening


An hard adventure, which did them bestanzas of the first canto; they relate

fall, to the hapless condition of the Ladye

Into redoubted perille forth did call; Irena, her tears and her troubles

That was, to succour a distressed dame tears, alas, that have not yet ceased to Whom a strong tyrant did uniustly flow down, and troubles that to the thrall, present_hour are convulsing her bo- And from the heritage which she did For Irena is Ireland; and she

clame, sends her supplication across the main

Did with strong hand withhold; Granto Gloriana, the Queen of Faery, the

torto was his name. great and good Elizabeth of England, beseeching her to come over and help. Did to the Faerie Queené her way ad

Wherefore the lady, which Irena bight, her. Artegall is the personification of

dresse, equity and right government; and this is To whom complayning her afilicted the boon poor Irena looks for, and hopes plight,


She her besought of gratious redresse ; That soveraine queene, that mighty em

peresse, Whose glorie is to aide all suppliants

pore, And of weak princes to be patronesse, Chose Artigall to right her to restore ; For that to her he seem'd best skill'd in

righteous lore.

Ne any liv'd on ground that durst with.

stand His dreadfull heart, much lesse him

match in fight, Or bide the horror of his wreakful hand, Whenso he list in wrath lift up his steely

brand :

For Artegall in iustice was upbrought Even from the cradle of his infancie, And all the depth of rightfull dome was

taught By faire Astræa, with great industrie, Whilst here on earth she lived mortalie, For, till the world from his perfection

fell Into all filth and foule iniquitie, Astræa nere mongst earthly men did

dwell, And in the rules of iustice them in

structed well.

Which steely brand, to make him dreaded

more, She gave unto him, gotten by her slight And earnest search, where it was kept

in store In Jove's eternall house, unwist of wight, Since he himselfe it us'd in that great

fight Against the Titans, that whylome re

belled Gainst highest heaven; Chrysaor it was

bright; Chrysaor, that all other swords excelled, Well prov'd in that same day when Jove

those gyants quelled.

For of most perfect metall it was made, Tempred with adamant amongst the

same, And garnisht all with gold upon the

blade In goodly wise, whereof it took his name, And was of no lesse virtue then of fame: For there no substance was so firme and

bard, But it would pierce or cleave whereso it

came; Ne any armour could his dint out-ward; But wheresoever it did light it throughly


Whiles through the world she walkëd in

this sort, Upon a day she found this gentle

childe, Amongst his peeres playing his childish

sport; Whom seeing fit, and with no crime de

filde, She did allure with gifts and speaches

milde To wend with her; so thence him farre

she broughte Into a cave from companie exilde, In which she noursled him, till yeares he

raught, And all the discipline of iustice there

him taught. There she him taught to weigh both

right and wrong In equal balance with due recompence, And equity to measure out along According to the line of conscience, Whenso it needs with rigour to dis

pense: Of all the which, for want there of man

kind, She causëd him to make experience Upon wylde beasts, which she in woods

did find, With wrongfull powre oppressing others

of their kind.

Nor when the world with sin 'gan to

abound, Astræa, loathing longer here to space 'Mongst wicked men, in whom no truth

she found, Return'd to heaven, whence she deriv'd

her race; Where she hath now an everlasting

place, 'Mongst those twelve signes which right

ly we do see The heavens bright-shining baudricke

to enchace ; And is the Virgin, sixt in her degree, And next herself her righteous ballance

hanging bee. But when she parted hence she left ber

groome, An yron man, which did on her attend, Always to execute her stedfast doome, And will’d him with Artegall to wend, And doe whatever thing he did intend : His name was Talus, made of yron

mould, Immoveable, resistless, without end, Who in his hand on yron flale did hould, With which he threshet out falsehood,

and did truth unfould.

Thus she him trayned, and thus she him

taught In all the skill of deeming wrong and

right, Untill the ripenesse of man's yeares he

aught; Thus even wilde beasts did feare his

awful sight, And men admyred his over ruling


He now went with him in this new in- ried away their gasping shrieks, and quest,

the Dead told no tales. We have every Him for to aide, if aide he chaunst to

respect for these local traditions, and neede,

esteem them in a thousand instances Against that cruell tyrant, which op

most valuable guides; notwithstandprest The faire Irena.

ing we place no faith in the present

horrible legend, which is wholly at Thanks, kind friend !_Your voice

variance with the received character is sweet and melodious, and its tones

of the Earl of Desmond. It may be most pleasant to our ears. There is

that these things were told of him even an adventure of Sir Artegall's detailed

in Spenser's day; and it is certain that a little further on, which we shall ask

about the close of the year 1579, his you to read for us also : his single

castle of Strancally was taken by the combat with the lusty Pollentè, and

Earl of Ormond, the President of victory over him. Pollentè we take, Munster—a capture which could be for reasons of our own, to be Gerald, easily transferred to the poet's hero, Earl of Desmond ; who was in rebel.

Sir Artegall. Now for the tale :lion against Elizabeth at the time Artegall has encountered Dony, the of Lord Grey's appointment to the

attendant dwarf of the Lady Florimell chief authority in Ireland, and pe

(and sweet honey-flower she was !) who rished miserably in consequence. His

is hastening to his mistress' bridal

, but prodigious wealth and power would am

finds the “cruel Sarazin" of the castle ply bear out such an appellation. His

holding the passage of the river before lands extended one hundred and fifty him; the chivalrous knight indignantly miles in the south of the kingdom,

declares his resolve to join combat with stretching from sea to sea, and com

the tyrant:prising the greater portion of the counties of Waterford, Cork, Kerry, and

As he now was uppon the way, Limerick. We read of his being able

He chaunst to meet a dwarf in hasty

course; to bring together, by his summons, six hundred cavalry and two thousand foot

Whom he requir'd his forward hast to

stay, men ; and of these nearly five hundred

Till heoftidings mote with him discourse, were gentlemen, of his own kindred

Loth was the dwarf, yet did he stay and surname.

His castles were nu- perforce, merous, and scattered over this large And 'gan of sundry newes his store to tract of country in well-chosen places tell, for its defence and protection ; and it As to his memory they had recourse; is curious that attached to one of them But chiefly of the fairest Florimell, is a tale of blood, not unlike what you

How she was found againe, and spousde

to Marinell. will find Spenser describing. Hast ever sailed on our Irish Rhine, as

For this was Dony, Florimell's owne Inglis styled the Blackwater in the

dwarfe, county of Cork? Well! if you have Whom having lost (as ye have heard not, the greater your disgrace, for a whyleare) steamer would have taken you “up” And finding in the way the scattered it for a single shilling. A few miles

scarfe, above the sea, on a bold cliff over

The fortune of her life long time did

feare : hanging one of the deepest parts of

But of her health when Artigall did the river, stand the battered remains

heare, of the Earl's castle of Strancally. At- And safe return, he was full inly glad, tached to this stronghold is a murder- And ask't him where and when her ous device, which we had often pre- bridal cbeare viously heard of, but never till then Should be solemnized; for if time he beheld. The solid rock has been pierced

had, with a large well-like aperture com

He would be there, and honor to her municating with the river: and the spousall add. neighbouring peasants will tell you,

“ Within three daies," quoth he, " as I that the unwary, when decoyed within

do heare, the castle, were tied, hand and foot, It will be at the castle of the strond ; and flung down the Murder Hole-the What time, if nau;ht me let, I will be rapid river burried by, and soon car. there

To do her service, so as I am bond.
But in my way a little here beyond
A cursed cruell Sarazin doth wonne,
That keeps a bridge's passage by strong

hand, And many errant knights' hath there

fordonne, That makes all men for feare that pas

sage for to sbonne.”

“ What wister wight," quoth he, "and

how far hence Is he, that doth to travellers such

harmes ?" “ He is,” said he, “a man of great de

fence; Expert in battle and in deedes of armes; And more emboldened by the wicked

charmes, With which his daughter doth him still

support ; Having great lordships got and goodly

farmes Through strong oppression of his poure

extort; By which he still them holds, and keepes

with strong effort.

Leapes forth into the floud, and there

assails His foe confusëd through his sodaine

fall, That horse and man he equally dismais, And either both them drownes, or tray.

terously slaies. Then doth he take the spoile of them at

will, And to his daughter brings, that dwells

thereby, Who all that comes doth take, and

therewith fill The coffers of her wicked treasury; Which she with wrongs hath heaped up

so hy That many princes she in wealth ex.

ceedes, And purchast all the country lying ny With the revenue of her plenteous

meedes : Her name is Munera, agreeing with her


“Now by my life,” says he, “and God

to guide, None other way will I this day betake, But by that bridge whereas he doth

abide : Therefore me thither lead."

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His name is hight Pollentè, rightly so, For that he is so puissant and so strong, That with his powre he all doth over go, And make them subject to his mighty

wrong ; And some by sleight he eke doth under

fong : For on a bridge he custometh to fight, Which is but narrow, but exceeding

long; And in the same are many trap-fals

pight, Through which the rider downe doth

fall through oversight. And underneath the same a river flowes, That is most swift and dangerous, deepe

withall; Into the which whomso' he overthrowes, All destitute of helpe doth headlong

fall; But he himselfe through practise usualle

The conflict is described with great spirit. It straightway followed, and continued long and, for a while, with doubtful issue ; at length the bright Chrysaor smote through mail and headpiece, and the Sarazin's decapitated trunk was tumbled into his own river, while his bleeding features Artegall set up on a lofty pole, to terrify mighty men that are given to oppression. We may find the parallel for this also in the history of the unfortunate Geral. dine, who was hunted down by his enemies in a small glen in the county of Kerry; his gallowglasses were all slain, and his own head being struck off, was sent over to England, a bloody gift to the queen, by whose order it graced, or disgraced, the old London bridge for many weeks.

The difficulties of Lord Grey's administration in contending against the enemies of his sovereign, were not lessened by his having many enemies at the English court, who sought in every possible way to work out his political ruin. Vague rumours were spread abroad of his cruelty and oppression of the Irish people; he was accused of having put to death several against whom neither treason nor any other offence was proved, and even in the case of the guilty to have employed treachery and deceit against them rather than the just influence of the laws. The queen was persuaded by these insinuations, and in the summer of 1582 recalled the lord deputy, who had scarcely completed his second year of government. With this event the fifth book of the “ Faerie Queene" concludes ; and the poet there enters at large into the facts of the case. Artegallis summoned away to Faerie Court, and on his way thither meets with two ill-favoured hags ;—“ superannuated vipers," as my Lord Brougham would compare them-whom he knows to be Envyand Detraction. These are painted by Spenser in language that makes the grisly creatures live before you ; every hue and feature of their vile countenances is preserved—their slavering lips, their tireless tongue, their foul and claw-like hands. We remember nothing in Dante or Milton, that sur. passes in power this masterly personification of these abstract qualities ; our limits alone forbid our extracting the fifteen or twenty stanzas of which it is composed. In the two following the poet speaks of Artegall's procedure in the land of his sojourn, and his going away with his task unfinished: During which time that he did there

remayne, His study was true iustice how to deale, And day and night employ'd his busy

paine, How to reform that ragged common

weale : And that same yron man, which could

reveale All hidden crimes, through all that

realme he sent To search out those that us'd to rob

and steale, Or did rebell 'gainst lawfull govern

ment; On whom he did inflict most grievous

punishment. But, ere he could reforme it thoroughly, He through occasion called was away To Faerie Court, that of necessity His course of iustice he was forced to stay, And Talus to revoke from the right

way, In which he was that realme for to

redresse: But envie's cloud still dimmeth virtue's

ray! So, having freed Irena from distresse, He tooke his leave of her,—there left in


Spenser accompanied Lord Grey, on that nobleman's return to England, and arrived to benefit by a great political scheme, then devised for attach. ing Ireland more securely to the British crown. This was, what has been called the Plantation of Munster. On the attainture of the Earl of Desmond, his vast possessions were, by act of parliament, vested in the queen and her heirs; and the project now set on foot was the partition of these forfeitures into manors and seigniories, to be given to English Protestants, who would at once colonize and garrison the country. The wisdom of this counsel is apparent, and after the lapse of two centu. ries and a half; its efficacy is still visible. Another woman is seated on England's throne, and if the hour of need should ever steal upon her gra: cious majesty, VICTORIA—which God avert !--she has no more stalwart de fenders of her crown and dignity than the descendants of those very men her royal predecessor introduced. The conditions of the grants of land were very carefully drawn up, and as well from their political importance, as from our poet's having come under their operation, we deem the following abstract interesting. We take it from Smith, the historian of Cork :

All forfeited lands to be divided into manors and seigniories, containing12,000, 8,000, 6,000, and 4,000 acres each, according to a plot laid down. The undertakers to have an estate in fee-farm, yielding for each seigniory, of 12,000, for the first three years, £33 6s. 8d. sterling, viz., from 1590 to 1593, and from Michaelmas, 1593, £66 13s. 4d. sterling, and rateably for every inferior seigniory, yielding upon the death of the undertaker, the best beast as an heriot. To be discharged of all taxes whatsoever, except subsidies levied by parliament. Bogs, mountains, &c., not to be included, till improved, and then to pay one halfpenny for each English acre. Licence to the undertakers to transport all commodities, duty free, into England for five years. That none be admitted to have more than 12,000 acres. No English planter to be permitted to convey to any mere Irish. The head of each plantation to be English, and the heirs female to marry none but of Eng. lish birth; and none of the mere Irish to be maintained in any family there.

Each freeholder, from the year 1590, to furnish one horse and horseman, armed. Each principal undertaker for

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